2020 tables: Institutions - physical sciences

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2018 Share 2019 Count 2019 Change in Adjusted Share 2018-2019*
1 Max Planck Society, Germany 323.64 317.92 1,143 -3.2%
2 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 255.90 273.75 1,668 5.4%
3 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 185.01 190.24 905 1.3%
4 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 168.10 150.65 409 -11.7%
5 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 141.98 146.67 498 1.8%
6 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 133.53 134.83 695 -0.5%
7 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 111.51 120.97 466 6.9%
8 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 117.69 111.65 574 -6.5%
9 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 97.61 95.08 272 -4.0%
10 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 82.49 85.87 388 2.5%
11 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 83.07 81.29 602 -3.6%
12 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 58.72 58.57 254 -1.7%
13 Leibniz Association, Germany 67.80 54.74 257 -20.5%
14 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 69.35 53.12 349 -24.5%
15 Sorbonne University, France 51.91 52.96 530 0.5%
16 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 44.30 52.42 260 16.6%
17 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 50.88 51.61 147 -0.1%
18 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 66.58 50.47 249 -25.3%
19 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 44.71 48.88 254 7.7%
20 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 51.45 47.79 241 -8.5%
21 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 45.45 46.09 467 -0.1%
22 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 53.20 45.66 210 -15.4%
23 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 38.26 43.36 205 11.6%
24 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 39.48 43.04 238 7.4%
25 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 47.19 41.74 196 -12.9%
26 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 40.55 41.53 161 0.9%
27 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 54.85 41.25 178 -25.9%
28 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 51.55 41.23 94 -21.2%
29 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 44.33 40.49 208 -10.0%
30 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 41.22 38.77 225 -7.3%
31 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 35.69 38.54 184 6.4%
32 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 40.04 37.72 289 -7.2%
33 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 46.20 37.58 272 -19.9%
34 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 39.94 36.37 182 -10.3%
35 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 34.93 35.24 80 -0.6%
36 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 36.29 35.23 372 -4.4%
37 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 29.80 34.25 262 13.2%
38 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 34.77 33.91 92 -3.9%
39 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 28.97 33.80 240 14.9%
40 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 34.31 33.03 241 -5.2%
41 Lund University (LU), Sweden 32.07 32.94 156 1.2%
42 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 37.55 31.93 259 -16.2%
43 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 27.81 31.68 58 12.2%
44 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 25.63 31.47 188 20.9%
45 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 28.93 31.37 166 6.8%
46 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 32.49 30.55 93 -7.4%
47 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 30.06 30.25 78 -0.9%
48 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 28.67 30.02 181 3.2%
49 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 28.89 30.01 107 2.3%
50 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 22.21 29.84 163 32.4%
51 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 25.08 29.77 79 16.9%
52 Aalto University, Finland 32.67 28.97 199 -12.6%
53 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 30.25 28.88 156 -5.9%
54 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 25.86 28.69 163 9.3%
55 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 23.51 28.51 143 19.5%
56 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 24.51 28.34 69 13.9%
57 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 20.68 28.26 276 34.7%
58 Leiden University, Netherlands 33.26 28.24 127 -16.4%
59 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 33.75 27.72 133 -19.1%
60 University of Vienna, Austria 25.59 27.46 87 5.7%
61 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 30.41 26.49 204 -14.2%
62 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 33.25 26.45 94 -21.6%
63 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 19.32 25.87 258 31.9%
64 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 26.45 25.87 233 -3.6%
65 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 22.91 25.67 86 10.4%
66 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 25.62 25.44 134 -2.2%
67 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 25.02 25.19 91 -0.8%
68 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 30.33 25.03 179 -18.7%
69 Stockholm University, Sweden 20.26 24.75 207 20.3%
70 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 24.89 24.70 79 -2.2%
71 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 26.18 24.64 85 -7.3%
72 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 30.19 24.14 142 -21.2%
73 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 20.80 22.79 198 7.9%
74 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 29.41 22.61 179 -24.3%
75 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 20.99 22.52 283 5.7%
76 University of Paris, France 19.13 22.41 302 15.4%
77 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 26.46 22.22 139 -17.3%
78 National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (NRCKI), Russia 27.68 22.09 279 -21.4%
79 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 18.05 22.08 186 20.5%
80 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 24.41 22.05 255 -11.0%
81 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 25.63 21.43 129 -17.6%
82 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 10.27 21.38 171 105.1%
83 University of Göttingen, Germany 16.33 20.88 117 25.9%
84 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 16.32 20.76 61 25.3%
85 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 27.90 20.13 110 -28.9%
86 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 14.21 19.86 137 37.6%
87 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 22.00 19.63 127 -12.1%
88 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 20.49 19.49 185 -6.3%
89 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 20.52 19.26 102 -7.6%
90 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 19.77 19.14 54 -4.6%
91 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 17.02 18.93 103 9.6%
92 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 20.09 18.36 117 -10.0%
93 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 9.73 18.31 118 85.4%
94 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 16.80 17.79 39 4.4%
95 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 18.13 17.71 82 -3.8%
96 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 15.38 17.69 111 13.3%
97 University of Lyon, France 14.00 17.65 196 24.2%
98 University of Konstanz, Germany 12.66 17.63 34 37.2%
99 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 19.06 17.60 326 -9.0%
100 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 11.36 17.34 74 50.4%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.