2021 tables: Institutions - academic

Table criteria

The 2021 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020.

2020 Institution Share 2019 Share 2020
1 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 923.94 927.26
2 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 647.66 638.05
3 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 561.57 526.26
4 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 431.41 461.85
5 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 455.82 458.80
6 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 419.32 456.45
7 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 456.35 448.50
8 Peking University (PKU), China 438.30 446.11
9 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 408.57 425.66
10 Nanjing University (NJU), China 426.56 417.89
11 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 343.84 398.64
12 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 390.15 394.96
13 Tsinghua University, China 429.01 394.09
14 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 403.35 377.72
15 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 339.38 356.24
16 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 314.15 343.33
17 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 330.20 342.07
18 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 339.11 339.09
19 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 342.62 338.45
20 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 304.14 331.37
21 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 320.19 315.87
22 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 317.97 315.58
23 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 301.04 307.72
24 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 253.73 300.27
25 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 244.55 295.15
26 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 286.98 293.44
27 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 287.39 293.38
28 Fudan University, China 271.65 291.18
29 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 261.02 275.69
30 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 260.16 269.22
31 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 303.96 268.45
32 Kyoto University, Japan 252.11 267.94
33 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 222.32 260.84
34 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 268.84 260.31
35 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 221.28 254.49
36 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 238.09 252.21
37 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 215.93 235.14
38 Nankai University (NKU), China 244.90 230.53
39 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 200.57 227.29
40 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 197.60 221.64
41 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 128.09 221.61
42 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 231.95 221.41
43 Sichuan University (SCU), China 223.78 220.61
44 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 227.20 218.93
45 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 230.70 216.17
46 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 214.52 214.59
47 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 216.73 211.46
48 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 236.08 209.27
49 Wuhan University (WHU), China 217.16 208.92
50 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 192.48 202.12
51 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 168.34 199.80
52 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 200.75 197.29
53 Soochow University, China 229.36 197.13
54 Xiamen University (XMU), China 182.90 195.41
55 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 164.45 190.52
56 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 151.84 189.28
57 Osaka University, Japan 182.59 185.04
58 Jilin University (JLU), China 161.88 180.65
59 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 146.61 177.77
60 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 168.66 175.53
61 Tianjin University (TJU), China 157.12 173.64
62 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 153.37 173.55
63 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 195.02 171.84
64 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 170.48 167.53
65 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 184.11 162.96
66 Tohoku University, Japan 142.55 162.21
67 McGill University, Canada 161.37 161.48
68 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 154.85 161.35
69 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 116.36 160.78
70 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 145.73 160.31
71 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 139.82 159.44
72 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 157.10 159.15
73 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 151.43 158.41
74 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 142.81 156.03
75 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 163.40 155.95
76 University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 133.32 155.01
77 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 140.78 152.36
78 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 162.63 149.61
79 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 146.03 148.40
80 Nagoya University, Japan 112.83 147.44
81 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 150.74 143.33
82 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 136.44 143.13
83 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 109.32 140.77
84 Hunan University (HNU), China 144.25 140.66
85 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 116.93 140.07
86 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 138.84 138.21
87 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 134.57 137.69
88 Shandong University (SDU), China 122.11 135.80
89 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 149.51 134.95
90 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 137.33 134.69
91 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 117.25 134.27
92 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 149.30 132.42
93 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany 122.57 132.41
94 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 144.05 132.32
95 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 126.92 130.37
96 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 108.72 130.25
97 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 124.28 129.29
