2020 tables: Institutions

Table criteria

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

2019 Institution Share 2018 Share 2019
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 1,729.28 1,813.62
2 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 879.74 923.94
3 Max Planck Society, Germany 777.43 767.84
4 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 712.47 730.01
5 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 628.15 647.66
6 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 572.10 561.57
7 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 504.77 489.43
8 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 351.04 456.35
9 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 412.45 455.82
10 Peking University (PKU), China 413.55 438.30
11 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 448.83 431.41
12 Tsinghua University, China 398.99 429.01
13 Nanjing University (NJU), China 393.00 426.56
14 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 448.39 419.32
15 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 326.94 408.57
16 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 418.68 403.35
17 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 397.35 394.26
18 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 396.08 390.15
19 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 344.48 343.84
20 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 334.48 342.62
21 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 348.27 339.38
22 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 339.13 339.11
23 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 289.83 330.20
24 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 286.31 320.19
25 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 331.93 317.97
26 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 327.92 314.15
27 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 318.49 304.14
28 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 293.43 303.96
29 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 307.78 301.04
30 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 236.58 287.39
31 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 293.93 286.98
32 Fudan University, China 260.10 271.65
33 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 223.85 268.84
34 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 288.02 261.02
35 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 196.35 260.16
36 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 254.12 253.73
37 Kyoto University, Japan 289.61 252.11
38 Nankai University (NKU), China 198.71 244.90
39 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 231.55 244.55
40 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 208.35 238.09
41 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 202.89 236.08
42 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 238.07 231.95
43 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 246.11 230.70
44 Soochow University, China 193.50 229.36
45 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 207.79 227.20
46 Sichuan University (SCU), China 181.77 223.78
47 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 277.09 222.32
48 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 233.27 221.28
49 Wuhan University (WHU), China 195.71 217.16
50 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 202.60 216.73
51 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 215.40 215.93
52 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 239.77 214.52
53 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 202.82 207.22
54 Leibniz Association, Germany 199.78 200.83
55 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 184.45 200.75
56 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 214.60 200.57
57 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 211.61 197.60
58 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 196.83 197.50
59 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 150.91 195.02
60 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 175.91 192.48
61 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 201.51 184.11
62 Xiamen University (XMU), China 150.49 182.90
63 Osaka University, Japan 171.56 182.59
64 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 193.75 170.48
65 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 181.20 168.66
66 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 166.13 168.34
67 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 178.97 164.45
68 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 175.06 163.40
69 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 148.33 162.63
70 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 190.98 162.19
71 Jilin University (JLU), China 114.56 161.88
72 McGill University, Canada 146.46 161.37
73 Tianjin University (TJU), China 114.58 157.12
74 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 152.12 157.10
75 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 145.73 154.85
76 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 180.07 153.37
77 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 162.36 151.84
78 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 158.66 151.43
79 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 141.88 150.74
80 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 126.80 149.51
81 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 141.12 149.30
82 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 151.18 146.61
83 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 146.95 146.03
84 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 136.35 145.73
85 Hunan University (HNU), China 119.08 144.25
86 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 132.64 144.05
87 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 159.52 142.81
88 Tohoku University, Japan 166.72 142.55
89 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 121.57 140.78
90 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 153.03 139.82
91 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 121.85 139.00
92 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 128.46 138.84
93 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 127.95 137.33
94 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 132.16 136.44
95 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 136.00 136.10
96 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 143.17 134.57
97 University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 122.10 133.32
98 Monash University, Australia 125.62 131.79
99 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 92.35 128.09
100 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 126.02 126.92
101 RIKEN, Japan 160.44 124.74
102 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 136.24 124.28
103 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 112.92 123.60
104 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 110.53 122.99
105 Shandong University (SDU), China 113.59 122.11
106 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 108.75 120.74
107 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 107.29 120.55
108 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 140.59 119.60
109 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 100.89 119.42
110 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 120.39 118.97
111 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 106.87 117.86
112 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 111.97 117.61
113 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 110.44 117.25
114 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 100.19 116.93
115 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 150.25 116.36
116 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 117.08 115.86
117 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 94.56 115.64
118 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 111.19 114.79
119 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 97.51 113.33
120 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 106.32 113.20
121 Nagoya University, Japan 131.65 112.83
122 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 115.54 111.89
123 Sorbonne University, France 104.07 111.40
124 Hokkaido University, Japan 114.17 111.33
