2020 tables: Institutions - physical sciences

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2018 Share 2019 Count 2019 Change in Adjusted Share 2018-2019*
1 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 255.90 273.75 1,668 5.4%
2 Sorbonne University, France 51.91 52.96 530 0.5%
3 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 45.45 46.09 467 -0.1%
4 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 36.29 35.23 372 -4.4%
5 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 20.99 22.52 283 5.7%
6 University of Paris, France 19.13 22.41 302 15.4%
7 University of Lyon, France 14.00 17.65 196 24.2%
8 University of Strasbourg, France 11.12 12.82 162 13.5%
9 European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), France 10.71 12.72 62 17.0%
10 École Polytechnique, France 7.81 11.78 181 48.6%
11 Grenoble Institute of Technology (Grenoble INP), France 11.83 11.63 196 -3.1%
12 University of Toulouse, France 12.04 10.65 105 -12.9%
13 University of Bordeaux, France 10.72 10.23 70 -6.1%
14 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 11.50 10.11 174 -13.4%
15 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 8.33 9.38 144 10.8%
16 University of Montpellier, France 8.92 9.02 66 -0.4%
17 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 11.03 8.67 98 -22.5%
18 ESPCI ParisTech, France 6.33 8.35 102 30.1%
19 Institut Laue Langevin (ILL), France 7.92 7.54 44 -6.1%
20 Collège de France, France 5.76 6.52 82 11.4%
21 École Normale Supérieure de Lyon (ENS de Lyon), France 4.23 6.22 55 44.9%
22 University of Lorraine (UL), France 4.67 5.53 30 16.6%
23 University of Lille Nord de France, France 3.65 4.82 36 30.0%
24 Thales S.A., France 4.23 4.39 35 2.2%
25 Institut d'Optique Graduate School (IOGS), France 3.21 4.34 29 33.0%
26 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 3.93 4.34 110 8.8%
27 Paris Observatory, France 4.22 3.95 113 -7.9%
28 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 5.41 3.82 81 -30.5%
29 University of Technology of Belfort-Montbéliard (UTBM), France 1.49 3.02 21 99.3%
30 University of Orléans, France 2.54 2.93 21 13.5%
31 University of Savoy (USMB), France 2.47 2.79 135 11.4%
32 University Clermont Auvergne, France 3.36 2.54 123 -25.5%
33 National Institute for Research in Computer Science and Control (INRIA), France 1.39 2.52 108 78.2%
34 European Space Agency (ESA), France 3.51 2.32 31 -35.0%
35 University of Paris Nord (Paris 13), France 1.40 2.32 15 62.8%
36 University of Nantes, France 1.61 2.25 40 37.1%
37 University of Burgundy, France 0.85 2.18 14 153.4%
38 Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques (IHÉS), France 2.20 2.17 22 -2.9%
39 Le Mans University, France 1.58 2.16 10 34.5%
40 University of Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (UVSQ), France 1.37 2.01 22 44.0%
41 Institut Mines-Télécom (IMT), France 1.90 1.93 72 0.3%
42 National Office for Aerospace Studies and Research (ONERA), France 3.30 1.93 11 -42.3%
43 University of Rennes 1, France 3.07 1.90 33 -38.9%
44 Curie Institute, France 1.97 1.80 39 -9.9%
45 Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES), France 2.38 1.79 59 -25.8%
46 National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), France 1.21 1.74 23 41.7%
47 Gustave Eiffel University, France 0.68 1.65 14 139.5%
48 University of Toulon (UTLN), France 2.93 1.43 20 -52.0%
49 National Museum of Natural History (MNHN), France 1.19 1.42 21 17.7%
50 Chimie ParisTech (ENSCP), France 1.91 1.38 39 -29.0%
51 Institut Polytechnique de Bordeaux (Bordeaux INP), France 0.75 1.33 13 74.1%
52 University of Franche-Comté (UFC), France 1.45 1.32 13 -10.9%
53 Pasteur Institute, France 2.77 1.30 29 -53.9%
54 École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Montpellier (ENSCM), France 1.10 1.28 19 15.4%
55 CY Cergy Paris University, France 0.82 1.23 17 48.5%
