2020 tables: Institutions

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2018 Share 2019 Count 2019 Change in Adjusted Share 2018-2019*
1 University of Cape Town (UCT), South Africa 15.69 15.87 168 -2.1%
2 University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg (Wits University), South Africa 9.23 9.90 125 3.8%
3 Stellenbosch University (SU), South Africa 15.15 9.13 50 -41.7%
4 University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN), South Africa 7.69 6.99 45 -12.1%
5 University of Johannesburg (UJ), South Africa 6.51 5.37 89 -20.2%
6 University of the Free State (UFS), South Africa 2.06 3.40 17 59.9%
7 Durban University of Technology (DUT), South Africa 1.14 3.38 9 186.7%
8 National Institute for Theoretical Physics (NITheP), South Africa 4.04 3.24 13 -22.4%
9 Rhodes University (RU), South Africa 1.49 2.97 31 93.2%
10 University of Pretoria (UP), South Africa 3.72 2.77 38 -27.8%
11 North-West University (NWU), South Africa 1.67 2.20 14 27.4%
12 Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI), Kenya 0.83 2.07 16 142.5%
13 University of South Africa (UNISA), South Africa 1.03 2.03 15 90.5%
14 Ain Shams University, Egypt 2.16 1.88 22 -15.9%
15 Cadi Ayyad University (UCA), Morocco 1.73 1.77 62 -0.8%
16 Mansoura University, Egypt 0.65 1.77 16 165.2%
17 Department of Science and Technology (DST), South Africa 0.36 1.73 19 365.8%
18 Addis Ababa University (AAU), Ethiopia 1.88 1.70 18 -12.4%
19 Cairo University (CU), Egypt 1.48 1.60 35 4.6%
20 University of the Western Cape (UWC), South Africa 1.16 1.54 19 28.6%
21 South African Astronomical Observatory (SAAO), South Africa 1.67 1.30 14 -24.8%
22 Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), South Africa 0.39 1.27 25 212.0%
23 Beni-Suef University (BSU), Egypt 0.20 1.19 12 488.1%
24 Zewail City of Science and Technology, Egypt 0.90 1.14 22 22.4%
25 National Museums of Kenya (NMK), Kenya 1.71 1.13 9 -36.2%
26 University of Ghana, Ghana 1.11 10 N/A
27 University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Benin 0.54 1.10 7 97.1%
28 National Health Laboratory Service (NHLS), South Africa 1.32 1.06 14 -22.4%
29 University of Nairobi, Kenya 0.03 1.04 9 3,200.5%
30 British University in Egypt (BUE), Egypt 0.71 1.03 33 40.1%
31 International Center for Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE), Kenya 0.30 1.03 2 234.6%
32 Elephants Without Borders, Botswana 1.00 1 N/A
33 SKA South Africa, South Africa 0.35 0.92 6 155.4%
34 Kuruman River Reserve, South Africa 1.45 0.83 3 -44.7%
35 Assiut University, Egypt 0.16 0.81 8 384.8%
36 Research Institute of Health Sciences (IRSS), Burkina Faso 0.16 0.80 3 399.1%
37 University of Buea (UB), Cameroon 0.01 0.80 8 14,342.9%
38 University of Yaounde I (UYI), Cameroon 0.89 0.77 7 -16.0%
39 NRF iThemba Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences (IThemba Labs), South Africa 0.19 0.71 22 267.6%
40 Centre for Research in Infectious Diseases (CRID), Cameroon 0.71 2 N/A
41 Tunis El Manar University (UTM), Tunisia 0.48 0.71 9 41.1%
42 University of Malawi, Malawi 0.59 0.70 12 14.8%
43 Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU), Nigeria 0.70 2 N/A
44 Africa Health Research Institute, South Africa 2.10 0.69 8 -68.2%
45 University of La Réunion, Reunion 1.10 0.68 24 -40.7%
46 University of Carthage (UCAR), Tunisia 0.38 0.65 4 66.7%
47 Université Ibn Zohr, Morocco 0.17 0.64 5 268.6%
48 Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Nigeria 0.61 2 N/A
