2020 tables: Institutions - physical sciences

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2018 Share 2019 Count 2019 Change in Adjusted Share 2018-2019*
1 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 73.50 71.61 230 -4.0%
2 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 54.67 51.94 169 -6.4%
3 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 44.35 47.54 112 5.6%
4 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 42.57 41.99 159 -2.8%
5 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 34.02 40.86 94 18.3%
6 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 17.66 19.64 45 9.5%
7 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 15.13 19.42 52 26.4%
8 Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), Iran 13.52 15.33 101 11.7%
9 Bilkent University, Turkey 5.95 11.26 17 86.4%
10 Shahid Beheshti University (SBU), Iran 5.75 7.63 12 30.9%
11 Istanbul Technical University (ITU), Turkey 3.84 6.24 82 60.2%
12 Ferdowsi University of Mashhad (FUM), Iran 1.00 5.88 9 478.8%
13 Research Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics of Maragha (RIAAM), Iran 6.58 5.06 16 -24.3%
14 Yerevan State University (YSU), Armenia 6.96 4.65 162 -34.1%
15 Sharif University of Technology (SUT), Iran 5.13 4.27 11 -17.9%
16 Boğaziçi University (BU), Turkey 1.50 4.05 131 165.4%
17 University of Mazandaran (UMZ), Iran 1.65 3.63 4 116.4%
18 Shahrood University of Technology, Iran 2.58 3.58 7 36.7%
19 Shiraz University, Iran 5.92 3.36 7 -44.0%
20 University of Nizwa, Oman 0.45 3.28 7 618.8%
21 COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI), Pakistan 4.32 2.67 45 -39.1%
22 Damghan University, Iran 1.33 2.67 4 97.0%
23 Islamic Azad University (IAU), Iran 1.86 2.55 34 34.7%
24 King Saud University (KSU), Saudi Arabia 2.55 2.20 10 -15.0%
25 University of Management and Technology (UMT), Pakistan 1.05 2.20 3 106.4%
26 American University of Beirut (AUB), Lebanon 0.83 2.17 5 156.2%
26 Kharazmi University, Iran 2.17 3 N/A
27 Semnan University, Iran 1.07 2.16 5 99.5%
28 Koç University (KU), Turkey 2.76 2.10 5 -24.9%
29 Middle East Technical University (METU), Turkey 2.75 2.06 78 -26.0%
30 Amirkabir University of Technology (AUT), Iran 0.10 2.00 2 1,870.4%
31 Ariel University (AU), Israel 1.80 1.69 5 -7.3%
32 University of Guilan (GU), Iran 0.17 1.67 4 885.2%
33 University of Tehran (UT), Iran 4.72 1.60 8 -66.6%
34 Quaid-i-Azam University (QAU), Pakistan 1.97 1.44 71 -28.2%
35 Kocaeli University, Turkey 1.42 1.42 3 -1.5%
35 Sabanci University (SU), Turkey 1.59 1.42 5 -12.1%
36 Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan (UzAS), Uzbekistan 0.71 1.39 23 92.5%
37 Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University (TSU), Georgia 0.76 1.32 126 71.6%
38 Tarbiat Modares University (TMU), Iran 1.06 1.12 4 4.5%
39 Arak University, Iran 1.63 1.10 3 -33.3%
40 Al-Farabi Kazakh National University (KazNU), Kazakhstan 0.47 1.04 6 120.5%
41 Saudi Aramco, Saudi Arabia 0.17 1.04 3 512.2%
42 Isfahan University of Technology (IUT), Iran 3.69 1.01 36 -72.9%
43 University of Ayatollah Ozma Borujerdi, Iran 1.00 1.00 2 -1.5%
43 Hadassah Academic College, Israel 3.00 1.00 2 -67.2%
43 Ruppin Academic Center, Israel 3.00 1.00 2 -67.2%
43 Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Iran 4.20 1.00 1 -76.5%
43 Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman (SBUK), Iran 1.00 1 N/A
43 Urmia University of Technology (UUT), Iran 1.00 1 N/A
43 Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC), Pakistan 1.00 1 N/A
44 Carnegie Mellon University in Qatar, Qatar 1.04 0.96 6 -9.5%
45 University of Kurdistan, Iran 2.33 0.94 2 -60.4%
46 Young Researchers and Elite Club, Iran 0.10 0.92 4 803.1%
47 University of Education, Pakistan 1.20 0.87 2 -28.8%
48 University of Haifa (HU), Israel 1.75 0.84 4 -53.1%
49 Burdur Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Turkey 1.00 0.80 5 -21.1%
50 Yazd University, Iran 0.01 0.80 3 8,446.0%
51 Khalifa University of Science and Technology, United Arab Emirates 0.51 0.76 5 46.7%
52 Çukurova University, Turkey 1.12 0.75 68 -33.8%
53 Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS), Iran 0.89 0.75 4 -17.3%
54 Lorestan University, Iran 1.33 0.73 4 -45.9%
55 Baku State University, Azerbaijan 0.17 0.67 2 294.1%
55 University of Kashan, Iran 0.67 0.67 1 -1.5%
55 University of Zanjan, Iran 0.92 0.67 1 -28.3%
55 Damascus University, Syria 0.67 1 N/A
56 Nazarbayev University (NU), Kazakhstan 1.12 0.62 4 -45.6%
