2021 tables: Institutions - academic

The 2021 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2019 Share 2020 Count 2020 Change in Adjusted Share 2019-2020*
1 Sorbonne University, France 111.40 104.53 1,108 -9.5%
2 University of Paris, France 70.77 79.22 856 7.9%
3 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 69.86 60.58 665 -16.4%
4 University of Strasbourg, France 58.89 54.14 407 -11.4%
5 University of Toulouse, France 52.14 49.43 392 -8.6%
6 University of Lyon, France 45.72 46.74 456 -1.4%
7 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 45.41 46.70 421 -0.8%
8 University of Montpellier, France 43.69 46.41 394 2.4%
9 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 46.00 38.03 532 -20.3%
10 University of Bordeaux, France 36.94 37.52 273 -2.1%
11 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 27.37 26.65 265 -6.1%
12 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 28.96 24.65 329 -17.9%
13 University of Lorraine (UL), France 16.31 20.79 126 22.9%
14 École Polytechnique, France 17.52 17.54 375 -3.5%
15 École Normale Supérieure de Lyon (ENS de Lyon), France 15.74 17.07 187 4.6%
16 University of Rennes 1, France 18.84 16.06 144 -17.8%
17 ESPCI ParisTech, France 13.95 15.06 198 4.1%
18 University of Lille Nord de France, France 16.58 14.88 133 -13.4%
19 Collège de France, France 12.94 13.96 235 4.0%
20 University of Nantes, France 10.44 13.31 163 22.9%
21 Institut Polytechnique de Bordeaux (Bordeaux INP), France 11.36 11.40 90 -3.3%
22 Grenoble Institute of Technology (Grenoble INP), France 15.43 10.53 235 -34.2%
23 University Institute of France (IUF), France 5.59 10.05 117 73.3%
24 Institut Mines-Télécom (IMT), France 7.45 9.21 328 19.3%
25 University of Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (UVSQ), France 11.33 8.65 275 -26.4%
26 University Clermont Auvergne, France 9.11 8.25 161 -12.6%
27 Chimie ParisTech (ENSCP), France 7.65 7.02 146 -11.6%
28 University of Savoy (USMB), France 8.79 6.99 196 -23.4%
29 AgroParisTech, France 6.03 6.97 211 11.5%
30 École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Montpellier (ENSCM), France 6.21 6.70 89 4.0%
31 École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes (ENSCR), France 8.65 6.30 62 -29.8%
32 École Pratique des Hautes Études (EPHE), France 7.10 5.55 195 -24.7%
33 CY Cergy Paris University, France 6.11 5.44 45 -14.1%
34 Paris-Est Créteil University (UPEC), France 3.84 5.40 61 35.6%
35 University of Burgundy, France 5.64 5.40 50 -7.7%
36 Gustave Eiffel University, France 5.86 5.31 79 -12.7%
37 University of Orléans, France 8.25 5.14 60 -39.9%
38 University of Rouen, France 3.86 5.07 36 26.6%
39 Caen University (UNICAEN), France 4.67 5.06 51 4.7%
40 University of Angers, France 4.49 4.60 53 -1.1%
41 Le Mans University, France 4.84 4.54 26 -9.6%
42 Paris Observatory, France 5.62 4.27 187 -26.9%
43 Institut d'Optique Graduate School (IOGS), France 4.69 4.07 169 -16.4%
44 University of Poitiers, France 5.64 4.05 27 -30.7%
45 École des Ponts ParisTech (ENPC), France 2.33 3.55 60 46.8%
46 École Normale Supérieure Paris-Saclay (ENS Paris-Saclay), France 4.16 3.33 176 -22.8%
47 University of Western Brittany (UBO), France 3.47 3.22 62 -10.6%
48 University of Pau and Pays de l'Adour (UPPA), France 1.76 3.14 38 72.2%
49 University of Évry-Val d'Essonne (UEVE), France 1.99 3.12 75 51.3%
50 University of Haute-Alsace (UHA), France 2.81 3.11 72 6.9%
51 University of Paris Nord (Paris 13), France 3.06 3.11 39 -2.0%
52 University of Tours (UFR), France 2.84 2.89 18 -2.0%
53 Superior National School of Advanced Techniques (ENSTA ParisTech), France 1.67 2.88 191 66.3%
54 University of Toulon (UTLN), France 2.48 2.71 34 5.0%