49 Makerere University, Uganda 0.54 0.59 10 6.0%
50 Suez University, Egypt 0.64 0.59 20 -11.0%
51 National Research Centre (NRC), Egypt 0.83 0.57 13 -32.8%
52 Research Foundation for Tropical Diseases and the Environment, Cameroon 0.57 3 N/A
53 University Hassan II Casablanca (UHII), Morocco 0.11 0.56 57 405.8%
54 Nelson Mandela University (NMU), South Africa 2.46 0.55 6 -78.3%
55 University of Douala, Cameroon 0.06 0.52 3 767.3%
56 Uganda Virus Research Institute (UVRI), Uganda 0.18 0.52 10 183.2%
57 Jimma Institute of Technology (JIT), Ethiopia 0.50 0.50 1 -3.3%
57 Save the Elephants, Kenya 0.52 0.50 1 -6.5%
57 Moi University, Kenya 0.50 2 N/A
58 Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Ghana 0.27 0.50 6 79.3%
59 Réseau Universitaire de Physique des Hautes Energies (RUPHE), Morocco 0.03 0.49 55 1,273.9%
60 Constantine 1 University, Algeria 0.01 0.49 34 4,199.5%
61 Alexandria University, Egypt 0.43 0.48 13 7.1%
62 Al-Azhar University, Egypt 0.10 0.47 7 329.7%
63 Mohammed V University, Morocco 0.39 0.44 56 7.8%
64 University of Science, Technique and Technologies of Bamako (USTTB), Mali 0.26 0.43 6 61.3%
65 Cheikh Anta Diop University (UCAD), Senegal 0.46 0.42 4 -11.8%
66 Ghana Health Service (GHS), Ghana 0.20 0.41 2 99.1%
67 University of Kinshasa (UNIKIN), Congo 0.40 3 N/A
68 Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA), Tanzania 0.14 0.39 3 160.1%
69 Tanta University, Egypt 0.79 0.38 3 -53.3%
70 Uganda Ministry of Health, Uganda 0.15 0.38 1 135.8%
70 Ethiopia Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), Ethiopia 0.38 1 N/A
70 Safe Water and AIDS Project (SWAP), Kenya 0.38 1 N/A
70 University of Sciences, Arts and Technology of Natitingou (USATN), Benin 0.38 1 N/A
71 University Ibn Tofaïl (UIT), Morocco 0.37 22 N/A
72 Polyclinique les Jasmins, Tunisia 0.42 0.36 3 -17.6%
73 Maseno University, Kenya 0.35 2 N/A
74 University of Antananarivo, Madagascar 0.57 0.34 3 -42.1%
75 Université Catholique de Bukavu (UCB), Congo 0.08 0.34 2 295.7%
76 University of Venda (UNIVEN), South Africa 0.18 0.34 7 80.0%
77 Department of Environment, Forestry and Fisheries (DEFF), South Africa 0.32 0.34 6 2.5%
78 Delvic Sanitation Initiatives, Senegal 0.33 1 N/A
78 University of Benghazi (UoB), Libya 0.33 1 N/A
79 Benha University, Egypt 0.11 0.33 3 197.8%
80 South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI), South Africa 0.12 0.32 3 157.3%
81 National University of Sciences, Technologies, Engineering and Mathematics (UNSTIM), Benin 0.32 2 N/A
82 University of Bamako, Mali 0.17 0.32 2 76.6%
83 Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University (USMBA), Morocco 0.31 1 N/A
84 Helwan University (HU), Egypt 0.71 0.31 15 -57.8%
85 CSIR Water Research Institute, Ghana 0.31 2 N/A
86 American University in Cairo (AUC), Egypt 0.47 0.31 5 -36.1%
87 Medical Care Development Inc. (MCDI), Equatorial Guinea 0.27 0.31 1 9.1%
88 National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences (NARSS), Egypt 0.33 0.31 2 -11.3%
89 Organization of Coordination for the Fight against Endemic Diseases in Central Africa (OCEAC), Cameroon 0.03 0.30 2 882.1%
90 Cameroon Ministry of Scientific Research and Innovation, Cameroon 0.05 0.29 3 465.9%
91 University of Sfax, Tunisia 0.30 0.29 3 -6.6%
92 University of Lagos (Unilag), Nigeria 0.13 0.29 6 113.9%
93 University of Zambia, Zambia 0.28 3 N/A
94 Emirates Center for Wildlife Propagation (ECWP), Morocco 0.28 1 N/A
94 Coucal Project, Tanzania 0.28 1 N/A
