2020 tables: Institutions

Table criteria

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

2019 Institution Share 2018 Share 2019
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 1726.7 1805.22
2 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 877.2 925.15
3 Max Planck Society, Germany 773.55 764.83
4 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 711.29 723.45
5 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 628.02 646.44
6 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 569.99 560.07
7 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 503.23 485.75
8 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 351.08 455.82
9 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 411.25 453.65
10 Peking University (PKU), China 413.39 437.62
11 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 447.76 429.97
12 Tsinghua University, China 399.03 428.61
13 Nanjing University (NJU), China 391.5 422.31
14 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 446.83 416.03
15 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 326.73 407.88
16 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 418.41 404
17 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 393.07 394.09
18 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 395.99 388.86
19 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 343.6 343.45
20 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 333.84 340.85
21 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 347.58 338.93
22 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 338.32 336.37
23 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 288.8 329.82
24 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 285.41 319
25 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 331.9 317.12
26 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 326.61 313.07
27 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 292.81 303.96
28 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 315.4 303.34
29 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 307.61 300.58
30 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 233.86 288.28
31 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 293.51 286.92
32 Fudan University, China 259.63 271.62
33 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 222.8 268.6
34 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 287.81 260.79
35 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 196.34 259.15
36 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 253.72 254.22
37 Kyoto University, Japan 289.47 251.29
38 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 230.68 244.57
39 Nankai University (NKU), China 198.63 243
40 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 207.92 238.08
41 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 202.88 235.91
42 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 238.01 230.81
43 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 245.39 230.66
44 Soochow University, China 193.5 229.25
45 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 207.61 227.17
46 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 277.02 222.31
47 Sichuan University (SCU), China 181.72 221.44
48 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 232.28 221.34
49 Wuhan University (WHU), China 194.98 217.16
50 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 202.34 216.18
51 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 215.52 215.04
52 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 239.49 214.44
53 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 201.24 204.85
54 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 183.56 200.65
55 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 213.33 199.76
56 Leibniz Association, Germany 199.08 199.38
57 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 211.34 196.85
58 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 196.77 195.66
59 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 149.89 193.99
60 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 173.74 189.35
61 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 201.49 183.69
62 Xiamen University (XMU), China 150.49 182.9
63 Osaka University, Japan 170.92 182.59
64 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 193.57 170.66
65 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 180.28 168.33
66 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 165.98 168.09
67 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 174.2 164.89
68 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 177.86 164.3
69 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 148.33 162.63
70 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 190.73 161.93
71 Jilin University (JLU), China 114.64 161.71
72 McGill University, Canada 145.69 161.25
73 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 152.09 157.11
74 Tianjin University (TJU), China 114.35 156.74
75 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 144.71 155.45
76 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 145.44 153.41
77 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 179.98 153.37
78 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 161.03 151.6
79 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 161.36 150.36
80 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 126.66 149.51
81 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 140.85 149.3
82 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 151.61 146.73
83 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 146.81 145.63
84 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 135.43 145.56
85 Hunan University (HNU), China 119.08 144.25
86 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 132.05 144.06
87 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 159.49 142.81
88 Tohoku University, Japan 166.52 142.55
89 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 119.48 140.14
90 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 152.9 139.92
91 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 121.25 138.07
92 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 128.31 137.46
93 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 127.65 137.35
94 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 135.89 136.1
95 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 131.37 135.39
96 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 143.07 134.62
97 University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 121.72 132.73
98 Monash University, Australia 125.63 131.41
99 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 92.35 128.35
100 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 125.19 126.73
101 RIKEN, Japan 160.44 123.93
102 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 136.11 123.77
103 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 112.88 123.3
104 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 109.63 121.91
105 Shandong University (SDU), China 113.36 121.73
106 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 108.59 120.76
107 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 107.31 120.52
108 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 140.12 119.6
109 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 100.83 119.42
110 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 106.87 117.86
111 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 117.44 117.4
112 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 111.97 117.31
113 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 109.17 117.16
114 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 100.09 116.9
115 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 150.17 116.35
116 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 117.08 116.3
117 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 94.18 115.51
118 Tongji University, China 105.61 114.28
119 Nagoya University, Japan 130.74 113.73
120 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 97.52 113.35
121 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 110.75 113.12
122 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 106.32 112.94
123 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 114.55 111.89
124 Hokkaido University, Japan 113.72 110.9
