2020 tables: Institutions

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2018 Share 2019 Count 2019 Change in Adjusted Share 2018-2019*
1 Max Planck Society, Germany 777.43 767.84 2,628 -4.5%
2 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 712.47 730.01 4,465 -0.9%
3 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 504.77 489.43 2,208 -6.2%
4 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 412.45 455.82 1,375 6.9%
5 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 448.39 419.32 1,326 -9.5%
6 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 418.68 403.35 1,051 -6.8%
7 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 223.85 268.84 642 16.2%
8 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 233.27 221.28 889 -8.2%
9 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 202.60 216.73 865 3.5%
10 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 202.82 207.22 1,225 -1.2%
11 Leibniz Association, Germany 199.78 200.83 826 -2.8%
12 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 196.83 197.50 880 -2.9%
13 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 201.51 184.11 678 -11.6%
14 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 145.73 154.85 595 2.8%
15 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 158.66 151.43 609 -7.7%
16 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 141.88 150.74 666 2.8%
17 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 146.95 146.03 552 -3.9%
18 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 128.46 138.84 568 4.5%
19 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 132.16 136.44 659 -0.1%
20 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 136.00 136.10 707 -3.2%
21 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 143.17 134.57 492 -9.1%
22 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 136.24 124.28 642 -11.8%
23 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 94.56 115.64 345 18.3%
24 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 111.19 114.79 366 -0.1%
25 Sorbonne University, France 104.07 111.40 1,129 3.5%
26 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 131.89 109.32 321 -19.8%
27 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 105.14 108.96 326 0.2%
28 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 96.00 106.46 349 7.3%
29 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 85.39 105.20 344 19.2%
30 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 112.77 104.17 375 -10.6%
31 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 90.82 102.96 556 9.7%
32 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 101.46 102.31 383 -2.5%
33 University of Göttingen, Germany 100.82 101.31 358 -2.8%
34 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 103.48 97.25 501 -9.1%
35 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 89.09 97.09 390 5.4%
36 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 100.62 94.38 885 -9.3%
37 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 87.45 93.57 424 3.5%
38 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 106.26 93.13 445 -15.2%
39 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 84.08 92.06 417 5.9%
40 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 84.82 91.95 425 4.9%
41 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 93.38 91.37 324 -5.4%
42 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 91.25 90.59 986 -4.0%
43 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 96.18 90.57 253 -8.9%
44 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 89.73 88.98 571 -4.1%
45 University of Vienna, Austria 70.01 86.40 293 19.4%
46 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 78.56 86.06 414 6.0%
47 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 90.88 85.04 309 -9.5%
48 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 85.21 85.03 266 -3.5%
49 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 93.74 84.51 365 -12.8%
50 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 89.21 83.98 298 -8.9%
51 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 77.87 83.10 416 3.2%
52 Leiden University, Netherlands 76.65 82.57 358 4.2%
53 Stockholm University, Sweden 86.67 82.46 489 -8.0%
54 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 96.83 80.84 221 -19.2%
55 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 66.74 79.91 173 15.8%
56 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 63.35 79.55 296 21.5%
57 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 70.70 77.55 362 6.1%
58 Lund University (LU), Sweden 81.14 77.27 342 -7.9%
59 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 98.98 75.96 347 -25.8%