95 South African National Parks, South Africa 0.28 5 N/A
96 Ifakara Health Institute, Tanzania 0.12 0.27 4 127.3%
97 Abunde Sustainable Engineering Group (AbundeSEG), Ghana 0.26 2 N/A
98 University for Development Studies (UDS), Ghana 0.26 2 N/A
99 Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD), Cameroon 0.06 0.25 1 339.1%
99 Goma Volcanological Observatory, Congo 0.37 0.25 1 -34.0%
99 Université Moulay-Ismaïl (UMI), Morocco 0.48 0.25 1 -49.2%
99 Centre de Recherche en Astronomie Astrophysique et Géophysique (CRAAG), Algeria 0.56 0.25 1 -56.6%
99 Maendeleo ya Jamii (MYJ), Uganda 0.25 1 N/A
99 African Development Bank (AfDB), Ivory Coast 0.25 1 N/A
99 Centre de Développement des Energies Renouvelables (CDER), Algeria 0.25 1 N/A
99 Malawi Ministry of Natural Resources, Energy and Environment, Malawi 0.25 1 N/A
100 Wollega University (WU), Ethiopia 0.24 3 N/A
101 Fayoum University (FU), Egypt 0.00 0.23 9 5,070.7%
102 National Institute for Medical Research (NIMR), Tanzania 0.14 0.22 5 56.4%
103 Botswana Geoscience Institute (BGI), Botswana 0.22 1 N/A
103 Egyptian Relativity Group (ERG), Egypt 0.22 1 N/A
104 Centre de Recherche Biomédicale Espoir pour la Santé (EPLS), Senegal 0.15 0.22 1 44.7%
105 University of Lubumbashi, Congo 0.21 1 N/A
106 Abdelmalek Essaâdi University (UAE), Morocco 0.31 0.20 3 -35.5%
107 International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Kenya 0.69 0.20 1 -71.7%
108 University of Ziguinchor (UASZ), Senegal 0.22 0.20 1 -12.9%
108 University of Mauritius (UOM), Mauritius 0.20 1 N/A
108 National Heritage Institute (INP), Tunisia 0.20 1 N/A
109 Botswana Ministry of Health, Botswana 0.19 2 N/A
110 University of Namibia (UNAM), Namibia 0.20 0.19 5 -8.6%
111 University of Rwanda, Rwanda 0.15 0.19 2 22.4%
111 Geological Survey of Malawi, Malawi 0.17 0.19 1 5.8%
111 Minia University, Egypt 0.22 0.19 3 -18.9%
112 Central Metallurgical Research and Development Institute (CMRDI), Egypt 0.08 0.19 3 125.7%
113 Menoufia University, Egypt 0.13 0.18 2 30.4%
114 African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET), Uganda 0.18 1 N/A
115 University of Oran, Algeria 0.17 2 N/A
116 Centre for Conservation of African Resources, Animals, Communities, and Land use (CARACAL), Botswana 0.17 1 N/A
116 Mauritanian Office for Geological Exploration (OMRG), Mauritania 0.17 1 N/A
116 Arid Regions Institute (IRA) Médenine, Tunisia 0.20 0.17 1 -19.9%
117 Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique 0.16 2 N/A
118 South African Medical Research Council (SAMRC), South Africa 0.48 0.16 13 -68.1%
119 Misr University for Science and Technology (MUST), Egypt 0.06 0.16 2 145.0%
120 Kafrelsheikh University, Egypt 0.09 0.16 2 70.8%
121 International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Nigeria 0.05 0.15 2 199.4%
122 Institut de Recherches Halieutique et Océanologique du Bénin (IRHOB), Benin 0.08 0.15 2 74.1%
123 Nambibia Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME), Namibia 0.14 1 N/A
123 Centre National de Recherches sur l'Environnement, Madagascar 0.14 1 N/A
123 University of Science and Technology Houari Boumedienne (USTHB), Algeria 0.14 1 N/A
123 Misr International University (MIU), Egypt 0.14 1 N/A
124 University of Limpopo, South Africa 0.18 0.14 5 -24.3%
125 University of Ibadan (UI), Nigeria 0.23 0.14 6 -42.6%
126 South Valley University (SVU), Egypt 0.08 0.14 2 57.5%
127 National Research Institute of Astronomy and Geophysics (NRIAG), Egypt 0.84 0.13 2 -84.6%
