2020 tables: Institutions

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2018 Share 2019 Count 2019 Change in Adjusted Share 2018-2019*
1 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 879.74 923.94 2,583 1.6%
2 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 628.15 647.66 1,660 -0.3%
3 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 572.10 561.57 1,866 -5.0%
4 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 397.35 394.26 982 -4.0%
5 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 396.08 390.15 1,266 -4.7%
6 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 344.48 343.84 941 -3.4%
7 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 334.48 342.62 1,051 -0.9%
8 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 348.27 339.38 890 -5.7%
9 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 339.13 339.11 1,094 -3.3%
10 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 286.31 320.19 1,005 8.2%
11 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 331.93 317.97 764 -7.3%
12 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 327.92 314.15 889 -7.3%
13 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 318.49 304.14 989 -7.6%
14 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 293.43 303.96 984 0.2%
15 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 307.78 301.04 852 -5.4%
16 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 236.58 287.39 924 17.5%
17 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 293.93 286.98 890 -5.6%
18 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 288.02 261.02 728 -12.3%
19 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 208.35 238.09 738 10.5%
20 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 202.89 236.08 691 12.6%
21 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 246.11 230.70 608 -9.3%
22 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 207.79 227.20 712 5.8%
23 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 277.09 222.32 658 -22.4%
24 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 215.40 215.93 634 -3.0%
25 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 239.77 214.52 664 -13.5%
26 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 184.45 200.75 642 5.3%
27 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 214.60 200.57 562 -9.6%
28 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 211.61 197.60 535 -9.7%
29 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 175.91 192.48 598 5.8%
30 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 193.75 170.48 693 -14.9%
31 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 181.20 168.66 506 -10.0%
32 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 178.97 164.45 552 -11.1%
33 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 175.06 163.40 710 -9.7%
34 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 148.33 162.63 467 6.1%
35 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 190.98 162.19 825 -17.9%
36 McGill University, Canada 146.46 161.37 569 6.6%
37 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 152.12 157.10 551 -0.1%
38 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 141.12 149.30 403 2.3%
39 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 151.18 146.61 484 -6.2%
40 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 136.35 145.73 499 3.4%
41 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 132.64 144.05 496 5.0%
42 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 159.52 142.81 470 -13.4%
43 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 121.57 140.78 315 12.0%
44 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 153.03 139.82 417 -11.6%
45 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 121.85 139.00 691 10.3%
46 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 127.95 137.33 507 3.8%
47 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 126.02 126.92 328 -2.6%
48 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 112.92 123.60 585 5.9%
49 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 140.59 119.60 283 -17.7%
50 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 120.39 118.97 567 -4.4%
51 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 110.44 117.25 401 2.7%
52 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 97.51 113.33 425 12.4%
53 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 106.32 113.20 354 3.0%
54 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 115.54 111.89 406 -6.3%
55 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 91.94 107.02 561 12.6%
56 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 96.36 105.66 335 6.1%
57 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 100.61 97.55 347 -6.2%
58 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 90.90 96.88 343 3.1%
59 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 99.69 96.40 346 -6.5%
60 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 77.02 95.46 275 19.9%
61 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 89.73 93.80 289 1.1%
62 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 107.00 93.61 323 -15.4%
63 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 85.54 93.60 257 5.8%
64 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 103.40 93.00 411 -13.0%
65 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 98.11 89.62 358 -11.6%
