2020 tables: Institutions - physical sciences

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2018 Share 2019 Count 2019 Change in Adjusted Share 2018-2019*
1 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 133.53 134.83 695 -0.5%
2 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 51.45 47.79 241 -8.5%
3 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 30.25 28.88 156 -5.9%
4 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 20.68 28.26 276 34.7%
5 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 25.02 25.19 91 -0.8%
6 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 24.89 24.70 79 -2.2%
7 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 10.27 21.38 171 105.1%
8 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 13.82 16.82 203 19.9%
9 Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Italy 15.18 13.66 125 -11.4%
10 Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 8.42 12.92 50 51.1%
11 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 6.00 10.22 214 67.9%
12 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 10.03 9.09 114 -10.7%
13 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 13.31 9.05 115 -33.0%
14 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 9.77 8.83 190 -11.0%
15 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 7.16 7.45 160 2.5%
16 University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy 7.87 7.10 122 -11.2%
17 Scuola Normale Superiore (SNS), Italy 5.40 7.08 136 29.3%
18 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 9.09 6.21 202 -32.7%
19 University of Trento (UNITN), Italy 6.17 5.60 113 -10.5%
20 University of Genova, Italy 8.13 5.54 180 -32.9%
21 University of Salerno (UNISA), Italy 3.61 5.27 48 43.6%
22 University of Roma Tre, Italy 5.22 5.21 88 -1.6%
23 Elettra - Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Italy 6.91 5.10 21 -27.3%
24 University of Pavia (UNIPV), Italy 2.95 4.73 161 57.8%
25 University of Salento, Italy 2.18 4.53 72 104.9%
26 Polytechnic University of Turin, Italy 6.14 3.85 32 -38.3%
27 University of Trieste (UNITS), Italy 3.89 3.61 112 -8.7%
28 University of Calabria (UNICAL), Italy 3.92 3.56 67 -10.5%
29 University of Cagliari (UNICA), Italy 2.83 2.53 45 -11.9%
30 Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS), Italy 1.62 2.37 15 44.4%
31 Italy Ministry of Education, Universities and Research (MIUR), Italy 1.00 2.25 3 121.7%
32 University of Insubria, Italy 1.98 2.15 10 6.9%
33 Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica (INRIM), Italy 2.31 1.94 8 -17.4%
34 University of L'Aquila (UNIVAQ), Italy 1.30 1.88 15 43.2%
35 University of Brescia (UNIBS), Italy 1.81 1.78 25 -2.7%
36 University of Eastern Piedmont "Amedeo Avogadro" (UNIPMN), Italy 2.55 1.77 125 -31.8%
37 University of Siena (UNISI), Italy 0.91 1.70 56 83.7%
38 Bruno Kessler Foundation (FBK), Italy 2.75 1.68 83 -40.1%
39 University of Modena and Reggio Emilia (UNIMORE), Italy 2.65 1.59 25 -40.8%
40 University of Perugia, Italy 4.53 1.53 122 -66.7%
41 Polytechnic University of Bari, Italy 1.51 1.53 106 -0.1%
42 Bocconi University, Italy 0.60 1.50 2 148.3%
43 Italian Foundation for Cancer Research (FIRC), Italy 0.35 1.49 7 314.7%
44 Parthenope University of Naples, Italy 0.01 1.41 28 16,638.8%
45 University of Messina (UNIME), Italy 1.32 1.38 20 2.8%
46 Catholic University of the Sacred Heart (UCSC), Italy 1.70 1.31 7 -24.2%
47 University of Catania, Italy 2.62 1.27 94 -52.2%
48 Gran Sasso Science Institute (GSSI), Italy 1.36 1.22 33 -11.4%
