2021 tables: Institutions - academic

The 2021 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2019 Share 2020 Count 2020 Change in Adjusted Share 2019-2020*
1 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 923.94 927.26 2,569 -3.2%
2 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 647.66 638.05 1,687 -5.0%
3 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 561.57 526.26 1,841 -9.6%
4 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 343.84 398.64 1,034 11.8%
5 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 390.15 394.96 1,302 -2.4%
6 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 339.38 356.24 1,001 1.2%
7 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 339.11 339.09 1,118 -3.6%
8 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 342.62 338.45 1,005 -4.8%
9 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 304.14 331.37 1,021 5.1%
10 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 320.19 315.87 991 -4.9%
11 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 317.97 315.58 757 -4.3%
12 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 301.04 307.72 864 -1.4%
13 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 286.98 293.44 899 -1.4%
14 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 287.39 293.38 928 -1.6%
15 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 261.02 275.69 763 1.8%
16 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 303.96 268.45 958 -14.8%
17 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 222.32 260.84 732 13.1%
18 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 238.09 252.21 732 2.1%
19 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 215.93 235.14 697 5.0%
20 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 200.57 227.29 609 9.3%
21 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 197.60 221.64 572 8.2%
22 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 227.20 218.93 704 -7.1%
23 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 230.70 216.17 574 -9.7%
24 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 214.52 214.59 664 -3.5%
25 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 236.08 209.27 620 -14.5%
26 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 192.48 202.12 639 1.3%
27 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 200.75 197.29 579 -5.2%
28 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 164.45 190.52 583 11.7%
29 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 146.61 177.77 519 16.9%
30 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 168.66 175.53 522 0.4%
31 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 170.48 167.53 646 -5.2%
32 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 145.73 160.31 520 6.1%
33 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 139.82 159.44 431 10.0%
34 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 157.10 159.15 570 -2.3%
35 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 142.81 156.03 479 5.4%
36 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 163.40 155.95 661 -8.0%
37 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 140.78 152.36 316 4.4%
38 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 162.63 149.61 458 -11.3%
39 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 137.33 134.69 505 -5.4%
40 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 117.25 134.27 427 10.4%
41 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 149.30 132.42 414 -14.5%
42 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 126.92 130.37 357 -0.9%
43 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 123.60 121.55 533 -5.2%
44 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 97.55 119.95 410 18.6%
45 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 93.61 118.80 369 22.4%
46 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 93.00 118.40 446 22.8%
47 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 107.02 112.44 546 1.3%
48 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 111.89 112.25 392 -3.3%
49 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 113.33 111.61 402 -5.0%
50 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 113.20 102.73 320 -12.5%
51 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 86.95 95.42 340 5.8%
52 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 86.91 90.04 303 -0.1%
53 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 78.66 89.87 377 10.2%
54 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 82.42 87.75 359 2.7%
55 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 71.44 85.43 394 15.3%
56 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 88.05 84.28 278 -7.7%
57 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 93.60 84.17 244 -13.3%
58 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 65.41 82.54 300 21.7%
59 Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (ISMMS), MSHS, United States of America (USA) 62.24 82.51 329 27.8%
60 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 78.96 82.36 292 0.6%
61 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 65.36 82.03 230 21.0%
62 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 72.67 79.49 269 5.5%
63 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 95.46 79.17 263 -20.0%
64 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 74.45 76.52 329 -0.9%
65 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 64.25 74.04 230 11.1%
