2021 tables: Institutions - life sciences - academic

The 2021 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2019 Share 2020 Count 2020 Change in Adjusted Share 2019-2020*
1 University of Cape Town (UCT), South Africa 3.63 8.79 64 122.5%
2 University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg (Wits University), South Africa 2.37 3.48 30 34.6%
3 University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN), South Africa 1.57 3.22 20 88.2%
4 University of Pretoria (UP), South Africa 1.83 2.36 20 18.5%
5 Nelson Mandela University (NMU), South Africa 0.35 1.76 8 366.4%
6 Stellenbosch University (SU), South Africa 2.30 1.08 23 -56.6%
7 University of Ghana, Ghana 0.98 1.03 11 -3.9%
8 Makerere University, Uganda 0.30 0.79 11 145.6%
9 University of Malawi, Malawi 0.70 0.57 5 -25.4%
10 University of Johannesburg (UJ), South Africa 1.06 0.56 8 -51.5%
11 University of Antananarivo, Madagascar 0.24 0.56 3 110.8%
12 University of Yaounde I (UYI), Cameroon 0.16 0.55 6 214.6%
13 Midlands State University, Zimbabwe 0.33 1 N/A
14 Cairo University (CU), Egypt 0.21 0.33 14 42.8%
15 Redeemer's University Nigeria (RUN), Nigeria 0.05 0.32 3 461.0%
16 University Hassan II Casablanca (UHII), Morocco 0.06 0.32 3 415.0%
17 Njala University, Sierra Leone 0.04 0.32 1 664.3%
18 Cheikh Anta Diop University (UCAD), Senegal 0.03 0.31 7 912.8%
19 University of La Réunion, Reunion 0.42 0.30 14 -34.4%
20 University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania 0.07 0.30 3 299.1%
21 Tunis El Manar University (UTM), Tunisia 0.13 0.29 4 101.7%
22 University of Makeni (UNIMAK), Sierra Leone 0.29 1 N/A
23 University of Nairobi, Kenya 0.24 0.26 6 -1.1%
24 University of Science, Technique and Technologies of Bamako (USTTB), Mali 0.43 0.25 3 -47.1%
25 Addis Ababa University (AAU), Ethiopia 1.20 0.24 6 -81.8%
26 Menoufia University, Egypt 0.24 2 N/A
27 University of Eldoret, Kenya 0.21 1 N/A
28 Université des Sciences et Techniques de Masuku (USTM), Gabon 0.20 1 N/A
29 University of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso 0.20 2 N/A
30 University of Kinshasa (UNIKIN), Congo 0.27 0.19 2 -33.6%
31 University of Botswana (UB), Botswana 0.06 0.19 3 199.3%
32 American University in Cairo (AUC), Egypt 0.14 0.18 2 24.9%
33 University of Buea (UB), Cameroon 0.67 0.18 4 -75.1%
34 Benha University, Egypt 0.03 0.18 2 391.0%
35 University of Rwanda, Rwanda 0.17 2 N/A
36 North-West University (NWU), South Africa 0.09 0.16 8 66.5%
37 African Institute for Mathematical Sciences (AIMS), South Africa 0.03 0.15 1 337.6%
38 Research-Development International Centre for Husbandry in Sub-Humid Area (CIRDES), Burkina Faso 0.14 2 N/A
39 Mansoura University, Egypt 0.52 0.14 3 -75.9%
40 University of Namibia (UNAM), Namibia 0.15 0.13 2 -23.1%
41 The German University in Cairo (GUC), Egypt 0.13 1 N/A
42 University of the Free State (UFS), South Africa 0.34 0.12 3 -68.5%
43 Suez University, Egypt 0.17 0.11 2 -36.8%
44 University of Venda (UNIVEN), South Africa 0.27 0.11 1 -61.7%
45 Suez Canal University (SCU), Egypt 0.05 0.10 3 92.6%
46 Rhodes University (RU), South Africa 0.43 0.10 4 -79.5%
47 University of Khartoum, Sudan 0.06 0.09 2 45.4%
48 University of Dschang, Cameroon 0.09 2 N/A
48 Université Jean Lorougnon Guédé (UJLOG), Ivory Coast 0.09 2 N/A
49 Zagazig University, Egypt 0.09 2 N/A
50 University of Cape Coast (UCC), Ghana 0.06 0.09 4 38.2%
51 University of Limpopo, South Africa 0.03 0.09 1 144.2%
52 Mbarara University of Science and Technology (MUST), Uganda 0.00 0.09 2 3,422.4%
