2020 tables: Institutions - Earth & environmental sciences

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2018 Share 2019 Count 2019 Change in Adjusted Share 2018-2019*
1 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 147.87 119.54 403 -21.6%
2 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 107.11 101.79 791 -7.9%
3 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 92.00 90.38 237 -4.8%
4 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 37.37 43.13 160 11.9%
5 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 42.07 37.84 141 -12.8%
6 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 35.18 37.17 130 2.4%
7 Max Planck Society, Germany 35.61 34.33 158 -6.6%
8 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 30.41 32.80 134 4.5%
9 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 33.11 32.24 121 -5.6%
10 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 24.33 28.77 133 14.6%
11 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 28.34 27.13 101 -7.2%
12 Leibniz Association, Germany 29.34 26.57 120 -12.2%
13 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 20.99 26.45 90 22.1%
14 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 14.52 24.72 80 65.0%
15 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 24.40 24.20 74 -3.9%
16 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 14.24 22.81 84 55.3%
17 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 21.46 21.74 362 -1.8%
18 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 19.72 20.49 97 0.7%
19 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 13.12 20.01 91 47.8%
20 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 14.11 19.92 77 36.8%
21 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 21.58 19.16 71 -13.9%
22 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 20.73 18.83 70 -12.0%
23 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 18.17 18.72 86 -0.2%
24 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 17.86 18.72 78 1.6%
25 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 24.46 17.88 59 -29.1%
26 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 21.52 17.87 61 -19.5%
27 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 13.50 17.83 66 28.0%
28 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 10.72 17.49 77 58.2%
29 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 15.80 17.20 71 5.5%
30 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 19.97 16.84 67 -18.3%
31 Stockholm University, Sweden 14.81 16.77 80 9.7%
32 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 14.75 16.52 39 8.6%
33 University of Paris, France 18.24 16.48 123 -12.4%
34 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 21.36 14.97 60 -32.0%
35 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 13.64 14.62 74 3.9%
36 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 24.84 14.30 57 -44.2%
37 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 18.02 14.12 34 -24.1%
38 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 18.70 14.02 57 -27.3%
39 NERC British Antarctic Survey (BAS), United Kingdom (UK) 10.85 13.63 47 21.8%
40 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 16.61 13.39 42 -21.8%
41 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 7.14 13.16 42 78.5%
42 University of Potsdam, Germany 11.96 12.53 68 1.5%
43 University of Helsinki, Finland 15.63 12.18 55 -24.5%
44 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 9.43 12.11 34 24.4%
45 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden 12.75 11.54 40 -12.3%
46 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 10.46 11.49 43 6.5%
47 Sorbonne University, France 11.68 11.15 165 -7.5%
48 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 10.31 10.86 57 2.1%
49 University of Vienna, Austria 10.89 10.78 41 -4.1%
50 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 6.21 10.74 37 67.8%
51 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 9.10 10.72 50 14.2%
52 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 12.28 10.71 46 -15.5%
53 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 8.95 10.64 55 15.2%
54 National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), France 11.08 10.57 99 -7.5%
55 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 7.56 10.48 35 34.4%
56 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 7.87 10.27 61 26.5%
57 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 6.00 10.23 37 65.3%
58 Met Office, United Kingdom (UK) 14.27 9.82 31 -33.3%
59 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 9.30 9.72 46 1.3%
60 University of Toulouse, France 9.10 9.17 105 -2.3%
61 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 7.14 8.98 26 21.9%
62 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 8.38 8.92 35 3.2%
63 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 12.28 8.84 94 -30.2%
64 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 7.00 8.26 67 14.4%
65 The Open University (OU), United Kingdom (UK) 5.93 8.20 26 34.1%
66 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 10.00 8.19 33 -20.6%
67 Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), Finland 9.71 7.92 25 -21.0%
68 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 5.59 7.82 40 35.6%
69 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 2.99 7.75 29 151.1%
70 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 7.04 7.67 110 5.7%
71 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 5.48 7.66 15 35.5%
72 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 4.12 7.60 30 78.7%
73 Swedish Museum of Natural History, Sweden 4.41 7.38 36 62.3%
74 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 5.73 7.28 43 23.1%
75 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 5.44 7.27 43 29.5%
76 University of Plymouth, United Kingdom (UK) 6.73 7.26 23 4.6%
77 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 7.05 7.22 35 -0.6%
78 German Federal Institute of Hydrology (BfG), Germany 5.14 6.77 13 27.7%
79 NERC National Oceanography Centre (NOC), United Kingdom (UK) 10.16 6.75 54 -35.6%
80 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 4.24 6.66 41 52.1%
81 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 2.52 6.65 19 156.1%
82 NWO-I, the Institutes Organisation of NWO, Netherlands 5.93 6.51 36 6.5%
83 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 7.93 6.49 24 -20.7%
84 University of Lyon, France 6.19 6.49 62 1.7%
85 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 2.19 6.46 24 186.5%
86 Lund University (LU), Sweden 6.68 6.43 33 -6.7%
87 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 4.57 6.36 22 34.8%
88 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 6.38 6.34 26 -3.7%
89 University of Tromsø - The Arctic University of Norway (UiT), Norway 3.31 6.22 32 82.2%
90 Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research (WSL), Switzerland 5.55 5.91 38 3.3%
91 France Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy, France 7.92 5.89 96 -27.9%
92 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 4.35 5.83 16 29.8%
93 University of Roma Tre, Italy 3.00 5.73 22 85.3%
94 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 7.35 5.70 28 -24.7%
95 University of Iceland, Iceland 6.69 5.54 22 -19.8%
96 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 2.22 5.53 16 141.3%
97 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 6.86 5.47 23 -22.7%
98 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 3.87 5.42 51 35.8%
99 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 4.33 5.36 22 20.0%
100 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 5.82 5.33 18 -11.3%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.