2021 tables: Institutions - life sciences - academic

The 2021 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2019 Share 2020 Count 2020 Change in Adjusted Share 2019-2020*
1 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 59.02 71.46 166 11.2%
2 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 49.15 56.34 147 5.3%
3 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 45.72 37.87 130 -23.9%
4 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 20.55 26.82 71 19.9%
5 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 14.04 12.57 46 -17.8%
6 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 8.88 10.16 39 5.1%
7 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 13.72 9.90 42 -33.7%
8 University of Haifa (HU), Israel 5.66 5.68 33 -7.7%
9 Koç University (KU), Turkey 1.58 4.55 16 164.0%
10 Chaim Sheba Medical Center at Tel HaShomer, Israel 1.55 2.40 29 42.1%
11 American University of Beirut (AUB), Lebanon 0.38 1.29 7 208.0%
12 Istanbul University, Turkey 0.30 0.67 10 102.3%
13 Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya (IDC), Israel 0.87 0.67 5 -29.5%
14 Hacettepe University, Turkey 0.13 0.63 6 355.0%
15 Bilkent University, Turkey 0.07 0.58 6 635.1%
16 King Abdulaziz University (KAU), Saudi Arabia 1.37 0.57 16 -61.6%
17 Open University of Israel (OPENU), Israel 0.50 0.57 3 5.1%
18 Tel-Hai College, Israel 0.35 0.56 2 44.1%
19 Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Iran 0.43 0.54 9 14.6%
20 Ariel University (AU), Israel 1.28 0.51 2 -63.2%
21 Bethlehem University, Palestinian territories 0.51 1 N/A
22 Middle East Technical University (METU), Turkey 0.09 0.48 4 394.8%
23 Medipol University, Turkey 0.53 0.48 2 -16.4%
24 Lebanese University (LU), Lebanon 0.14 0.48 5 209.4%
25 King Saud University (KSU), Saudi Arabia 0.99 0.45 10 -58.2%
26 Hamad Bin Khalifa University (HBKU), Qatar 0.20 0.40 12 86.1%
27 ORT Braude College of Engineering (OBC), Israel 0.25 0.30 2 10.2%
28 Ankara University, Turkey 0.22 0.30 5 27.3%
29 Nazarbayev University (NU), Kazakhstan 1.16 0.29 3 -76.7%
30 Mersin University, Turkey 0.29 2 N/A
31 Sabanci University (SU), Turkey 0.40 0.29 2 -33.0%
32 Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University (TSU), Georgia 0.17 0.28 6 51.2%
33 Kocaeli University, Turkey 0.28 2 N/A
34 University of Isfahan (UI), Iran 0.27 2 N/A
35 Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology (SZABIST), Pakistan 0.25 1 N/A
36 Erciyes University, Turkey 0.21 2 N/A
37 Gebze Technical University (GYTE), Turkey 0.21 2 N/A
38 King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS), Saudi Arabia 0.07 0.21 5 165.5%
39 Dokuz Eylül University, Turkey 0.42 0.20 8 -56.6%
40 University of Tehran (UT), Iran 0.45 0.19 4 -61.6%
41 Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences (BMSU), Iran 0.00 0.17 3 4,578.7%
42 Ruppin Academic Center, Israel 0.40 0.17 1 -61.7%
43 Alfaisal University, Saudi Arabia 0.40 0.17 6 -61.4%
44 Sultan Qaboos University (SQU), Oman 0.06 0.16 1 161.1%
44 Trakya University, Turkey 0.08 0.16 1 83.9%
45 Qatar University, Qatar 0.55 0.16 8 -73.5%
46 Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences (PIEAS), Pakistan 0.02 0.16 4 844.7%
47 United Arab Emirates University (UAEU), United Arab Emirates 0.32 0.16 5 -54.7%
48 Marmara University, Turkey 0.41 0.15 4 -65.5%
49 Istanbul Medeniyet University (IMU), Turkey 0.08 0.14 1 57.5%
49 Istanbul Technical University (ITU), Turkey 0.20 0.14 1 -34.4%
50 Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Turkey 0.14 3 N/A
51 Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University (ACU), Turkey 0.13 4 N/A
52 Erbil Polytechnic University, Iraq 0.13 2 N/A
