2020 tables: Institutions - Nature & Science

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2018 Share 2019 Count 2019 Change in Adjusted Share 2018-2019*
1 Max Planck Society, Germany 33.15 38.79 160 17.4%
2 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 19.23 20.77 65 8.4%
3 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 19.28 15.36 78 -20.1%
4 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 19.88 14.46 81 -27.1%
5 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 12.38 13.88 147 12.5%
6 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 8.97 13.23 28 48.0%
7 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 13.28 11.86 92 -10.4%
8 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 9.45 8.66 47 -8.0%
9 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 7.69 7.22 48 -5.8%
10 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 6.21 7.00 29 13.0%
11 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 6.52 6.39 35 -1.6%
12 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 4.96 5.98 13 20.7%
13 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 1.17 5.54 11 375.7%
14 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 9.19 5.43 22 -40.7%
15 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 3.13 5.43 27 74.1%
16 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 5.01 5.27 12 5.4%
17 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 6.19 5.18 42 -16.1%
18 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 7.30 5.01 29 -31.2%
19 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 3.13 4.67 22 50.0%
20 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 1.93 4.38 14 127.3%
21 Leibniz Association, Germany 3.92 4.24 45 8.6%
22 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 5.80 4.07 31 -29.6%
23 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 2.74 3.91 44 43.1%
24 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 2.62 3.89 13 48.9%
25 University of Göttingen, Germany 1.82 3.68 17 102.8%
26 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 4.50 3.57 20 -20.4%
27 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 2.34 3.56 43 52.8%
28 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 3.21 3.51 14 9.8%
29 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 2.19 3.39 19 55.6%
30 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 1.92 3.35 35 75.0%
31 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 2.42 3.28 13 36.2%
32 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 1.22 3.05 20 150.4%
33 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 5.98 2.96 24 -50.3%
34 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 0.72 2.94 36 308.1%
35 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 1.93 2.93 11 52.3%
36 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 0.79 2.84 12 259.2%
37 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 1.60 2.84 7 78.4%
38 Leiden University, Netherlands 2.87 2.83 23 -1.1%
39 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 0.69 2.70 13 295.5%
40 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 9.88 2.69 34 -72.7%
41 Vienna Biocenter (VBC), Austria 2.71 2.62 9 -2.7%
42 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 0.80 2.59 7 223.5%
43 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 1.21 2.51 21 107.5%
44 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 0.51 2.47 14 385.0%
45 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 5.05 2.45 22 -51.3%
46 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 1.73 2.44 26 40.8%
47 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 5.30 2.41 21 -54.4%
48 University of Helsinki, Finland 0.44 2.39 20 450.0%
49 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 2.60 2.38 20 -8.3%
50 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 0.16 2.36 12 1,347.6%
51 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 1.19 2.32 12 95.3%
52 University of Paris, France 1.65 2.26 37 37.1%
53 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 4.07 2.25 24 -44.5%
54 University of Strasbourg, France 0.73 2.09 15 185.9%
55 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 0.83 2.06 15 147.9%
56 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 1.15 2.06 10 79.4%
57 Sorbonne University, France 1.69 2.02 38 20.2%
58 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 1.56 1.99 13 28.5%
59 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 1.98 1.98 26 0.8%
60 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 1.72 1.93 10 12.6%
61 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 1.31 1.93 20 47.4%
62 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 0.00 1.92 8 66,470.6%
63 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 2.43 1.85 10 -23.9%
64 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 6.37 1.84 11 -71.0%
65 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 0.76 1.84 16 143.5%
66 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 0.10 1.83 8 1,831.1%
67 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 1.28 1.83 12 43.5%
68 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 2.41 1.81 9 -24.7%
69 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 1.26 1.81 20 43.3%
70 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 3.74 1.81 11 -51.5%
71 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 0.15 1.79 6 1,105.9%
72 Lund University (LU), Sweden 0.57 1.77 14 212.8%
73 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 2.68 1.76 23 -34.1%
74 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 2.54 1.75 16 -30.7%
75 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 1.95 1.75 21 -10.0%
76 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 4.52 1.75 9 -61.3%
77 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 1.63 1.72 12 6.3%
78 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 1.59 1.68 27 6.1%
79 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 0.25 1.65 8 567.1%
80 University of Potsdam, Germany 1.13 1.62 15 44.1%
81 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 0.38 1.60 7 326.4%
82 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 1.97 1.57 17 -19.8%
83 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 3.92 1.54 6 -60.6%
84 University of Lyon, France 1.01 1.52 14 51.3%
85 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 0.49 1.48 16 202.5%
86 Netherlands Cancer Institute (NKI), Netherlands 0.21 1.45 6 606.1%
87 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 1.15 1.40 17 21.2%
88 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.87 1.33 13 53.7%
89 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 3.88 1.31 18 -66.1%
90 Champalimaud Foundation, Portugal 1.04 1.30 4 25.2%
91 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 1.52 1.27 35 -16.1%
92 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 0.05 1.26 9 2,672.8%
93 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 0.91 1.24 14 35.7%
94 NWO-I, the Institutes Organisation of NWO, Netherlands 1.31 1.20 14 -8.2%
95 NERC British Antarctic Survey (BAS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.13 1.19 3 857.3%
96 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 0.83 1.19 39 44.4%
97 Ulm University, Germany 1.41 1.18 9 -16.2%
98 Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics (SIB), Switzerland 0.16 1.17 12 625.2%
99 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 1.94 1.17 16 -39.5%
100 University of Konstanz, Germany 1.89 1.14 3 -39.6%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.