60 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 87.86 75.80 411 -16.6%
61 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 84.39 75.76 321 -13.2%
62 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 68.40 74.16 485 4.9%
63 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 68.23 73.57 315 4.3%
64 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 58.53 73.22 402 21.0%
65 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 73.48 72.41 287 -4.7%
66 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 75.10 72.19 337 -7.0%
67 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 60.80 71.21 263 13.3%
68 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 76.88 71.21 249 -10.4%
69 University of Paris, France 72.49 70.77 761 -5.6%
70 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 71.41 69.86 691 -5.4%
71 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 62.31 68.37 390 6.1%
72 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 63.37 68.24 152 4.2%
73 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 57.38 65.56 455 10.5%
74 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 57.72 64.91 206 8.8%
75 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 56.41 63.54 342 9.0%
76 University of Helsinki, Finland 61.54 63.18 393 -0.7%
77 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 74.08 62.85 313 -17.9%
78 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 53.53 62.35 342 12.7%
79 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 56.55 62.19 370 6.4%
80 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 59.80 61.04 215 -1.3%
81 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 54.70 59.49 275 5.2%
82 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 67.18 59.37 513 -14.5%
83 University of Strasbourg, France 52.76 58.89 432 8.0%
84 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 56.75 58.63 192 -0.1%
85 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 45.68 57.49 152 21.7%
86 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 63.68 56.42 152 -14.3%
87 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 54.31 55.96 276 -0.3%
88 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 58.49 55.87 221 -7.6%
89 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 51.76 54.31 302 1.5%
90 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 50.96 53.67 193 1.9%
91 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 69.50 53.23 351 -25.9%
92 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 57.25 52.77 185 -10.8%
93 University of Konstanz, Germany 33.24 52.51 106 52.8%
94 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 46.91 52.25 261 7.8%
95 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 55.64 52.15 148 -9.3%
96 University of Toulouse, France 49.62 52.14 419 1.6%
97 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 53.25 50.81 240 -7.7%
98 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 39.17 50.31 382 24.3%
99 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 40.36 49.24 208 18.0%
100 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 57.50 47.80 144 -19.6%
101 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 51.87 47.13 285 -12.1%
102 Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS), Italy 42.57 46.65 223 6.0%
103 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 42.64 46.37 320 5.2%
104 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 49.11 46.19 196 -9.0%
105 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 43.84 46.00 546 1.5%
106 University of Lyon, France 44.04 45.72 421 0.4%
107 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 55.91 45.50 158 -21.3%
108 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 40.51 45.42 173 8.5%
109 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 46.39 45.41 441 -5.3%
110 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 46.60 44.56 180 -7.5%
111 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 52.25 43.88 406 -18.8%
112 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 49.04 43.78 333 -13.6%
113 University of Montpellier, France 43.78 43.69 381 -3.5%
114 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 49.30 43.02 202 -15.6%
115 National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), France 36.68 42.32 412 11.6%
116 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 43.66 42.32 175 -6.2%
117 The University of Dublin, Ireland 32.51 41.97 151 24.9%
118 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 37.33 41.27 193 6.9%
119 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 46.06 41.02 226 -13.9%
120 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 49.59 40.86 154 -20.3%