98 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 120.74 127.97
99 Tongji University, China 110.20 127.16
100 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 117.61 126.65
101 Monash University, Australia 131.79 125.43
102 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 120.55 125.36
103 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 115.64 125.12
104 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 115.86 124.72
105 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 122.99 123.26
106 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 123.60 121.55
107 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 98.17 121.38
108 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 97.55 119.95
109 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 93.61 118.80
110 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 93.00 118.40
111 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 93.13 116.53
112 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 114.79 115.01
113 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 107.66 114.89
114 Hokkaido University, Japan 111.33 113.26
115 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 119.42 113.14
116 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 108.96 112.78
117 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 107.02 112.44
118 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 111.89 112.25
119 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 113.33 111.61
120 Kyushu University, Japan 100.61 111.36
121 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 102.52 110.75
122 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 117.86 108.76
123 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 97.09 107.41
124 Sorbonne University, France 111.40 104.53
125 University of Göttingen, Germany 101.31 103.86
126 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 80.58 103.38
127 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 90.57 103.00
128 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 113.20 102.73
129 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 96.40 101.27
130 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 106.46 99.54
131 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 102.96 99.51
132 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 72.51 99.06
133 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 102.31 98.84
134 Yonsei University, South Korea 88.08 96.57
135 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 86.95 95.42
136 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 90.21 94.91
137 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 83.10 94.89
138 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 92.06 94.54
139 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 108.53 93.80
140 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 67.21 93.41
141 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 105.83 92.81
142 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 90.90 92.57
143 Stockholm University, Sweden 82.46 91.35
144 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 91.37 91.17
145 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 108.21 90.79
146 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 81.99 90.72
147 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 84.80 90.69
148 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 80.84 90.48
149 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 86.91 90.04
150 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 78.66 89.87
151 Central South University (CSU), China 87.64 88.77
152 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 82.42 87.75
153 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 104.58 87.71
154 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 85.04 87.61
155 Leiden University, Netherlands 82.57 86.37
156 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 75.80 86.20
157 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 105.20 85.87
158 Lund University (LU), Sweden 77.27 85.66
159 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 71.44 85.43
160 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 86.39 84.94
161 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 88.05 84.28
162 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 93.60 84.17
163 Shenzhen University (SZU), China 77.74 84.13
164 Southeast University (SEU), China 81.26 83.88
165 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 65.41 82.54
166 Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (ISMMS), MSHS, United States of America (USA) 62.24 82.51
167 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 78.96 82.36
168 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 65.36 82.03
169 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 72.41 81.43
170 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 75.76 80.69
171 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 71.21 79.97
172 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 85.03 79.94
173 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 91.95 79.51
174 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 72.67 79.49
175 University of Paris, France 70.77 79.22
176 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 95.46 79.17
177 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 87.23 78.79
178 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 68.37 77.31
179 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 84.51 77.07
180 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 84.82 76.97
181 Southwest University (SWU), China 78.21 76.68
182 Beihang University (BUAA), China 90.07 76.54
183 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 74.45 76.52
184 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 88.98 76.13
185 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 75.96 76.08
186 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 77.55 75.99
187 Jinan University (JNU), China 66.02 75.97
188 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 65.43 75.31
189 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 74.16 75.29
190 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 62.85 75.28
191 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 83.98 75.26
192 Chongqing University (CQU), China 59.18 74.92
193 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 80.45 74.72
194 Korea University, South Korea 65.29 74.56
195 University of Vienna, Austria 86.40 74.22
196 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 64.25 74.04
197 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 73.57 74.00