128 National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI), Nigeria 0.13 2 N/A
129 Arba Minch University (AMU), Ethiopia 0.13 2 N/A
130 Damietta University, Egypt 0.25 0.13 2 -51.2%
131 Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT), Kenya 0.07 0.13 5 87.6%
132 Kintampo Health Research Centre (KHRC), Ghana 0.06 0.13 1 99.5%
132 Zagazig University, Egypt 0.19 0.13 2 -36.0%
132 Université de Man (U-MAN), Ivory Coast 0.13 1 N/A
132 Kulima Integrated Development Solutions (Pty) Ltd, South Africa 0.13 1 N/A
132 Université Nationale d’Agriculture (UNA), Benin 0.13 1 N/A
132 Meru University of Science and Technology (MUST), Kenya 0.13 1 N/A
132 Mkwawa University College of Education (MUCE), Tanzania 0.13 1 N/A
133 Agricultural Research Council (ARC), South Africa 0.13 0.12 3 -3.8%
134 National Veterinary Research Institute (NVRI), Nigeria 0.12 2 N/A
135 Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, South Africa 0.12 2 N/A
136 Sohag University, Egypt 0.05 0.12 2 135.6%
137 Center for Health Research Manhica (CISM), Mozambique 0.12 1 N/A
138 Hartebeesthoek Radio Astronomy Observatory (HartRAO), South Africa 0.21 0.12 2 -46.9%
139 University of Zimbabwe (UZ), Zimbabwe 0.13 0.12 1 -10.7%
139 University of Tiaret, Algeria 0.12 1 N/A
139 Kenya Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Kenya 0.12 1 N/A
140 Mekelle University, Ethiopia 0.11 2 N/A
141 Commission des Forêts d'Afrique Centrale (COMIFAC), Cameroon 0.01 0.11 1 1,909.8%
141 The University of Dodoma, Tanzania 0.02 0.11 1 372.9%
141 Mauritius Ministry of Defence and Rodrigues, Mauritius 0.11 1 N/A
141 Ethiopia Ministry of Youth, Sports and Culture (MYSC), Ethiopia 0.11 1 N/A
142 South African National Space Agency (SANSA), South Africa 0.11 1 N/A
143 CSIR‐Forestry Research Institute of Ghana (FORIG), Ghana 0.11 1 N/A
144 National Museum of Tanzania, Tanzania 0.25 0.10 2 -61.0%
145 Tanzania Marine Parks and Reserves Unit, Tanzania 0.10 1 N/A
145 Ministre de la Recherche scientifique et de l'Innovation Technologique (MRSIT), Congo 0.10 1 N/A
145 Faculty of Sciences of Tunis (FST), Tunisia 0.10 1 N/A
146 Mohammed VI Polytechnic University, Morocco 0.10 0.10 2 -6.2%
147 Global Animal Health – Tanzania (GAH-T), Tanzania 0.10 1 N/A
148 Université de Parakou, Benin 0.09 2 N/A
149 Council for Geoscience (CGS), South Africa 1.05 0.09 1 -91.6%
149 University Hospital of Kisangani (UH Kisangani), Congo 0.09 1 N/A
149 34th Regimental Military Hospital, Sierra Leone 0.09 1 N/A
150 Université Mohammed Premier (UMP), Morocco 0.69 0.09 54 -87.4%
151 Tanzania National Parks (TANAPA), Tanzania 0.09 2 N/A
152 South African Nuclear Energy Corporation (Necsa), South Africa 0.04 0.08 1 115.0%
152 Mintek, South Africa 0.04 0.08 1 115.0%
152 Kenya Ministry of Health, Kenya 0.13 0.08 1 -37.5%
152 Infectious Diseases Research Collaboration (IDRC), Uganda 0.82 0.08 1 -90.2%
152 Windhoek Central Hospital, Namibia 0.08 1 N/A
152 Eritrea Ministry of Health (MOH), Eritrea 0.08 1 N/A
152 Kenya Methodist University (KeMU), Kenya 0.08 1 N/A
153 University of Fort Hare (UFH), South Africa 0.05 0.08 4 61.7%
154 University of Nigerian Teaching Hospital (UNTH), Nigeria 0.08 2 N/A
155 Mercy Hospital Research Laboratory, Sierra Leone 0.08 2 N/A
156 Lagos State University (LASU), Nigeria 0.12 0.08 3 -35.1%
157 Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), Morocco 0.05 0.08 1 53.8%
157 University of Mostaganem, Algeria 0.08 1 N/A
158 National Veterinary Laboratory (LANAVET), Cameroon 0.07 1 N/A