121 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 39.56 40.77 145 -0.3%
122 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 37.03 39.92 105 4.3%
123 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 31.67 39.69 140 21.2%
124 Aalto University, Finland 43.69 39.47 244 -12.6%
125 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 40.90 39.30 161 -7.1%
126 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 31.42 39.09 143 20.3%
127 Ulm University, Germany 38.87 37.67 151 -6.3%
128 University of Stuttgart, Germany 42.60 37.45 118 -14.9%
129 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 37.06 37.23 159 -2.8%
130 University of Bordeaux, France 43.15 36.94 259 -17.2%
131 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 37.51 36.66 199 -5.5%
132 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 37.57 36.52 161 -6.0%
133 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 31.19 35.26 307 9.4%
134 TU Dortmund University, Germany 31.72 35.12 177 7.1%
135 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 29.80 34.84 175 13.1%
136 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 25.57 34.74 219 31.4%
137 Pasteur Institute, France 38.25 34.53 249 -12.7%
138 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 25.57 33.84 249 28.0%
139 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 31.05 33.59 113 4.7%
140 Leipzig University, Germany 39.74 33.22 140 -19.1%
141 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 33.51 33.12 311 -4.4%
142 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 37.26 33.10 124 -14.1%
143 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 34.59 32.83 289 -8.2%
144 Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA), Switzerland 25.59 32.75 101 23.8%
145 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 30.23 32.75 596 4.8%
146 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 38.34 32.39 201 -18.3%
147 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 44.09 32.35 173 -29.0%
148 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 36.22 32.35 266 -13.6%
149 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 29.29 31.88 200 5.3%
150 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 34.74 31.21 441 -13.1%
151 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 34.32 31.13 112 -12.3%
152 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 28.67 31.07 100 4.8%
153 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 33.26 30.80 170 -10.4%
154 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 30.92 30.33 89 -5.1%
155 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 28.87 30.30 114 1.5%
156 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 38.88 30.18 135 -24.9%
157 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 29.02 30.09 138 0.3%
158 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 20.06 29.83 110 43.9%
159 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 28.13 29.44 95 1.3%
160 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 26.57 28.96 326 5.4%
161 NWO-I, the Institutes Organisation of NWO, Netherlands 29.58 28.84 321 -5.7%
162 University of Potsdam, Germany 24.17 28.35 156 13.5%
163 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 32.19 28.17 194 -15.4%
164 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 28.47 27.95 80 -5.0%
165 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 36.44 27.78 82 -26.3%
166 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 24.14 27.69 193 11.0%
167 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 39.62 27.59 110 -32.7%
168 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 28.71 27.37 278 -7.8%
169 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 21.71 27.31 96 21.7%
170 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 32.93 27.28 133 -19.9%
171 Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU), Russia 23.40 27.26 115 12.7%
172 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 25.15 26.35 301 1.3%
173 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 30.00 26.21 250 -15.5%
174 Heriot-Watt University, United Kingdom (UK) 17.73 26.11 89 42.5%
175 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 30.24 25.30 91 -19.1%
176 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 34.25 24.94 188 -29.6%
177 European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), France 22.64 24.93 135 6.5%
178 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 21.78 24.58 97 9.2%
179 Medical University of Vienna (MUW), Austria 21.12 24.51 149 12.3%
180 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 23.49 24.15 114 -0.5%
