2020 tables: Institutions - Nature & Science

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2018 Share 2019 Count 2019 Change in Adjusted Share 2018-2019*
1 Max Planck Society, Germany 33.15 38.79 160 17.4%
2 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 13.28 11.86 92 -10.4%
3 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 6.52 6.39 35 -1.6%
4 Leibniz Association, Germany 3.92 4.24 45 8.6%
5 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 5.80 4.07 31 -29.6%
6 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 2.62 3.89 13 48.9%
7 University of Göttingen, Germany 1.82 3.68 17 102.8%
8 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 4.50 3.57 20 -20.4%
9 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 1.22 3.05 20 150.4%
10 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 5.98 2.96 24 -50.3%
11 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 0.72 2.94 36 308.1%
12 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 0.79 2.84 12 259.2%
13 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 1.60 2.84 7 78.4%
14 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 1.21 2.51 21 107.5%
15 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 5.05 2.45 22 -51.3%
16 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 0.16 2.36 12 1,347.6%
17 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 1.72 1.93 10 12.6%
18 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 0.00 1.92 8 66,470.6%
19 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 0.76 1.84 16 143.5%
20 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 1.28 1.83 12 43.5%
21 University of Potsdam, Germany 1.13 1.62 15 44.1%
22 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 3.88 1.31 18 -66.1%
23 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 1.52 1.27 35 -16.1%
24 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 0.05 1.26 9 2,672.8%
25 Ulm University, Germany 1.41 1.18 9 -16.2%
26 University of Konstanz, Germany 1.89 1.14 3 -39.6%
27 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 0.18 1.13 8 514.9%
28 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 0.60 1.00 8 66.9%
29 Grillo-Werke AG, Germany 1.00 1 N/A
30 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 1.25 0.87 5 -30.2%
31 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 1.17 0.84 9 -28.5%
32 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 1.04 0.76 11 -26.9%
33 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 0.37 0.71 10 94.0%
34 Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), Germany 0.50 0.67 2 33.8%
35 University of Stuttgart, Germany 0.66 0.65 7 -1.9%
36 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 0.30 0.59 8 94.1%
37 Leipzig University, Germany 0.45 0.48 9 6.9%
38 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 0.10 0.45 10 338.6%
39 University of Oldenburg, Germany 0.28 0.35 3 23.6%
40 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 1.01 0.34 10 -66.0%
41 Chemnitz University of Technology (TU Chemnitz), Germany 0.33 1 N/A
42 University of Rostock, Germany 0.34 0.33 2 -3.4%
43 University of Osnabrück (Uni Osnabrück), Germany 0.12 0.32 2 171.1%
44 University of Greifswald, Germany 0.02 0.31 4 1,241.8%
45 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 0.37 0.24 3 -36.7%
46 Institute of Molecular Biology gGmbH (IMB), Germany 0.13 0.23 3 74.0%
47 Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (BMEL), Germany 0.02 0.23 4 1,115.5%
48 Heidelberg Institute for Theoretical Studies (HITS), Germany 0.39 0.22 2 -43.7%
49 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 0.11 0.20 2 74.8%
50 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 0.03 0.19 4 563.0%
51 Union of the German Academies of Sciences and Humanities, Germany 0.01 0.18 4 3,033.8%
52 Bayer AG, Germany 0.11 0.18 3 61.1%