66 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 82.96 88.05 291 2.7%
67 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 79.78 86.95 339 5.4%
68 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 74.39 86.91 296 13.0%
69 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 82.75 86.04 314 0.6%
70 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 93.99 84.68 414 -12.9%
71 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 92.08 82.42 325 -13.4%
72 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 81.11 78.96 276 -5.8%
73 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 83.59 78.66 329 -9.0%
74 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 77.24 75.24 350 -5.8%
75 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 66.39 75.20 380 9.6%
76 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 93.51 74.45 271 -23.0%
77 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 64.87 74.38 208 10.9%
78 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 80.20 73.63 289 -11.2%
79 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 85.13 72.67 263 -17.4%
80 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 64.24 71.91 306 8.3%
81 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 89.75 71.44 354 -23.0%
82 University of Waterloo, Canada 66.36 70.86 209 3.3%
83 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 74.96 66.10 195 -14.7%
84 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 61.24 65.41 272 3.3%
85 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 66.05 65.36 209 -4.3%
86 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 70.58 65.33 271 -10.5%
87 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 75.74 64.25 242 -17.9%
88 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 67.90 64.18 291 -8.6%
89 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 75.32 63.57 240 -18.4%
90 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 57.61 63.55 209 6.7%
91 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 53.02 63.15 360 15.2%
92 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 78.04 62.26 269 -22.8%
93 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 55.13 61.63 264 8.1%
94 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 53.74 60.51 214 8.9%
95 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 62.95 57.90 209 -11.0%
96 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 61.48 57.70 162 -9.2%
97 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 61.79 57.11 342 -10.6%
98 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 53.18 55.54 169 1.0%
99 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 66.06 55.45 185 -18.8%
100 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 57.92 53.86 154 -10.0%
101 Western University (UWO), Canada 57.50 53.02 128 -10.8%
102 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 69.58 52.69 220 -26.7%
103 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 55.61 51.98 156 -9.6%
104 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 56.87 51.87 154 -11.8%
105 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 53.96 51.76 211 -7.2%
106 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 44.12 51.00 117 11.8%
107 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 47.55 50.01 176 1.7%
108 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 44.73 49.76 214 7.6%
109 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 53.13 49.33 163 -10.2%
110 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 50.94 48.53 294 -7.9%
111 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 49.89 48.08 295 -6.8%
112 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 61.86 47.29 212 -26.1%
113 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 55.19 47.24 179 -17.2%
114 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 50.84 46.91 204 -10.7%
115 HHMI Janelia Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 37.43 46.31 105 19.7%
116 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 46.81 45.74 179 -5.5%
117 McMaster University, Canada 41.48 44.57 115 4.0%
118 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 41.86 44.27 173 2.3%
119 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 79.06 44.04 180 -46.1%
120 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 40.80 43.92 218 4.1%
121 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 50.08 43.80 243 -15.4%
122 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 29.23 43.65 141 44.4%
123 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 35.46 43.62 120 19.0%
124 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 47.59 42.95 147 -12.7%
125 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 47.92 42.91 150 -13.4%
126 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 32.99 42.47 159 24.5%
127 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 31.35 42.07 91 29.8%
128 Mayo Clinic, United States of America (USA) 46.89 42.07 169 -13.2%
129 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 43.18 41.72 130 -6.5%
130 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 42.71 40.97 98 -7.2%
131 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 48.47 40.91 153 -18.4%
132 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 41.71 39.77 155 -7.8%
133 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 40.12 39.44 146 -4.9%