181 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 27.45 24.12 156 -15.0%
182 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 30.89 23.99 138 -24.9%
183 National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (NRCKI), Russia 29.12 23.65 292 -21.4%
184 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 22.21 23.22 103 1.1%
185 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 25.73 22.94 165 -13.8%
186 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 27.37 22.80 110 -19.4%
187 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 26.73 22.73 140 -17.7%
188 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 23.61 22.70 58 -7.0%
189 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 29.25 22.48 94 -25.6%
190 Fraunhofer Society, Germany 21.04 22.38 133 2.9%
191 Graz University of Technology (TU Graz), Austria 24.76 22.11 82 -13.6%
192 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 29.07 22.02 215 -26.7%
193 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 33.48 21.92 246 -36.7%
194 Technical University Braunschweig (TU Braunschweig), Germany 19.78 21.87 70 6.9%
195 Free University of Brussels (VUB), Belgium 16.95 21.18 166 20.8%
196 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 21.94 21.17 88 -6.7%
197 University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Denmark 22.82 20.97 122 -11.1%
198 Netherlands Cancer Institute (NKI), Netherlands 15.81 20.90 90 27.9%
199 Institute of Health Carlos III (ISCIII), Spain 21.92 20.87 198 -7.9%
200 University of Siegen, Germany 20.44 20.83 87 -1.5%
201 Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA), Spain 19.64 20.56 306 1.3%
202 University of Oviedo (UniOvi), Spain 17.89 20.53 158 11.0%
203 Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 15.32 20.41 83 28.9%
204 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden 23.76 20.38 94 -17.0%
205 University of Ljubljana, Slovenia 13.83 20.27 143 41.7%
206 University of Aveiro (UA), Portugal 13.02 20.22 74 50.2%
207 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 24.20 20.21 254 -19.2%
208 University of Turku (UTU), Finland 18.04 20.14 123 8.0%
209 Bielefeld University, Germany 22.30 20.06 57 -13.0%
210 University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague (UCT), Czech Republic 10.99 19.76 38 73.9%
211 Curie Institute, France 15.55 19.41 180 20.8%
212 University of Jyväskylä, Finland 21.46 19.30 178 -13.0%
213 Masaryk University (MU), Czech Republic 21.83 19.26 86 -14.7%
214 Vienna Biocenter (VBC), Austria 22.04 19.04 96 -16.4%
215 University of Rennes 1, France 17.32 18.84 167 5.3%
216 John Innes Centre (JIC), United Kingdom (UK) 17.07 18.77 50 6.4%
217 University of Tromsø - The Arctic University of Norway (UiT), Norway 10.03 18.56 72 79.1%
218 University of Wrocław (UWr), Poland 12.89 18.48 51 38.7%
219 Swansea University, United Kingdom (UK) 18.47 18.16 62 -4.9%
220 Tampere University, Finland 20.43 18.08 195 -14.4%
221 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 24.71 18.02 65 -29.4%
222 Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW), Netherlands 16.65 17.79 120 3.4%
223 École Polytechnique, France 13.89 17.52 276 22.0%
224 Palacky University (PU), Czech Republic 15.11 17.28 112 10.6%
225 University of Girona (UdG), Spain 10.99 16.73 44 47.3%
226 University of Lille Nord de France, France 14.85 16.58 142 8.0%
227 University of Lorraine (UL), France 15.23 16.31 117 3.6%
228 Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Italy 16.06 16.23 133 -2.3%
229 University of Rostock, Germany 17.78 16.19 91 -11.9%
230 National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (UOA), Greece 10.52 15.90 196 46.1%
231 University of Zaragoza (Unizar), Spain 18.21 15.88 101 -15.6%
232 University of Iceland, Iceland 15.03 15.84 102 1.9%
233 École Normale Supérieure de Lyon (ENS de Lyon), France 13.27 15.74 156 14.7%
234 Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology - State University (MIPT), Russia 18.18 15.51 199 -17.5%
235 ITMO National Research University (ITMO University), Russia 15.43 15.51 56 -2.8%
236 Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), France 14.37 15.48 207 4.2%
237 University of Trento (UNITN), Italy 14.91 15.45 163 0.3%
238 Grenoble Institute of Technology (Grenoble INP), France 16.01 15.43 271 -6.8%
239 Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Russia 16.70 15.36 228 -11.0%
240 University of Pavia (UNIPV), Italy 15.67 15.27 213 -5.7%
241 NERC British Antarctic Survey (BAS), United Kingdom (UK) 11.78 14.87 52 22.1%
242 Oncode Institute, Netherlands 8.88 14.82 90 61.4%
243 Hannover Medical School (MHH), Germany 15.59 14.76 82 -8.4%