53 Alexandria University, Egypt 0.19 0.09 4 -59.3%
54 Abdou Moumouni University (UAM), Niger 0.08 1 N/A
54 Helwan University (HU), Egypt 0.08 1 N/A
55 University of the Western Cape (UWC), South Africa 0.17 0.08 5 -58.9%
56 Botho University, Botswana 0.00 0.08 3 1,303.4%
57 Tanta University, Egypt 0.06 2 N/A
58 United States International University (USIU), Kenya 0.06 1 N/A
58 Arc-en-Ciel International School, Togo 0.06 1 N/A
59 Réseau Universitaire de Physique des Hautes Energies (RUPHE), Morocco 0.01 0.06 1 397.2%
59 Minia University, Egypt 0.03 0.06 2 116.2%
60 Gamal Abdel Nasser University of Conakry (UGANC), Guinea 0.06 1 N/A
61 University of Zambia, Zambia 0.22 0.06 3 -76.9%
62 Kenyatta University (KU), Kenya 0.06 1 N/A
63 Covenant University, Nigeria 0.05 1 N/A
64 Nnamdi Azikiwe University (UNIZIK), Nigeria 0.05 1 N/A
65 University of Health and Allied Science (UHAS), Ghana 0.03 0.05 2 70.7%
66 Federal University Oye-Ekiti (FUOYE), Nigeria 0.05 1 N/A
66 Sohag University, Egypt 0.05 1 N/A
66 Lúrio University, Mozambique 0.05 1 N/A
67 University of Kisangani (UNIKIS), Congo 0.02 0.04 2 89.1%
68 South Valley University (SVU), Egypt 0.04 1 N/A
69 Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia 0.01 0.04 2 385.3%
70 University of Mauritius (UOM), Mauritius 0.04 1 N/A
71 Pan-African University (PAU), Kenya 0.04 1 N/A
71 Walter Sisulu University (WSU), South Africa 0.04 1 N/A
72 Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Ghana 0.16 0.03 4 -80.6%
73 Madda Walabu University (MWU), Ethiopia 0.00 0.03 2 1,649.6%
74 University of Tripoli (UT), Libya 0.00 0.03 1 628.8%
75 University of Ibadan (UI), Nigeria 0.14 0.03 4 -77.8%
76 University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Benin 0.30 0.03 2 -90.4%
77 Université Nangui Abrogoua (UNA), Ivory Coast 0.01 0.03 1 292.5%
77 Institute of Higher Educational Sciences of Huíla (ISCED-Huíla), Angola 0.03 1 N/A
78 Mohammed V University, Morocco 0.24 0.03 2 -88.9%
79 University of Gondar (UOG), Ethiopia 0.01 0.03 2 93.9%
80 Ain Shams University, Egypt 0.04 0.03 4 -38.9%
81 Abdelmalek Essaâdi University (UAE), Morocco 0.03 1 N/A
82 University of Batna, Algeria 0.03 1 N/A
83 Université Moulay-Ismaïl (UMI), Morocco 0.03 1 N/A
84 Assiut University, Egypt 0.28 0.02 1 -92.0%
85 Mekelle University, Ethiopia 0.11 0.02 2 -82.7%
86 Marien Ngouabi University (UMNG), Congo 0.02 1 N/A
87 University of Bamako, Mali 0.32 0.02 1 -95.4%
88 University of Lagos (Unilag), Nigeria 0.12 0.02 3 -88.4%
89 Namibia University of Science and Technology (NUST), Namibia 0.02 1 N/A
90 University of Liberia, Liberia 0.01 2 N/A
91 Mohammed VI Polytechnic University, Morocco 0.01 1 N/A
92 Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS), Tanzania 0.07 0.01 3 -83.8%
93 École Inter-Etats des Sciences et Médecine Vétérinaires de Dakar (EISMV), Senegal 0.01 0.01 1 -17.4%
93 Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT), Kenya 0.13 0.01 1 -91.8%
94 University of Algiers - Benyoucef Benkhedda, Algeria 0.00 0.01 1 137.7%
95 Hawassa University (HU), Ethiopia 0.00 0.01 2 83.4%
96 Busitema University, Uganda 0.01 1 N/A
97 Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA), Tanzania 0.36 0.01 1 -97.6%
97 Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta (FUNAAB), Nigeria 0.01 1 N/A
98 Elizade University (EU), Nigeria 0.01 1 N/A
99 Jimma University, Ethiopia 0.00 0.01 2 43.7%
100 Arba Minch University (AMU), Ethiopia 0.00 0.01 1 93.5%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.