198 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 86.06 73.87
199 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 86.95 73.37
200 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 64.18 72.62
201 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 66.98 72.58
202 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 63.15 71.47
203 University of Waterloo, Canada 70.86 71.36
204 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 65.33 71.20
205 ShanghaiTech University, China 53.00 70.41
206 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 64.91 70.08
207 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 79.91 69.98
208 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 73.22 69.83
209 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 73.63 68.89
210 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 59.37 68.47
211 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 55.96 68.32
212 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 72.19 68.24
213 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 63.55 66.57
214 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 60.51 65.83
215 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 71.21 65.52
216 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 68.24 65.48
217 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 79.55 65.23
218 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 61.63 64.79
219 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 45.50 64.72
220 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 51.87 64.15
221 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 63.92 64.11
222 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 44.04 63.80
223 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 52.77 63.62
224 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 56.42 63.47
225 University of Helsinki, Finland 63.18 63.27
226 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 75.24 63.21
227 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 66.10 62.70
228 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 61.04 62.04
229 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 62.19 61.53
230 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 52.69 60.75
231 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 57.90 60.60
232 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 69.86 60.58
233 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 90.26 60.23
234 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 65.56 60.04
235 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 50.81 60.00
236 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 63.54 59.82
237 Shaanxi Normal University (SNNU), China 54.46 59.74
238 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 58.63 59.36
239 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 51.76 59.09
240 Zhejiang University of Technology (ZJUT), China 49.36 58.24
241 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 41.77 58.02
242 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 57.11 57.08
243 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 51.25 56.51
244 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 57.70 56.21
245 Northwest University (NWU), China 54.93 55.76
246 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 53.51 55.58
247 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 48.08 55.12
248 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 54.31 55.05
249 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 49.33 54.78
250 Shanghai University (SHU), China 60.39 54.63
251 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 43.80 54.46
252 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 48.53 54.23
253 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 63.57 54.17
254 University of Strasbourg, France 58.89 54.14
255 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 56.83 53.48
256 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 35.78 52.35
257 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), China 45.96 52.35
258 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 50.41 52.05
259 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 55.54 51.12
260 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 50.01 51.11
261 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 44.56 50.79
262 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 57.49 50.64
263 University of Tsukuba, Japan 54.92 50.62
264 Keio University, Japan 43.65 49.69
265 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 51.98 49.60
266 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 47.24 49.59
267 University of Toulouse, France 52.14 49.43
268 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 55.87 49.22
269 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 43.88 49.21
270 Northwestern Polytechnical University (NPU), China 32.00 48.84
271 The University of Dublin, Ireland 41.97 48.79
272 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 48.85 48.71
273 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 42.32 48.43
274 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 39.30 48.33
275 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 58.03 48.31
276 Henan University (HENU), China 45.77 48.27
277 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 43.78 48.06
278 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 46.19 47.10
279 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 46.37 47.02
280 Donghua University (DHU), China 42.70 46.96
281 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 41.27 46.87
282 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 49.71 46.83
283 University of Lyon, France 45.72 46.74
284 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 45.41 46.70
285 University of Konstanz, Germany 52.51 46.70
286 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 49.24 46.53
287 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 53.86 46.48
288 University of Montpellier, France 43.69 46.41
289 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 55.45 46.24
290 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 39.92 46.05
291 Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NUST), China 41.84 45.98
292 Guangdong University of Technology (GDUT), China 25.03 45.77
293 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 36.29 45.77
294 China Agricultural University (CAU), China 42.88 44.96
295 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 60.92 44.48
296 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 39.24 44.21
297 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 53.67 43.91
