2020 tables: Institutions - NPO/NGO

Table criteria

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

2019 Institution Share 2018 Share 2019
1 Max Planck Society, Germany 777.43 767.84
2 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 504.77 489.43
3 Leibniz Association, Germany 199.78 200.83
4 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 196.83 197.50
5 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 140.59 119.60
6 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 112.77 104.17
7 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 55.64 52.15
8 HHMI Janelia Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 37.43 46.31
9 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 41.86 44.27
10 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 47.59 42.95
11 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 32.99 42.47
12 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 43.18 41.72
13 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 40.17 40.66
14 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 41.71 39.77
15 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 42.49 36.93
16 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 37.51 36.66
17 Pasteur Institute, France 38.25 34.53
18 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 27.45 24.12
19 Fraunhofer Society, Germany 21.04 22.38
20 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 31.74 20.74
21 Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA), Spain 19.64 20.56
22 Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP), United States of America (USA) 15.75 19.51
23 Curie Institute, France 15.55 19.41
24 Vienna Biocenter (VBC), Austria 22.04 19.04
25 Simons Foundation, United States of America (USA) 10.68 18.97
26 John Innes Centre (JIC), United Kingdom (UK) 17.07 18.77
27 Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW), Netherlands 16.65 17.79
28 The Jackson Laboratory (JAX), United States of America (USA) 10.70 15.20
29 Stowers Institute for Medical Research, United States of America (USA) 14.84 14.83
30 Oncode Institute, Netherlands 8.88 14.82
31 Cluster of Excellence - Munich Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich (CiPS-M), LMU, Germany 19.29 14.13
32 La Jolla Institute for Immunology (LJI), United States of America (USA) 10.99 13.35
33 The Wistar Institute, United States of America (USA) 9.82 13.00
34 Ames Laboratory, United States of America (USA) 19.24 12.81
35 Ludwig Cancer Research, United States of America (USA) 10.97 12.79
36 Institut Laue Langevin (ILL), France 14.28 12.69
37 Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), United States of America (USA) 13.93 12.20
38 Rudjer Boskovic Institute (RBI), Croatia 13.29 12.01
39 Center for High Pressure Science and Technology Advanced Research (HPSTAR), China 11.57 11.98
40 Gladstone Institutes, United States of America (USA) 14.72 11.94
41 California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences (QB3), United States of America (USA) 13.85 11.92
42 Van Andel Research Institute (VAI), United States of America (USA) 16.61 11.13
43 Champalimaud Foundation, Portugal 11.26 10.89
44 Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), Netherlands 7.65 10.44
45 Allen Institute, United States of America (USA) 11.01 10.40
46 Institute of Microbial Chemistry (IMC), Japan 6.17 9.88
47 QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Australia 9.08 9.87
48 Babraham Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 7.64 9.82
49 Cluster of Excellence - Center for Advancing Electronics Dresden (CFAED), TU Dresden, Germany 8.01 9.71
50 Cancer Research UK (CRUK), United Kingdom (UK) 13.30 9.69
51 National Institute of Chemistry, Slovenia, Slovenia 8.71 9.34
52 International Solvay Institutes, Belgium 11.76 9.04
53 CIC nanoGUNE Consolider, Spain 9.02 8.87
54 Chan Zuckerberg Biohub (CZ Biohub), United States of America (USA) 6.42 8.59
55 Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research (WEHI), Australia 17.20 8.52
56 Institute of Molecular Biology gGmbH (IMB), Germany 8.35 8.34
57 Elettra - Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Italy 8.92 7.71
58 International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Austria 4.41 7.55
59 Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Australia 9.50 7.44
60 VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd., Finland 3.15 7.21
61 Clinical Research Institute of Montreal (IRCM), Canada 7.98 7.05
62 Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre (IMEC), Belgium 11.20 7.03
63 Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL), UChicago, United States of America (USA) 3.13 6.94
64 Gulbenkian Science Institute (IGC), Portugal 8.50 6.88
65 American Museum of Natural History (AMNH), United States of America (USA) 8.57 6.58
66 Cluster of Excellence - Cologne Excellence Cluster on Cellular Stress Responses in Aging-Associated Diseases (CECAD), UoC, Germany 4.85 6.36
67 Telethon Foundation, Italy 3.08 6.22
68 Center for Cooperative Research in Biosciences (CIC bioGUNE), Spain 6.12 5.96
69 Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR), Canada 5.39 5.66
70 TUM Cluster of Excellence - Origin and Structure of the Universe (Excellence Cluster Universe), Germany 3.87 5.48
71 Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Luxembourg 4.52 5.42
72 Structural Genomics Consortium (SGC), International 3.67 5.42
73 National Interuniversity Consortium of Materials Science and Technology (INSTM), Italy 8.90 5.40
74 Center for Scientific Studies (CECs), Chile 4.23 5.36
75 Cluster of Excellence - Nanosystems Initiative Munich (NIM), LMU, Germany 4.00 5.19
76 Universities Space Research Association (USRA), United States of America (USA) 3.85 5.11
77 Italian Foundation for Cancer Research (FIRC), Italy 7.22 4.99
78 Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Australia 3.32 4.96
79 Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI), United States of America (USA) 2.18 4.80
80 World Health Organization (WHO), Switzerland 1.74 4.76
81 Cluster of Excellence - Hamburg Center for Ultrafast Imaging (CUI), UHH, Germany 5.46 4.63
82 Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, United States of America (USA) 3.31 4.59
83 Santa Fe Institute (SFI), United States of America (USA) 6.20 4.53
84 Ontario Institute for Cancer Research (OICR), Canada 4.29 4.49
85 Centre for Cooperative Research in Biomaterials (CIC biomaGUNE), Spain 5.25 4.45
86 Union of the German Academies of Sciences and Humanities, Germany 2.33 4.40
87 National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics (NICPB), Estonia 2.39 4.35
88 Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation (OMRF), United States of America (USA) 4.28 4.25
89 J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI), United States of America (USA) 3.46 4.18
90 Institute of Molecular Medicine (IMM), Portugal 8.33 4.16
91 National Graduate School of Engineering and Research Center (ENSICAEN), France 3.29 4.10
92 New York Genome Center (NYGC), United States of America (USA) 5.75 4.01
93 Lieber Institute for Brain Development (LIBD), United States of America (USA) 3.15 3.96
94 Cluster of Excellence - Werner Reichardt Centre for Integrative Neuroscience (CIN), Uni Tübingen, Germany 8.53 3.92
95 Rothamsted Research, United Kingdom (UK) 3.65 3.92
96 National Center for Theoretical Sciences (NCTS), MOST, Taiwan 5.31 3.73
97 CIC Energigune, Spain 1.86 3.69
98 Canadian Light Source Inc., Canada 4.97 3.65
99 Center of Advanced European Studies and Research (CAESAR), Germany 2.88 3.64
100 Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine (inStem), India 4.25 3.61

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.