244 University College Cork (UCC), Ireland 11.14 14.69 72 27.6%
245 University of Crete (UOC), Greece 13.13 14.68 62 8.2%
246 IMDEA Institutes, Spain 15.90 14.66 67 -10.8%
247 University of Graz (Uni Graz), Austria 18.94 14.63 58 -25.3%
248 Novosibirsk State University (NSU), Russia 10.80 14.48 230 29.7%
249 University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland 18.10 14.42 181 -22.9%
250 University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy 17.72 14.39 159 -21.4%
251 Polytechnic University of Valencia (UPV), Spain 13.54 14.32 70 2.3%
252 University of Seville (US), Spain 13.94 14.11 76 -2.1%
253 ESPCI ParisTech, France 13.91 13.95 150 -3.0%
254 Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology (Skoltech), Russia 10.10 13.73 63 31.5%
255 University of Surrey, United Kingdom (UK) 11.34 13.46 61 14.8%
256 University of Salerno (UNISA), Italy 11.92 13.41 80 8.8%
257 University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg 12.74 13.10 57 -0.5%
258 University of Porto (UP), Portugal 19.18 13.05 92 -34.2%
259 University of Tartu (UT), Estonia 10.20 12.96 85 22.9%
260 Collège de France, France 11.77 12.94 162 6.4%
261 University of London - Royal Holloway (RHUL), United Kingdom (UK) 13.01 12.82 119 -4.7%
262 Institut Laue Langevin (ILL), France 14.28 12.69 73 -14.0%
263 Rovira i Virgili University (URV), Spain 9.14 12.62 53 33.5%
264 GlaxoSmithKline plc. (GSK), United Kingdom (UK) 17.84 12.46 73 -32.4%
265 University of Kaiserslautern (TU Kaiserslautern), Germany 16.90 12.33 45 -29.4%
266 Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE), Hungary 9.17 12.30 131 29.8%
267 Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas (FORTH), Greece 8.39 12.28 57 41.6%
268 Maastricht University (UM), Netherlands 12.02 12.27 87 -1.3%
269 Pompeu Fabra University (UPF), Spain 15.76 12.15 111 -25.5%
270 University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom (UK) 17.10 12.14 82 -31.3%
271 University of La Laguna (ULL), Spain 12.54 12.10 99 -6.7%
272 Jozef Stefan Institute (IJS), Slovenia 11.77 12.02 128 -1.2%
273 Rudjer Boskovic Institute (RBI), Croatia 13.29 12.01 125 -12.6%
274 Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC), Spain 12.86 11.92 88 -10.4%
275 University of Oldenburg, Germany 22.53 11.71 45 -49.7%
276 University of Greifswald, Germany 11.69 11.53 62 -4.5%
277 Institut Polytechnique de Bordeaux (Bordeaux INP), France 11.09 11.36 83 -0.9%
278 University of Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (UVSQ), France 13.45 11.33 158 -18.5%
279 Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań (AMU), Poland 11.93 11.23 40 -9.0%
280 University of Roma Tre, Italy 10.10 11.21 114 7.4%
281 University of Murcia (UMU), Spain 9.18 10.96 37 15.4%
282 University of Plymouth, United Kingdom (UK) 12.60 10.93 42 -16.1%
283 Champalimaud Foundation, Portugal 11.26 10.89 29 -6.4%
284 University of Mons (UMONS), Belgium 9.67 10.85 35 8.5%
285 University of Oulu, Finland 12.01 10.77 76 -13.3%
286 Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM), Germany 7.58 10.67 29 36.2%
287 University of Alcalá (UAH), Spain 8.29 10.53 35 22.9%
288 Jaume I University (UJI), Spain 9.09 10.47 60 11.4%
289 Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), Netherlands 7.65 10.44 46 32.1%
290 University of Nantes, France 11.32 10.44 119 -10.7%
291 University of the Balearic Islands (UIB), Spain 9.37 10.40 42 7.3%
292 The Institute of Cancer Research (ICR), United Kingdom (UK) 14.79 10.37 66 -32.1%
293 University of Salamanca (USAL), Spain 9.52 10.27 39 4.4%
294 National Centre for Nuclear Research (NCBJ), Poland 8.10 10.19 162 21.6%
295 University of Limerick (UL), Ireland 12.63 10.11 24 -22.6%
296 University of Debrecen, Hungary 9.88 10.11 106 -1.0%
297 Catalan Health Institute (ICS), Spain 8.08 10.09 91 20.9%
298 Ural Federal University (UrFU), Russia 6.40 10.09 43 52.5%
299 University of Coimbra (UC), Portugal 13.64 10.06 102 -28.6%
300 Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO), Spain 13.35 10.01 34 -27.5%
301 University of Kassel, Germany 6.59 9.95 21 46.1%
302 National Museum of Natural History (MNHN), France 8.48 9.93 150 13.2%
303 Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics (SIB), Switzerland 9.79 9.90 103 -2.1%
304 Babraham Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 7.64 9.82 36 24.3%
305 Met Office, United Kingdom (UK) 14.36 9.82 31 -33.8%
306 University of Cantabria (UC), Spain 8.28 9.81 120 14.6%
307 University of Hull, United Kingdom (UK) 7.98 9.74 40 18.0%
308 Technical University of Madrid (UPM), Spain 9.15 9.71 46 2.7%
309 University of Belgrade, Serbia 10.99 9.71 167 -14.5%