66 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 64.18 72.62 340 9.1%
67 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 63.15 71.47 394 9.1%
68 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 65.33 71.20 250 5.1%
69 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 73.63 68.89 267 -9.8%
70 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 63.55 66.57 194 1.0%
71 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 60.51 65.83 216 4.9%
72 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 51.87 64.15 177 19.2%
73 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 44.04 63.80 189 39.7%
74 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 75.24 63.21 315 -19.0%
75 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 66.10 62.70 211 -8.5%
76 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 52.69 60.75 224 11.2%
77 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 57.90 60.60 219 0.9%
78 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 51.76 59.09 204 10.1%
79 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 48.08 55.12 302 10.5%
80 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 49.33 54.78 153 7.1%
81 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 43.80 54.46 249 19.9%
82 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 48.53 54.23 312 7.7%
83 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 63.57 54.17 227 -17.8%
84 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 35.78 52.35 175 41.1%
85 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 55.54 51.12 180 -11.3%
86 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 50.01 51.11 190 -1.5%
87 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 51.98 49.60 173 -8.0%
88 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 53.86 46.48 166 -16.8%
89 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 55.45 46.24 166 -19.6%
90 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 36.29 45.77 218 21.6%
91 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 39.24 44.21 159 8.6%
92 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 40.91 42.96 156 1.3%
93 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 47.29 41.75 195 -14.9%
94 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 43.92 41.66 233 -8.5%
95 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 49.76 39.90 185 -22.7%
96 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 32.03 38.66 144 16.4%
97 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 42.91 38.17 141 -14.2%
98 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 37.24 38.14 126 -1.2%
99 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 45.74 37.45 158 -21.1%
100 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 31.39 36.68 186 12.7%
101 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 43.65 35.50 134 -21.6%
102 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 28.86 34.21 118 14.3%
103 Clemson University, United States of America (USA) 23.24 33.01 78 37.0%
104 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), United States of America (USA) 29.22 31.87 174 5.2%
105 The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 34.97 30.43 147 -16.1%
106 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 30.36 30.00 74 -4.7%
107 Wayne State University, United States of America (USA) 24.76 29.66 159 15.5%
108 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 43.62 28.46 110 -37.1%
109 West Virginia University (WVU), United States of America (USA) 22.64 28.32 87 20.6%
110 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 42.07 28.23 76 -35.3%
111 Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA) 24.14 28.08 80 12.2%
112 Tulane University, United States of America (USA) 21.34 28.00 85 26.5%
113 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 51.00 26.74 82 -49.4%
114 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 23.00 25.66 76 7.6%
115 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 33.07 25.46 106 -25.8%
116 Syracuse University, United States of America (USA) 17.33 25.14 103 39.9%
117 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 23.30 23.12 70 -4.3%
118 Texas Tech University (TTU), United States of America (USA) 16.91 23.01 148 31.2%
119 University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB), United States of America (USA) 17.48 21.95 66 21.0%
120 The George Washington University (GW), United States of America (USA) 18.10 21.87 97 16.5%
121 Auburn University, United States of America (USA) 26.49 21.72 88 -20.9%
122 Colorado School of Mines, United States of America (USA) 13.79 21.20 80 48.2%
123 The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), United States of America (USA) 22.95 21.01 65 -11.7%
124 The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio (UT Health San Antonio), United States of America (USA) 16.66 20.95 68 21.2%
125 Utah State University (USU), United States of America (USA) 17.36 20.04 92 11.3%
126 Georgia State University (GSU), United States of America (USA) 17.81 19.50 66 5.5%
127 University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC), United States of America (USA) 10.81 19.04 44 69.9%
128 University of California, Merced (UC Merced), United States of America (USA) 10.82 19.04 63 69.6%
129 The University of Akron (UAkron), United States of America (USA) 22.52 18.70 39 -20.0%
130 University of Louisville (UofL), United States of America (USA) 16.00 18.35 67 10.6%
