2020 tables: Institutions - physical sciences

Table criteria

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

2019 Institution Share 2018 Share 2019
1 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 141.86 145.36
2 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 111.28 120.42
3 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 82.49 85.93
4 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 44.55 52.23
5 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 50.8 51.62
6 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 39.48 43.04
7 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 53.84 41.14
8 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 29.13 33.52
9 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 25.63 31.3
10 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 23.51 28.4
11 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 24.51 28.34
12 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 30.33 25.03
13 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 30.19 24.14
14 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 17.95 21.58
15 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 14.21 19.86
16 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 18.13 17.71
17 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 19.06 17.45
18 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 19.71 15.3
19 Heriot-Watt University, United Kingdom (UK) 9.27 14.31
20 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 20.12 14.09
21 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 14.79 13.24
22 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 13.41 12.81
23 Swansea University, United Kingdom (UK) 13.62 10.19
24 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 9.43 9.4
25 University of Surrey, United Kingdom (UK) 5.21 9.14
26 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 9.2 8.97
27 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 10.54 8.79
28 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 7.34 8.73
29 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 14.08 8.18
30 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 3.28 7.25
31 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 7.96 6.59
32 University of London - Royal Holloway (RHUL), United Kingdom (UK) 4.96 6.15
33 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 5.91 5.39
34 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 3.6 5.22
35 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 1.88 4.53
36 National Physical Laboratory (NPL), United Kingdom (UK) 5.28 4.51
37 Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.94 4.06
38 University of Hertfordshire (UH), United Kingdom (UK) 4.09 3.84
39 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 3.95 3.06
40 City, University of London (CUL), United Kingdom (UK) 3.04 2.38
41 Loughborough University, United Kingdom (UK) 2.46 2.35
42 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 0.81 2.3
43 University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom (UK) 2.12 1.89
44 Birkbeck, University of London (BBK), United Kingdom (UK) 0.71 1.76
45 University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom (UK) 1.11 1.75
46 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 2.53 1.66
47 University of Plymouth, United Kingdom (UK) 2.07 1.64
48 Aston University, United Kingdom (UK) 1.39 1.32
49 NERC British Antarctic Survey (BAS), United Kingdom (UK) 1.64 1.29
50 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 1.13 1.21
51 University of Kent, United Kingdom (UK) 1.36 1.05
52 Met Office, United Kingdom (UK) 0.75 1.02
53 Anglo American plc, United Kingdom (UK) 0.77 1.01
54 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 1.01 1.01
55 River Lane Research (Riverlane), United Kingdom (UK) 1
56 University of Lincoln, United Kingdom (UK) 0.87 0.86
57 Natural History Museum, United Kingdom (UK) 0.22 0.8
58 The Open University (OU), United Kingdom (UK) 1.05 0.79
59 University of the West of Scotland (UWS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.59 0.78
60 Faculty, United Kingdom (UK) 0.75
60 University of Ulster (UU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.37 0.75
61 Northumbria University, United Kingdom (UK) 1.66 0.72
62 Coventry University, United Kingdom (UK) 2.33 0.66
63 Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.24 0.62
64 Aberystwyth University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 0.61
65 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 1.19 0.61
66 Bangor University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.04 0.56
67 University of Hull, United Kingdom (UK) 0.41 0.54
68 Cambridge Display Technology Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.53 0.51
69 London South Bank University (LSBU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.5
69 University of Huddersfield, United Kingdom (UK) 0.5
70 Brunel University London, United Kingdom (UK) 0.35 0.46
71 Kingston University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.42
72 GlaxoSmithKline plc. (GSK), United Kingdom (UK) 0.19 0.41
73 Oxford Instruments, United Kingdom (UK) 0.11 0.41
74 Armagh Observatory, United Kingdom (UK) 2.53 0.41
75 The Faraday Institution, United Kingdom (UK) 0.38
76 University of Essex, United Kingdom (UK) 0.2 0.38
77 Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust (OUH), United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.35
78 NERC National Oceanography Centre (NOC), United Kingdom (UK) 0.18 0.35
79 Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust (MFT), United Kingdom (UK) 0.29 0.34
79 Salford Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG), United Kingdom (UK) 0.29 0.34
79 Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.29 0.34
79 Manchester Mental Health and Social Care Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.29 0.34
79 The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.74 0.34
80 Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA), United Kingdom (UK) 0.34
81 Gooch & Housego plc, United Kingdom (UK) 0.33
82 Keele University, United Kingdom (UK) 2.75 0.31
83 Amethyst Research Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.31
84 University of Central Lancashire (UCLan), United Kingdom (UK) 0.56 0.31
84 International Centre for Life (ICFL), United Kingdom (UK) 0.31
85 British Geological Survey (BGS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.36 0.29
86 Johnson Matthey (JM), United Kingdom (UK) 0.23 0.28
87 Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.26
87 Anglia Ruskin University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.26
88 University of Wolverhampton, United Kingdom (UK) 0.26 0.26
89 Finden Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.26
90 London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), United Kingdom (UK) 0.17 0.25
91 Nanoforce Technology Limited, United Kingdom (UK) 0.15 0.25
91 IQE plc, United Kingdom (UK) 1.07 0.25
92 BAE Systems, United Kingdom (UK) 0.17 0.24
93 Mind Foundry Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.23
94 Nottingham Trent University, United Kingdom (UK) 1.65 0.23
95 The Institute of Cancer Research (ICR), United Kingdom (UK) 1.19 0.23
96 Novalia Ltd., United Kingdom (UK) 0.22
97 The National Gallery, United Kingdom (UK) 0.2
97 Rolls-Royce plc, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.2
97 WS Atkins plc, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.2
98 British Ministry of Defence, United Kingdom (UK) 0.19
99 University of the West of England (UWE), United Kingdom (UK) 0.18
100 BP plc, United Kingdom (UK) 0.18

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2019 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.