134 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 42.31 39.24 160 -10.3%
135 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 35.52 38.45 289 4.7%
136 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 42.78 37.24 134 -15.8%
137 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 42.49 36.93 161 -15.9%
138 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 52.68 36.29 223 -33.4%
139 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 46.49 35.78 126 -25.6%
140 The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 35.29 34.97 142 -4.2%
141 Laval University (UL), Canada 31.40 33.57 143 3.4%
142 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 31.94 33.07 117 0.2%
143 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 43.94 32.03 130 -29.5%
144 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 29.41 31.81 380 4.6%
145 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 53.69 31.39 164 -43.4%
146 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 40.65 31.31 92 -25.5%
147 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 28.91 30.65 83 2.5%
148 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 29.86 30.36 90 -1.7%
149 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), United States of America (USA) 23.35 29.22 155 21.0%
150 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 32.95 28.86 118 -15.3%
151 Dalhousie University, Canada 23.32 28.10 100 16.6%
152 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 33.51 26.99 164 -22.1%
153 Auburn University, United States of America (USA) 18.48 26.49 92 38.7%
154 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 33.71 25.92 184 -25.6%
155 National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), United States of America (USA) 25.16 25.44 76 -2.2%
156 Wayne State University, United States of America (USA) 31.02 24.76 182 -22.8%
157 State University of New York at Albany (SUNY Albany), United States of America (USA) 23.94 24.71 132 -0.1%
158 University of Wyoming, United States of America (USA) 18.16 24.59 81 31.0%
159 Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA) 23.76 24.14 73 -1.7%
160 Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), United States of America (USA) 17.52 23.94 71 32.2%
161 Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP), United States of America (USA) 15.63 23.91 144 48.0%
162 Queen's University, Canada 37.40 23.77 163 -38.5%
163 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States of America (USA) 27.78 23.72 55 -17.4%
164 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 38.23 23.30 72 -41.0%
165 Clemson University, United States of America (USA) 24.59 23.24 64 -8.6%
166 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 24.68 23.00 69 -9.9%
167 Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), Canada 23.15 22.98 77 -4.0%
168 The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), United States of America (USA) 24.68 22.95 60 -10.1%
169 U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), United States of America (USA) 29.79 22.93 142 -25.5%
170 Cleveland Clinic, United States of America (USA) 26.43 22.83 84 -16.4%
171 West Virginia University (WVU), United States of America (USA) 20.26 22.64 75 8.1%
172 The University of Akron (UAkron), United States of America (USA) 30.43 22.52 42 -28.4%
173 University of Vermont (UVM), United States of America (USA) 18.80 21.74 75 11.9%
174 University of Sherbrooke (USherbrooke), Canada 23.10 21.71 109 -9.1%
175 Georgetown University, United States of America (USA) 12.58 21.41 62 64.7%
176 Tulane University, United States of America (USA) 23.47 21.34 72 -12.1%
177 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), United States of America (USA) 29.83 21.00 67 -31.9%
178 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 31.74 20.74 69 -36.8%
179 Alphabet Inc., United States of America (USA) 21.49 20.71 66 -6.8%
180 University of Saskatchewan (U of S), Canada 23.19 20.13 83 -16.0%
181 Florida International University (FIU), United States of America (USA) 15.83 20.10 143 22.8%
182 Kansas State University (K-State), United States of America (USA) 16.87 19.74 131 13.2%
183 Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP), United States of America (USA) 15.75 19.51 92 19.9%
184 Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), United States of America (USA) 20.81 19.51 131 -9.3%
185 Kent State University, United States of America (USA) 16.76 19.22 50 10.9%
186 City of Hope, United States of America (USA) 25.20 19.02 59 -27.0%
187 Simons Foundation, United States of America (USA) 10.68 18.97 106 71.8%
188 University of Guelph, Canada 14.52 18.62 144 24.0%
189 University of Arkansas (UARK), United States of America (USA) 12.80 18.60 58 40.5%
190 Lehigh University, United States of America (USA) 17.76 18.10 45 -1.5%
191 The George Washington University (GW), United States of America (USA) 18.41 18.10 87 -4.9%
192 Georgia State University (GSU), United States of America (USA) 23.81 17.81 73 -27.6%
193 Pfizer Inc., United States of America (USA) 21.26 17.67 63 -19.6%
194 University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB), United States of America (USA) 12.67 17.48 41 33.5%
195 The University of Alabama (UA), United States of America (USA) 10.51 17.46 145 60.7%
196 Utah State University (USU), United States of America (USA) 16.19 17.36 69 3.7%