131 The University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP), United States of America (USA) 6.53 18.17 60 168.1%
132 Florida International University (FIU), United States of America (USA) 20.10 17.94 131 -14.0%
133 University of Wyoming, United States of America (USA) 24.59 17.90 81 -29.8%
134 The University of Alabama (UA), United States of America (USA) 17.46 17.48 139 -3.5%
135 University of Arkansas (UARK), United States of America (USA) 18.60 17.30 59 -10.3%
136 Lehigh University, United States of America (USA) 18.10 17.19 46 -8.4%
137 State University of New York at Albany (SUNY Albany), United States of America (USA) 24.71 16.62 113 -35.1%
138 Kent State University, United States of America (USA) 19.22 16.60 47 -16.7%
139 Montana State University, United States of America (USA) 14.93 16.43 94 6.1%
140 Georgetown University, United States of America (USA) 21.41 16.34 68 -26.4%
141 Wake Forest University (WFU), United States of America (USA) 15.24 16.25 72 2.8%
142 University of Vermont (UVM), United States of America (USA) 21.74 16.08 62 -28.7%
143 Kansas State University (K-State), United States of America (USA) 19.74 16.08 114 -21.5%
144 The University of Texas at Arlington (UTA), United States of America (USA) 14.58 15.65 117 3.5%
145 University of New Hampshire (UNH), United States of America (USA) 14.56 15.44 107 2.2%
146 University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF), United States of America (USA) 13.04 15.33 105 13.3%
147 Medical College of Wisconsin (MCW), United States of America (USA) 10.19 15.22 47 44.0%
148 University of Montana (UMT), United States of America (USA) 11.15 15.04 53 30.1%
149 University of North Texas (UNT), United States of America (USA) 10.45 14.83 47 36.9%
150 George Mason University (GMU), United States of America (USA) 12.80 14.80 89 11.4%
151 University of Mississippi (Ole Miss), United States of America (USA) 9.59 14.80 131 48.7%
152 University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC), United States of America (USA) 13.65 14.75 94 4.2%
153 Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), United States of America (USA) 23.94 13.74 40 -44.7%
154 University of Rhode Island (URI), United States of America (USA) 12.00 13.70 78 10.1%
155 University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV), United States of America (USA) 13.16 13.39 58 -1.9%
156 New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT), United States of America (USA) 10.78 13.28 64 18.8%
157 The University of Toledo (UT), United States of America (USA) 10.34 12.95 30 20.8%
158 Thomas Jefferson University (TJU), United States of America (USA) 15.29 12.94 45 -18.4%
159 Augusta University, United States of America (USA) 10.87 12.85 45 13.9%
160 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), United States of America (USA) 21.00 12.55 58 -42.4%
161 San Diego State University (SDSU), United States of America (USA) 14.96 12.49 67 -19.5%
162 University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH), United States of America (USA) 7.42 12.19 65 58.3%
163 Stevens Institute of Technology, United States of America (USA) 7.05 12.12 24 65.8%
164 Saint Louis University (SLU), United States of America (USA) 14.80 11.88 62 -22.6%
165 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM), United States of America (USA) 12.80 11.84 83 -10.8%
166 Baylor University, United States of America (USA) 13.27 11.65 97 -15.3%
167 North Dakota State University (NDSU), United States of America (USA) 8.26 11.57 21 35.1%
168 Northern Arizona University (NAU), United States of America (USA) 10.95 11.13 56 -2.0%
169 Michigan Technological University (Michigan Tech), United States of America (USA) 12.03 10.42 38 -16.5%
170 Miami University, United States of America (USA) 12.24 10.30 32 -18.9%
171 California State University, Northridge (CSUN), United States of America (USA) 8.77 9.79 22 7.7%
172 Stanford Health Care, United States of America (USA) 11.53 9.52 209 -20.4%
173 Ohio University (Ohio), United States of America (USA) 8.63 9.15 43 2.3%
174 Marquette University, United States of America (USA) 11.96 9.14 37 -26.3%
175 Brigham Young University (BYU), United States of America (USA) 9.67 8.96 35 -10.7%
176 State University of New York at Binghamton (SUNY Binghamton), United States of America (USA) 10.08 8.91 26 -14.7%
177 University of Idaho, United States of America (USA) 15.04 8.69 49 -44.3%
178 The University of Maine (UMaine), United States of America (USA) 7.84 8.66 64 6.5%
179 Missouri University of Science and Technology (MST), United States of America (USA) 14.87 8.52 28 -44.8%
180 Florida Atlantic University (FAU), United States of America (USA) 5.00 8.45 42 62.9%
181 University of Tennessee Health Science Center (UTHSC), United States of America (USA) 9.56 8.41 35 -15.1%
182 State University of New York Upstate Medical University (SUNY Upstate Medical University), United States of America (USA) 7.72 8.27 39 3.3%
183 State University of New York College at Buffalo (SUNY Buffalo State), United States of America (USA) 3.82 7.97 52 101.4%
184 The College of William & Mary (W&M), United States of America (USA) 11.44 7.83 41 -34.0%
185 University of North Carolina at Charlotte (UNC Charlotte), United States of America (USA) 3.34 7.73 23 123.3%
186 Oklahoma State University, United States of America (USA) 7.47 7.73 71 -0.2%
187 Northern Illinois University (NIU), United States of America (USA) 7.14 7.23 69 -2.3%
188 Clarkson University, United States of America (USA) 11.41 7.15 15 -39.6%