158 aboratoire Central Vétérinaire de Lomé, Togo 0.07 1 N/A
158 Laboratoire Central de l'Élevage(LABOCEL), Niger 0.07 1 N/A
158 National Animal Disease Diagnostics and Epidemiology Centre (NADDEC), Uganda 0.07 1 N/A
159 Akwa Ibom State University (AKSU), Nigeria 0.07 1 N/A
159 University of Malemba Nkulu, Congo 0.07 1 N/A
159 Adama Science and Technology University (ASTU), Ethiopia 0.07 1 N/A
159 Center for Integrated Research and Community Development Uganda (CIRCODU), Uganda 0.07 1 N/A
159 Muhimbili National Hospital, Tanzania 0.07 1 N/A
160 Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), Ethiopia 0.05 0.07 2 43.9%
161 Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS), Tanzania 0.05 0.07 3 35.3%
162 University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania 0.30 0.07 3 -78.1%
163 Congo Ministry of Health, Congo 0.07 1 N/A
164 Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute (TAWIRI), Tanzania 0.07 2 N/A
165 Meteorological Services Department (MSD), Zimbabwe 0.05 0.07 1 35.4%
165 Public Health Laboratory - Ivo de Carneri (PHL-IdC), Tanzania 0.07 1 N/A
165 Congo Basin Water Resources Research Center (CRREBaC), Congo 0.07 1 N/A
165 Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute (EPRI), Egypt 0.07 1 N/A
166 Technology Innovation Agency (TIA), South Africa 0.06 1 N/A
166 Groupe de Recherche Action en Santé (GRAS), Burkina Faso 0.06 1 N/A
166 Abdou Moumouni University (UAM), Niger 0.06 1 N/A
166 Nature Seychelles, Seychelles 0.06 1 N/A
167 University of Cape Coast (UCC), Ghana 0.06 2 N/A
168 Livingstone Museum, Zambia 0.06 1 N/A
169 Burkina Faso Ministry of Health, Burkina Faso 0.44 0.06 2 -87.0%
170 Academy of Scientific Research and Technology (ASRT), Egypt 0.08 0.06 69 -30.6%
171 University of Khartoum, Sudan 0.07 0.06 1 -23.2%
171 University of Botswana (UB), Botswana 0.54 0.06 1 -89.4%
171 Université Omar Bongo, Gabon 0.06 1 N/A
171 CSIR-Crops Research Institute (CRI), Ghana 0.06 1 N/A
171 St. Joseph University In Tanzania (SJUIT), Tanzania 0.06 1 N/A
172 University of Nigeria (UNN), Nigeria 0.20 0.06 4 -72.0%
173 Joint Clinical Research Centre (JCRC), Uganda 0.15 0.06 1 -63.2%
174 Niger Ministry of Public Health, Niger 0.05 0.06 1 15.5%
174 National Metrology Institute of South Africa (NMISA), South Africa 0.20 0.06 1 -73.1%
174 University of Monastir (UM), Tunisia 0.70 0.06 1 -92.3%
174 Université Ziane Achour de Djelfa, Algeria 0.06 1 N/A
175 Redeemer's University Nigeria (RUN), Nigeria 0.05 1 N/A
176 Ghana Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources (MLNR), Ghana 0.05 1 N/A
177 Zvitambo Institute for Maternal and Child Health Research, Zimbabwe 0.05 1 N/A
178 State University of Zanzibar (SUZA), Tanzania 0.05 1 N/A
178 Association Nature Océan Indien, Reunion 0.05 1 N/A
178 Nasarawa State University (NSUK), Nigeria 0.05 1 N/A
178 Institut Congolais pour la Conservation de la Nature (ICCN), Congo 0.05 1 N/A
179 Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny (UFHB), Ivory Coast 0.10 0.05 2 -53.4%
180 Suez Canal University (SCU), Egypt 0.34 0.05 2 -85.9%
181 Lajuma Research Centre, South Africa 0.03 0.05 1 33.6%
181 University of Port Harcourt (UNIPORT), Nigeria 0.05 1 N/A
181 Université des Sciences de la Santé, Gabon 0.05 1 N/A
182 National Institute of Hygiene (INH), Morocco 0.05 1 N/A
183 Groupe d'Etude et de Recherche sur les Primates de Madagascar (GREP), Madagascar 0.05 1 N/A
183 Association Mitsinjo, Madagascar 0.05 1 N/A