298 Nanjing Normal University (NNU), China 55.08 43.88
299 Western University (UWO), Canada 53.02 43.79
300 Anhui University (AHU), China 27.04 43.59
301 Wuhan University of Technology (WUT), China 41.52 43.59
302 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 51.50 43.56
303 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 40.77 43.23
304 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 33.59 43.17
305 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 53.23 43.08
306 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 40.91 42.96
307 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 35.26 42.87
308 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 34.84 42.63
309 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 32.35 42.12
310 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata (IISER Kolkata), India 35.88 42.05
311 McMaster University, Canada 44.57 41.81
312 Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), Japan 25.66 41.79
313 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 47.29 41.75
314 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 41.02 41.72
315 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 43.92 41.66
316 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 39.90 41.21
317 South China Normal University (SCNU), China 49.82 40.92
318 Nanchang University (NCU), China 40.74 40.58
319 Shanxi University (SXU), China 28.72 40.48
320 China Pharmaceutical University (CPU), China 45.65 40.31
321 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 43.02 39.94
322 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 49.76 39.90
323 Yangzhou University (YZU), China 37.60 39.78
324 Jiangnan University, China 36.18 39.67
325 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 30.18 39.60
326 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 32.03 38.66
327 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 33.10 38.65
328 Aalto University, Finland 39.47 38.49
329 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 42.91 38.17
330 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 24.94 38.16
331 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 37.24 38.14
332 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 46.00 38.03
333 University of Bordeaux, France 36.94 37.52
334 University of Stuttgart, Germany 37.45 37.49
335 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 45.74 37.45
336 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 27.28 37.39
337 Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology (NUIST), China 26.73 37.32
338 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 21.14 37.30
339 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 39.69 36.78
340 University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 41.85 36.72
341 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 31.13 36.68
342 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 31.39 36.68
343 Kanazawa University (KU), Japan 32.75 36.63
344 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 40.86 36.61
345 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 36.52 36.61
346 Qingdao University of Science and Technology (QUST), China 42.74 36.56
347 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 32.39 35.98
348 Ocean University of China (OUC), China 28.90 35.85
349 Northwest A&F University (NWAFU), China 24.40 35.67
350 Northeastern University (NEU), China 25.67 35.64
351 National Chiao Tung University (NCTU), Taiwan 30.02 35.52
352 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 43.65 35.50
353 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 50.31 35.19
354 Okayama University, Japan 41.25 35.01
355 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 22.70 34.76
356 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 28.86 34.21
357 Ulm University, Germany 37.67 34.17
358 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 27.59 34.16
359 Leipzig University, Germany 33.22 34.10
360 Anhui Normal University (AHNU), China 17.54 33.56
361 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 30.44 33.36
362 Henan Normal University, China 48.80 33.30
363 Kobe University, Japan 21.63 33.23
364 Clemson University, United States of America (USA) 23.24 33.01
365 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 34.52 32.61
366 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 33.12 32.57
367 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 22.02 32.49
368 Ningbo University (NBU), China 17.06 32.49
369 Curtin University, Australia 35.93 32.48
370 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 37.23 32.41
371 University of Technology Sydney (UTS), Australia 21.93 32.15
372 Hunan Normal University (HUNNU), China 25.40 31.87
373 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), United States of America (USA) 29.22 31.87
374 The University of Auckland, New Zealand 29.12 31.76
375 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 27.78 31.53
376 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 27.81 31.41
377 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 27.69 31.12
378 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 31.88 31.08
379 Waseda University, Japan 25.63 31.07
380 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 25.92 30.86
381 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 38.66 30.78
382 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 30.30 30.64
383 Tianjin University of Technology (TJUT), China 20.87 30.57
384 TU Dortmund University, Germany 35.12 30.50
385 Kyung Hee University (KHU), South Korea 24.17 30.48
386 The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 34.97 30.43
387 Beijing University of Technology (BJUT), China 32.83 30.41
388 Hefei University of Technology (HFUT), China 34.69 30.10
389 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 25.53 30.04
390 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 30.36 30.00
391 Yunnan University (YNU), China 24.19 29.94
392 Wayne State University, United States of America (USA) 24.76 29.66
393 Queen's University, Canada 23.77 29.50
394 Huazhong Agricultural University (HZAU), China 27.14 29.47
395 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 23.99 29.22
396 Chiba University, Japan 21.27 29.10
397 Laval University (UL), Canada 33.57 29.09
398 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 34.74 29.07
399 Macquarie University, Australia 29.09 29.01
400 Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT University), Australia 24.49 28.55
401 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 43.62 28.46
402 Wenzhou University (WZU), China 14.29 28.38