53 The German Center for Lung Research (DZL), Germany 0.18 2 N/A
54 Curt-Engelhorn-Centre Archaeometry gGmbH, Germany 0.17 1 N/A
54 Historisches Museum Regensburg, Germany 0.17 1 N/A
55 Bernstein Network Computational Neuroscience (BCCN), Germany 0.15 1 N/A
55 European Magnetic Field Laboratory (EMFL), Germany 0.15 1 N/A
56 Asklepios Kliniken GmbH, Germany 0.14 3 N/A
57 European Southern Observatory (ESO), Germany 0.96 0.14 6 -85.7%
58 Karl Schwarzschild Observatory (TLS), Germany 0.02 0.14 6 763.7%
59 Hamburg University of Applied Sciences (HAW Hamburg), Germany 0.13 1 N/A
60 BASF SE, Germany 0.15 0.11 1 -21.9%
61 Fraunhofer Society, Germany 0.09 0.09 3 1.3%
62 University of Kaiserslautern (TU Kaiserslautern), Germany 0.50 0.09 1 -81.8%
63 State Office for Cultural Heritage Management Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany 0.13 0.08 1 -36.2%
63 Evonik Industries AG, Germany 0.08 1 N/A
63 AnthroArch GbR, Germany 0.08 1 N/A
64 University of Hohenheim, Germany 0.09 0.08 1 -15.1%
65 Synaptic Systems GmbH, Germany 0.07 1 N/A
66 Kongsberg Maritime Contros GmbH, Germany 0.07 1 N/A
67 Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg (OVGU), Germany 0.05 0.06 2 16.3%
68 Thünen Institute, Germany 0.02 0.06 2 149.0%
69 Technical University Braunschweig (TU Braunschweig), Germany 1.02 0.05 2 -94.8%
70 KWS SAAT SE, Germany 0.00 0.05 1 6,894.3%
70 Bonn-Rhein-Sieg University of Applied Sciences, Germany 0.05 1 N/A
70 Carl Zeiss AG, Germany 0.05 1 N/A
71 TU Dortmund University, Germany 0.04 0.05 2 15.4%
72 Federal Foreign Office (AA), Germany 0.05 0.05 1 -1.6%
73 IFM Therapeutics, LLC, Germany 0.05 1 N/A
74 Bavarian Natural History Collections (SNSB), Germany 0.04 1 N/A
74 Deutschordensmuseum Bad Mergentheim e.V., Germany 0.04 1 N/A
75 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 0.53 0.04 4 -92.5%
76 Merck KGaA, Germany 0.04 2 N/A
77 Bielefeld University, Germany 0.04 5 N/A
78 Dietmar Hopp Stiftung gGmbH, Germany 0.06 0.03 1 -45.2%
79 University of Lübeck, Germany 0.21 0.03 3 -86.8%
80 Bavarian Forest National Park, Germany 0.00 0.03 1 507.2%
81 Mira-Beau Gender Esthetics, Germany 0.03 1 N/A
82 Paracelsus-Elena Hospital, Germany 0.03 1 N/A
83 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 0.92 0.02 1 -97.4%
84 Generaldirektion Kulturelles Erbe (GDKE) Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany 0.02 1 N/A
85 Beuth University of Applied Sciences, Germany 0.02 1 N/A
86 German Centre for Cardiovascular Research (DZHK), Germany 0.03 0.02 5 -50.4%
87 Witten/Herdecke University (UW/H), Germany 0.04 0.01 1 -63.6%
87 Hochschule Konstanz University of Applied Sciences (HTWG), Germany 0.01 1 N/A
87 Dermatologie, Venerologie und Allergologie, HELIOS St. Elisabeth Klinik Oberhausen, Germany 0.01 1 N/A
88 European X-ray Free-Electron Laser Facility GmbH (XFEL), Germany 0.01 1 N/A
89 Center of Advanced European Studies and Research (CAESAR), Germany 0.01 1 N/A
90 German Center for Infection Research (DZIF), Germany 0.12 0.01 3 -89.7%
91 Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI), Germany 0.01 1 N/A
92 University of Augsburg, Germany 0.14 0.01 1 -93.9%
93 German Society for Neuropathology and Neuroanatomy (DGNN), Germany 0.01 1 N/A
94 Trier University, Germany 0.01 1 N/A
94 Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus - Senftenberg (BTU), Germany 0.01 1 N/A
95 Frankfurt Zoological Society (FZS), Germany 0.01 1 N/A
96 Germany Federal Ministry of Health (BMG), Germany 0.00 2 N/A
97 Bundeswehr, Germany 0.01 0.00 1 -7.5%
98 German Leprosy Relief Association (DAHW), Germany 0.00 1 N/A
99 Forest Research Institute of Baden-Wuerttemberg (FVA), Germany 0.06 0.00 1 -94.0%
100 Hannover Medical School (MHH), Germany 0.25 0.00 1 -98.8%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.