2020 tables: Institutions - corporate

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2018 Share 2019 Count 2019 Change in Adjusted Share 2018-2019*
1 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 40.65 31.31 92 -25.5%
2 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 28.91 30.65 83 2.5%
3 Alphabet Inc., United States of America (USA) 21.49 20.71 66 -6.8%
4 Pfizer Inc., United States of America (USA) 21.26 17.67 63 -19.6%
5 Johnson & Johnson, United States of America (USA) 9.85 15.50 64 52.1%
6 Bristol-Myers Squibb (BMS), United States of America (USA) 18.37 15.49 43 -18.4%
7 Amgen Inc., United States of America (USA) 17.50 12.62 63 -30.2%
8 Microsoft Corporation, United States of America (USA) 13.74 9.50 61 -33.1%
9 Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc., United States of America (USA) 11.66 8.87 55 -26.4%
10 AbbVie Inc., United States of America (USA) 7.06 7.88 29 8.1%
11 Eli Lilly and Company, United States of America (USA) 5.93 7.62 50 24.1%
12 Exxon Mobil Corporation (ExxonMobil), United States of America (USA) 8.60 7.27 27 -18.3%
13 Leidos Holdings, Inc., United States of America (USA) 6.30 7.19 91 10.4%
14 Dow Inc., United States of America (USA) 10.13 6.38 31 -39.0%
15 Bruker Corporation, United States of America (USA) 5.60 5.96 32 3.0%
16 Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 8.00 5.35 19 -35.3%
17 Chevron Corporation, United States of America (USA) 1.66 4.72 21 174.8%
18 Moderna Therapeutics, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.68 4.67 7 567.5%
19 Waters Corporation, United States of America (USA) 2.45 4.11 11 62.2%
20 Biogen Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.00 4.04 17 95.1%
21 Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (SSAI), United States of America (USA) 7.95 3.37 21 -59.0%
22 Northrop Grumman Corporation, United States of America (USA) 1.43 3.30 20 123.5%
23 Ford Motor Company, United States of America (USA) 0.82 3.21 6 278.8%
24 Loki Incorporated, United States of America (USA) 0.35 3.15 4 770.6%
25 Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated, United States of America (USA) 0.78 3.07 10 281.4%
26 Lockheed Martin Corporation, United States of America (USA) 2.26 3.00 22 28.3%
27 GATS Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.02 2.94 10 41.1%
28 Ionis Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 4.08 2.79 15 -33.8%
29 Danaher Corporation, United States of America (USA) 0.52 2.75 11 415.6%
30 23andMe, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.36 2.72 15 93.3%
31 Alnylam Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.17 2.64 6 118.7%
32 Illumina, Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.22 2.58 24 -22.7%
33 Sangamo Therapeutics Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.36 2.53 3 587.7%
34 Fluidigm Corporation, United States of America (USA) 0.17 2.36 10 1,269.8%
35 New England Biolabs, Inc. (NEB), United States of America (USA) 2.68 2.32 11 -16.3%
36 GeneDx Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.26 2.32 30 78.2%
37 General Atomics, United States of America (USA) 1.20 2.26 6 81.3%
38 HP Inc., United States of America (USA) 4.05 2.25 9 -46.2%
39 Aerodyne Research, Inc. (ARI), United States of America (USA) 1.73 2.18 16 21.8%
40 Raytheon Company, United States of America (USA) 0.89 2.07 15 124.7%
41 Corteva Agriscience, United States of America (USA) 2.14 2.00 7 -9.5%
42 Soraa Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.00 2 N/A
43 Gilead Sciences, Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.29 1.99 6 -16.2%
44 H3 Biomedicine Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.47 1.93 2 -24.2%
45 Agios Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.64 1.92 4 13.6%
46 10x Genomics, United States of America (USA) 0.11 1.92 9 1,659.6%
47 D. E. Shaw Research, United States of America (USA) 2.30 1.82 2 -23.5%
48 Xanadu Quantum Technologies Inc., Canada 2.25 1.78 4 -23.4%
49 Merrimack Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.31 1.75 2 449.9%
50 Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. (AER), United States of America (USA) 3.33 1.70 8 -50.7%
51 Western Digital Corporation, United States of America (USA) 1.20 1.63 10 31.0%
52 General Electric Company (GE), United States of America (USA) 2.84 1.63 10 -44.7%
53 Procter & Gamble (P&G), United States of America (USA) 1.74 1.61 5 -10.3%
54 Intel Corporation, United States of America (USA) 3.43 1.56 17 -56.0%
55 ICF International, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.46 1.56 6 3.2%
56 Corning Incorporated, United States of America (USA) 2.21 1.50 6 -34.4%
57 HRL Laboratories LLC, United States of America (USA) 2.28 1.49 5 -36.8%
