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2020 tables: Institutions - Earth & environmental sciences

Table criteria

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

2019 Institution Share 2018 Share 2019
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 262.08 295.63
2 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 147.82 119.54
3 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 106.91 101.43
4 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 90.89 99.24
5 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 92 90.13
6 Nanjing University (NJU), China 79.73 77.46
7 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 60.49 72.95
8 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 57.21 67.92
9 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 46.38 66.85
10 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 61.37 66.03
11 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 60.08 63.91
12 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 68.45 63.79
13 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 49.14 62.79
14 Tongji University, China 49.31 60.26
15 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 69.63 59.38
16 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 63.55 55.05
17 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 49.35 54.93
18 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 38.53 52.05
19 Peking University (PKU), China 60.64 51.36
20 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 46.13 48.91
21 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 52.47 44.84
22 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 46.7 43.39
23 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 44.44 42.9
24 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 36.71 42.52
25 China Meteorological Administration (CMA), China 29.22 42.19
26 Tsinghua University, China 41.89 41.63
27 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 37.32 41.24
28 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 46.28 40.67
29 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 44.94 40.6
30 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 34.65 40.19
31 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 32.01 39.04
32 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 43.24 37.93
33 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 41.17 37.37
34 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 42.15 36.89
35 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 35.17 36.67
36 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 29.37 35.91
37 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 39.14 35.79
38 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 31.35 35.73
39 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 31.67 35.24
40 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 27.43 34.51
41 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 29.65 34.49
42 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 49.06 34.49
43 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 35.49 34.45
44 Max Planck Society, Germany 35.58 34.3
45 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 25.4 33.56
46 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 32.26 33.44
47 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 30.42 32.86
48 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 23.93 32.53
49 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 32.94 32.24
50 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 38.17 32.13
51 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 38.15 31.15
52 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 33.74 30.77
53 University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 30.66 30.26
54 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 31.59 30.12
55 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 24.2 29.08
56 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 23.08 28.57
57 Wuhan University (WHU), China 29.27 28.19
58 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 30.5 28.09
59 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 13.13 27.6
60 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 28.42 27.19
61 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 20.98 26.44
62 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 20.83 26.43
63 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 32.15 26.28
64 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 28.99 26.24
65 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 13.44 26.11
66 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 26.5 25.66
67 Leibniz Association, Germany 29.31 25.64
68 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 27.56 25.61
69 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 29.21 25.48
70 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 18.66 24.78
71 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 14.52 24.72
72 Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology (NUIST), China 19.97 24.43
73 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 24.4 24.2
74 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States of America (USA) 27.74 23.66
75 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 28.44 23.5
76 McGill University, Canada 21.56 23.39
77 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 14.65 23.26
78 Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Japan 22.45 22.9
79 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 18.8 22.84
80 Monash University, Australia 18.78 22.73
81 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 32.75 22.47
82 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 20.29 22.42
83 Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), Canada 22.78 22.1
84 China University of Geosciences, Beijing (CUGB), China 15.45 22.03
85 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 19.27 21.93
86 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 22.84 21.78
87 Nankai University (NKU), China 15.33 21.76
88 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 21.35 21.75
89 Curtin University, Australia 22.56 21.49
90 China Earthquake Administration (CEA), China 18.2 20.98
91 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 20.6 20.71
92 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 20.73 20.6
93 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 19.8 20.54
94 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 13.01 20.33
95 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 13.12 20.01
96 Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR), China 12.32 19.95
97 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 14.03 19.92
98 Tohoku University, Japan 21.72 19.88
99 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 16.19 19.84
100 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 17.92 19.54

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2019 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.