2020 tables: Institutions - government

Table criteria

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

2019 Institution Share 2018 Share 2019
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 1726.7 1805.22
2 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 711.29 723.45
3 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 393.07 394.09
4 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 201.24 204.85
5 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 190.73 161.93
6 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 121.25 138.07
7 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 135.89 136.1
8 RIKEN, Japan 160.44 123.93
9 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 117.44 117.4
10 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 103.38 97.09
11 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 90.9 96.88
12 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 101.63 95.16
13 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 89.73 93.69
14 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 86.62 93.24
15 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 92.52 91.78
16 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 97.99 89.62
17 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 88.05 89.27
18 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 89.5 88.97
19 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 82.57 86.03
20 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 73.18 84.77
21 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 93.99 83.94
22 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 66.39 75.19
23 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 64.75 74.37
24 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 70.08 73.4
25 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 64.14 71.72
26 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan 70.14 71.42
27 Academia Sinica, Taiwan 75.63 69.59
28 People's Liberation Army (PLA), China 71.07 68.92
29 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 53.53 62.35
30 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 53.26 61.26
31 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 54.67 59.5
32 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 69.5 53.23
33 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 46.91 52.31
34 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 51.86 46.96
35 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 50.84 46.91
36 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 40.42 43.98
37 China Academy of Engineering Physics (CAEP), China 36.85 43.53
38 China Meteorological Administration (CMA), China 29.29 42.53
39 National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), France 35.85 41.92
40 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea 34.99 40.55
41 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 40.12 39.44
42 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 39.45 38.25
43 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 34.89 38.02
44 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 42.23 37.37
45 Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), China 23.91 34.5
46 National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS), Japan 34.1 33.5
47 Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA), Switzerland 25.59 32.75
48 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 36.19 32.35
49 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 30.04 32.13
50 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 34.56 31.71
51 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 28.77 31.71
52 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 34.8 31.06
53 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 30.92 30.33
54 NWO-I, the Institutes Organisation of NWO, Netherlands 29.58 28.84
55 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 32.62 27.15
56 Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Japan 25.53 26.2
57 Korea Institute for Advanced Study (KIAS), South Korea 20.34 25.83
58 National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), United States of America (USA) 25.16 25.44
59 European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), France 22.64 24.93
60 Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR), China 14.08 23.78
61 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States of America (USA) 27.78 23.72
62 National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (NRCKI), Russia 29.1 23.65
63 Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), Canada 23.15 22.98
64 U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), United States of America (USA) 29.25 22.86
65 High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Japan 23.69 21.9
66 China Earthquake Administration (CEA), China 18.2 20.98
67 Institute of Health Carlos III (ISCIII), Spain 21.8 20.87
68 Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), United States of America (USA) 20.81 19.51
69 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 24.71 18.02
70 Brazil Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovation and Communication (MCTIC), Brazil 17.17 17.72
71 National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER), India 6.61 17.25
72 Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Italy 16.06 16.23
73 Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), Iran 14.63 16.12
74 India Department of Space (DOS), India 9.97 15.91
75 Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Russia 16.71 15.36
76 NERC British Antarctic Survey (BAS), United Kingdom (UK) 11.78 14.87
77 IMDEA Institutes, Spain 15.9 14.66
78 Research Organization of Information and Systems (ROIS), Japan 14.99 14.29
79 Harish-Chandra Research Institute (HRI), India 12.92 13.83
80 Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO), Australia 10.72 13.75
81 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), United States of America (USA) 9.08 13.4
82 Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), India 19.02 12.95
83 National Institute of Biological Sciences, Beijing (NIBS), China 16.49 12.8
84 Jozef Stefan Institute (IJS), Slovenia 11.77 12.02
85 Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas (FORTH), Greece 8.39 11.78
86 National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology (QST), Japan 7.31 11.65
87 National Research Council (NRC), Canada 17.98 11.6
88 Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM), Germany 7.58 10.67
89 National Centre for Nuclear Research (NCBJ), Poland 8.1 10.19
90 United Nations (UN), International 5.94 10.16
91 Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute (JASRI), Japan 11.35 9.96
92 National Museum of Natural History (MNHN), France 8.48 9.84
93 Met Office, United Kingdom (UK) 14.36 9.82
94 National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center (NSRRC), Taiwan 6.03 9.71
95 Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (BAS), Bulgaria 8.74 9.68
96 Natural History Museum, United Kingdom (UK) 9.99 9.51
97 U.S. Food and Drug Administration (USFDA), United States of America (USA) 8.39 9.22
98 Swedish Museum of Natural History, Sweden 5.16 8.92
99 National Science Foundation (NSF), United States of America (USA) 11.72 8.77
100 Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research (WSL), Switzerland 6.39 8.67

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2019 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.