125 Tongji University, China 105.69 110.20
126 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 131.89 109.32
127 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 105.14 108.96
128 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 104.31 108.72
129 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 79.15 108.53
130 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 87.28 108.21
131 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 106.05 107.66
132 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 91.94 107.02
133 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 96.00 106.46
134 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 86.70 105.83
135 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 96.36 105.66
136 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 85.39 105.20
137 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 100.66 104.58
138 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 112.77 104.17
139 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 90.82 102.96
140 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 104.68 102.52
141 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 101.46 102.31
142 University of Göttingen, Germany 100.82 101.31
143 Kyushu University, Japan 87.70 100.61
144 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 111.70 98.17
145 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 100.61 97.55
146 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 103.48 97.25
147 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 89.09 97.09
148 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 90.90 96.88
149 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 99.69 96.40
150 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 77.02 95.46
151 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 100.62 94.38
152 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 89.73 93.80
153 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 107.00 93.61
154 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 85.54 93.60
155 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 87.45 93.57
156 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 106.26 93.13
157 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 103.40 93.00
158 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 84.08 92.06
159 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 84.82 91.95
160 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 93.38 91.37
161 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 91.32 90.90
162 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 91.25 90.59
163 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 96.18 90.57
164 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 64.07 90.26
165 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 75.69 90.21
166 Beihang University (BUAA), China 77.82 90.07
167 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 98.11 89.62
168 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 88.05 89.27
169 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 89.73 88.98
170 Yonsei University, South Korea 87.93 88.08
171 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 82.96 88.05
172 Central South University (CSU), China 59.34 87.64
173 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 73.38 87.23
174 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 79.78 86.95
175 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 81.14 86.95
176 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 74.39 86.91
177 University of Vienna, Austria 70.01 86.40
178 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 71.87 86.39
179 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 78.56 86.06
180 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 82.75 86.04
181 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 90.88 85.04
182 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 85.21 85.03
183 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 73.25 84.93
184 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 80.58 84.82
185 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 69.31 84.80
186 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 93.99 84.68
187 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 93.74 84.51
188 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 89.21 83.98
189 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 77.87 83.10
190 Leiden University, Netherlands 76.65 82.57
191 Stockholm University, Sweden 86.67 82.46
192 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 92.08 82.42
193 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 87.55 81.99
194 Southeast University (SEU), China 75.96 81.26
195 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 96.83 80.84
196 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 48.21 80.58
197 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 75.99 80.45
198 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 66.74 79.91
199 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 63.35 79.55
200 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 81.11 78.96
201 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 83.59 78.66
202 Southwest University (SWU), China 56.50 78.21
203 Shenzhen University (SZU), China 53.38 77.74
204 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 70.70 77.55
205 Lund University (LU), Sweden 81.14 77.27
206 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 98.98 75.96
207 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 87.86 75.80
208 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 84.39 75.76
209 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 77.24 75.24
210 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 66.39 75.20
211 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 93.51 74.45
212 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 64.87 74.38
213 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 68.40 74.16
214 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 80.20 73.63
215 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 68.23 73.57
216 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 70.08 73.40
217 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 58.53 73.22
218 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 85.13 72.67
219 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 75.12 72.51
220 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 73.48 72.41
221 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 75.10 72.19
222 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 64.24 71.91
223 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan 70.14 71.49
224 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 89.75 71.44
225 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 60.80 71.21
226 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 76.88 71.21
227 University of Waterloo, Canada 66.36 70.86
228 University of Paris, France 72.49 70.77
229 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 71.41 69.86
230 Academia Sinica, Taiwan 75.72 69.66
231 People's Liberation Army (PLA), China 71.18 69.05
232 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 72.01 68.70
233 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 62.31 68.37
234 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 63.37 68.24
235 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 57.04 67.21
236 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 67.43 66.98
237 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 74.96 66.10
238 Jinan University (JNU), China 48.15 66.02
239 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 57.38 65.56
240 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 54.93 65.43
241 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 61.24 65.41
242 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 66.05 65.36
243 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 70.58 65.33
244 Korea University, South Korea 52.82 65.29
245 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 57.72 64.91
246 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 75.74 64.25
247 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 67.90 64.18
248 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 46.57 63.92
249 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 75.32 63.57
