2020 tables: Institutions - physical sciences

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2018 Share 2019 Count 2019 Change in Adjusted Share 2018-2019*
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 551.67 532.91 1,947 -4.8%
2 Max Planck Society, Germany 323.64 317.92 1,143 -3.2%
3 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 255.90 273.75 1,668 5.4%
4 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 229.52 245.62 748 5.4%
5 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 220.19 213.90 572 -4.3%
6 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 180.66 202.27 643 10.3%
7 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 214.35 200.20 614 -8.0%
8 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 185.01 190.24 905 1.3%
9 Tsinghua University, China 161.99 184.46 729 12.2%
10 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 136.85 167.83 585 20.8%
11 Peking University (PKU), China 147.50 151.03 649 0.9%
12 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 168.10 150.65 409 -11.7%
13 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 141.98 146.67 498 1.8%
14 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 133.53 134.83 695 -0.5%
15 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 118.01 130.93 851 9.3%
16 Nanjing University (NJU), China 127.80 129.22 439 -0.4%
17 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 117.89 125.36 322 4.8%
18 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 118.17 123.09 544 2.6%
19 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 111.51 120.97 466 6.9%
20 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 110.31 113.50 410 1.4%
21 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 121.78 112.07 374 -9.3%
22 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 117.69 111.65 574 -6.5%
23 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 102.84 104.38 291 0.0%
24 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 99.63 104.31 377 3.1%
25 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 97.36 102.53 367 3.7%
26 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 69.21 96.98 325 38.1%
27 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 94.50 96.93 419 1.0%
28 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 81.22 95.38 353 15.7%
29 Fudan University, China 95.34 95.09 285 -1.7%
30 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 97.61 95.08 272 -4.0%
31 Soochow University, China 85.93 94.38 213 8.2%
32 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 113.22 93.04 261 -19.0%
33 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 97.60 90.89 296 -8.2%
34 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 90.52 89.71 486 -2.4%
35 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 89.64 89.20 206 -2.0%
36 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 63.53 86.92 226 34.8%
37 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 83.74 86.21 275 1.4%
38 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 82.49 85.87 388 2.5%
39 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 84.98 83.98 362 -2.6%
40 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 83.07 81.29 602 -3.6%
41 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 72.98 74.53 275 0.6%
42 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 72.33 74.17 262 1.0%
43 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 75.38 73.70 237 -3.7%
44 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 68.83 72.17 338 3.3%
45 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 68.04 72.06 257 4.3%
46 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 73.50 71.61 230 -4.0%
47 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 64.91 71.13 294 8.0%
48 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 68.63 69.96 206 0.4%
49 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 62.58 69.27 213 9.0%
50 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 51.62 65.83 281 25.6%
51 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 64.29 65.76 247 0.8%
52 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 79.46 65.36 273 -19.0%
53 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 62.40 65.03 270 2.7%
54 Kyoto University, Japan 83.11 64.98 250 -23.0%
55 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 45.39 64.27 206 39.5%
56 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 67.45 63.08 274 -7.9%
57 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 62.32 61.80 205 -2.3%
58 Wuhan University (WHU), China 57.66 61.18 202 4.5%
59 RIKEN, Japan 67.14 60.92 271 -10.6%
60 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 55.93 60.10 146 5.9%
61 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 58.72 58.57 254 -1.7%
62 Tianjin University (TJU), China 42.03 57.77 168 35.4%
63 Tohoku University, Japan 73.98 57.68 228 -23.2%
64 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 62.91 57.12 244 -10.5%
65 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 57.64 55.64 252 -4.9%
66 Leibniz Association, Germany 67.80 54.74 257 -20.5%
67 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 37.31 54.51 249 44.0%
68 Beihang University (BUAA), China 61.65 54.28 281 -13.3%
69 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 42.78 53.38 144 22.9%
70 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 69.35 53.12 349 -24.5%
71 Sorbonne University, France 51.91 52.96 530 0.5%
72 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 52.28 52.51 218 -1.0%
73 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 44.30 52.42 260 16.6%
74 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 54.91 52.05 269 -6.6%
75 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 54.67 51.94 169 -6.4%
76 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 53.67 51.78 210 -4.9%
77 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 50.88 51.61 147 -0.1%
78 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 45.89 51.57 279 10.7%
79 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 66.58 50.47 249 -25.3%
80 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 48.90 49.73 260 0.2%
81 Jilin University (JLU), China 39.82 49.39 121 22.2%
82 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 61.88 49.21 218 -21.7%
83 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 43.94 48.97 276 9.8%
84 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 44.71 48.88 254 7.7%
85 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 44.96 48.67 184 6.6%
86 Nankai University (NKU), China 39.14 47.83 167 20.4%
87 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 51.45 47.79 241 -8.5%
88 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 44.35 47.54 112 5.6%
89 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 48.13 47.06 181 -3.7%
90 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 53.68 46.55 223 -14.6%
91 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 45.45 46.09 467 -0.1%
92 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 53.20 45.66 210 -15.4%
93 Yonsei University, South Korea 34.63 45.01 149 28.1%
94 Osaka University, Japan 39.80 44.89 184 11.1%
95 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 30.43 44.60 149 44.4%
96 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 44.66 44.20 98 -2.5%
97 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 38.26 43.36 205 11.6%
98 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 35.25 43.19 96 20.7%
99 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 35.92 43.04 171 18.0%
100 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 39.48 43.04 238 7.4%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2019 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.