197 Syracuse University, United States of America (USA) 23.64 17.33 95 -29.1%
198 Texas Tech University (TTU), United States of America (USA) 22.60 16.91 143 -27.6%
199 The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio (UT Health San Antonio), United States of America (USA) 18.86 16.66 62 -14.6%
200 University of Louisville (UofL), United States of America (USA) 17.22 16.00 75 -10.1%
201 University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC), United States of America (USA) 8.78 15.77 92 73.7%
202 Johnson & Johnson, United States of America (USA) 9.85 15.50 64 52.1%
203 Bristol-Myers Squibb (BMS), United States of America (USA) 18.37 15.49 43 -18.4%
204 Thomas Jefferson University (TJU), United States of America (USA) 17.70 15.29 50 -16.4%
205 Wake Forest University (WFU), United States of America (USA) 18.30 15.24 61 -19.5%
206 The Jackson Laboratory (JAX), United States of America (USA) 10.70 15.20 62 37.4%
207 University of Idaho, United States of America (USA) 7.67 15.04 55 89.6%
208 San Diego State University (SDSU), United States of America (USA) 9.33 14.96 67 55.0%
209 Montana State University, United States of America (USA) 18.63 14.93 74 -22.5%
210 Missouri University of Science and Technology (MST), United States of America (USA) 6.54 14.87 34 119.9%
211 Stowers Institute for Medical Research, United States of America (USA) 14.84 14.83 27 -3.3%
212 Saint Louis University (SLU), United States of America (USA) 7.50 14.80 58 91.0%
213 H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute, United States of America (USA) 9.55 14.79 46 49.7%
214 The University of Texas at Arlington (UTA), United States of America (USA) 13.36 14.58 117 5.6%
215 University of New Hampshire (UNH), United States of America (USA) 14.30 14.56 92 -1.5%
216 University of Manitoba, Canada 16.87 14.28 146 -18.1%
217 Cedars-Sinai Medical Center (Cedars-Sinai), United States of America (USA) 12.92 14.15 51 5.9%
218 Colorado School of Mines, United States of America (USA) 18.61 13.79 56 -28.3%
219 National Institute of Scientific Research (INRS), Canada 12.19 13.75 67 9.1%
220 York University, Canada 15.37 13.75 153 -13.5%
221 University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC), United States of America (USA) 10.85 13.65 86 21.6%
222 Memorial University of Newfoundland (MUN), Canada 14.04 13.52 40 -6.9%
223 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), United States of America (USA) 9.08 13.40 47 42.7%
224 La Jolla Institute for Immunology (LJI), United States of America (USA) 10.99 13.35 59 17.5%
225 Baylor University, United States of America (USA) 14.01 13.27 119 -8.4%
226 University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV), United States of America (USA) 20.36 13.16 54 -37.5%
227 University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF), United States of America (USA) 13.97 13.04 83 -9.7%
228 The Wistar Institute, United States of America (USA) 9.82 13.00 53 28.0%
229 Johns Hopkins Health System Corporation (JHHS), United States of America (USA) 9.63 12.88 141 29.3%
230 George Mason University (GMU), United States of America (USA) 11.00 12.80 68 12.6%
231 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM), United States of America (USA) 11.62 12.80 70 6.5%
232 Ludwig Cancer Research, United States of America (USA) 10.97 12.79 132 12.7%
233 Amgen Inc., United States of America (USA) 17.50 12.62 63 -30.2%
234 Miami University, United States of America (USA) 8.94 12.24 36 32.5%
235 Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), United States of America (USA) 13.93 12.20 76 -15.3%
236 Michigan Technological University (Michigan Tech), United States of America (USA) 12.65 12.03 29 -8.0%
237 University of Rhode Island (URI), United States of America (USA) 16.57 12.00 67 -30.0%
238 Marquette University, United States of America (USA) 15.51 11.96 27 -25.4%
239 Gladstone Institutes, United States of America (USA) 14.72 11.94 50 -21.5%
240 California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences (QB3), United States of America (USA) 13.85 11.92 87 -16.7%
241 National Research Council (NRC), Canada 18.02 11.81 82 -36.6%
242 Stanford Health Care, United States of America (USA) 9.24 11.53 214 20.6%
243 The College of William & Mary (W&M), United States of America (USA) 13.70 11.44 58 -19.2%
244 Clarkson University, United States of America (USA) 7.32 11.41 25 50.7%
245 Stanford Children's Health, United States of America (USA) 9.29 11.18 211 16.4%
246 University of Montana (UMT), United States of America (USA) 12.68 11.15 42 -14.9%
247 Polytechnique Montréal, Canada 15.11 11.13 63 -28.8%
248 Van Andel Research Institute (VAI), United States of America (USA) 16.61 11.13 29 -35.2%
249 Northern Arizona University (NAU), United States of America (USA) 11.26 10.95 50 -6.0%
250 Southern Methodist University (SMU), United States of America (USA) 11.38 10.93 85 -7.1%
251 Augusta University, United States of America (USA) 13.96 10.87 31 -24.7%
252 University of California, Merced (UC Merced), United States of America (USA) 10.71 10.82 41 -2.2%
253 University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC), United States of America (USA) 15.08 10.81 39 -30.7%
254 New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT), United States of America (USA) 7.92 10.78 67 31.7%
255 Concordia University, Canada 9.97 10.46 73 1.5%