250 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 57.61 63.55
251 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 56.41 63.54
252 University of Helsinki, Finland 61.54 63.18
253 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 53.02 63.15
254 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 74.08 62.85
255 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 53.53 62.35
256 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 78.04 62.26
257 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 56.55 62.19
258 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 55.13 61.63
259 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 53.26 61.33
260 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 59.80 61.04
261 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 48.70 60.92
262 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 53.74 60.51
263 Shanghai University (SHU), China 41.08 60.39
264 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 54.70 59.49
265 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 67.18 59.37
266 Chongqing University (CQU), China 55.82 59.18
267 University of Strasbourg, France 52.76 58.89
268 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 56.75 58.63
269 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 33.90 58.03
270 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 62.95 57.90
271 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 61.48 57.70
272 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 45.68 57.49
273 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 61.79 57.11
274 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 46.21 56.83
275 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 63.68 56.42
276 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 54.31 55.96
277 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 58.49 55.87
278 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 53.18 55.54
279 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 66.06 55.45
280 Nanjing Normal University (NNU), China 40.42 55.08
281 Northwest University (NWU), China 52.42 54.93
282 University of Tsukuba, Japan 39.56 54.92
283 Shaanxi Normal University (SNNU), China 47.78 54.46
284 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 51.76 54.31
285 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 57.92 53.86
286 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 50.96 53.67
287 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 36.13 53.51
288 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 69.50 53.23
289 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 36.40 53.23
290 Western University (UWO), Canada 57.50 53.02
291 ShanghaiTech University, China 36.63 53.00
292 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 57.25 52.77
293 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 69.58 52.69
294 University of Konstanz, Germany 33.24 52.51
295 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 46.91 52.25
296 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 55.64 52.15
297 University of Toulouse, France 49.62 52.14
298 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 55.61 51.98
299 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 56.87 51.87
300 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 53.96 51.76
301 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 43.67 51.50
302 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 51.02 51.25
303 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 44.12 51.00
304 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 53.25 50.81
305 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 44.82 50.41
306 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 39.17 50.31
307 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 47.55 50.01
308 South China Normal University (SCNU), China 29.40 49.82
309 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 44.73 49.76
310 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 51.09 49.71
311 Zhejiang University of Technology (ZJUT), China 26.51 49.36
312 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 53.13 49.33
313 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 40.36 49.24
314 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 38.22 48.85
315 Henan Normal University, China 26.30 48.80
316 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 50.94 48.53
317 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 49.89 48.08
318 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 57.50 47.80
319 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 61.86 47.29
320 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 55.19 47.24
321 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 51.87 47.13
322 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 50.84 46.91
323 Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS), Italy 42.57 46.65
324 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 42.64 46.37
325 HHMI Janelia Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 37.43 46.31
326 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 49.11 46.19
327 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 43.84 46.00
328 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), China 39.72 45.96
329 Henan University (HENU), China 28.30 45.77
330 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 46.81 45.74
331 University of Lyon, France 44.04 45.72
332 China Pharmaceutical University (CPU), China 38.22 45.65
333 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 55.91 45.50
334 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 40.51 45.42
335 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 46.39 45.41
336 University of Jinan (UJN), China 23.19 44.96
337 McMaster University, Canada 41.48 44.57
338 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 46.60 44.56
339 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 41.86 44.27
340 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 79.06 44.04
341 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 40.80 43.92
342 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 52.25 43.88
343 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 50.08 43.80
344 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 49.04 43.78
345 University of Montpellier, France 43.78 43.69
346 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 29.23 43.65
347 Keio University, Japan 55.97 43.65
348 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 35.46 43.62
349 China Meteorological Administration (CMA), China 29.98 43.61
350 China Academy of Engineering Physics (CAEP), China 36.80 43.53
351 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 49.30 43.02
352 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 47.59 42.95
353 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 47.92 42.91
354 China Agricultural University (CAU), China 47.10 42.88
355 Qingdao University of Science and Technology (QUST), China 19.86 42.74
356 Donghua University (DHU), China 24.71 42.70
357 Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras), India 40.87 42.62
358 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 32.99 42.47
359 National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), France 36.68 42.32
360 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 43.66 42.32
361 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 31.35 42.07
362 Mayo Clinic, United States of America (USA) 46.89 42.07
363 The University of Dublin, Ireland 32.51 41.97
364 University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 26.48 41.85
365 Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NUST), China 37.14 41.84
366 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 34.94 41.77
367 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 43.18 41.72
368 Wuhan University of Technology (WUT), China 41.34 41.52
369 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 37.33 41.27
370 Okayama University, Japan 30.71 41.25
371 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 46.06 41.02
372 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 42.71 40.97
373 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 48.47 40.91
374 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 49.59 40.86