403 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 33.84 28.35
404 West Virginia University (WVU), United States of America (USA) 22.64 28.32
405 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 42.07 28.23
406 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 26.35 28.18
407 Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IIT Guwahati), India 34.48 28.11
408 Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Australia 25.10 28.10
409 Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA) 24.14 28.08
410 Tulane University, United States of America (USA) 21.34 28.00
411 Hebei University (HBU), China 16.82 27.97
412 Bielefeld University, Germany 20.06 27.89
413 University of Otago, New Zealand 32.88 27.59
414 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 26.99 27.26
415 Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras), India 42.62 27.06
416 Southern Medical University (SMU), China 21.66 26.93
417 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 27.95 26.86
418 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 51.00 26.74
419 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 27.37 26.65
420 Qingdao University (QU), China 30.16 26.39
421 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 27.31 26.30
422 Hubei University (HUBU), China 15.99 26.24
423 University of Jinan (UJN), China 44.96 26.20
424 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 28.17 26.08
425 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 22.94 26.00
426 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 22.80 25.78
427 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 24.15 25.74
428 Jiangsu Normal University (JSNU), China 25.70 25.67
429 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 23.00 25.66
430 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 22.48 25.61
431 University of Potsdam, Germany 28.35 25.51
432 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 33.07 25.46
433 Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU), China 20.94 25.37
434 Pusan National University (PNU), South Korea 21.74 25.30
435 Syracuse University, United States of America (USA) 17.33 25.14
436 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 26.21 25.01
437 Nanjing Medical University (NJMU), China 21.99 25.01
438 Changzhou University (CZU), China 34.60 24.97
439 University of Oviedo (UniOvi), Spain 20.53 24.87
440 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 28.96 24.65
441 Nanjing Agricultural University (NAU), China 38.15 24.59
442 University of Jyväskylä, Finland 19.30 24.56
443 University of Oldenburg, Germany 11.71 24.55
444 China University of Petroleum (CUP), China 17.11 24.45
445 National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Taiwan 19.45 24.01
446 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 29.44 23.77
447 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 20.21 23.73
448 Army Medical University, China 21.64 23.42
449 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 21.92 23.33
450 University of Buenos Aires (UBA), Argentina 16.10 23.24
451 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 21.17 23.22
452 Guangzhou University (GU), China 14.02 23.22
453 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 27.15 23.13
454 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 23.30 23.12
455 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 23.22 23.03
456 Dalhousie University, Canada 28.10 23.02
457 Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU), Russia 27.26 23.01
458 Texas Tech University (TTU), United States of America (USA) 16.91 23.01
459 Griffith University, Australia 23.70 23.00
460 University of Saskatchewan (U of S), Canada 20.13 22.85
461 Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IIT Kharagpur), India 23.76 22.80
462 Hohai University (HHU), China 9.97 22.71
463 University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Denmark 20.97 22.47
464 Swansea University, United Kingdom (UK) 18.16 22.46
465 Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology - State University (MIPT), Russia 15.51 22.19
466 China University of Geosciences, Beijing (CUGB), China 29.87 22.16
467 Chung-Ang University (CAU), South Korea 20.88 22.13
468 Guangzhou Medical University (GMU), China 16.06 22.09
469 Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU), Japan 10.63 22.04
470 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 24.58 22.04
471 Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology (Skoltech), Russia 13.73 22.00
472 University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB), United States of America (USA) 17.48 21.95
473 The George Washington University (GW), United States of America (USA) 18.10 21.87
474 University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland 14.42 21.84
475 Tokyo University of Science (TUS), Japan 24.32 21.79
476 Auburn University, United States of America (USA) 26.49 21.72
477 Masaryk University (MU), Czech Republic 19.26 21.64
478 Hangzhou Normal University (HZNU), China 25.20 21.54
479 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 31.07 21.54
480 University of Iceland, Iceland 15.84 21.50
481 Zhejiang Sci-Tech University (ZSTU), China 15.50 21.40
482 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 22.73 21.34
483 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 25.30 21.31
484 Colorado School of Mines, United States of America (USA) 13.79 21.20
485 Jiangxi Normal University (JXNU), China 18.64 21.12
486 ITMO National Research University (ITMO University), Russia 15.51 21.10
487 The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), United States of America (USA) 22.95 21.01
488 University of Tasmania (UTAS), Australia 18.08 20.96
489 The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio (UT Health San Antonio), United States of America (USA) 16.66 20.95
490 Huaqiao University (HQU), China 25.08 20.91
491 University of Lorraine (UL), France 16.31 20.79
492 University of Ljubljana, Slovenia 20.27 20.78
493 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal (IISER Bhopal), India 22.85 20.55
494 University of Macau (UM), China 15.33 20.29
495 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 29.83 20.23
496 University of Turku (UTU), Finland 20.14 20.13
497 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden 20.38 20.08
498 Utah State University (USU), United States of America (USA) 17.36 20.04
499 Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 20.41 19.95
500 Renmin University of China (RUC), China 21.89 19.91

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.