125 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 104.31 109.56
126 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 130.98 109.32
127 Sorbonne University, France 103.86 109.22
128 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 79.15 108.53
129 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 105.08 108.47
130 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 87.2 108.1
131 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 97.03 107.65
132 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 106.02 107.54
133 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 91.26 106.63
134 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 96.53 105.83
135 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 86.7 105.72
136 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 85.11 105.2
137 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 112.77 104.17
138 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 100.73 103.56
139 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 90.51 102.8
140 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 104.62 101.46
141 University of Göttingen, Germany 100.48 101.32
142 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 101.59 101.31
143 Kyushu University, Japan 87.7 99.61
144 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 110.45 97.61
145 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 103.38 97.09
146 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 90.9 96.88
147 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 100.64 96.57
148 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 99.62 95.9
149 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 87.93 95.77
150 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 77.02 95.34
151 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 101.63 95.16
152 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 89.73 93.69
153 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 105.33 93.56
154 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 82.83 93.36
155 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 86.62 93.24
156 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 105.81 93.08
157 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 103.47 92.98
158 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 84.78 92.1
159 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 84.06 92.06
160 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 92.52 91.78
161 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 91.35 90.95
162 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 95.1 90.57
163 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 75.73 90.24
164 Beihang University (BUAA), China 77.82 90.07
165 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 92.55 89.94
166 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 97.99 89.62
167 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 88.05 89.27
168 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 64.07 89.19
169 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 89.63 89
170 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 89.5 88.97
171 Yonsei University, South Korea 87.94 88.09
172 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 82.94 88.04
173 Central South University (CSU), China 58.43 87.63
174 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 73.38 87.23
175 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 79.77 86.96
176 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 81.14 86.95
177 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 73.27 86.9
178 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 71.87 86.39
179 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 82.57 86.03
180 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 95.72 85.65
181 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 78.51 85.62
182 University of Vienna, Austria 68.88 85.14
183 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 85.13 85.09
184 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 80.58 85.02
185 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 69.06 84.8
186 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 73.18 84.77
187 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 90.86 84.11
188 Goethe University Frankfurt am Main (GU), Germany 89.15 84.04
189 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 93.99 83.94
190 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 76.21 83.09
191 Stockholm University, Sweden 86.79 82.44
192 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 87.55 81.92
193 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 91.75 81.86
194 Southeast University (SEU), China 75.96 81.22
195 Leiden University, Netherlands 76.45 81.09
196 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 96.8 80.85
197 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 47.23 80.01
198 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 66.73 79.91
199 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 62.77 79.55
200 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 75.98 79.36
201 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 82.87 78.75
202 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 81.11 78.43
203 Southwest University (SWU), China 56.5 78.08
204 Shenzhen University (SZU), China 53.38 77.74
205 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 69.77 76.54
206 Lund University (LU), Sweden 80.54 76.32
207 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 87.13 76.22
208 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 97.76 75.85
209 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 83.52 75.43
210 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 77.25 75.25
211 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 66.39 75.19
212 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 93.51 74.45
213 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 64.75 74.37
214 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 68.09 74.16
215 University of Paris, France 72.04 73.81
216 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 80.19 73.63
217 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 78.57 73.45
218 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 68.23 73.4
219 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 70.08 73.4
220 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 74.39 72.91
221 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 73.86 72.77
222 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 85.13 72.67
223 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 58.53 72.62
224 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 89.26 72.36
225 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 75.11 72.26
226 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 74.96 72.2
227 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 64.14 71.72
228 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan 70.14 71.42
229 University of Waterloo, Canada 66.36 70.86
230 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 60.53 70.17
231 Academia Sinica, Taiwan 75.63 69.59
232 People's Liberation Army (PLA), China 71.07 68.92
233 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 63.37 68.24
234 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 76.12 67.52
235 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 56.08 67.24
236 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 67.43 66.98
237 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 61.21 66.63
238 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 74.94 66.11
239 Jinan University (JNU), China 48.15 66.02
240 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 57.31 65.49
241 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 61.89 65.44
242 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 65.05 65.36
243 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 54.93 65.35
244 Korea University, South Korea 52.82 65.29
245 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 70.58 65.27
246 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 57.25 64.97
247 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 75.73 64.24
248 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 67.83 63.93
249 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 46.57 63.92