183 Madagascar Health and Environmental Research (MAHERY), Madagascar 0.05 1 N/A
184 University of Sierra Leone (USL), Sierra Leone 0.02 0.05 2 161.9%
185 African Institute for Mathematical Sciences (AIMS), South Africa 0.11 0.04 5 -62.0%
186 National Institute Mongi Ben Hmida of Neurology, Tunisia 0.04 2 N/A
187 Centre for Proteomic and Genomic Research (CPGR), South Africa 0.04 1 N/A
187 CHU Fann (CHNUF), Senegal 0.04 1 N/A
187 University of Global Health Equity (UGHE), Rwanda 0.04 1 N/A
187 Bayero University Kano (BUK), Nigeria 0.04 1 N/A
188 Njala University, Sierra Leone 0.04 1 N/A
189 Veterinary Laboratory of Kinshasa, Congo 0.04 1 N/A
189 Laboratoire National d'Elevage (DLNE), Burkina Faso 0.04 1 N/A
189 Laboratoire National d’Appui au Développement Agricole (LANADA), Ivory Coast 0.04 1 N/A
189 Laboratoire Central de Pathologie Animale, Ivory Coast 0.04 1 N/A
189 Accra Veterinary Laboratory (AVL), Ghana 0.04 1 N/A
189 National Laboratory for Veterinary Quality Control on Poultry Production (NLQP), Egypt 0.04 1 N/A
190 Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced Study (STIAS), South Africa 0.12 0.04 1 -71.3%
190 Technical University of Kenya (TUK), Kenya 0.04 1 N/A
190 Anova Health Institute, South Africa 0.04 1 N/A
191 Botswana International University of Science and Technology (BIUST), Botswana 0.04 2 N/A
192 EMSS Group, South Africa 0.04 1 N/A
193 Université Alassane Ouattara, Ivory Coast 0.03 1 N/A
193 Amref Health Africa, Kenya 0.03 1 N/A
194 Arish University, Egypt 0.03 1 N/A
195 Armauer Hansen Research Institute (AHRI), Ethiopia 0.16 0.03 1 -80.2%
196 CHU de Treichville, Ivory Coast 0.03 1 N/A
197 Kenema Government Hospital (KGH), Sierra Leone 0.11 0.03 1 -71.5%
198 University of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso 0.01 0.03 1 111.6%
198 MRC Respiratory and Meningeal Pathogens Research Unit (RMPRU), South Africa 0.03 1 N/A
198 University of Maiduguri (UNIMAID), Nigeria 0.03 1 N/A
198 Ministère des Mines, De I'Energie et de I'Eau, Benin 0.03 1 N/A
199 Ambrose Alli University (AAU), Nigeria 0.03 1 N/A
200 Jaramogi Oginga Odinga University of Science and Technology (JOOUST), Kenya 0.03 1 N/A
201 The Aurum Institute, South Africa 0.09 0.03 1 -68.7%
202 Akademia, South Africa 0.03 1 N/A
203 University of Health and Allied Science (UHAS), Ghana 0.02 0.03 2 72.8%
204 Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH), Ghana 0.03 1 N/A
205 Institut Sénégalais de Recherches Agricoles (ISRA), Senegal 0.08 0.03 2 -68.0%
206 Theodor Bilharz Research Institute (TBRI), Egypt 0.03 1 N/A
206 Childhood Acute Illness and Nutrition Network (CHAIN Network), Kenya 0.03 1 N/A
207 Egerton University, Kenya 0.03 1 N/A
208 Institut National des Sciences de l'Archéologie et du Patrimoine (INSAP), Morocco 0.19 0.02 1 -87.5%
208 Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC), South Africa 0.02 1 N/A
208 Medireal Investment Uganda, Uganda 0.02 1 N/A
208 Mnazi Mmoja Hospital, Tanzania 0.02 1 N/A
209 World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Kenya 0.14 0.02 1 -84.8%
210 College of African Wildlife Management (CAWM), Tanzania 0.01 0.02 2 302.5%
211 University of Kisangani (UNIKIS), Congo 0.26 0.02 1 -92.0%
212 Station d'Innovation Aquacole Sarl (SIA), Senegal 0.02 1 N/A
213 Centre National de l'Energie, des Sciences et des Techniques Nuclaires / Rabat (CNESTEN), Morocco 0.05 0.02 3 -59.3%
214 Baylor College of Medicine Children’s Foundation - Uganda (Baylor - Uganda), Uganda 0.09 0.02 1 -78.4%