189 University of Southern Mississippi (USM), United States of America (USA) 4.70 7.08 17 45.2%
190 Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT), United States of America (USA) 5.99 7.01 44 12.8%
191 Boise State University, United States of America (USA) 8.09 6.83 27 -18.6%
192 University of Puerto Rico (UPR), United States of America (USA) 7.73 6.72 97 -16.2%
193 University of South Dakota (USD), United States of America (USA) 3.17 6.63 17 101.7%
194 Southern Methodist University (SMU), United States of America (USA) 10.93 6.54 66 -42.3%
195 New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology (NMT), United States of America (USA) 6.41 6.49 68 -2.3%
196 New Mexico State University (NMSU), United States of America (USA) 7.90 6.44 56 -21.3%
197 University of Massachusetts Boston (UMass Boston), United States of America (USA) 6.64 6.43 29 -6.7%
198 University of Massachusetts Lowell (UMass Lowell), United States of America (USA) 4.96 6.34 54 23.2%
199 Bowling Green State University (BGSU), United States of America (USA) 8.69 5.89 15 -34.6%
200 Mississippi State University, United States of America (USA) 7.52 5.80 59 -25.7%
201 Portland State University (PSU), United States of America (USA) 4.98 5.79 22 12.1%
202 Southern Illinois University, Carbondale (SIU), United States of America (USA) 6.45 5.74 19 -14.3%
203 Wesleyan University, United States of America (USA) 4.89 5.68 22 12.0%
204 Western Michigan University (WMU), United States of America (USA) 4.94 5.56 15 8.5%
205 Old Dominion University (ODU), United States of America (USA) 6.17 5.36 59 -16.2%
206 Rowan University, United States of America (USA) 4.27 4.98 18 12.4%
207 SUNY Downstate Health Sciences University (SUNY Downstate), United States of America (USA) 2.58 4.77 19 78.1%
208 Oakland University, United States of America (USA) 3.04 4.74 17 50.3%
209 University of North Carolina at Wilmington (UNCW), United States of America (USA) 2.26 4.67 21 99.3%
210 Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT), United States of America (USA) 5.73 4.57 22 -23.1%
211 University of Missouri-St. Louis (UMSL), United States of America (USA) 0.68 4.55 14 543.2%
212 University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS), United States of America (USA) 6.93 4.45 23 -38.1%
213 University of Massachusetts Dartmouth (UMass Dartmouth), United States of America (USA) 2.80 4.40 15 51.2%
214 East Carolina University (ECU), United States of America (USA) 7.71 4.32 15 -46.0%
215 Albany Medical Center, United States of America (USA) 1.26 4.27 14 226.3%
216 Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI), United States of America (USA) 5.78 4.19 11 -30.0%
217 Central Michigan University, United States of America (USA) 4.69 4.06 39 -16.6%
218 San Jose State University (SJSU), United States of America (USA) 2.39 3.99 51 61.1%
219 Clark University, United States of America (USA) 1.88 3.92 11 101.3%
220 University of North Dakota (UND), United States of America (USA) 3.95 3.90 44 -4.6%
221 Wright State University, United States of America (USA) 2.20 3.88 16 69.8%
222 The University of Memphis (U of M), United States of America (USA) 6.02 3.87 12 -38.0%
223 Loyola University Chicago (LUC), United States of America (USA) 7.78 3.87 21 -52.0%
224 Florida Institute of Technology (Florida Tech), United States of America (USA) 5.26 3.84 103 -29.7%
225 Nevada System of Higher Education (NSHE), United States of America (USA) 6.54 3.76 48 -44.6%
226 Montclair State University, United States of America (USA) 4.39 3.64 16 -20.0%
227 South Dakota State University, United States of America (USA) 1.70 3.49 11 98.1%
228 Rush University, United States of America (USA) 7.95 3.41 31 -58.6%
229 Western Washington University (WWU), United States of America (USA) 0.87 3.41 13 277.8%
230 Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, United States of America (USA) 3.82 3.36 17 -15.1%
231 Texas Biomedical Research Institute (Texas Biomed), United States of America (USA) 1.92 3.31 25 66.8%
232 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University (ERAU), United States of America (USA) 5.91 3.28 44 -46.5%
233 Villanova University, United States of America (USA) 1.31 3.26 19 139.6%
234 University of North Carolina at Greensboro, United States of America (USA) 4.22 3.23 12 -26.2%
235 Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center (TTUHSC), United States of America (USA) 1.98 3.22 14 56.7%
236 Colgate University, United States of America (USA) 1.61 3.18 12 90.3%
237 Idaho State University (ISU), United States of America (USA) 2.12 3.15 12 43.1%
238 San Francisco State University (SF State), United States of America (USA) 3.02 3.11 49 -0.8%
239 Reed College, United States of America (USA) 3.63 3.09 13 -17.8%
240 Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University (FAMU), United States of America (USA) 2.73 3.08 21 8.9%
241 Chapman University, United States of America (USA) 4.05 3.07 14 -26.8%
242 Catholic University of America (CUA), United States of America (USA) 3.76 3.07 87 -21.2%
243 Cleveland State University, United States of America (USA) 0.89 2.98 10 223.2%
244 New York Medical College (NYMC), United States of America (USA) 2.15 2.89 10 29.9%
245 Indiana State University, United States of America (USA) 0.22 2.85 6 1,172.5%
246 University of Dayton, United States of America (USA) 0.78 2.73 11 236.0%