55 Montpellier SupAgro, France 2.75 2.37 51 -16.7%
56 University of the French West Indies (UAG), France 2.84 2.25 41 -23.5%
57 University of La Rochelle, France 1.58 2.14 18 30.7%
58 Institut d'Enseignement Supérieur et de Recherche en Alimentation, Santé Animale, Sciences Agronomiques et de l'Environnement (VetAgro Sup), France 1.57 2.14 39 31.1%
59 University of Picardie Jules Verne (UPJV), France 1.46 1.98 31 30.6%
60 University of South Brittany (UBS), France 2.72 1.97 47 -30.0%
61 University of Technology of Belfort-Montbéliard (UTBM), France 3.11 1.90 30 -41.2%
62 École Supérieure de Danse de Cannes Rosella Hightower, France 1.50 1.83 188 17.4%
62 Sustainable Design School (SDS), France 1.50 1.83 188 17.4%
62 École Supérieure de Réalisation Audiovisuelle (ESRA), France 1.50 1.83 188 17.4%
62 EDHEC Business School, France 1.50 1.83 188 17.4%
62 SKEMA Business School, France 1.50 1.83 188 17.4%
62 National School of Fine Arts at the Villa Arson, France 1.56 1.83 188 13.2%
63 École Nationale de la Statistique et de l'Administration Economique (ENSAE ParisTech), France 0.66 1.83 185 166.9%
64 Artois University, France 1.86 1.80 19 -7.0%
65 Paris Dauphine University, France 2.15 1.77 113 -20.6%
66 École Centrale de Lille, France 1.86 1.76 18 -8.9%
67 University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne (URCA), France 3.53 1.70 8 -53.6%
68 University of Franche-Comté (UFC), France 3.17 1.46 36 -55.5%
69 École Supérieure de Chimie Physique Électronique de Lyon or (CPE Lyon), France 2.22 1.43 20 -37.7%
70 School of Higher Studies in Social Sciences (EHESS), France 1.38 1.33 100 -7.6%
71 École Supérieure d'Électricité (Supélec), France 1.07 1.30 171 16.5%
72 National School for Water and Environmental Engineering of Strasbourg (ENGEES), France 1.50 1.24 14 -20.3%
73 Paul Valéry University (Montpellier III), France 0.87 1.11 45 23.9%
74 Higher Institute for Electronics and Digital Training (ISEN), France 1.25 1.08 14 -16.7%
75 Bretagne Loire University, France 1.41 1.00 52 -31.6%
76 Institute for Advanced Study in Toulouse (IAST), France 0.21 0.96 9 331.0%
77 University of Le Havre, France 0.12 0.94 6 673.2%
78 National School of Agricultural Engineering of Bordeaux (ENITAB), France 0.83 0.93 7 7.7%
79 The University of Perpignan Via Domitia (UPVD), France 1.70 0.91 14 -48.5%
80 Centrale Graduate School, France 0.53 0.89 165 62.1%
81 University of Paris Ouest (Paris 10), France 0.01 0.83 5 10,463.6%
82 Pantheon-Sorbonne University (Paris 1), France 1.44 0.82 11 -45.1%
83 Center for Research and Interdisciplinarity (CRI Paris), France 0.55 0.78 4 38.3%
84 National Engineering Institute in Mechanics and Microtechnologies (ENSMM), France 1.08 0.77 21 -31.4%
85 University of Valenciennes and Hainaut-Cambrésis (UVHC), France 0.93 0.76 9 -20.8%
86 University of Technology of Compiègne (UTC), France 0.37 0.73 25 90.8%
87 SIGMA Clermont, France 1.50 0.70 8 -55.2%
88 French School of Public Health (EHESP), France 0.29 0.65 20 118.8%
89 École Centrale Lyon, France 1.01 0.65 9 -38.2%
90 National Teacher Training School in Agronomy (ENSFEA), France 0.45 0.61 14 31.1%
91 Institut National Supérieur des Sciences Agronomiques, Agroalimentaires, Horticoles et du Paysage (Agrocampus Ouest), France 0.88 0.57 10 -37.2%
92 Dijon University Hospital, France 0.85 0.55 15 -37.3%
93 Paris Institute of Political Studies (Sciences Po), France 0.38 0.54 13 36.0%
94 Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace (ISAE-SUPAERO), France 0.32 0.49 8 47.7%
95 Nantes Atlantic College of Veterinary Medicine, Food Science and Engineering (Oniris), France 0.62 0.49 8 -23.7%