49 University of Camerino (UNICAM), Italy 1.02 1.10 15 6.2%
50 University of Bari Aldo Moro (UniBA), Italy 1.78 1.08 119 -40.1%
51 Institute for Scientific Interchange (ISI), Italy 1.87 1.06 6 -43.8%
52 University of Palermo (UNIPA), Italy 1.69 1.05 20 -38.9%
53 University of Parma (UNIPR), Italy 2.77 1.02 16 -63.6%
54 Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development (ENEA), Italy 0.48 0.86 22 77.6%
55 Il Museo della Fisica e il Centro Studi e Ricerche Enrico Fermi (Centro Fermi), Italy 0.45 0.76 35 65.0%
56 National Interuniversity Consortium of Materials Science and Technology (INSTM), Italy 1.88 0.74 8 -61.1%
57 University of Ferrara (UNIFE), Italy 1.81 0.62 55 -66.3%
58 Eni s.p.a., Italy 0.57 1 N/A
59 Italian Space Agency (ASI), Italy 1.19 0.55 10 -54.3%
60 Bioversity International, Italy 0.52 1 N/A
61 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 1.58 0.51 8 -68.2%
62 University of Bergamo, Italy 0.01 0.51 2 9,189.1%
63 BeDimensional Srl, Italy 0.29 0.47 4 57.7%
64 Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies of Pisa (SSSA), Italy 0.23 0.44 4 86.9%
65 Marche Polytechnic University (UNIVPM), Italy 0.08 0.44 2 415.0%
66 National Interuniversity Consortium for the Physical Sciences of Matter (CNISM), Italy 0.33 0.43 5 29.6%
67 European Gravitational Observatory (EGO), Italy 0.14 0.42 11 185.9%
68 Glass to Power Srl (G2P), Italy 0.36 2 N/A
69 World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO), Italy 0.36 2 N/A
70 University of Udine (UNIUD), Italy 0.18 0.36 59 96.9%
71 Ca' Foscari University of Venice (UNIVE), Italy 0.62 0.31 4 -50.1%
72 Italy Ministry of Health, Italy 0.43 0.27 73 -37.6%
73 University of Sannio, Italy 0.18 0.27 7 46.6%
74 University of Chieti (Ud'A), Italy 0.05 0.27 6 476.2%
75 National Institute of Oceanography and Experimental Geophysics (OGS), Italy 0.03 0.25 1 629.4%
76 Avantea s.r.l., Italy 0.23 1 N/A
77 International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), Italy 0.22 1 N/A
78 Guglielmo Marconi University (GMU), Italy 0.22 0.22 65 -1.6%
79 Human Technopole Foundation, Italy 0.21 2 N/A
80 Space Dynamics Services s.r.l. - SpaceDyS, Italy 0.19 1 N/A
80 Lincean Academy, Italy 0.19 1 N/A
81 G. Monasterio Foundation (FTGM), Italy 0.05 0.18 1 280.3%
82 University of Sassari (UniSS), Italy 0.05 0.17 2 269.6%
83 Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change (CMCC), Italy 0.17 1 N/A
84 GVM Care & Research, Italy 0.15 1 N/A
85 ppqSense S.r.l., Italy 0.12 2 N/A
86 Telethon Foundation, Italy 0.11 1 N/A
87 Comecer SpA, Italy 0.10 1 N/A
87 Tecnologica S.r.l., Italy 0.10 1 N/A
88 University of Urbino, Italy 0.14 0.09 25 -33.6%
89 University of Verona (UNIVR), Italy 0.21 0.09 1 -57.0%
90 University of Basilicata, Italy 0.46 0.06 84 -86.5%
91 Rome International Center for Materials Science of Superstripes (RICMASS), Italy 0.24 0.06 1 -74.1%
91 Politronica Inkjet Printing S.r.l., Italy 0.06 1 N/A
92 AB Analitica Srl, Italy 0.06 1 N/A
93 Techint Group, Italy 0.15 0.05 1 -66.2%
94 University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Italy 0.90 0.05 3 -95.0%
95 Avantea Foundation, Italy 0.05 1 N/A
95 Ananas Nanotech S.r.l., Italy 0.05 1 N/A
96 ABIEL S.r.l., Italy 0.04 1 N/A
96 Osservatorio Astronomico di Campo Catino (OACC), Italy 0.04 1 N/A
97 SeeQC.EU, S.r.l., Italy 0.04 1 N/A
98 National Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA), Italy 0.03 1 N/A
99 Compagnia di San Paolo, Italy 0.13 0.03 1 -79.6%
100 Acciaierie Venete S.p.A., Italy 0.00 0.03 1 18,865.1%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.