2020 tables: Institutions - Nature & Science

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2018 Share 2019 Count 2019 Change in Adjusted Share 2018-2019*
1 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 71.85 80.15 225 11.9%
2 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 38.61 42.19 156 9.6%
3 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 40.22 41.49 115 3.5%
4 Max Planck Society, Germany 33.15 38.79 160 17.4%
5 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 26.37 24.83 92 -5.6%
6 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 18.98 24.65 107 30.3%
7 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 14.78 21.30 85 44.6%
8 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 16.00 20.94 70 31.3%
9 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 19.23 20.77 65 8.4%
10 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 16.94 19.39 62 14.8%
11 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 16.51 17.37 49 5.5%
12 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 19.67 17.30 66 -11.8%
13 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 19.85 16.35 50 -17.4%
14 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 8.09 16.27 52 101.8%
15 Tsinghua University, China 8.93 15.36 51 72.5%
16 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 19.28 15.36 78 -20.1%
17 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 10.69 15.08 49 41.4%
18 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 19.88 14.46 81 -27.1%
19 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 12.38 13.88 147 12.5%
20 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 8.97 13.23 28 48.0%
21 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 10.52 13.21 61 26.0%
22 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 7.35 13.15 41 79.5%
23 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 11.24 12.94 23 15.5%
24 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 12.61 12.81 52 1.9%
25 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 16.02 12.73 67 -20.2%
26 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 13.96 12.31 45 -11.5%
27 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 10.89 11.89 58 9.5%
28 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 13.28 11.86 92 -10.4%
29 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 12.40 11.80 50 -4.6%
30 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 21.26 11.64 50 -45.1%
31 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 10.55 10.58 33 0.6%
32 Peking University (PKU), China 7.76 8.83 34 14.1%
33 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 9.45 8.66 47 -8.0%
34 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 8.33 8.45 28 1.9%
35 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 9.78 8.34 23 -14.4%
36 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 5.02 8.33 28 66.5%
37 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 6.47 7.52 21 16.7%
38 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 10.30 7.46 40 -27.3%
39 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 2.10 7.38 25 252.5%
40 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 11.18 7.22 24 -35.2%
41 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 7.69 7.22 48 -5.8%
42 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 6.21 7.00 29 13.0%
43 RIKEN, Japan 7.50 6.92 34 -7.4%
44 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 9.15 6.85 41 -25.0%
45 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 7.51 6.84 33 -8.6%
46 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 10.07 6.63 32 -34.0%
47 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 6.52 6.39 35 -1.6%
48 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 4.96 5.98 13 20.7%
49 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 7.95 5.97 40 -24.7%
50 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 5.59 5.85 24 5.0%
51 McGill University, Canada 2.80 5.77 37 106.4%
52 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 4.91 5.56 22 13.7%
53 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 1.17 5.54 11 375.7%
54 HHMI Janelia Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 2.75 5.53 14 101.8%
55 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 3.25 5.47 19 69.1%
56 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 3.61 5.46 25 51.5%
57 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 9.19 5.43 22 -40.7%
58 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 3.13 5.43 27 74.1%
59 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 1.93 5.37 18 178.8%
60 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 3.32 5.31 21 60.5%
61 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 5.01 5.27 12 5.4%
62 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 6.19 5.18 42 -16.1%
63 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 2.96 5.04 46 70.7%
64 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 7.30 5.01 29 -31.2%
65 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 6.78 4.95 23 -26.8%
66 Kyoto University, Japan 2.92 4.95 22 70.3%
67 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 4.11 4.87 50 18.8%
68 Fudan University, China 3.51 4.84 26 38.1%
69 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 4.16 4.73 12 14.1%
70 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 1.93 4.69 28 143.3%
71 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 3.13 4.67 22 50.0%
72 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 4.93 4.56 15 -7.3%
73 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 1.93 4.38 14 127.3%
74 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 4.88 4.30 32 -11.7%
75 Leibniz Association, Germany 3.92 4.24 45 8.6%
76 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 5.80 4.07 31 -29.6%
77 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 4.24 3.99 26 -5.6%
78 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 2.74 3.91 44 43.1%
79 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 6.42 3.90 33 -39.0%
80 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 2.62 3.89 13 48.9%
81 Alphabet Inc., United States of America (USA) 4.88 3.83 8 -21.3%
82 University of Göttingen, Germany 1.82 3.68 17 102.8%
83 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 4.50 3.57 20 -20.4%
84 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 2.67 3.57 29 34.1%
85 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 2.34 3.56 43 52.8%
86 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 3.21 3.51 14 9.8%
87 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 3.38 3.50 8 3.9%
88 Nanjing University (NJU), China 0.42 3.49 20 741.6%
89 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 2.19 3.39 19 55.6%
90 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 3.76 3.38 17 -9.8%
91 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 2.01 3.37 23 67.8%
92 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 1.92 3.35 35 75.0%
93 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 2.42 3.28 13 36.2%
94 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 2.91 3.23 22 11.4%
95 Monash University, Australia 3.77 3.22 24 -14.3%
96 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 4.26 3.14 14 -26.1%
97 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 1.74 3.09 26 77.9%
98 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 1.22 3.05 20 150.4%
99 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 6.28 3.03 22 -51.7%
100 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 1.90 3.00 8 58.2%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.