256 University of North Texas (UNT), United States of America (USA) 17.46 10.45 47 -42.1%
257 Seattle Children's Hospital, United States of America (USA) 6.67 10.42 67 51.1%
258 Allen Institute, United States of America (USA) 11.01 10.40 29 -8.6%
259 The University of Toledo (UT), United States of America (USA) 14.08 10.34 36 -29.0%
260 Medical College of Wisconsin (MCW), United States of America (USA) 17.57 10.19 47 -43.9%
261 State University of New York at Binghamton (SUNY Binghamton), United States of America (USA) 12.87 10.08 30 -24.3%
262 Provincial Health Services Authority (PHSA), Canada 9.22 9.88 55 3.6%
263 Brigham Young University (BYU), United States of America (USA) 8.14 9.67 34 14.9%
264 University of Mississippi (Ole Miss), United States of America (USA) 11.46 9.59 137 -19.0%
265 University of Tennessee Health Science Center (UTHSC), United States of America (USA) 9.37 9.56 41 -1.3%
266 Microsoft Corporation, United States of America (USA) 13.74 9.50 61 -33.1%
267 University of Denver, United States of America (USA) 10.43 9.37 34 -13.2%
268 U.S. Food and Drug Administration (USFDA), United States of America (USA) 8.39 9.22 27 6.3%
269 Houston Methodist, United States of America (USA) 8.11 8.89 33 6.0%
270 Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc., United States of America (USA) 11.66 8.87 55 -26.4%
271 California State University, Northridge (CSUN), United States of America (USA) 6.93 8.77 33 22.3%
272 Center for Research and Advanced Studies of the National Polytechnic Institute (CINVESTAV), Mexico 10.72 8.74 118 -21.1%
273 National Science Foundation (NSF), United States of America (USA) 11.80 8.73 81 -28.5%
274 Bowling Green State University (BGSU), United States of America (USA) 7.15 8.69 26 17.5%
275 Ohio University (Ohio), United States of America (USA) 12.26 8.63 44 -31.9%
276 Chan Zuckerberg Biohub (CZ Biohub), United States of America (USA) 6.42 8.59 102 29.5%
277 North Dakota State University (NDSU), United States of America (USA) 13.76 8.26 23 -42.0%
278 Natural Resources Canada, Canada 6.87 8.19 33 15.3%
279 Boise State University, United States of America (USA) 6.56 8.09 23 19.3%
280 Rush University, United States of America (USA) 3.36 7.95 42 129.1%
281 New Mexico State University (NMSU), United States of America (USA) 7.03 7.90 68 8.7%
282 AbbVie Inc., United States of America (USA) 7.06 7.88 29 8.1%
283 The University of Maine (UMaine), United States of America (USA) 7.44 7.84 54 2.0%
284 Loyola University Chicago (LUC), United States of America (USA) 7.45 7.78 28 1.1%
285 University of Puerto Rico (UPR), United States of America (USA) 4.24 7.73 110 76.3%
286 State University of New York Upstate Medical University (SUNY Upstate Medical University), United States of America (USA) 6.85 7.72 30 9.0%
287 East Carolina University (ECU), United States of America (USA) 2.55 7.71 22 192.7%
288 Carleton University, Canada 6.86 7.63 133 7.6%
289 Eli Lilly and Company, United States of America (USA) 5.93 7.62 50 24.1%
290 Mississippi State University, United States of America (USA) 2.06 7.52 48 253.1%
291 Oklahoma State University, United States of America (USA) 10.48 7.47 75 -31.0%
292 Rady Children's Hospital-San Diego, United States of America (USA) 5.55 7.45 76 29.7%
293 University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH), United States of America (USA) 10.71 7.42 45 -33.0%
294 New York State Department of Health (NYSDOH), United States of America (USA) 10.33 7.33 38 -31.4%
295 Exxon Mobil Corporation (ExxonMobil), United States of America (USA) 8.60 7.27 27 -18.3%
296 Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM), Canada 5.25 7.23 76 33.1%
297 Leidos Holdings, Inc., United States of America (USA) 6.30 7.19 91 10.4%
298 Northern Illinois University (NIU), United States of America (USA) 6.74 7.14 89 2.4%
299 Clinical Research Institute of Montreal (IRCM), Canada 7.98 7.05 21 -14.6%
300 Stevens Institute of Technology, United States of America (USA) 7.20 7.05 20 -5.4%
301 Brock University, Canada 6.45 7.02 23 5.2%
302 University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS), United States of America (USA) 5.94 6.93 27 12.8%
303 Alberta Health Services (AHS), Canada 4.26 6.91 49 56.9%
304 Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO), Canada 3.70 6.69 20 75.1%
305 University of Massachusetts Boston (UMass Boston), United States of America (USA) 5.90 6.64 35 8.8%
306 American Museum of Natural History (AMNH), United States of America (USA) 8.57 6.58 48 -25.8%
307 Nevada System of Higher Education (NSHE), United States of America (USA) 3.48 6.54 36 81.7%
308 The University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP), United States of America (USA) 9.46 6.53 33 -33.2%
309 Southern Illinois University, Carbondale (SIU), United States of America (USA) 6.57 6.45 28 -5.0%
310 New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology (NMT), United States of America (USA) 6.07 6.41 43 2.1%
311 Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), United States of America (USA) 7.17 6.38 44 -13.8%
312 Dow Inc., United States of America (USA) 10.13 6.38 31 -39.0%
313 Old Dominion University (ODU), United States of America (USA) 4.37 6.17 50 36.4%
314 The University of Memphis (U of M), United States of America (USA) 5.66 6.02 20 2.9%
315 University of Windsor (UWin), Canada 8.85 5.99 28 -34.5%