57 Kuwait University (KU), Kuwait 0.59 3 N/A
58 Hakim Sabzevari University, Iran 0.46 0.58 1 25.4%
58 University of Sistan and Baluchestan (USB), Iran 0.70 0.58 2 -17.9%
59 King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST), Saudi Arabia 1.54 0.57 16 -63.8%
60 Izmir Institute of Technology (IZTECH), Turkey 1.22 0.57 36 -54.4%
61 Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal University (BAIBU), Turkey 0.09 0.52 2 464.3%
62 Israel Atomic Energy Commission (IAEC), Israel 0.72 0.51 8 -30.5%
63 Özyeğin University, Turkey 0.05 0.51 34 822.7%
64 Saudi Basic Industries Corporation (SABIC), Saudi Arabia 0.24 0.50 1 109.0%
64 Prince Mohammad bin Fahd University (PMU), Saudi Arabia 0.81 0.50 1 -38.8%
64 Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Iran 1.00 0.50 1 -50.7%
64 Bu-Ali Sina University, Iran 2.83 0.50 1 -82.6%
64 Akdeniz University, Turkey 0.50 1 N/A
64 Ataturk University, Turkey 0.50 1 N/A
64 Lahore College for Women University (LCWU), Pakistan 0.50 1 N/A
64 University of Birjand, Iran 0.50 1 N/A
64 Buein Zahra Technical University (BZTE), Iran 0.50 1 N/A
64 Uşak University, Turkey 0.50 1 N/A
64 Bahauddin Zakariya University (BZU), Pakistan 0.50 1 N/A
65 King Abdulaziz University (KAU), Saudi Arabia 1.52 0.49 41 -68.6%
66 National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia (NAS), Armenia 0.46 0.46 10 -2.6%
67 Holon Institute of Technology (HIT), Israel 0.90 0.39 3 -56.8%
68 Abdullah Gül University, Turkey 0.11 0.38 2 237.4%
69 National Academy of Sciences the Republic of Kazakhstan (NAS), Kazakhstan 0.38 0.36 16 -7.2%
70 Uludag University, Turkey 0.17 0.35 8 106.7%
71 Giresun University, Turkey 0.00 0.34 23 7,031.0%
72 University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates 1.33 0.34 23 -75.2%
73 Geological Survey of Israel, Israel 0.33 2 N/A
74 National University of Uzbekistan, Uzbekistan 0.13 0.33 2 162.7%
74 Gazi University, Turkey 0.13 0.33 1 162.7%
74 L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University (ENU), Kazakhstan 0.17 0.33 1 97.0%
74 Federal Urdu University of Arts, Sciences and Technology (FUUAST), Pakistan 0.17 0.33 1 97.0%
74 University of Turkish Aeronautical Association (UTAA), Turkey 0.25 0.33 1 31.4%
74 Suleyman Demirel University, Turkey 0.50 0.33 1 -34.3%
74 Higher Institute for Applied Sciences & Technology (HIAST), Syria 0.33 1 N/A
75 University of the Punjab, Pakistan 9.10 0.32 25 -96.5%
76 Istanbul University, Turkey 1.23 0.30 56 -76.2%
77 Doğuş University (DOU), Turkey 1.96 0.28 2 -86.0%
78 Ilia State University, Georgia 1.37 0.25 25 -81.7%
79 University of Tabriz, Iran 0.50 0.25 1 -50.7%
79 K. N. Toosi University of Technology (KNTU), Iran 0.25 1 N/A
79 Selcuk University, Turkey 0.25 1 N/A
79 University of Al-Ameed, Iraq 0.25 1 N/A
79 Abbottabad University of Science and Technology (AUST), Pakistan 0.25 1 N/A
80 Ankara University, Turkey 0.29 0.24 63 -16.9%
81 Istanbul Bilgi University, Turkey 0.20 0.22 108 8.5%
82 Bahcesehir University (BAU), Turkey 0.02 0.22 49 985.6%
83 Government College University (GCU), Pakistan 0.20 0.21 3 3.0%
84 Niğde Ömer Halisdemir University, Turkey 0.08 0.20 1 136.4%
84 Inonu University, Turkey 0.20 1 N/A
84 University of Sargodha (UOS), Pakistan 0.20 1 N/A
85 NED University of Engineering and Technology, Pakistan 0.18 2 N/A
86 Adıyaman University, Turkey 0.03 0.18 35 578.9%
87 Gebze Technical University (GYTE), Turkey 1.68 0.18 1 -89.3%
88 Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Iran 0.18 1 N/A
89 Qatar University, Qatar 0.11 0.18 2 57.5%
90 Payame Noor University (PNU), Iran 0.25 0.17 1 -34.3%
90 Shahed University, Iran 0.17 1 N/A
90 Iran Science and Technology Museum (IRSTM), Iran 0.17 1 N/A
91 National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Pakistan 0.50 0.16 2 -67.7%
92 Jazan University, Saudi Arabia 0.16 2 N/A
93 Ege University, Turkey 1.00 0.16 1 -84.4%
94 Erciyes University, Turkey 0.16 2 N/A
95 Open University of Israel (OPENU), Israel 0.15 2 N/A
96 University of Tabuk (UT), Saudi Arabia 0.23 0.14 16 -40.5%
97 American University of Sharjah (AUS), United Arab Emirates 0.14 2 N/A
98 Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences (ANAS), Azerbaijan 0.06 0.13 53 135.7%
99 Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS), Pakistan 0.13 2 N/A
100 Israel Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Israel 0.17 0.13 1 -26.1%
100 Hamad Bin Khalifa University (HBKU), Qatar 0.88 0.13 1 -86.0%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.