310 Cancer Research UK (CRUK), United Kingdom (UK) 13.30 9.69 123 -29.5%
311 Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (BAS), Bulgaria 8.74 9.68 120 7.1%
312 Silesian University in Opava (SLU), Czech Republic 5.58 9.66 16 67.4%
313 Jacobs University Bremen, Germany 6.37 9.66 25 46.7%
314 University of Trieste (UNITS), Italy 9.78 9.59 152 -5.2%
315 Natural History Museum, United Kingdom (UK) 9.99 9.51 56 -7.9%
316 University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (BOKU), Austria 6.61 9.50 29 39.0%
317 The Open University (OU), United Kingdom (UK) 7.80 9.42 40 16.8%
318 University of Bari Aldo Moro (UniBA), Italy 6.19 9.42 159 47.3%
319 Loughborough University, United Kingdom (UK) 6.58 9.36 35 37.6%
320 Università della Svizzera Italiana (USI), Switzerland 7.98 9.35 31 13.2%
321 National Institute of Chemistry, Slovenia, Slovenia 8.71 9.34 21 3.8%
322 Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM), United Kingdom (UK) 4.99 9.27 38 79.7%
323 University of Parma (UNIPR), Italy 8.95 9.16 47 -1.0%
324 Scuola Normale Superiore (SNS), Italy 7.57 9.12 150 16.6%
325 University Clermont Auvergne, France 10.13 9.11 171 -13.0%
326 University of Silesia (US), Poland 8.39 9.07 20 4.5%
327 International Solvay Institutes, Belgium 11.76 9.04 38 -25.7%
328 Swedish Museum of Natural History, Sweden 5.23 8.97 54 65.9%
329 National University of Ireland Galway (NUI Galway), Ireland 10.37 8.88 46 -17.2%
330 CIC nanoGUNE Consolider, Spain 9.02 8.87 27 -4.9%
331 University of Savoy (USMB), France 7.50 8.79 217 13.5%
332 Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research (WSL), Switzerland 6.39 8.67 48 31.3%
333 Spanish National Center for Cardiovascular Research (CNIC), Spain 7.90 8.66 28 6.0%
334 École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes (ENSCR), France 7.28 8.65 76 14.9%
335 Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg (OVGU), Germany 10.96 8.65 46 -23.7%
336 University of Augsburg, Germany 11.84 8.63 38 -29.5%
337 Vilnius University (VU), Lithuania 7.26 8.56 104 14.0%
338 University of Genova, Italy 13.30 8.52 217 -38.0%
339 University of Navarra (UNAV), Spain 6.13 8.42 26 32.9%
340 Czech Technical University in Prague (CTU), Czech Republic 2.99 8.36 104 170.2%
341 Institute of Molecular Biology gGmbH (IMB), Germany 8.35 8.34 25 -3.3%
342 Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), Finland 9.77 8.30 28 -17.9%
343 University of Orléans, France 7.60 8.25 62 5.1%
344 New University of Lisbon (UNL), Portugal 13.09 8.18 52 -39.6%
345 Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust (OUH), United Kingdom (UK) 7.59 8.17 110 4.1%
346 University of Kent, United Kingdom (UK) 9.05 8.16 35 -12.8%
347 European Southern Observatory (ESO), Germany 14.04 8.12 86 -44.0%
348 University of Calabria (UNICAL), Italy 6.25 8.11 85 25.5%
349 University of Cagliari (UNICA), Italy 7.60 7.95 68 1.1%
350 University of Verona (UNIVR), Italy 2.90 7.93 37 164.5%
351 University of Aalborg (AAU), Denmark 9.78 7.92 50 -21.7%
352 Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), Norway 7.95 7.87 36 -4.2%
353 Polytechnic University of Turin, Italy 8.26 7.72 53 -9.6%
354 University of Málaga (UMA), Spain 6.47 7.72 42 15.4%
355 Elettra - Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Italy 8.92 7.71 40 -16.3%
356 Chimie ParisTech (ENSCP), France 4.45 7.65 84 66.3%
357 C. H. Boehringer Sohn AG & Co. KG (Boehringer Ingelheim), Germany 5.49 7.63 25 34.5%
358 Chemnitz University of Technology (TU Chemnitz), Germany 9.52 7.61 34 -22.7%
359 International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Austria 4.41 7.55 56 65.3%
360 Institut Mines-Télécom (IMT), France 4.99 7.45 129 44.4%
361 The National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NASU), Ukraine 13.13 7.44 178 -45.2%
362 Tallinn University of Technology (TUT), Estonia 2.38 7.41 15 201.0%
363 University of Essex, United Kingdom (UK) 3.51 7.29 28 100.8%
364 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI), Ireland 5.72 7.23 47 22.3%
365 VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd., Finland 3.15 7.21 88 121.7%
366 University of Lübeck, Germany 7.48 7.19 87 -7.1%
367 Birkbeck, University of London (BBK), United Kingdom (UK) 9.48 7.16 51 -26.9%
368 London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), United Kingdom (UK) 8.73 7.12 72 -21.1%
369 University of Eastern Finland (UEF), Finland 6.88 7.11 65 -0.1%
370 École Pratique des Hautes Études (EPHE), France 5.19 7.10 160 32.3%
371 National Physical Laboratory (NPL), United Kingdom (UK) 9.30 7.07 41 -26.4%
372 Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTH), Greece 3.47 7.06 83 96.9%