316 Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT), United States of America (USA) 9.05 5.99 37 -36.0%
317 Bruker Corporation, United States of America (USA) 5.60 5.96 32 3.0%
318 Joint Genome Institute (JGI), United States of America (USA) 5.76 5.95 41 0.0%
319 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University (ERAU), United States of America (USA) 2.33 5.91 39 145.1%
320 Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI), United States of America (USA) 4.24 5.78 16 31.8%
321 Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT), United States of America (USA) 8.76 5.73 34 -36.7%
322 Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla (BUAP), Mexico 4.30 5.67 96 27.5%
323 Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR), Canada 5.39 5.66 82 1.7%
324 California State University, Long Beach (CSULB), United States of America (USA) 5.77 5.64 27 -5.5%
325 National Council of Science and Technology (CONACYT), Mexico 8.07 5.46 79 -34.5%
326 Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 8.00 5.35 19 -35.3%
327 Roswell Park Cancer Institute (RPCI), United States of America (USA) 7.28 5.33 28 -29.2%
328 Florida Institute of Technology (Florida Tech), United States of America (USA) 5.03 5.26 107 1.3%
329 University of Lethbridge, Canada 5.17 5.20 8 -2.8%
330 Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI), United States of America (USA) 7.24 5.13 41 -31.4%
331 Universities Space Research Association (USRA), United States of America (USA) 3.85 5.11 88 28.4%
332 Florida Atlantic University (FAU), United States of America (USA) 9.93 5.00 30 -51.3%
333 Portland State University (PSU), United States of America (USA) 6.67 4.98 20 -27.8%
334 University of Massachusetts Lowell (UMass Lowell), United States of America (USA) 6.40 4.96 38 -24.9%
335 Western Michigan University (WMU), United States of America (USA) 2.91 4.94 21 64.0%
336 Wesleyan University, United States of America (USA) 4.27 4.89 17 10.8%
337 Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI), United States of America (USA) 2.18 4.80 22 112.5%
338 University of Guanajuato (UG), Mexico 3.55 4.77 14 30.1%
339 Chevron Corporation, United States of America (USA) 1.66 4.72 21 174.8%
340 University of Southern Mississippi (USM), United States of America (USA) 7.66 4.70 21 -40.6%
341 Central Michigan University, United States of America (USA) 3.52 4.69 37 29.2%
342 Moderna Therapeutics, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.68 4.67 7 567.5%
343 Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, United States of America (USA) 3.31 4.59 21 34.3%
344 Santa Fe Institute (SFI), United States of America (USA) 6.20 4.53 35 -29.4%
345 Northwell Health, United States of America (USA) 3.61 4.49 37 20.4%
346 Ontario Institute for Cancer Research (OICR), Canada 4.29 4.49 40 1.2%
347 Montclair State University, United States of America (USA) 0.52 4.39 21 712.4%
348 Wilfrid Laurier University (WLU), Canada 0.90 4.33 14 367.5%
349 Rowan University, United States of America (USA) 1.95 4.27 19 112.1%
350 Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation (OMRF), United States of America (USA) 4.28 4.25 18 -3.8%
351 University of North Carolina at Greensboro, United States of America (USA) 5.05 4.22 14 -19.1%
352 Bowdoin College, United States of America (USA) 0.71 4.20 11 469.0%
353 J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI), United States of America (USA) 3.46 4.18 27 16.7%
354 Laurentian University, Canada 5.02 4.14 24 -20.2%
355 Waters Corporation, United States of America (USA) 2.45 4.11 11 62.2%
356 University of Regina, Canada 3.39 4.07 23 16.2%
357 SUNY Polytechnic Institute (SUNY Poly), United States of America (USA) 1.59 4.05 10 146.5%
358 Chapman University, United States of America (USA) 2.07 4.05 12 88.9%
359 National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), United States of America (USA) 3.38 4.04 10 15.8%
360 Biogen Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.00 4.04 17 95.1%
361 New York Genome Center (NYGC), United States of America (USA) 5.75 4.01 35 -32.5%
362 New York-Presbyterian Hospital, United States of America (USA) 5.13 4.00 54 -24.5%
363 University of North Dakota (UND), United States of America (USA) 6.82 3.95 33 -44.0%
364 Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, United States of America (USA) 4.53 3.82 17 -18.5%
365 State University of New York College at Buffalo (SUNY Buffalo State), United States of America (USA) 2.89 3.82 39 27.8%
366 Middle Tennessee State University (MTSU), United States of America (USA) 2.36 3.80 8 56.2%
367 The University of Tulsa, United States of America (USA) 1.89 3.78 8 93.2%
368 Catholic University of America (CUA), United States of America (USA) 3.87 3.76 107 -6.1%
369 University of San Diego, United States of America (USA) 1.57 3.76 8 131.3%
370 Howard University, United States of America (USA) 2.36 3.67 58 50.6%
371 Canadian Light Source Inc., Canada 4.97 3.65 25 -29.1%
372 Reed College, United States of America (USA) 2.20 3.63 9 59.6%
373 Health Canada (HC-SC), Canada 2.48 3.62 10 41.4%
374 Trent University, Canada 2.16 3.59 15 60.9%
375 California Environmental Protection Agency, United States of America (USA) 1.88 3.58 10 84.7%
376 State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry (SUNY-ESF), United States of America (USA) 4.44 3.58 11 -22.1%