58 KBR Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.53 1.43 9 158.8%
59 BioMarin Pharmaceutical, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.17 1.38 2 702.4%
60 Facebook, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.17 1.29 5 650.3%
61 General Motors (GM), United States of America (USA) 1.57 1.27 8 -21.8%
62 Halliburton Company, United States of America (USA) 0.57 1.17 2 97.5%
63 Tri Alpha Energy, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.00 1.13 2 8.8%
64 Denali Therapeutics Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.41 1.12 2 162.3%
65 Seattle Genetics, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.10 2 N/A
66 CDM Smith Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.92 1.08 2 14.4%
67 Foundation Medicine, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.76 1.05 6 33.4%
68 ionQ, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.15 1.05 4 574.8%
69 Emulate Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.04 3 N/A
70 Predictive Science Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.17 1.04 2 -13.9%
71 UbiQD, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.43 1.03 2 132.2%
72 Arvinas Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.20 1.03 4 398.3%
73 Honeywell International, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.66 1.02 13 49.8%
74 Juno Therapeutics, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.00 4 N/A
75 Seagate Technology LLC, United States of America (USA) 0.06 1.00 2 1,447.7%
75 Aramco Research Center in Houston Area, United States of America (USA) 0.87 1.00 1 11.6%
75 APTIM, United States of America (USA) 0.96 1.00 1 0.9%
75 BEAM Engineering for Advanced Measurements Co., United States of America (USA) 1.00 1 N/A
75 Intermolecular, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.00 1 N/A
75 Blue Planet, Ltd., United States of America (USA) 1.00 1 N/A
75 Halozyme Therapeutics, United States of America (USA) 1.00 1 N/A
75 Space Initiatives Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.00 1 N/A
75 Risk Management Solutions, Inc. (RMS), United States of America (USA) 1.00 1 N/A
75 Eastman Kodak Company, United States of America (USA) 1.00 1 N/A
75 Philip Morris International Inc. (PMI), United States of America (USA) 1.00 1 N/A
76 Syros Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.98 2 N/A
77 Editas Medicine, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.70 0.97 1 34.5%
78 Neon Therapeutics, United States of America (USA) 0.01 0.93 2 13,672.5%
79 Seven Bridges Genomics, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.12 0.90 4 621.6%
80 Human Longevity, Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.44 0.89 5 -64.9%
81 Regulus Therapeutics Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.88 1 N/A
82 Ignyta, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.88 1 N/A
83 Agilent Technologies, Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.14 0.86 7 -73.6%
84 Eastern Research Group, Inc. (ERG), United States of America (USA) 0.04 0.86 3 1,889.9%
85 Arbor Biotechnologies, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.71 0.83 1 12.9%
85 Colgate-Palmolive Company, United States of America (USA) 0.83 1 N/A
86 Geosyntec Consultants, United States of America (USA) 1.00 0.83 4 -20.0%
87 Ramboll Environ, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.18 0.83 2 339.9%
88 Mapp Biopharmaceutical, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.04 0.82 4 1,957.2%
89 Humacyte, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.81 1 N/A
90 Caribou Biosciences, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.81 2 N/A
91 Gelest, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.80 1 N/A
91 Synlogic, United States of America (USA) 1.00 0.80 1 -22.6%
91 Quantum Silicon Inc., Canada 1.00 0.80 2 -22.8%
92 Deciphera Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.80 2 N/A
93 Pacific Biosciences of California, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.75 0.80 9 -56.0%
94 Teledyne Scientific and Imaging, United States of America (USA) 0.25 0.78 3 203.1%
95 TCR² Therapeutics, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.76 1 N/A
96 Integrated DNA Technologies, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.62 0.74 4 15.3%
97 Metabolon Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.44 0.72 10 -51.8%
98 Xerox Corporation, United States of America (USA) 1.42 0.71 10 -51.4%
99 Nurix, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.09 0.71 1 692.7%
100 Adimab LLC, United States of America (USA) 0.25 0.69 4 168.1%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.