247 California State University, Long Beach (CSULB), United States of America (USA) 5.64 2.53 35 -56.8%
248 Illinois State University, United States of America (USA) 3.30 2.51 5 -26.7%
249 Trinity University, United States of America (USA) 1.96 2.50 11 22.9%
250 Santa Clara University, United States of America (USA) 1.78 2.48 12 33.9%
251 Howard University, United States of America (USA) 3.67 2.45 66 -35.8%
252 University of San Francisco (USF), United States of America (USA) 1.54 2.43 12 52.1%
253 University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, United States of America (USA) 1.11 2.40 7 108.9%
254 University of South Alabama, United States of America (USA) 1.86 2.38 42 23.3%
255 Williams College, United States of America (USA) 1.83 2.36 13 24.3%
256 USN U.S. Naval Academy (USNA), United States of America (USA) 2.39 2.35 38 -5.2%
257 California State University, Los Angeles (CSULA), United States of America (USA) 1.52 2.32 19 47.3%
258 Central Washington University (CWU), United States of America (USA) 1.25 2.30 20 76.7%
259 Duquesne University, United States of America (USA) 1.61 2.29 21 37.7%
260 Kennedy Krieger Institute, United States of America (USA) 1.64 2.15 21 26.6%
261 Bowdoin College, United States of America (USA) 4.20 2.15 7 -50.7%
262 University of the Sciences in Philadelphia (USciences), United States of America (USA) 0.46 2.13 4 344.9%
263 Wellesley College, United States of America (USA) 2.21 2.07 16 -9.7%
264 University of San Diego, United States of America (USA) 3.76 2.06 4 -47.2%
265 Salus University, United States of America (USA) 1.33 2.00 2 44.6%
266 Ball State University (BSU), United States of America (USA) 2.05 1.99 4 -6.7%
267 USN Naval Postgraduate School (NPS), United States of America (USA) 3.18 1.96 31 -40.5%
268 California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, United States of America (USA) 0.48 1.95 8 294.1%
269 Houston Methodist Hospital, United States of America (USA) 1.19 1.93 20 56.2%
270 Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science (RFUMS), United States of America (USA) 1.22 1.87 7 48.2%
271 Colorado College (CC), United States of America (USA) 0.30 1.85 8 492.0%
272 Barnard College, United States of America (USA) 0.84 1.85 12 113.0%
273 Texas State University - San Marcos, United States of America (USA) 2.77 1.79 40 -37.6%
274 California State University, Fullerton (CSUF), United States of America (USA) 0.82 1.78 16 109.3%
275 University of Maryland Medical System (UMMS), United States of America (USA) 1.12 1.77 15 51.9%
276 California Polytechnic State University (Cal Poly), United States of America (USA) 2.97 1.72 35 -44.1%
277 Skidmore College, United States of America (USA) 0.29 1.65 7 445.9%
278 New York Institute of Technology (NYIT), United States of America (USA) 1.38 1.65 7 15.3%
279 Wichita State University, United States of America (USA) 1.55 1.61 7 0.0%
280 Bryn Mawr College, United States of America (USA) 1.02 1.60 18 51.5%
281 California State University, Fresno (Fresno State), United States of America (USA) 0.77 1.59 45 98.8%
282 Meharry Medical College, United States of America (USA) 0.20 1.57 4 659.2%
283 University of St. Thomas, United States of America (USA) 1.73 1.57 6 -12.9%
284 South Dakota School of Mines and Technology (SDSMT), United States of America (USA) 0.86 1.55 45 73.0%
285 University of Denver, United States of America (USA) 9.37 1.50 37 -84.5%
286 The University of Tulsa, United States of America (USA) 3.78 1.50 8 -61.8%
287 California State University, Sacramento (Sacramento State), United States of America (USA) 0.90 1.49 34 60.5%
288 Montana Tech of the University of Montana (Montana Tech), United States of America (USA) 0.00 1.48 3 63,977.3%
289 University of Missouri-Kansas City (UMKC), United States of America (USA) 2.48 1.48 15 -42.5%
290 Hofstra University, United States of America (USA) 1.74 1.47 20 -18.3%
291 Southern Illinois University School of Medicine (SIUMED), United States of America (USA) 0.08 1.47 2 1,597.1%
292 Yeshiva University (YU), United States of America (USA) 1.28 1.47 5 10.1%
293 Bates College, United States of America (USA) 1.04 1.47 5 35.5%
294 Bucknell University, United States of America (USA) 3.45 1.46 10 -59.2%
295 Smith College, United States of America (USA) 0.55 1.43 9 150.1%
296 Creighton University, United States of America (USA) 2.47 1.41 33 -45.2%
297 Texas Christian University (TCU), United States of America (USA) 1.23 1.39 6 8.7%
298 University of Colorado at Colorado Springs (UCCS), United States of America (USA) 0.01 1.37 6 15,377.1%
299 Grand Valley State University (GVSU), United States of America (USA) 1.88 1.37 5 -29.9%
300 William Paterson University, United States of America (USA) 0.36 1.36 4 262.6%
301 Augsburg University, United States of America (USA) 0.32 1.35 8 304.2%
302 University of North Florida (UNF), United States of America (USA) 1.09 1.30 4 15.2%
303 Georgia Southern University, United States of America (USA) 0.48 1.28 6 158.1%
304 Union College, United States of America (USA) 0.20 1.28 4 507.9%
305 North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University (A&T), United States of America (USA) 0.53 1.27 13 130.7%
306 Providence College, United States of America (USA) 0.17 1.27 5 611.3%
307 Louisiana Tech University, United States of America (USA) 0.74 1.25 46 62.6%
308 Amherst College, United States of America (USA) 1.20 1.22 8 -2.1%
309 University of Texas Rio Grande Valley (UTRGV), United States of America (USA) 3.30 1.20 20 -64.9%