214 South Africa Department of Defence (DoD), South Africa 0.02 1 N/A
215 Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), Nigeria 0.02 1 N/A
216 South Africa Department of Health (DOH), South Africa 0.02 0.02 2 -23.4%
217 Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de La Réunion (CHU de La Réunion), Reunion 0.05 0.01 1 -72.4%
218 South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity (SAIAB), South Africa 0.01 1 N/A
219 University of Gondar (UOG), Ethiopia 0.05 0.01 2 -73.8%
220 University of Eldoret, Kenya 0.01 1 N/A
221 Korup Rainforest Conservation Society (KRCS), Cameroon 0.01 1 N/A
222 Touray and Meyer Veterinary Clinic, Gambia 0.02 0.01 1 -39.5%
222 Lilongwe Society for Protection and Care of Animals (LSPCA), Malawi 0.01 1 N/A
222 Animal Anti Cruelty League (AACL), South Africa 0.01 1 N/A
222 Kampala Veterinary Surgery, Uganda 0.01 1 N/A
222 École Inter-Etats des Sciences et Médecine Vétérinaires de Dakar (EISMV), Senegal 0.01 1 N/A
222 Animal Clinic Mombasa, Kenya 0.01 1 N/A
222 Ladybrand Animal Clinic, South Africa 0.01 1 N/A
222 Nakuru District Veterinary Scheme Ltd., Kenya 0.01 1 N/A
223 African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC), Kenya 0.01 3 N/A
224 Ahmadu Bello University (ABU), Nigeria 0.01 3 N/A
225 Peralex Electronics Pty Ltd., South Africa 0.01 1 N/A
225 Presidential Infrastructure Coordinating Commission (PICC), South Africa 0.01 1 N/A
225 Tellumat Pty Ltd., South Africa 0.01 1 N/A
226 Tanzania Commission for Science and Technology (COSTECH), Tanzania 0.01 1 N/A
227 National Biotechnology Development Agency (NABDA), Nigeria 0.01 1 N/A
228 University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital (UITH), Nigeria 0.01 1 N/A
229 Centre for Healthy Start Initiative (HSI-Centre), Nigeria 0.01 2 N/A
230 University of N'Djamena (UNDT), Chad 0.01 1 N/A
230 Division of Integrated Surveillance of Health Emergencies and Response, Togo 0.01 1 N/A
230 Agence de Médecine Préventive (AMP), Togo 0.01 1 N/A
230 Togo Ministry of Health (MoH), Togo 0.01 1 N/A
230 Gambia Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (MOHSW), Gambia 0.01 1 N/A
230 Kilimanjaro Clinical Research Institute (KCRI), Tanzania 0.01 1 N/A
230 City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality Department of Water and Sanitation, South Africa 0.01 1 N/A
230 Mount Kenya University (MKU), Kenya 0.01 1 N/A
231 Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia 0.01 1 N/A
232 Center for the Development of Horticulture (CDH), Senegal 0.01 1 N/A
233 Université Nangui Abrogoua (UNA), Ivory Coast 0.14 0.01 1 -95.1%
234 University of the Gambia (UTG), Gambia 0.01 1 N/A
235 South Africa Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF), South Africa 0.12 0.01 1 -94.9%
235 Coastal Oceans Research and Development in the Indian Ocean (CORDIO), Kenya 0.01 1 N/A
235 Marine Conservation Society Seychelles (MCSS), Seychelles 0.01 1 N/A
235 Blue Wilderness, South Africa 0.01 1 N/A
235 Dyer Island Conservation Trust (DICT), South Africa 0.01 1 N/A
235 Cape Research and Diver Development (Cape RADD), South Africa 0.01 1 N/A
236 Ebo Forest Research Project (EFRP), Cameroon 0.01 1 N/A
237 Cape Peninsula University of Technology (CPUT), South Africa 0.01 2 N/A
238 Southern African Research and Innovation Management Association (SARIMA), South Africa 0.00 0.01 2 102.2%
238 South African National Blood Service (SANBS), South Africa 0.00 0.01 2 102.2%