373 University of Neuchâtel (UniNE), Switzerland 8.71 7.06 22 -21.6%
374 University of Minho (UM), Portugal 7.42 7.05 87 -8.0%
375 Miguel Hernández University of Elche (UMH), Spain 5.74 7.05 28 18.8%
376 Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre (IMEC), Belgium 11.20 7.03 38 -39.3%
377 NERC National Oceanography Centre (NOC), United Kingdom (UK) 11.29 7.00 56 -40.0%
378 University of Paderborn (UPB), Germany 12.12 7.00 19 -44.1%
379 University of Wuppertal, Germany 6.91 6.90 73 -3.4%
380 Gulbenkian Science Institute (IGC), Portugal 8.50 6.88 14 -21.7%
381 National University of Science and Technology (MISIS), Russia 9.01 6.85 86 -26.5%
382 Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU), United Kingdom (UK) 2.42 6.84 48 173.6%
383 Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES), France 10.34 6.83 166 -36.1%
384 AGH University of Science and Technology (AGH UST), Poland 5.72 6.77 129 14.6%
385 German Federal Institute of Hydrology (BfG), Germany 5.14 6.77 13 27.4%
386 Slovak Academy of Sciences (SAS), Slovakia 3.69 6.66 100 74.8%
387 France Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy, France 8.78 6.64 133 -26.9%
388 Swedish Institute of Space Physics (IRF), Sweden 9.33 6.62 33 -31.4%
389 Kazan Federal University (KFU), Russia 9.09 6.59 40 -29.9%
390 Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), Germany 7.43 6.54 32 -14.9%
391 BASF SE, Germany 8.75 6.53 38 -27.7%
392 University of Alicante (UA), Spain 6.08 6.49 47 3.2%
393 University of Stavanger (UiS), Norway 5.22 6.40 18 18.5%
394 Telethon Foundation, Italy 3.08 6.22 33 95.2%
395 École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Montpellier (ENSCM), France 6.33 6.21 75 -5.0%
396 French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea (Ifremer), France 10.42 6.21 88 -42.3%
397 Medical University of Innsbruck (MUI), Austria 7.41 6.19 30 -19.1%
398 University of Perugia, Italy 10.86 6.18 161 -44.9%
399 University of A Coruña (UDC), Spain 6.34 6.17 21 -5.9%
400 Budapest University of Technology and Economics (BME), Hungary 8.83 6.14 31 -32.7%
401 CY Cergy Paris University, France 2.82 6.11 49 109.6%
402 Tomsk State University (TSU), Russia 7.44 6.09 102 -20.8%
403 NHS Lothian, United Kingdom (UK) 5.63 6.08 95 4.4%
404 AgroParisTech, France 6.37 6.03 76 -8.4%
405 Center for Cooperative Research in Biosciences (CIC bioGUNE), Spain 6.12 5.96 26 -5.8%
406 Gustave Eiffel University, France 5.89 5.86 83 -3.8%
407 University of Osnabrück (Uni Osnabrück), Germany 9.86 5.84 22 -42.7%
408 University of Vigo (UVIGO), Spain 5.73 5.79 29 -2.2%
409 University Children's Hospital Basel (UKBB), Switzerland 3.86 5.73 53 43.8%
410 National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE), Russia 6.36 5.72 77 -13.0%
411 Bayer AG, Germany 5.51 5.68 30 -0.3%
412 University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom (UK) 4.81 5.66 36 13.8%
413 University of Poitiers, France 2.24 5.64 32 143.7%
414 University of Burgundy, France 4.10 5.64 55 33.0%
415 Bangor University, United Kingdom (UK) 4.03 5.64 29 35.2%
416 Paris Observatory, France 4.96 5.62 155 9.6%
417 University of Siena (UNISI), Italy 4.77 5.62 83 14.0%
418 University Institute of France (IUF), France 5.15 5.59 59 5.1%
419 Åbo Akademi University, Finland 5.55 5.51 30 -3.9%
420 Warsaw University of Technology (WUT), Poland 3.07 5.49 83 73.2%
421 University of Catania, Italy 9.47 5.47 120 -44.2%
422 Agroscope, Switzerland 4.56 5.44 14 15.5%
423 Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Luxembourg 4.52 5.42 22 15.9%
424 University of Ioannina (UOI), Greece 7.48 5.41 98 -30.0%
425 National Interuniversity Consortium of Materials Science and Technology (INSTM), Italy 8.90 5.40 40 -41.3%
426 Medical University of Graz (Med Uni Graz), Austria 4.46 5.39 42 17.0%
427 National Technical University of Athens (NTUA), Greece 7.64 5.38 138 -31.9%
428 Wrocław University of Science and Technology (WRUT), Poland 6.71 5.33 16 -23.1%
429 University of Castilla-La Mancha (UCLM), Spain 12.84 5.33 46 -59.8%
430 University of Valladolid (UVa), Spain 7.02 5.31 16 -26.7%
431 National Institute for Research in Computer Science and Control (INRIA), France 5.38 5.31 251 -4.4%
432 British Geological Survey (BGS), United Kingdom (UK) 7.06 5.29 34 -27.5%
433 Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom (UK) 3.71 5.29 92 37.8%
434 National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute), Russia 7.75 5.25 199 -34.5%
435 National Centre for Scientific Research 'Demokritos' (NCSR), Greece 7.66 5.22 115 -34.2%
436 Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski, Bulgaria 4.35 5.20 85 15.6%
