2020 tables: Institutions - physical sciences

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2018 Share 2019 Count 2019 Change in Adjusted Share 2018-2019*
1 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 35.92 43.04 171 18.0%
2 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 32.93 37.98 178 13.6%
3 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 30.31 26.58 127 -13.6%
4 Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras), India 9.42 13.54 136 41.6%
5 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 13.55 13.09 23 -4.8%
6 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 12.53 11.83 50 -6.9%
7 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata (IISER Kolkata), India 5.39 10.90 25 99.0%
8 India Department of Space (DOS), India 6.03 10.35 24 69.0%
9 Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IIT Guwahati), India 3.19 9.22 43 185.1%
10 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 9.22 7.39 31 -21.0%
11 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 8.83 6.76 85 -24.5%
12 Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS Pilani), India 2.21 6.40 11 185.0%
13 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 1.19 6.18 12 409.4%
14 Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IIT Kharagpur), India 9.38 6.11 13 -35.8%
15 S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences (SNBNCBS), India 3.21 5.98 12 83.6%
16 Jadavpur University (JU), India 5.78 5.73 10 -2.4%
17 University of Hyderabad (UoH), India 4.90 4.85 23 -2.5%
18 Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IIT Roorkee), India 4.24 4.77 8 10.8%
19 Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur (IIEST Shibpur), India 0.80 4.63 7 470.6%
20 Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), India 0.33 4.17 8 1,132.2%
21 University of Delhi (DU), India 5.05 4.11 77 -19.7%
22 Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), India 4.14 3.97 87 -5.5%
23 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal (IISER Bhopal), India 3.27 3.95 7 19.0%
24 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Mohali (IISER Mohali), India 3.56 3.83 21 6.0%
25 Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IIT Delhi), India 7.96 3.58 8 -55.7%
26 Chennai Mathematical Institute (CMI), India 2.17 3.51 14 59.6%
27 Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA), India 6.34 3.41 22 -47.0%
28 Ajmal College of Arts and Science, India 2.00 3.33 4 64.2%
29 University of Burdwan, India 0.20 3.00 3 1,377.8%
30 UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research, India 2.52 2.96 7 15.7%
31 Indian Institute of Technology Indore (IIT Indore), India 4.97 2.90 21 -42.5%
32 Tezpur University, India 0.54 2.77 5 409.1%
33 Indian Institute of Technology Jodhpur (IIT Jodhpur), India 3.20 2.66 6 -18.0%
34 Indian Institute of Technology Gandhinagar (IIT Gandhinagar), India 2.31 2.57 16 9.2%
35 SRM Institute of Science and Technology, India 1.00 2.45 6 141.8%
36 Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University, India 1.33 2.37 5 75.2%
37 National Defence Academy (NDA), India 2.16 7 N/A
38 Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIA), India 3.97 2.15 10 -46.6%
39 Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar, India 2.89 2.15 59 -26.8%
40 Visva-Bharati University, India 0.03 2.01 36 7,388.3%
41 India Ministry of Science and Technology, India 0.09 1.94 4 2,116.8%
42 Jamia Millia Islamia (JMI), India 2.34 1.89 4 -20.4%
43 University of North Bengal (NBU), India 0.63 1.88 4 195.6%
44 Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad (IITH), India 3.76 1.82 37 -52.3%
45 Indian Institute of Technology Ropar (IIT Ropar), India 1.28 1.81 4 39.3%
46 Government General Degree College, India 1.67 3 N/A
47 Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi (IIT BHU), India 2.00 1.58 6 -22.2%
48 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Thiruvananthapuram (IISER TVM), India 1.99 1.56 2 -22.8%
49 Presidency University, India 0.75 1.50 5 96.0%
50 Bharathidasan University (BDU), India 1.38 2 N/A
51 Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST), India 0.13 1.05 4 728.7%
52 University of Calcutta (CU), India 5.08 1.02 2 -80.2%
53 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 2.88 1.02 8 -65.1%
54 Mahatma Gandhi University (MG University), India 0.25 1.00 1 294.1%
54 National Institute of Technology Rourkela (NITR), India 1.25 1.00 1 -21.2%
54 Indian Institute of Technology Mandi (IIT Mandi), India 1.47 1.00 1 -32.8%
54 Indian Institute of Technology - Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad (IIT-ISM), India 1.00 1 N/A
54 Vidyasagar University, India 1.00 1 N/A
54 Dr. B. R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology Jalandhar (NITJ), India 1.00 1 N/A
54 Hiralal Mazumdar Memorial College for Women (HMMCW), India 1.00 1 N/A
54 Indira Gandhi National Tribal University (IGNTU), India 1.00 1 N/A
54 Institute of Nano Science and Technology (INST), India 0.25 1.00 1 294.1%
55 Christ University, India 0.04 0.99 2 2,625.7%
56 Indian Institute of Technology Patna (IIT Patna), India 0.03 0.93 5 2,912.9%