250 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 56.39 63.7
251 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 57.61 63.55
252 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 53.25 63.38
253 University of Helsinki, Finland 61.34 63.06
254 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 73.96 62.64
255 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 53.53 62.35
256 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 75 62.26
257 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 75.48 62.24
258 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 55.74 61.63
259 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 54.84 61.54
260 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 53.26 61.26
261 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 59.46 60.93
262 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 48.7 60.79
263 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 53.45 60.5
264 Shanghai University (SHU), China 41.08 60.39
265 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 54.67 59.5
266 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 66.87 59.18
267 Chongqing University (CQU), China 55.82 58.43
268 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 56.75 58.41
269 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 33.9 58.03
270 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 62.49 57.89
271 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 61.48 57.7
272 University of Strasbourg, France 53.02 57.45
273 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 46.21 56.83
274 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 45.56 56.69
275 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 63.68 56.31
276 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 58.49 55.87
277 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 54.31 55.85
278 Nanjing Normal University (NNU), China 40.92 55.49
279 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 53.11 55.46
280 University of Tsukuba, Japan 39.56 54.99
281 Northwest University (NWU), China 52.42 54.93
282 Shaanxi Normal University (SNNU), China 47.75 54.46
283 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 66.03 54.46
284 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 51.76 54.12
285 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 57.92 53.86
286 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 50.96 53.68
287 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 69.5 53.23
288 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 36.4 53.23
289 Western University (UWO), Canada 57.46 53.02
290 ShanghaiTech University, China 36.57 53.02
291 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 56.59 52.77
292 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 69.57 52.69
293 University of Konstanz, Germany 33.06 52.51
294 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 46.91 52.31
295 University of Toulouse, France 49.39 52.08
296 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 55.64 52.07
297 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 36.08 52.04
298 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 55.51 51.97
299 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 56.83 51.87
300 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 53.72 51.71
301 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 43.64 51.4
302 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 50.94 51
303 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 44.1 51
304 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 53.25 50.78
305 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 39.17 50.35
306 South China Normal University (SCNU), China 29.4 49.96
307 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 44.82 49.79
308 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 44.71 49.75
309 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 53.53 49.74
310 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 51.1 49.71
311 Zhejiang University of Technology (ZJUT), China 26.48 49.36
312 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 47.47 49.27
313 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 40.05 49.24
314 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 38.93 48.85
315 Henan Normal University, China 26.3 48.8
316 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 50.94 48.13
317 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 49.89 48.08
318 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 57.5 47.8
319 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 61.78 47.3
320 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 55.19 47.29
321 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 51.86 46.96
322 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 50.84 46.91
323 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 44.75 46.88
324 University of Lyon, France 44.63 46.81
325 Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS), Italy 40.58 46.45
326 HHMI Janelia Farm Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 37.43 46.31
327 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 42.64 46.29
328 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 49.11 46.17
329 Henan University (HENU), China 28.3 45.77
330 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 46.71 45.75
331 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), China 39.72 45.71
332 China Pharmaceutical University (CPU), China 38.22 45.65
333 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 55.87 45.47
334 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 46.2 45.34
335 University of Jinan (UJN), China 23.19 44.96
336 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 46.59 44.56
337 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 41.72 44.27
338 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 79.06 44.03
339 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 40.42 43.98
340 VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands 52 43.76
341 Keio University, Japan 55.97 43.71
342 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 29.21 43.65
343 McMaster University, Canada 41.23 43.61
344 China Academy of Engineering Physics (CAEP), China 36.85 43.53
345 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 40.47 43.51
346 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 49.71 43.5
347 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 48.71 43.45
348 University of Montpellier, France 43.27 43.31
349 The University of Dublin, Ireland 33.16 43.17
350 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 49.3 42.98
351 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 47.83 42.91
352 China Agricultural University (CAU), China 47.38 42.9
353 Qingdao University of Science and Technology (QUST), China 19.86 42.74
354 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 47.34 42.72
355 Donghua University (DHU), China 24.71 42.7
356 Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras), India 40.87 42.62
357 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 34.45 42.58
358 China Meteorological Administration (CMA), China 29.29 42.53
359 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 32.99 42.47
360 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 31.35 42.07
361 Mayo Clinic, United States of America (USA) 46.89 42.01
362 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 43.39 41.97
363 National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), France 35.85 41.92
364 University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 26.48 41.85
365 Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NUST), China 37.14 41.84
366 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 34.98 41.79
367 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 43.18 41.72
368 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 37.44 41.59
369 Wuhan University of Technology (WUT), China 41.34 41.52
370 Okayama University, Japan 29.82 41.25
371 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 49.89 41.15
372 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 46.05 41.13
373 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 48.33 40.91
374 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 39.46 40.77
375 Nanchang University (NCU), China 25.22 40.74
