2021 tables: Institutions - life sciences - academic

The 2021 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2019 Share 2020 Count 2020 Change in Adjusted Share 2019-2020*
1 University of Trento (UNITN), Italy 10.25 12.60 63 12.9%
2 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 7.54 11.46 96 39.6%
3 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 3.76 8.90 47 117.3%
4 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 8.87 8.58 75 -11.2%
5 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 11.84 7.97 61 -38.2%
6 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 8.50 7.92 63 -14.4%
7 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 3.73 5.33 51 31.5%
8 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 9.14 5.01 47 -49.7%
9 University of Pavia (UNIPV), Italy 4.57 4.81 37 -3.4%
10 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 3.99 4.14 12 -4.5%
11 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 1.99 4.02 34 85.6%
12 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 3.49 4.02 26 5.7%
13 University of Modena and Reggio Emilia (UNIMORE), Italy 2.08 3.59 25 58.6%
14 Vita-Salute San Raffaele University (UniSR), Italy 1.98 3.38 24 57.3%
15 University of Parma (UNIPR), Italy 2.36 3.29 21 28.0%
16 Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 1.34 3.17 15 118.3%
17 University of Bari Aldo Moro (UniBA), Italy 1.96 2.74 26 28.2%
18 University of Perugia, Italy 0.56 2.62 23 328.9%
19 University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy 2.72 2.57 25 -13.3%
20 University of Verona (UNIVR), Italy 5.86 2.53 30 -60.3%
21 University of Genova, Italy 2.06 2.52 30 12.6%
22 Catholic University of the Sacred Heart (UCSC), Italy 2.17 2.18 22 -7.9%
23 Bocconi University, Italy 0.17 2.07 5 1,038.6%
24 University of Brescia (UNIBS), Italy 1.32 2.06 18 43.6%
25 University of Ferrara (UNIFE), Italy 1.70 2.05 19 10.8%
26 Polytechnic University of Turin, Italy 0.79 1.88 8 119.5%
27 University of Palermo (UNIPA), Italy 0.56 1.35 16 123.5%
28 University of Siena (UNISI), Italy 1.63 1.25 20 -29.8%
29 University of Udine (UNIUD), Italy 1.64 1.22 15 -31.5%
30 University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Italy 1.00 1.17 16 7.4%
31 Marche Polytechnic University (UNIVPM), Italy 1.07 1.05 11 -10.5%
32 University of Eastern Piedmont "Amedeo Avogadro" (UNIPMN), Italy 1.56 1.01 9 -40.4%
33 University of Tuscia (UNITUS), Italy 0.06 0.93 9 1,335.5%
34 Humanitas University, Italy 1.53 0.92 12 -44.6%
35 University of Insubria, Italy 0.15 0.80 8 381.0%
36 University of Cagliari (UNICA), Italy 2.05 0.76 9 -66.2%
37 University of Camerino (UNICAM), Italy 0.71 0.72 11 -6.5%
38 Orientale University of Naples, Italy 0.00 0.63 1 7,356,609.4%
39 Ca' Foscari University of Venice (UNIVE), Italy 0.27 0.61 7 108.6%
40 University of Calabria (UNICAL), Italy 0.18 0.59 5 198.2%
41 Scuola Normale Superiore (SNS), Italy 1.18 0.59 7 -54.5%
42 University of Molise (UNIMOL), Italy 0.10 0.58 8 410.2%
43 Campus Bio-Medico University, Italy 0.15 0.53 3 221.6%
44 IMT School for Advanced Studies Lucca, Italy 1.58 0.52 3 -69.8%
45 University of Trieste (UNITS), Italy 2.62 0.45 12 -84.3%
46 University of Chieti (Ud'A), Italy 1.30 0.37 6 -74.0%
47 Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies of Pisa (SSSA), Italy 1.70 0.36 3 -80.5%
48 University of Sassari (UniSS), Italy 0.27 0.33 9 12.0%
49 University of Messina (UNIME), Italy 0.43 0.29 9 -39.1%
50 Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Italy 0.29 1 N/A
51 University of Salerno (UNISA), Italy 0.52 0.20 8 -64.5%
52 University of Magna Graecia (UMG), Italy 0.49 0.17 2 -67.5%
53 University of Salento, Italy 0.18 0.17 2 -12.6%
54 University of Urbino, Italy 0.03 0.15 8 302.6%
55 University of Roma Tre, Italy 0.14 0.15 3 -0.9%
56 University of Catania, Italy 0.85 0.12 13 -86.9%
57 Parthenope University of Naples, Italy 0.25 0.11 2 -59.0%
58 University of Teramo (UniTE), Italy 0.02 0.09 2 403.0%
59 Free University of Bozen-Bolzano (UniBz), Italy 0.09 0.08 1 -15.8%
60 Universita' degli Studi Niccolo' Cusano, Italy 0.08 1 N/A
61 Polytechnic University of Bari, Italy 0.00 0.05 4 946.8%
62 University of Basilicata, Italy 0.00 0.04 1 477,092.0%
63 University of Foggia (UNIFG), Italy 0.12 0.04 2 -68.2%
64 Scuola Agraria del Parco di Monza, Italy 0.03 1 N/A
65 University of Bergamo, Italy 0.00 0.03 2 352,721.8%
66 University of L'Aquila (UNIVAQ), Italy 0.27 0.02 2 -92.8%
67 Mediterranea University of Reggio Calabria (UNIRC), Italy 0.00 0.02 1 235,314.7%
68 San Luigi University Hospital, Italy 0.12 0.01 1 -89.4%
69 European School of Molecular Medicine (SEMM), Italy 0.12 0.00 1 -98.0%
70 Università Iuav di Venezia (IUAV), Italy 0.00 0.00 2 46.5%
71 University of Sannio, Italy 0.15 0.00 1 -99.4%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.