437 University of Zagreb, Croatia 9.69 5.20 54 -48.2%
438 Institute Gustave-Roussy (IGR), France 5.76 5.19 61 -12.7%
439 University of Namur (UNamur), Belgium 4.90 5.19 19 2.4%
440 Hasselt University (UHasselt), Belgium 3.39 5.11 31 45.7%
441 University of Eastern Piedmont "Amedeo Avogadro" (UNIPMN), Italy 4.54 5.10 142 8.7%
442 NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (CEH), United Kingdom (UK) 6.15 5.09 38 -20.0%
443 University of Szeged (SZTE), Hungary 6.66 5.08 29 -26.2%
444 Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI), Netherlands 3.36 5.04 22 44.8%
445 Italian Foundation for Cancer Research (FIRC), Italy 7.22 4.99 25 -33.1%
446 Northumbria University, United Kingdom (UK) 4.50 4.96 22 6.8%
447 Norway Ministry of Trade, Industry and Fisheries, Norway 3.77 4.91 59 25.8%
448 Centre for Energy, Environment and Technology (CIEMAT), Spain 2.81 4.89 107 68.4%
449 Pablo de Olavide University (UPO), Spain 4.69 4.88 31 0.7%
450 Semmelweis University (SE), Hungary 2.91 4.87 32 62.1%
451 Le Mans University, France 3.00 4.84 20 56.3%
452 Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU), Russia 5.95 4.84 123 -21.3%
453 Lappeenranta University of Technology (LUT), Finland 3.49 4.83 125 33.9%
454 King Juan Carlos University (URJC), Spain 2.49 4.81 21 86.9%
455 Nottingham Trent University, United Kingdom (UK) 4.21 4.77 17 9.4%
456 University of Salento, Italy 4.24 4.76 78 8.5%
457 World Health Organization (WHO), Switzerland 1.74 4.76 40 165.1%
458 European Commission (EC), Belgium 12.70 4.75 29 -63.8%
459 Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (BMEL), Germany 2.03 4.73 29 125.4%
460 Institut d'Optique Graduate School (IOGS), France 4.02 4.69 44 12.8%
461 Caen University (UNICAEN), France 4.86 4.67 55 -7.2%
462 University of Insubria, Italy 2.45 4.65 27 83.3%
463 Roskilde University (RUC), Denmark 3.79 4.62 24 18.0%
464 Basque Center for Macromolecular Design and Engineering, Spain 2.70 4.55 23 63.0%
465 Thales S.A., France 4.36 4.54 37 0.8%
466 ALBA Synchrotron, Spain 4.21 4.52 33 4.0%
467 University of Angers, France 2.35 4.49 44 84.6%
468 Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN HH), Romania 1.53 4.47 127 183.1%
469 Centre for Cooperative Research in Biomaterials (CIC biomaGUNE), Spain 5.25 4.45 22 -18.0%
470 University of Chieti (Ud'A), Italy 2.25 4.44 24 90.6%
471 Sanofi, France 7.21 4.43 36 -40.5%
472 European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), United Kingdom (UK) 3.00 4.43 20 42.8%
473 University of Hohenheim, Germany 2.60 4.41 16 64.3%
474 Union of the German Academies of Sciences and Humanities, Germany 2.33 4.40 49 82.4%
475 University of South Bohemia, Czech Republic 4.76 4.37 22 -11.1%
476 University of Salzburg, Austria 6.82 4.37 16 -38.1%
477 National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics (NICPB), Estonia 2.39 4.35 95 76.0%
478 University of Huddersfield, United Kingdom (UK) 5.09 4.34 14 -17.6%
479 Gdańsk University of Technology (GUT), Poland 3.68 4.32 9 13.5%
480 University of Modena and Reggio Emilia (UNIMORE), Italy 5.52 4.29 49 -24.9%
481 University of Lincoln, United Kingdom (UK) 3.34 4.25 23 22.9%
482 Comenius University in Bratislava (UK), Slovakia 2.33 4.25 93 76.0%
483 Johannes Kepler University of Linz (JKU), Austria 11.48 4.25 22 -64.2%
484 NERC National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS), United Kingdom (UK) 4.57 4.19 36 -11.5%
485 Rigshospitalet, Denmark 4.54 4.18 61 -11.0%
486 Institute of Molecular Medicine (IMM), Portugal 8.33 4.16 18 -51.6%
487 École Normale Supérieure Paris-Saclay (ENS Paris-Saclay), France 4.84 4.16 45 -16.8%
488 National Graduate School of Engineering and Research Center (ENSICAEN), France 3.29 4.10 42 20.5%
489 University of Hertfordshire (UH), United Kingdom (UK) 4.19 4.06 14 -6.3%
490 Babeș-Bolyai University (UBB), Romania 3.44 4.03 20 13.5%
491 West University of Timișoara (UVT), Romania 3.02 4.03 56 28.9%
492 City, University of London (CUL), United Kingdom (UK) 3.68 4.00 11 5.1%
493 University of Brighton, United Kingdom (UK) 2.54 4.00 17 52.1%
494 Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine 2.28 4.00 25 69.7%
495 Norwegian Research Centre AS (NORCE), Norway 3.58 3.96 48 6.9%
496 Norway Ministry of Education and Research, Norway 2.07 3.96 31 84.6%
497 European Space Agency (ESA), France 4.78 3.93 43 -20.4%
498 Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies (DIAS), Ireland 6.84 3.93 22 -44.5%
499 Rothamsted Research, United Kingdom (UK) 3.65 3.92 15 4.1%
500 Catholic University of the Sacred Heart (UCSC), Italy 3.01 3.92 29 26.1%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.