96 École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État (ENTPE), France 0.48 0.48 5 -3.5%
97 University of New Caledonia (UNC), France 0.14 0.46 7 225.4%
98 University of Avignon, France 0.27 0.43 7 54.6%
99 National Veterinary School of Alfort (ENVA), France 0.92 0.42 8 -55.8%
100 HEC Paris, France 0.41 0.40 147 -6.6%
101 Arts et Métiers ParisTech (ENSAM), France 0.55 0.38 7 -33.5%
102 University of Technology of Troyes (UTT), France 1.24 0.38 3 -70.3%
103 École Centrale de Nantes (EC Nantes), France 0.06 0.36 6 456.5%
104 IFP School, France 0.33 1 N/A
105 Université Bordeaux Montaigne (Bordeaux 3), France 0.11 0.33 3 188.2%
106 National Superior Conservatory of the Dramatic Arts (CNSAD), France 0.10 0.25 77 151.4%
106 National Superior Conservatory of Paris for Music and Dance (CNSMDP), France 0.10 0.25 77 151.4%
106 École Nationale Supérieure des Métiers de l’Image et du Son (La Fémis), France 0.10 0.25 77 151.4%
106 Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts (ENSBA), France 0.10 0.25 77 151.4%
106 École Nationale Supérieure des Arts Décoratifs (E.N.S.A.D.), France 0.10 0.25 77 151.4%
107 Lycée Henri-IV, France 0.10 0.24 76 143.1%
107 French School of Asian Studies (EFEO), France 0.36 0.24 76 -35.2%
107 École Nationale des Chartes (ENC), France 0.60 0.24 76 -60.5%
108 École Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Brest (ENIB), France 0.36 0.18 4 -51.9%
109 École Nationale Supérieure de Techniques Avancées Bretagne (ENSTA Bretagne), France 0.15 0.17 1 7.1%
109 ESIEA Group, France 0.17 1 N/A
110 Pôle Supérieur d’Enseignement Artistique Paris Boulogne-Billancourt (PSPBB), France 0.02 0.17 20 890.2%
110 Institut Européen d'Administration des Affaires (INSEAD), France 0.08 0.17 20 102.9%
111 National Veterinary School of Lyon (ENVL), France 0.17 2 N/A
112 ESSEC Business School, France 0.14 1 N/A
113 École Nationale Supérieure des Ingénieurs en Arts Chimiques et Technologiques (ENSIACET), France 0.13 2 N/A
114 University of Limoges (ULIM), France 1.80 0.13 3 -92.9%
115 UniLaSalle, France 0.13 1 N/A
116 Burgundy School of Business, France 0.03 0.09 13 235.7%
117 Centre Universitaire de Formation et de Recherche de Mayotte (CUFR Mayotte), France 0.09 1 N/A
118 Le Studium - Loire Valley Institute for Advanced Studies, France 0.20 0.08 1 -60.0%
119 École Normale Supérieure de Rennes (ENS Rennes), France 0.08 2 N/A
120 Université de Guyane, France 0.01 0.08 5 622.7%
121 Université Sorbonne Nouvelle - Paris 3, France 0.03 0.08 10 139.4%
122 University of Paris-Est (UPE), France 0.26 0.07 1 -75.0%
123 University of Rennes 2, France 0.06 0.06 7 -2.9%
124 National Institute for Oriental Languages and Civilizations (INALCO), France 0.13 0.06 9 -57.7%
125 Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire de Nîmes (CHU de Nîmes), France 0.04 0.05 3 38.7%
126 Catholic University of Lyon (UCLy), France 0.05 3 N/A
127 École Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Saint-Etienne (ENISE), France 0.17 0.05 1 -71.8%
128 École des Mines d'Alès (EMA), France 0.23 0.03 1 -88.3%
129 École Nationale de l'Aviation Civile (ENAC), France 0.01 0.01 1 54.3%
130 École Nationale Supérieure Mines-Télécom Lille-Douai (IMT Lille Douai), France 0.29 0.01 1 -96.2%
131 École Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture de Normandie (ENSA Normandie), France 0.06 0.01 3 -83.7%
132 University of London Institute in Paris (ULIP), France 0.00 0.01 5 20,102.3%
133 University of Corsica Pasquale Paoli, France 0.09 0.01 1 -91.7%
134 École Supérieure d’Agricultures (ESA), France 0.10 0.00 1 -96.5%
135 Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Fort-de-France, France 0.00 1 N/A

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.