57 Kumaun University, India 0.88 3 N/A
57 Pondicherry University, India 0.88 2 N/A
58 Panjab University (PU), India 1.61 0.87 107 -46.7%
59 University of Mumbai, India 3.08 0.83 2 -73.3%
59 CMR University (CMRU), India 0.83 2 N/A
60 Amity University, India 0.79 1 N/A
61 Raman Research Institute (RRI), India 3.75 0.77 3 -79.8%
62 Ashoka University, India 0.75 2 N/A
63 Gauhati University, India 0.04 0.73 16 1,534.1%
64 North-Eastern Hill University (NEHU), India 0.67 1 N/A
65 Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine (inStem), India 0.01 0.66 4 6,056.4%
66 Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), India 0.14 0.63 1 331.0%
66 Manipur University, India 0.63 1 N/A
67 Shiv Nadar University (SNU), India 0.55 0.53 2 -4.5%
68 Indian Institute of Technology Palakkad (IIT PKD), India 0.33 0.50 1 47.8%
68 GLA University, India 0.50 1 N/A
68 Sister Nibedita Government General Degree College for Girls, India 0.50 1 N/A
69 University of Rajasthan, India 0.23 0.41 19 75.2%
70 Bose Institute, India 1.27 0.36 18 -71.8%
71 Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar (IIT-BBS), India 0.31 0.36 47 14.2%
72 Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), India 0.33 0.34 2 1.3%
73 Assam Don Bosco University, India 0.33 0.33 1 -1.5%
73 University of Kalyani, India 1.00 0.33 1 -67.2%
73 Dayalbagh Educational Institute (DEI), India 1.50 0.33 1 -78.1%
73 Muzaffarpur Institute of Technology (MIT Muzaffarpur), India 0.33 1 N/A
74 Tata Group, India 0.60 0.31 5 -49.5%
75 Indian Institute of Technology Goa (IIT Goa), India 0.06 0.30 2 432.0%
76 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Berhampur (IISER Berhampur), India 0.25 2 N/A
77 Andhra University, India 0.83 0.25 1 -70.4%
77 Netaji Nagar College for Women, India 1.00 0.25 1 -75.4%
77 GMR Institute of Technology (GMRIT), India 0.25 1 N/A
77 Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra (BIT Mesra), India 0.25 1 N/A
77 Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, India 0.25 1 N/A
77 Surendranath College, India 0.25 1 N/A
78 Government College of Engineering and Ceramic Technology (GCECT), India 0.53 0.20 1 -62.5%
78 Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT University), India 0.20 1 N/A
79 University of Jammu, India 0.18 0.20 23 10.5%
80 B.M. Birla Science Centre, India 0.18 2 N/A
81 SASTRA University, India 0.17 2 N/A
82 Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), India 0.33 0.17 1 -50.7%
82 MVGR College of Engineering, India 0.17 1 N/A
82 Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology (MANIT), India 0.17 1 N/A
82 Maulana Azad National Urdu University (MANUU), India 0.17 1 N/A
82 Sri Pratap College (SP College), India 0.17 1 N/A
82 St. Anthony’s College, India 0.17 1 N/A
82 St. Stephen's College, India 0.17 1 N/A
83 Banaras Hindu University (BHU), India 1.97 0.17 6 -91.7%
84 India Ministry of Earth Science (MoES), India 0.15 2 N/A
85 Savitribai Phule Pune University (SPPU), India 0.15 2 N/A
86 Central University of Tamil Nadu (CUTN), India 0.20 0.14 1 -29.6%
86 Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University (SGBAU), India 0.14 1 N/A
87 Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), India 1.37 0.13 18 -90.9%
88 Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University, India 0.00 0.13 1 2,683.2%
88 Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham (Amrita University), India 0.17 0.13 1 -26.1%
88 D. M. College of Science, India 0.13 1 N/A
88 Imphal College, India 0.13 1 N/A
88 Maharshi Dayanand University (MDU), India 0.13 1 N/A
88 Central University of Rajasthan (CURAJ), India 0.13 1 N/A
89 Maharishi Markandeshwar University (MMU), India 0.10 0.11 1 14.9%
90 Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University (AKTU), India 0.10 1 N/A
90 K. J. Somaiya College of Engineering (KJSCE), India 0.10 1 N/A
90 Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology Allahabad (MNNIT), India 0.10 1 N/A
90 Bharathiar University, India 0.10 1 N/A
91 Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), India 0.05 0.08 1 64.2%
92 National Institute of Mental Health and Neuroscience (NIMHANS), India 0.07 1 N/A
92 The University of Trans-disciplinary Health Sciences and Technology (TDU), India 0.07 1 N/A
92 Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya (GGU), India 0.07 1 N/A
92 Thiruvalluvar University, India 0.07 1 N/A
93 Central University of South Bihar (CUSB), India 0.06 1 N/A
94 Institute for Plasma Research (IPR), India 0.03 0.05 8 77.4%
95 International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI), India 0.05 1 N/A
96 Punjab Agricultural University (PAU), India 0.03 0.05 9 86.2%
97 Shoolini University of Biotechnology and Management Sciences, India 0.04 0.04 34 4.8%
98 Bugworks Research India Pvt. Ltd., India 0.04 1 N/A
98 All India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), India 0.04 1 N/A
98 National Institute of Technology, Durgapur (NITDGP), India 0.04 1 N/A
99 Jain University (JU), India 0.03 1 N/A
100 Malaviya National Institute of Technology Jaipur (MNIT Jaipur), India 0.02 0.03 6 39.7%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.