310 The College of Wooster, United States of America (USA) 0.24 1.19 3 387.1%
311 SUNY Polytechnic Institute (SUNY Poly), United States of America (USA) 4.05 1.18 7 -71.9%
312 Occidental College, United States of America (USA) 1.04 1.18 6 9.5%
313 State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry (SUNY-ESF), United States of America (USA) 3.58 1.17 11 -68.4%
314 College of Charleston, United States of America (USA) 1.40 1.16 38 -20.5%
315 Western University of Health Sciences (WesternU), United States of America (USA) 2.02 1.14 2 -45.4%
315 Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville (SIUE), United States of America (USA) 0.83 1.14 2 32.1%
316 Delaware State University (DSU), United States of America (USA) 0.41 1.14 6 166.9%
317 University of Louisiana at Lafayette (UL Lafayette), United States of America (USA) 1.55 1.13 9 -29.9%
318 Eastern Michigan University (EMU), United States of America (USA) 0.58 1.10 2 82.9%
319 Stephen F. Austin State University (SFA), United States of America (USA) 0.03 1.08 2 3,033.8%
320 Colby College, United States of America (USA) 0.50 1.07 5 107.1%
321 Murray State University, United States of America (USA) 1.26 1.07 2 -17.7%
322 University of Texas Health Science Center at Tyler (UTHSCT), United States of America (USA) 0.67 1.06 2 53.8%
323 Hillsdale College, United States of America (USA) 0.01 1.05 8 14,570.1%
324 Haverford College, United States of America (USA) 2.86 1.05 6 -64.6%
325 American University, United States of America (USA) 1.57 1.04 18 -36.4%
326 Appalachian State University, United States of America (USA) 0.97 1.03 34 3.1%
327 Jackson State University (JSU), United States of America (USA) 1.94 1.01 38 -49.8%
328 Lewis & Clark College (L&C), United States of America (USA) 2.00 1.00 2 -51.8%
328 Universidad Ana G. Méndez (UAGM), United States of America (USA) 1.00 1 N/A
328 Lycoming College, United States of America (USA) 1.00 1 N/A
328 City Colleges of Chicago (CCC), United States of America (USA) 1.00 1 N/A
329 University of West Georgia (UWG), United States of America (USA) 0.31 0.98 4 202.2%
330 Oberlin College, United States of America (USA) 0.38 0.97 7 147.9%
331 USAF Air Force Institute of Technology (AFIT), United States of America (USA) 0.59 0.93 2 52.8%
332 Middle Tennessee State University (MTSU), United States of America (USA) 3.80 0.93 6 -76.5%
333 Sam Houston State University (SHSU), United States of America (USA) 1.94 0.92 5 -54.3%
334 Furman University, United States of America (USA) 1.32 0.92 3 -33.2%
334 Hellenic American University, United States of America (USA) 0.92 3 N/A
335 University of Alaska Southeast (UAS), United States of America (USA) 1.23 0.91 4 -28.2%
336 University of New Orleans (UNO), United States of America (USA) 2.49 0.90 3 -65.2%
337 Carleton College, United States of America (USA) 0.73 0.89 16 18.2%
338 Manhattan College (MC), United States of America (USA) 0.42 0.89 17 101.5%
339 Northeast Ohio Medical University (NEOMED), United States of America (USA) 1.32 0.88 3 -35.7%
340 Mount Holyoke College (MHC), United States of America (USA) 2.00 0.88 6 -57.6%
341 Gettysburg College, United States of America (USA) 0.67 0.87 3 25.9%
342 University of Richmond, United States of America (USA) 1.19 0.86 10 -30.1%
343 North Carolina Central University (NCCU), United States of America (USA) 0.82 0.84 13 -1.7%
344 University of Alaska Anchorage (UAA), United States of America (USA) 1.66 0.83 13 -51.8%
345 Marshall University, United States of America (USA) 0.55 0.83 3 46.5%
346 James Madison University (JMU), United States of America (USA) 2.23 0.80 9 -65.5%
347 Pomona College, United States of America (USA) 1.10 0.80 4 -30.4%
348 Swarthmore College, United States of America (USA) 2.21 0.78 7 -66.0%
349 University of Hawai'i at Hilo (UH Hilo), United States of America (USA) 1.41 0.78 8 -46.5%
350 University of Wisconsin-Whitewater, United States of America (USA) 0.78 3 N/A
351 State University of New York at Brockport (SUNY Brockport), United States of America (USA) 0.11 0.78 27 583.2%
352 Saint Mary's College Notre Dame, United States of America (USA) 0.52 0.77 1 44.2%
353 Clark Atlanta University (CAU), United States of America (USA) 0.06 0.77 14 1,078.1%
354 State University of New York College of Optometry (SUNY College of Optometry), United States of America (USA) 2.90 0.77 3 -74.4%
355 Nova Southeastern University, United States of America (USA) 2.43 0.76 15 -69.7%
356 Concordia University Wisconsin (CUW), United States of America (USA) 0.55 0.76 7 33.9%
357 Northern Michigan University (NMU), United States of America (USA) 0.31 0.76 3 132.2%
358 Stockton University, United States of America (USA) 0.01 0.75 2 10,892.4%
358 Southwestern Oklahoma State University (SWOSU), United States of America (USA) 0.75 1 N/A
358 University of Wisconsin-Platteville (UW-Platteville), United States of America (USA) 0.14 0.75 1 406.2%
359 Hampton University, United States of America (USA) 3.06 0.73 37 -76.9%
360 Salisbury University, United States of America (USA) 0.37 0.73 4 93.0%
361 Loyola Marymount University (LMU), United States of America (USA) 1.25 0.71 2 -45.5%
362 Fordham University (Fordham), United States of America (USA) 1.84 0.69 4 -63.7%
363 Seton Hall University, United States of America (USA) 2.44 0.68 5 -73.0%
364 Ohio Wesleyan University (OWU), United States of America (USA) 0.05 0.67 2 1,185.7%
364 Lincoln University of Missouri, United States of America (USA) 0.09 0.67 2 639.9%