377 Field Museum of Natural History, United States of America (USA) 4.26 3.54 20 -19.4%
378 Planetary Science Institute (PSI), United States of America (USA) 5.56 3.51 34 -39.0%
379 Geisinger Health System (GHS), United States of America (USA) 2.66 3.47 19 26.0%
380 Bucknell University, United States of America (USA) 1.10 3.45 13 202.4%
381 MedStar Health, United States of America (USA) 2.22 3.41 26 48.2%
382 Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (SSAI), United States of America (USA) 7.95 3.37 21 -59.0%
383 Institute for Systems Biology (ISB), United States of America (USA) 4.50 3.36 19 -27.7%
384 University of North Carolina at Charlotte (UNC Charlotte), United States of America (USA) 7.86 3.34 14 -58.9%
385 Northrop Grumman Corporation, United States of America (USA) 1.43 3.30 20 123.5%
386 University of Texas Rio Grande Valley (UTRGV), United States of America (USA) 2.96 3.30 24 7.9%
387 Illinois State University, United States of America (USA) 4.05 3.30 7 -21.2%
388 National Park Service (NPS), United States of America (USA) 1.37 3.27 13 130.5%
389 Buck Institute for Research on Aging, United States of America (USA) 3.14 3.22 20 -0.9%
390 Ford Motor Company, United States of America (USA) 0.82 3.21 6 278.8%
391 University of South Dakota (USD), United States of America (USA) 5.78 3.17 13 -46.9%
392 Loki Incorporated, United States of America (USA) 0.35 3.15 4 770.6%
393 Environmental Defense Fund (EDF), United States of America (USA) 1.91 3.13 10 58.5%
394 Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence Institute (SETI Institute), United States of America (USA) 2.23 3.10 28 34.6%
395 SRI International, United States of America (USA) 2.82 3.09 27 5.8%
396 Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated, United States of America (USA) 0.78 3.07 10 281.4%
397 Hampton University, United States of America (USA) 2.46 3.06 34 20.3%
398 Oakland University, United States of America (USA) 3.50 3.04 20 -16.0%
399 Emory Healthcare, United States of America (USA) 2.09 3.03 23 40.3%
400 San Francisco State University (SF State), United States of America (USA) 5.41 3.02 35 -45.9%
401 Lockheed Martin Corporation, United States of America (USA) 2.26 3.00 22 28.3%
402 Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences, United States of America (USA) 3.37 2.98 16 -14.4%
403 California Polytechnic State University (Cal Poly), United States of America (USA) 1.96 2.97 29 46.8%
404 GATS Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.02 2.94 10 41.1%
405 Bishop's University, Canada 0.02 2.91 8 13,970.1%
406 State University of New York College of Optometry (SUNY College of Optometry), United States of America (USA) 2.50 2.90 4 12.2%
407 Space Science Institute (SSI), United States of America (USA) 1.80 2.88 26 54.7%
408 Haverford College, United States of America (USA) 2.19 2.86 11 26.4%
409 University of Havana (UH), Cuba 1.46 2.81 7 86.5%
410 Lakehead University, Canada 2.80 2.81 11 -2.8%
411 University of Massachusetts Dartmouth (UMass Dartmouth), United States of America (USA) 1.68 2.80 15 61.5%
412 Ionis Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 4.08 2.79 15 -33.8%
413 University of New Brunswick (UNB), Canada 4.32 2.78 16 -37.7%
414 Texas State University - San Marcos, United States of America (USA) 3.25 2.77 28 -17.6%
415 Danaher Corporation, United States of America (USA) 0.52 2.75 11 415.6%
416 Children's Health, United States of America (USA) 2.21 2.75 23 20.5%
417 The Aerospace Corporation, United States of America (USA) 3.51 2.74 15 -24.5%
418 Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University (FAMU), United States of America (USA) 3.43 2.73 27 -23.0%
419 23andMe, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.36 2.72 15 93.3%
420 Towson University, United States of America (USA) 1.14 2.69 14 128.9%
421 Blood Center of Wisconsin (BCW), United States of America (USA) 2.12 2.64 6 20.4%
422 Alnylam Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.17 2.64 6 118.7%
423 SUNY Downstate Health Sciences University (SUNY Downstate), United States of America (USA) 4.13 2.58 17 -39.5%
424 Illumina, Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.22 2.58 24 -22.7%
425 National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), United States of America (USA) 3.07 2.56 15 -19.2%
426 National Polytechnic Institute (IPN), Mexico 1.12 2.56 12 121.2%
427 Sangamo Therapeutics Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.36 2.53 3 587.7%
428 University of New Orleans (UNO), United States of America (USA) 1.19 2.49 8 102.9%
429 University of Missouri-Kansas City (UMKC), United States of America (USA) 0.91 2.48 16 162.4%
430 U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), United States of America (USA) 4.72 2.47 18 -49.3%
431 Creighton University, United States of America (USA) 1.42 2.47 31 68.4%
432 Seton Hall University, United States of America (USA) 1.92 2.44 12 22.5%
433 Nova Southeastern University, United States of America (USA) 0.63 2.43 16 272.1%
434 Children's National Health System, United States of America (USA) 2.42 2.43 24 -2.7%
435 Shriners Hospitals for Children, United States of America (USA) 3.56 2.42 21 -34.2%
436 The Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen), United States of America (USA) 1.71 2.42 20 36.8%