56 University of Technology of Troyes (UTT), France 0.12 1.17 3 852.6%
57 University Institute of France (IUF), France 1.62 1.17 13 -29.1%
58 Higher Institute for Electronics and Digital Training (ISEN), France 1.39 1.09 15 -22.5%
59 L'Oréal International, France 1.07 2 N/A
60 Institut de Radioastronomie Millimétrique (IRAM), France 1.71 1.03 14 -40.6%
61 National Engineering Institute in Mechanics and Microtechnologies (ENSMM), France 0.78 1.02 9 29.8%
62 École Normale Supérieure Paris-Saclay (ENS Paris-Saclay), France 2.69 1.01 13 -62.9%
63 University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne (URCA), France 0.06 1.00 3 1,469.5%
64 University of Poitiers, France 0.27 0.96 4 253.9%
65 Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety (IRSN), France 0.94 2 N/A
66 University of Valenciennes and Hainaut-Cambrésis (UVHC), France 0.56 0.89 11 57.4%
67 France Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy, France 0.88 0.86 39 -3.9%
68 University of Tours (UFR), France 1.47 0.81 7 -45.3%
69 National Graduate School of Engineering and Research Center (ENSICAEN), France 1.51 0.75 14 -51.5%
69 Caen University (UNICAEN), France 1.52 0.75 14 -51.7%
70 École Centrale Lyon, France 0.68 0.74 12 8.1%
71 SIGMA Clermont, France 1.01 0.69 6 -33.1%
72 École Supérieure d'Électricité (Supélec), France 1.35 0.68 16 -50.1%
73 Bretagne Loire University, France 0.34 0.67 35 92.0%
74 Airbus S.A.S., France 0.65 8 N/A
75 IFP Energies Nouvelles (IFPEN), France 0.63 2 N/A
76 Paris Dauphine University, France 0.13 0.62 24 386.1%
77 University of Western Brittany (UBO), France 0.16 0.60 9 275.8%
78 Greenerwave, France 0.35 0.60 2 68.9%
79 École des Ponts ParisTech (ENPC), France 0.66 0.57 8 -15.0%
80 Électricité de France S.A. (EDF), France 0.08 0.56 5 564.5%
81 Conservatoire à Rayonnement Régional de Nice (CRR), France 0.61 0.56 66 -9.5%
81 Centre Nationaux de Création Musicale (CIRM), France 0.61 0.56 66 -9.5%
81 École Supérieure de Danse de Cannes Rosella Hightower, France 0.61 0.56 66 -9.5%
81 Sustainable Design School (SDS), France 0.61 0.56 66 -9.5%
81 National School of Fine Arts at the Villa Arson, France 0.61 0.56 66 -9.5%
81 École Supérieure de Réalisation Audiovisuelle (ESRA), France 0.61 0.56 66 -9.5%
81 CHU Nice, France 0.61 0.56 66 -9.5%
81 EDHEC Business School, France 0.61 0.56 66 -9.5%
81 SKEMA Business School, France 0.61 0.56 66 -9.5%
82 University of Rouen, France 1.16 0.54 5 -54.3%
83 University of South Brittany (UBS), France 0.14 0.53 8 286.9%
84 Superior National School of Advanced Techniques (ENSTA ParisTech), France 0.99 0.52 12 -48.8%
85 Arts et Métiers ParisTech (ENSAM), France 0.50 0.50 4 -2.5%
86 École Supérieure de Chimie Physique Électronique de Lyon or (CPE Lyon), France 0.64 0.45 8 -29.8%
87 iXBlue SAS, France 0.42 2 N/A
88 École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes (ENSCR), France 0.59 0.39 7 -35.4%
89 National Conservatory of Arts and Crafts (CNAM), France 0.39 0.38 3 -3.7%
90 European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC), France 0.38 1 N/A
91 École Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Brest (ENIB), France 0.04 0.36 4 911.3%
92 AgroParisTech, France 0.13 0.36 6 165.3%
93 École Pratique des Hautes Études (EPHE), France 0.22 0.36 29 63.5%
94 French School of Asian Studies (EFEO), France 0.34 22 N/A
95 Sociétés d’Accélération du Transfert de Technologies (SATT) - Nord, France 0.33 1 N/A
96 Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace (ISAE-SUPAERO), France 0.27 0.32 2 19.0%
97 Paris-Est Créteil University (UPEC), France 0.70 0.32 4 -55.3%
98 EPF - Graduate School of Engineering, France 0.29 3 N/A
99 Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), France 0.84 0.29 6 -66.6%
100 National Metrology and Testing (LNE), France 0.92 0.27 6 -71.1%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.