364 University of Puget Sound (UPS), United States of America (USA) 0.20 0.67 2 225.9%
364 Eastern Oregon University, United States of America (USA) 0.30 0.67 1 114.3%
364 Chatham University, United States of America (USA) 0.50 0.67 2 28.6%
365 United States Air Force Academy (USAFA), United States of America (USA) 0.51 0.66 5 25.1%
366 Arkansas State University, United States of America (USA) 0.64 5 N/A
367 Humboldt State University, United States of America (USA) 0.63 6 N/A
368 Children's Mercy Hospitals and Clinics, United States of America (USA) 0.46 0.62 11 29.4%
369 University of the Pacific, United States of America (USA) 0.76 0.62 6 -20.7%
370 East Tennessee State University (ETSU), United States of America (USA) 1.15 0.62 6 -48.3%
371 Indiana University of Pennsylvania (IUP), United States of America (USA) 0.01 0.61 2 8,907.7%
372 Lamar University (LU), United States of America (USA) 0.52 0.60 6 10.8%
373 Baptist College of Health Sciences (BCHS), United States of America (USA) 0.14 0.58 2 293.7%
373 Barry University, United States of America (USA) 0.58 3 N/A
374 Seattle University, United States of America (USA) 0.57 0.58 5 -2.3%
375 Knox College, United States of America (USA) 0.50 0.58 3 11.2%
376 Missouri State University, United States of America (USA) 1.23 0.57 2 -55.2%
377 State University of New York at Geneseo (SUNY Geneseo), United States of America (USA) 0.63 0.57 5 -12.8%
378 Hawaii Pacific University (HPU), United States of America (USA) 1.14 0.57 2 -52.1%
379 Western Kentucky University (WKU), United States of America (USA) 1.33 0.56 4 -59.5%
380 Roosevelt University, United States of America (USA) 0.83 0.54 5 -37.0%
381 Loma Linda University (LLU), United States of America (USA) 1.22 0.54 8 -57.0%
382 Chaminade University of Honolulu, United States of America (USA) 0.53 2 N/A
382 Pacific University Oregon, United States of America (USA) 0.53 2 N/A
383 The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga (UTC), United States of America (USA) 0.63 0.52 2 -20.5%
384 Utah Valley University (UVU), United States of America (USA) 0.47 0.50 2 2.9%
385 Kutztown University of Pennsylvania, United States of America (USA) 0.20 0.50 1 141.1%
385 University of North Texas at Dallas (UNT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 0.25 0.50 2 92.8%
385 Juniata College, United States of America (USA) 0.77 0.50 1 -37.6%
385 Monmouth University, United States of America (USA) 1.14 0.50 1 -57.8%
385 The College of the Florida Keys, United States of America (USA) 0.50 1 N/A
385 Pittsburg State University, United States of America (USA) 0.50 1 N/A
385 Olin College of Engineering (Olin), United States of America (USA) 0.50 1 N/A
386 University of North Georgia (UNG), United States of America (USA) 0.93 0.49 3 -48.6%
387 State University of New York at Fredonia (SUNY Fredonia), United States of America (USA) 0.28 0.49 2 70.5%
388 University of Wisconsin Oshkosh (UW Oshkosh), United States of America (USA) 0.50 0.49 3 -6.1%
389 College of Idaho, United States of America (USA) 0.48 3 N/A
390 Macalester College, United States of America (USA) 0.36 0.47 4 26.1%
391 State University of New York at Cortland (SUNY Cortland), United States of America (USA) 0.00 0.46 2 12,362.9%
392 Franklin and Marshall College (F&M), United States of America (USA) 0.60 0.46 5 -26.3%
393 University of Northern Colorado, United States of America (USA) 1.07 0.45 37 -59.3%
394 California State University, Dominguez Hills (CSUDH), United States of America (USA) 0.36 0.45 7 18.9%
395 Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania, United States of America (USA) 0.10 0.44 1 321.9%
396 Tennessee Tech University, United States of America (USA) 0.74 0.44 4 -42.9%
397 Kenyon College, United States of America (USA) 0.42 0.43 10 -1.4%
398 Hamilton College, United States of America (USA) 0.67 0.43 3 -38.5%
399 University of Central Arkansas (UCA), United States of America (USA) 0.33 0.43 1 27.2%
400 Valparaiso University, United States of America (USA) 0.34 0.43 31 21.0%
401 Alabama State University, United States of America (USA) 0.31 0.43 13 31.1%
402 Earlham College, United States of America (USA) 0.42 3 N/A
403 St. Louis College of Pharmacy (STLCOP), United States of America (USA) 0.42 0.42 3 -3.7%
404 Lawrence University, United States of America (USA) 0.42 3 N/A
405 University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire (UW-Eau Claire), United States of America (USA) 0.42 2 N/A
405 Centre College, United States of America (USA) 0.42 2 N/A
406 Fort Lewis College, United States of America (USA) 0.09 0.41 7 362.9%
407 University of Central Missouri (UCM), United States of America (USA) 0.11 0.40 3 251.3%
408 Millersville University, United States of America (USA) 0.14 0.40 27 169.4%
409 Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences (ACPHS), United States of America (USA) 0.15 0.40 1 150.7%
409 Montana State University Billings (MSU Billings), United States of America (USA) 0.40 1 N/A
409 Hope College, United States of America (USA) 0.40 1 N/A
409 Westminster College (Westminster), United States of America (USA) 0.40 1 N/A
410 Morgan State University, United States of America (USA) 0.31 0.40 19 26.0%
411 Morehouse School of Medicine (MSM), United States of America (USA) 0.30 0.39 8 28.4%
412 Denison University, United States of America (USA) 0.73 0.39 2 -48.0%
413 California State University, San Marcos (CSUSM), United States of America (USA) 0.46 0.38 3 -19.3%