437 Université du Québec à Rimouski (UQAR), Canada 1.01 2.40 28 129.5%
438 Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE), United States of America (USA) 2.73 2.40 13 -14.9%
439 San Jose State University (SJSU), United States of America (USA) 2.71 2.39 43 -14.8%
440 Fluidigm Corporation, United States of America (USA) 0.17 2.36 10 1,269.8%
441 Clayton Foundation for Research, United States of America (USA) 1.01 2.34 13 123.7%
442 New England Biolabs, Inc. (NEB), United States of America (USA) 2.68 2.32 11 -16.3%
443 GeneDx Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.26 2.32 30 78.2%
444 Idaho National Laboratory (INL), United States of America (USA) 1.37 2.31 8 62.6%
445 National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, United States of America (USA) 0.70 2.29 15 214.6%
446 University of North Carolina at Wilmington (UNCW), United States of America (USA) 1.72 2.26 18 26.8%
447 General Atomics, United States of America (USA) 1.20 2.26 6 81.3%
448 HP Inc., United States of America (USA) 4.05 2.25 9 -46.2%
449 Tecnológico de Monterrey, Mexico 1.85 2.25 16 17.4%
450 James Madison University (JMU), United States of America (USA) 0.25 2.23 12 776.4%
451 Wellesley College, United States of America (USA) 0.93 2.21 11 129.8%
452 Swarthmore College, United States of America (USA) 0.59 2.21 7 265.2%
453 Wright State University, United States of America (USA) 6.76 2.20 9 -68.5%
454 Aerodyne Research, Inc. (ARI), United States of America (USA) 1.73 2.18 16 21.8%
455 New York Medical College (NYMC), United States of America (USA) 2.65 2.15 7 -21.7%
456 Idaho State University (ISU), United States of America (USA) 3.43 2.12 11 -40.2%
457 Brandon University (BU), Canada 2.12 3 N/A
458 Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), United States of America (USA) 2.22 2.10 24 -8.2%
459 Southern Nevada Water Authority (SNWA), United States of America (USA) 3.05 2.10 3 -33.4%
460 Ryerson University, Canada 2.98 2.09 8 -32.3%
461 Raytheon Company, United States of America (USA) 0.89 2.07 15 124.7%
462 Ball State University (BSU), United States of America (USA) 2.01 2.05 8 -1.1%
463 University of Guadalajara (UDG), Mexico 0.93 2.03 5 111.0%
464 Western University of Health Sciences (WesternU), United States of America (USA) 1.78 2.02 6 9.8%
465 Corteva Agriscience, United States of America (USA) 2.14 2.00 7 -9.5%
466 Lewis & Clark College (L&C), United States of America (USA) 3.83 2.00 3 -49.5%
466 Soraa Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.00 2 N/A
467 Mount Holyoke College (MHC), United States of America (USA) 1.71 2.00 12 12.6%
468 Gilead Sciences, Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.29 1.99 6 -16.2%
469 Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center (TTUHSC), United States of America (USA) 4.50 1.98 12 -57.4%
470 Children's Healthcare of Atlanta (CHOA) Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.72 1.97 19 -29.9%
471 Trinity University, United States of America (USA) 4.08 1.96 13 -53.5%
472 Sam Houston State University (SHSU), United States of America (USA) 0.71 1.94 9 163.7%
473 Jackson State University (JSU), United States of America (USA) 0.88 1.94 32 111.9%
474 H3 Biomedicine Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.47 1.93 2 -24.2%
475 The World Bank, United States of America (USA) 1.89 1.92 8 -1.8%
476 University of Northern British Columbia (UNBC), Canada 1.85 1.92 12 0.2%
477 Agios Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.64 1.92 4 13.6%
478 10x Genomics, United States of America (USA) 0.11 1.92 9 1,659.6%
479 Texas Biomedical Research Institute (Texas Biomed), United States of America (USA) 0.34 1.92 9 440.7%
480 Benaroya Research Institute at Virginia Mason (BRI), United States of America (USA) 2.98 1.88 11 -39.0%
481 Grand Valley State University (GVSU), United States of America (USA) 2.91 1.88 12 -37.3%
482 Clark University, United States of America (USA) 2.36 1.88 8 -22.9%
483 Royal Ontario Museum (ROM), Canada 1.32 1.87 13 36.9%
484 Eastern Illinois University (EIU), United States of America (USA) 0.21 1.87 3 781.5%
485 University of South Alabama, United States of America (USA) 1.32 1.86 31 36.4%
486 Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County (NHM), United States of America (USA) 0.65 1.85 9 175.2%
487 Fordham University (Fordham), United States of America (USA) 0.78 1.84 5 128.3%
488 Resources for the Future (RFF), United States of America (USA) 0.52 1.83 9 240.4%
489 Williams College, United States of America (USA) 3.25 1.83 9 -45.6%
490 D. E. Shaw Research, United States of America (USA) 2.30 1.82 2 -23.5%
491 Acadia University, Canada 1.24 1.80 7 40.9%
492 Santa Clara University, United States of America (USA) 1.10 1.78 9 57.2%
493 Xanadu Quantum Technologies Inc., Canada 2.25 1.78 4 -23.4%
494 Ontario Ministry of the Environment, Conservation and Parks, Canada 2.44 1.76 6 -30.3%
495 Berkeley Geochronology Center (BGC), United States of America (USA) 1.51 1.76 13 12.4%
496 Merrimack Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.31 1.75 2 449.9%
497 Hofstra University, United States of America (USA) 0.80 1.74 24 109.8%
498 University of St. Thomas, United States of America (USA) 1.42 1.73 6 18.2%
499 South Dakota State University, United States of America (USA) 3.19 1.70 9 -48.4%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.