375 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 39.56 40.77
376 Nanchang University (NCU), China 25.22 40.74
377 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 40.17 40.66
378 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea 34.99 40.55
379 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 37.03 39.92
380 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 35.81 39.90
381 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 41.71 39.77
382 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 31.67 39.69
383 Aalto University, Finland 43.69 39.47
384 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 40.12 39.44
385 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 40.90 39.30
386 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 42.31 39.24
387 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 31.42 39.09
388 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 35.80 38.66
389 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 35.52 38.45
390 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 39.47 38.44
391 Nanjing Agricultural University (NAU), China 23.66 38.15
392 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 42.25 38.02
393 Ulm University, Germany 38.87 37.67
394 Yangzhou University (YZU), China 21.70 37.60
395 University of Stuttgart, Germany 42.60 37.45
396 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 42.78 37.24
397 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 37.06 37.23
398 University of Bordeaux, France 43.15 36.94
399 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 42.49 36.93
400 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 37.51 36.66
401 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 37.57 36.52
402 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 52.68 36.29
403 Jiangnan University, China 23.32 36.18
404 Curtin University, Australia 38.00 35.93
405 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata (IISER Kolkata), India 20.54 35.88
406 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 46.49 35.78
407 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 31.19 35.26
408 TU Dortmund University, Germany 31.72 35.12
409 The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 35.29 34.97
410 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 29.80 34.84
411 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 25.57 34.74
412 Hefei University of Technology (HFUT), China 33.01 34.69
413 Changzhou University (CZU), China 23.46 34.60
414 Pasteur Institute, France 38.25 34.53
415 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 29.73 34.52
416 Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), China 23.91 34.50
417 Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IIT Guwahati), India 21.00 34.48
418 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 25.57 33.84
419 National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS), Japan 34.24 33.83
420 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 31.05 33.59
421 Laval University (UL), Canada 31.40 33.57
422 Leipzig University, Germany 39.74 33.22
423 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 33.51 33.12
424 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 37.26 33.10
425 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 31.94 33.07
426 University of Otago, New Zealand 25.79 32.88
427 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 34.59 32.83
428 Beijing University of Technology (BJUT), China 23.68 32.83
429 Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA), Switzerland 25.59 32.75
430 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 30.23 32.75
431 Kanazawa University (KU), Japan 33.55 32.75
432 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 38.34 32.39
433 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 44.09 32.35
434 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 36.22 32.35
435 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 43.94 32.03
436 Northwestern Polytechnical University (NPU), China 24.82 32.00
437 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 29.29 31.88
438 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 29.41 31.81
439 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 53.69 31.39
440 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 40.65 31.31
441 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 34.74 31.21
442 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 34.32 31.13
443 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 28.67 31.07
444 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 33.26 30.80
445 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 28.91 30.65
446 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 33.26 30.44
447 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 29.86 30.36
448 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 30.92 30.33
449 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 28.87 30.30
450 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 38.88 30.18
451 Qingdao University (QU), China 16.91 30.16
452 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 29.02 30.09
453 National Chiao Tung University (NCTU), Taiwan 25.73 30.02
454 China University of Geosciences, Beijing (CUGB), China 18.41 29.87
455 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 20.06 29.83
456 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 28.13 29.44
457 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), United States of America (USA) 23.35 29.22
458 The University of Auckland, New Zealand 25.82 29.12
459 Macquarie University, Australia 17.00 29.09
460 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 26.57 28.96
461 Ocean University of China (OUC), China 25.58 28.90
462 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 32.95 28.86
463 NWO-I, the Institutes Organisation of NWO, Netherlands 29.58 28.84
464 Shanxi University (SXU), China 26.57 28.72
465 University of Potsdam, Germany 24.17 28.35
466 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 32.19 28.17
467 Dalhousie University, Canada 23.32 28.10
468 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 28.47 27.95
469 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 31.87 27.81
470 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 36.44 27.78
471 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 24.14 27.69
472 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 39.62 27.59
473 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 28.71 27.37
474 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 21.71 27.31
475 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 32.93 27.28
476 Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU), Russia 23.40 27.26
477 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 23.96 27.15
478 Huazhong Agricultural University (HZAU), China 33.68 27.14
479 Anhui University (AHU), China 27.21 27.04
480 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 33.51 26.99
481 Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology (NUIST), China 21.50 26.73
482 Auburn University, United States of America (USA) 18.48 26.49
483 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 25.15 26.35
484 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 30.00 26.21
485 Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Japan 25.59 26.20
486 Heriot-Watt University, United Kingdom (UK) 17.73 26.11
487 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 33.71 25.92
488 Capital Normal University (CNU), China 14.57 25.80
489 Jiangsu Normal University (JSNU), China 24.47 25.70
490 Northeastern University (NEU), China 24.63 25.67
491 Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), Japan 31.09 25.66
492 Waseda University, Japan 26.56 25.63
493 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 36.92 25.53
494 National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), United States of America (USA) 25.16 25.44
495 Hunan Normal University (HUNNU), China 24.66 25.40
496 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 30.24 25.30
497 Qufu Normal University (QFNU), China 19.56 25.21
498 Hangzhou Normal University (HZNU), China 12.68 25.20
499 Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Australia 27.97 25.10
500 Huaqiao University (HQU), China 23.67 25.08

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.