53 Free University of Tbilisi, Georgia 0.13 1 N/A
54 Mashhad University of Medical Sciences (MUMS), Iran 0.13 0.12 9 -17.4%
55 German Jordanian University (GJU), Jordan 0.10 1 N/A
56 Kuwait University (KU), Kuwait 0.02 0.10 3 324.0%
57 K. N. Toosi University of Technology (KNTU), Iran 0.09 1 N/A
58 Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences (SBMU), Iran 0.05 0.08 5 50.3%
59 Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS), Pakistan 0.08 0.08 1 -0.5%
60 Çukurova University, Turkey 0.03 0.08 2 120.1%
61 Aga Khan University (AKU), Pakistan 0.10 0.08 3 -23.5%
62 University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran 0.61 0.08 3 -88.2%
63 Tabriz University of Medical Sciences (TUOMS), Iran 0.01 0.08 3 433.4%
64 Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman (SBUK), Iran 0.08 2 N/A
65 Bahcesehir University (BAU), Turkey 0.08 1 N/A
66 Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran 0.07 0.07 1 -4.9%
67 Bahauddin Zakariya University (BZU), Pakistan 0.07 2 N/A
68 Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Iran 0.01 0.07 2 435.2%
69 Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (KUMS), Iran 0.10 0.07 3 -40.1%
70 Balochistan University of Information Technology, Engineering and Management Sciences (BUITEMS), Pakistan 0.01 0.07 2 390.9%
71 Tbilisi State Medical University (TSMU), Georgia 0.01 0.06 2 1,018.8%
72 Quaid-i-Azam University (QAU), Pakistan 0.03 0.06 2 121.9%
73 Taibah University, Saudi Arabia 0.13 0.06 2 -55.7%
74 Sapir College, Israel 0.06 1 N/A
75 Holon Institute of Technology (HIT), Israel 0.05 1 N/A
76 Uludag University, Turkey 0.07 0.05 3 -28.6%
77 Dicle University, Turkey 0.04 0.05 1 22.5%
78 Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan (AWKUM), Pakistan 0.00 0.05 1 1,011.6%
78 Maltepe University, Turkey 0.05 1 N/A
78 Azrieli College of Engineering Jerusalem (JCE), Israel 0.05 1 N/A
79 Yıldırım Beyazıt University (YBU), Turkey 0.04 1 N/A
80 Iran University of Medical Sciences (IUMS), Iran 0.10 0.04 3 -62.1%
81 Yerevan Mkhitar Heratsi State Medical University (YSMU), Armenia 0.04 1 N/A
82 University of the Punjab, Pakistan 0.17 0.04 1 -79.3%
82 Aydın Adnan Menderes University (ADU), Turkey 0.33 0.04 1 -89.4%
83 Al-Quds University, Palestinian territories 0.00 0.04 1 1,864.9%
83 Lebanese American University (LAU), Lebanon 1.17 0.04 1 -97.1%
84 Ibn Haldun University (IHU), Turkey 0.03 1 N/A
84 Mustafa Kemal University, Turkey 0.03 1 N/A
85 NED University of Engineering and Technology, Pakistan 0.15 0.03 1 -80.0%
86 Khyber Medical University (KMU), Pakistan 0.35 0.03 2 -91.4%
87 University of Hail (UOH), Saudi Arabia 0.00 0.03 3 832.5%
88 Al-Jouf University, Saudi Arabia 0.03 1 N/A
89 Ege University, Turkey 0.06 0.03 2 -57.3%
90 Hebrew Union College - Jewish Institute of Religion (HUC-JIR), Israel 0.03 1 N/A
91 Boğaziçi University (BU), Turkey 0.01 0.03 1 129.7%
91 Shaqra University, Saudi Arabia 0.05 0.03 1 -49.0%
92 Beykent University, Turkey 0.03 1 N/A
93 Yeditepe University Hospital, Turkey 0.03 1 N/A
94 Necmettin Erbakan University, Turkey 0.04 0.02 2 -43.3%
95 Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Iran 0.01 0.02 2 47.3%
96 Semnan University of Medical Sciences (SEMUMS), Iran 0.07 0.02 2 -70.3%
97 Islamia University of Bahawalpur Pakistan (IUB), Pakistan 0.02 1 N/A
97 Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal University (BAIBU), Turkey 0.02 1 N/A
98 Bezmialem Vakif University, Turkey 0.02 1 N/A
99 Konya Food and Agriculture University (KFAU), Turkey 0.02 1 N/A
100 Karadeniz Technical University (KTU), Turkey 0.06 0.02 2 -67.6%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.