414 University of South Carolina - Aiken (USC Aiken), United States of America (USA) 1.20 0.38 2 -69.4%
415 Wentworth Institute of Technology (WIT), United States of America (USA) 0.07 0.38 3 410.5%
416 University of Southern Maine (USM), United States of America (USA) 0.36 2 N/A
416 Benedictine College, United States of America (USA) 0.36 2 N/A
417 Tennessee State University, United States of America (USA) 0.63 0.36 5 -45.0%
418 Heidelberg University, United States of America (USA) 0.11 0.36 1 209.9%
419 California State University, Stanislaus (CSU Stanislaus), United States of America (USA) 0.17 0.36 8 103.0%
420 Middlebury College, United States of America (USA) 0.52 0.35 2 -35.3%
421 Morehead State University, United States of America (USA) 0.04 0.34 2 792.6%
421 Our Lady of Lourdes High School, United States of America (USA) 0.34 2 N/A
422 Touro College and University System, United States of America (USA) 0.07 0.34 2 393.1%
423 Midwestern University (MWU), United States of America (USA) 0.25 0.34 3 30.7%
424 California State University, Chico (CSU Chico), United States of America (USA) 0.20 0.34 3 63.0%
425 Coastal Carolina University (CCU), United States of America (USA) 0.23 0.34 29 44.6%
426 Kennesaw State University (KSU), United States of America (USA) 0.45 0.34 8 -27.6%
427 Louisiana State University in Shreveport (LSUS), United States of America (USA) 0.22 0.33 3 46.7%
427 University of Guam (UOG), United States of America (USA) 0.39 0.33 2 -17.9%
427 Pacific Lutheran University (PLU), United States of America (USA) 0.40 0.33 1 -19.6%
427 Bradley University, United States of America (USA) 0.33 1 N/A
427 Jacksonville University, United States of America (USA) 0.33 1 N/A
427 Pepperdine University, United States of America (USA) 0.33 1 N/A
427 Southern Utah University (SUU), United States of America (USA) 0.33 1 N/A
427 Westmont College, United States of America (USA) 0.33 1 N/A
427 United States Merchant Marine Academy (USMMA), United States of America (USA) 0.33 1 N/A
427 Clayton State University, United States of America (USA) 0.33 1 N/A
427 East Central University, United States of America (USA) 0.33 1 N/A
428 Ithaca College, United States of America (USA) 1.32 0.31 5 -77.2%
429 Norfolk State University (NSU), United States of America (USA) 1.33 0.31 11 -77.7%
430 California State University, Bakersfield (CSU Bakersfield), United States of America (USA) 0.37 0.30 4 -21.5%
431 Shippensburg University, United States of America (USA) 0.30 2 N/A
432 Texas Woman's University (TWU), United States of America (USA) 0.11 0.29 2 153.1%
432 University of Houston-Clear Lake (UHCL), United States of America (USA) 0.02 0.29 2 1,081.2%
433 University of West Florida (UWF), United States of America (USA) 0.19 0.28 2 39.7%
434 Truman State University, United States of America (USA) 0.09 0.28 1 201.0%
435 Grinnell College, United States of America (USA) 0.33 0.27 2 -20.6%
436 Whitworth University, United States of America (USA) 0.31 0.27 2 -15.9%
437 Roger Williams University (RWU), United States of America (USA) 0.26 0.27 2 0.9%
437 St. John's University, United States of America (USA) 1.66 0.27 2 -84.4%
438 Saratoga High School, United States of America (USA) 0.27 2 N/A
439 Minnesota State University, Mankato, United States of America (USA) 0.22 0.26 2 16.8%
440 St. Mary's College of Maryland (SMCM), United States of America (USA) 0.26 4 N/A
441 University of Northern Iowa (UNI), United States of America (USA) 0.33 0.26 2 -24.0%
442 California State University, San Bernardino (CSUSB), United States of America (USA) 0.37 0.25 5 -33.1%
443 Andrews University, United States of America (USA) 0.21 0.25 7 18.7%
444 Lake Superior State University, United States of America (USA) 0.36 0.25 2 -31.3%
444 Sacred Heart University, United States of America (USA) 0.25 2 N/A
445 University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture (UAEX), United States of America (USA) 0.25 2 N/A
446 Oak Ridge High School, United States of America (USA) 0.13 0.25 1 92.8%
446 Lawrence Technological University (LTU), United States of America (USA) 0.25 0.25 1 -3.6%
446 State University of New York at New Paltz (SUNY New Paltz), United States of America (USA) 0.45 0.25 1 -46.4%
446 Lambert High School, United States of America (USA) 0.70 0.25 1 -65.6%
446 Saint Anselm College, United States of America (USA) 0.25 1 N/A
446 East Lansing High School, United States of America (USA) 0.25 1 N/A
446 Webster University, United States of America (USA) 0.25 1 N/A
446 University of Indianapolis (UIndy), United States of America (USA) 0.25 1 N/A
446 University of Maryland University College (UMUC), United States of America (USA) 0.25 1 N/A
446 Emporia State University, United States of America (USA) 0.25 1 N/A
447 Towson University, United States of America (USA) 2.69 0.25 4 -91.1%
448 Wilkes University, United States of America (USA) 0.27 0.24 4 -12.8%
449 Alfred University, United States of America (USA) 0.27 0.24 2 -14.3%
450 Northeastern Illinois University (NEIU), United States of America (USA) 0.26 0.24 3 -13.0%
451 Southern Connecticut State University (SCSU), United States of America (USA) 0.30 0.23 5 -27.5%
452 North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics (NCSSM), United States of America (USA) 0.25 0.23 2 -13.2%
452 Sarasota Military Academy (SMA), United States of America (USA) 0.23 2 N/A

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.