376 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 40.17 40.66
377 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea 34.99 40.55
378 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 42.95 39.97
379 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 37.03 39.92
380 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 35.68 39.9
381 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 41.71 39.77
382 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 31.03 39.69
383 Aalto University, Finland 43.69 39.47
384 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 40.12 39.44
385 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 40.86 39.3
386 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 42.31 39.24
387 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 35.8 38.66
388 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 31.42 38.5
389 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 39.45 38.25
390 Nanjing Agricultural University (NAU), China 23.66 38.15
391 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 34.89 38.02
392 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 45.29 37.92
393 Ulm University, Germany 38.87 37.67
394 Yangzhou University (YZU), China 21.7 37.6
395 University of Stuttgart, Germany 42.59 37.45
396 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 42.23 37.37
397 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 42.78 37.24
398 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 36.77 37.23
399 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 37.34 36.69
400 University of Bordeaux, France 42.96 36.65
401 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 37.57 36.52
402 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 52.68 36.28
403 Jiangnan University, China 23.32 36.18
404 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata (IISER Kolkata), India 20.54 35.88
405 Curtin University, Australia 38 35.81
406 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 46.49 35.77
407 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 31.17 35.42
408 Pasteur Institute, France 38.67 34.96
409 The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 35.01 34.78
410 TU Dortmund University, Germany 31.72 34.78
411 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 25.57 34.74
412 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 29.6 34.71
413 Hefei University of Technology (HFUT), China 33.01 34.69
414 Changzhou University (CZU), China 23.46 34.6
415 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 29.63 34.52
416 Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), China 23.91 34.5
417 Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IIT Guwahati), India 21 34.48
418 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 25.2 33.87
419 University of Hannover (LUH), Germany 30.73 33.7
420 Laval University (UL), Canada 31.37 33.57
421 National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS), Japan 34.1 33.5
422 Leipzig University, Germany 39.76 33.22
423 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 37.26 33.1
424 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 31.95 33.08
425 Beijing University of Technology (BJUT), China 23.68 32.83
426 Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA), Switzerland 25.59 32.75
427 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 36.19 32.35
428 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 38.26 32.32
429 University of Otago, New Zealand 25.79 32.31
430 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 44.09 32.25
431 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 30.04 32.13
432 Kanazawa University (KU), Japan 33.41 32.08
433 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 43.94 32.02
434 Northwestern Polytechnical University (NPU), China 24.63 32
435 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 29.29 31.88
436 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 33.51 31.82
437 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 34.56 31.71
438 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 28.77 31.71
439 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 53.48 31.39
440 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 40.64 31.31
441 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 33.32 31.13
442 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 34.8 31.06
443 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 28.67 30.98
444 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 28.91 30.65
445 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 33.26 30.44
446 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 29.86 30.36
447 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 30.92 30.33
448 Darmstadt University of Technology (TU Darmstadt), Germany 28.64 30.3
449 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 38.88 30.18
450 Qingdao University (QU), China 16.91 30.16
451 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 28.94 30.05
452 National Chiao Tung University (NCTU), Taiwan 25.73 29.95
453 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 20.14 29.88
454 China University of Geosciences, Beijing (CUGB), China 18.41 29.87
455 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 26.51 29.8
456 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 28.13 29.44
457 The University of Auckland, New Zealand 25.82 29.14
458 Macquarie University, Australia 15.99 29.04
459 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 31.83 28.85
460 NWO-I, the Institutes Organisation of NWO, Netherlands 29.58 28.84
461 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), United States of America (USA) 23 28.72
462 Shanxi University (SXU), China 26.57 28.72
463 Ocean University of China (OUC), China 25.35 28.51
464 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 37.01 28.47
465 University of Potsdam, Germany 24.17 28.32
466 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 32.07 28.17
467 Dalhousie University, Canada 23.26 28.12
468 Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology (NUIST), China 22.2 27.82
469 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 31.87 27.81
470 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 24.08 27.69
471 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 28.23 27.64
472 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 31.31 27.59
473 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 39.62 27.59
474 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 28.49 27.37
475 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 32.9 27.28
476 Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU), Russia 23.4 27.26
477 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 21.68 27.23
478 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 32.62 27.15
479 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 23.96 27.15
480 Huazhong Agricultural University (HZAU), China 33.68 27.14
481 Anhui University (AHU), China 27.21 27.04
482 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 33.51 26.99
483 Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Japan 25.53 26.2
484 Heriot-Watt University, United Kingdom (UK) 17.67 26.11
485 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 25.15 25.9
486 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 33.71 25.83
487 Guangdong University of Technology (GDUT), China 10.82 25.69
488 Northeastern University (NEU), China 24.63 25.67
489 Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), Japan 31.09 25.66
490 Auburn University, United States of America (USA) 18.48 25.64
491 Waseda University, Japan 26.38 25.63
492 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 36.92 25.53
493 National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), United States of America (USA) 25.16 25.44
494 Hunan Normal University (HUNNU), China 24.66 25.4
495 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 30.24 25.3
496 Qufu Normal University (QFNU), China 19.56 25.21
497 Hangzhou Normal University (HZNU), China 12.68 25.2
498 Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Australia 27.93 25.11
499 Huaqiao University (HQU), China 23.67 25.08
500 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 34.35 25.07

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2019 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.