2020 tables: Institutions - corporate

Table criteria

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

2019 Institution Share 2018 Share 2019
1 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 57.5 47.8
2 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 31.42 38.5
3 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 40.64 31.31
4 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 28.91 30.65
5 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 28.94 30.05
6 Alphabet Inc., United States of America (USA) 21.49 20.71
7 Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation (NTT), Japan 16.56 17.6
8 Pfizer Inc., United States of America (USA) 21.26 17.42
9 Toyota Group, Japan 9.53 16.79
10 Johnson & Johnson, United States of America (USA) 9.43 15.5
11 Bristol-Myers Squibb (BMS), United States of America (USA) 18.37 15.49
12 GNS Science, New Zealand 15.43 15.48
13 China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC), China 12.63 13.81
14 Amgen Inc., United States of America (USA) 17.42 12.62
15 GlaxoSmithKline plc. (GSK), United Kingdom (UK) 17.69 12.48
16 FiberHome Technologies Group, China 10.4 11.8
17 Samsung Group, South Korea 15.72 10.36
18 BGI, China 6.83 10.33
19 Microsoft Corporation, United States of America (USA) 13.74 9.5
20 Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc., United States of America (USA) 11.66 8.87
21 C. H. Boehringer Sohn AG & Co. KG (Boehringer Ingelheim), Germany 5.44 7.61
22 Eli Lilly and Company, United States of America (USA) 5.82 7.54
23 AbbVie Inc., United States of America (USA) 7.06 7.31
24 Exxon Mobil Corporation (ExxonMobil), United States of America (USA) 8.59 7.26
25 Leidos Holdings, Inc., United States of America (USA) 6.29 7.19
26 DowDuPont Inc., United States of America (USA) 12.38 6.75
27 BASF SE, Germany 8.75 6.53
28 Bruker Corporation, United States of America (USA) 5.56 5.96
29 Bayer AG, Germany 5.71 5.77
30 Formosa Plastics Group, Taiwan 6.49 5.7
31 Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 7.96 5.35
32 Toshiba Corporation, Japan 5.28 4.85
33 Jinchuan Group Co., Ltd., China 6.03 4.79
34 China National Chemical Corporation (ChemChina), China 2.97 4.74
35 Chevron Corporation, United States of America (USA) 1.66 4.71
36 Moderna Therapeutics, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.68 4.67
37 Thales S.A., France 4.36 4.54
38 JEOL Ltd., Japan 3.13 4.5
39 Sanofi, France 7.21 4.43
40 Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, Japan 6.46 4.11
41 Waters Corporation, United States of America (USA) 2.45 4.11
42 Biogen Inc., United States of America (USA) 2 4.04
43 Norwegian Research Centre AS (NORCE), Norway 3.58 3.96
44 UCB S.A., Belgium 5.32 3.72
45 Shimadzu Corporation, Japan 3.38 3.69
46 China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC), China 6.69 3.66
47 Shanghai Jiahua Poly Battery Technology Co., Ltd., China 4.25 3.59
48 Nestlé S.A., Switzerland 1.19 3.45
49 China National Tobacco Company (CNTC), China 1.88 3.44
50 Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (SSAI), United States of America (USA) 7.95 3.37
51 Northrop Grumman Corporation, United States of America (USA) 1.43 3.3
52 ELI-HU Nonprofit Ltd., Hungary 0.85 3.22
53 Ford Motor Company, United States of America (USA) 0.82 3.21
54 Sinopec Corporation, China 1.83 3.2
55 Loki Incorporated, United States of America (USA) 0.35 3.15
56 Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated, United States of America (USA) 0.78 3.07
57 Lockheed Martin Corporation, United States of America (USA) 2.23 3
58 GATS Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.02 2.94
59 Center for Nanotechnology GmbH (CeNTech GmbH), Germany 3.09 2.92
60 National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research Ltd. (NIWA), New Zealand 5.01 2.88
61 Ionis Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 4.08 2.79
62 Techint Group, Italy 2.8 2.78
63 Danaher Corporation, United States of America (USA) 0.52 2.75
64 23andMe, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.36 2.72
65 Rigaku Corporation, Japan 2.37 2.7
66 Alnylam Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.17 2.64
67 China Electronics Technology Group Corporation (CETC), China 3.06 2.63
68 Novo Nordisk A/S, Denmark 3.33 2.59
69 Illumina, Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.22 2.58
70 Sangamo Therapeutics Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.36 2.53
71 Koninklijke DSM N.V. (DSM), Netherlands 0.15 2.5
72 Mitsubishi Group, Japan 3.04 2.36
73 Fluidigm Corporation, United States of America (USA) 0.17 2.36
74 New England Biolabs, Inc. (NEB), United States of America (USA) 2.68 2.32
75 GeneDx Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.26 2.32
76 Royal Dutch Shell plc (Shell), Netherlands 3.22 2.31
77 General Atomics, United States of America (USA) 1.2 2.26
78 HP Inc., United States of America (USA) 4.05 2.25
79 H. Lundbeck A/S, Denmark 0.13 2.24
80 Aerodyne Research, Inc. (ARI), United States of America (USA) 1.73 2.18
81 Hitachi, Ltd., Japan 6.25 2.17
82 Raytheon Company, United States of America (USA) 0.89 2.07
83 Saudi Aramco, Saudi Arabia 0.91 2.05
84 Daiichi Sankyo Co., Ltd., Japan 1.57 2.03
85 KWH Water B.V., Netherlands 1.74 2.02
86 Corteva Agriscience, United States of America (USA) 2.14 2
87 Soraa Inc., United States of America (USA) 2
87 Cellectis, France 2
87 Piramal Enterprises Limited, India 2 2
88 LG Corporation, South Korea 1.26 1.99
89 Gilead Sciences, Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.29 1.99
90 Shenhua Group Corporation Limited, China 0.69 1.96
91 Nokia Corporation, Finland 0.64 1.96
92 H3 Biomedicine Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.47 1.93
93 L'Oréal International, France 0.29 1.92
94 Agios Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.64 1.92
95 10x Genomics, United States of America (USA) 0.11 1.92
96 Synfuels China Technology Co., Ltd., China 2.57 1.9
97 China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), China 5.09 1.87
98 BP plc, United Kingdom (UK) 0.71 1.82
99 D. E. Shaw Research, United States of America (USA) 2.3 1.82
100 Xanadu Quantum Technologies Inc., Canada 2.25 1.78

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2019 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.