239 Research Institute for Tropical Ecology (IRET), Gabon 0.08 0.01 2 -93.2%
240 Mizan Tepi University (MTU), Ethiopia 0.01 2 N/A
241 Hawassa University (HU), Ethiopia 0.04 0.00 2 -88.9%
241 Jimma University, Ethiopia 0.05 0.00 2 -89.9%
241 University of Embu, Kenya 0.00 2 N/A
241 Botho University, Botswana 0.00 2 N/A
241 Debre Berhan University (DBU), Ethiopia 0.00 2 N/A
242 Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre (KCMC), Tanzania 0.62 0.00 1 -99.3%
243 Agence Nationale des Parcs Nationaux (ANPN), Gabon 0.03 0.00 1 -85.8%
244 Nile University (NU), Egypt 0.00 2 N/A
245 University of Tripoli (UT), Libya 0.02 0.00 1 -82.1%
245 Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex (OAUTHC), Nigeria 0.00 1 N/A
245 University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH), Nigeria 0.00 1 N/A
245 University of Calabar Teaching Hospital (UCTH), Nigeria 0.00 1 N/A
245 Federal Medical Centre, Nigeria 0.00 1 N/A
245 Delta State University Teaching Hospital (DELSUTH), Nigeria 0.00 1 N/A
245 University of Algiers - Benyoucef Benkhedda, Algeria 0.00 1 N/A
245 Rabat Children's Hospital, Morocco 0.00 1 N/A
246 Institut National Polytechnique Félix Houphouët-Boigny (INP-HB), Ivory Coast 0.00 1 N/A
247 Aksum University (AKU), Ethiopia 0.00 1 N/A
248 Ivory Coast Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research (MESRS), Ivory Coast 0.28 0.00 1 -98.9%
249 Wolkite University (WKU), Ethiopia 0.00 1 N/A
249 Jigjiga University (JJU), Ethiopia 0.00 1 N/A
249 Synotech Consultants, Kenya 0.00 1 N/A
250 University of Benin (UNIBEN), Nigeria 0.00 2 N/A
251 Université d'Agriculture de Kétou (UNA), Benin 0.01 0.00 1 -59.3%
251 Mbarara University of Science and Technology (MUST), Uganda 0.00 1 N/A
252 Oceans Research, South Africa 0.00 1 N/A
253 Babcock University (BU), Nigeria 0.13 0.00 1 -98.4%
253 Federal Medical Centre Abeokuta, Nigeria 0.00 1 N/A
254 University of Jos, Nigeria 0.00 0.00 1 -62.1%
254 Aswan University, Egypt 0.00 1 N/A
254 National Hepatology and Tropical Research Institute (NHTMRI), Egypt 0.00 1 N/A
254 Wollo University, Ethiopia 0.00 1 N/A
254 Madda Walabu University (MWU), Ethiopia 0.00 1 N/A
255 Tunisia Ministry of Public Health, Tunisia 0.00 1 N/A
256 Shark Spotters, South Africa 0.00 1 N/A
257 Nigeria Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH), Nigeria 0.08 0.00 1 -98.0%
257 Haramaya University, Ethiopia 0.00 1 N/A
257 Debre Markos University (DMU), Ethiopia 0.00 1 N/A
258 National Center for Scientific and Technological Research (CENAREST), Gabon 0.00 1 N/A
259 Seychelles Ministry of Health, Seychelles 0.00 1 N/A
260 Dilla University, Ethiopia 0.00 1 N/A
260 University of Energy and Natural Resources (UENR), Ghana 0.00 1 N/A
260 Gulu University, Uganda 0.00 1 N/A
260 Dr. Tewelde Legesse Health Science College, Ethiopia 0.00 1 N/A
261 Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University (SMU), South Africa 0.00 1 N/A
261 National Statistical Office, Cape Verde 0.00 1 N/A
261 National Institute of Public Health (INSP), Algeria 0.00 1 N/A
261 Higher Institute of Nursing Professions and Technical Health, Morocco 0.00 1 N/A
261 Mauritius Ministry of Health and Quality of Life, Mauritius 0.00 1 N/A
261 Ministère de la Santé et de l'Hygiène Publique, Ivory Coast 0.00 1 N/A
261 Eduardo Mondlane University (UEM), Mozambique 0.00 1 N/A
261 Usmanu Danfodiyo University (UDUSOK), Nigeria 0.00 1 N/A
262 Malawi Ministry of Health, Malawi 0.00 1 N/A

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.