2020 tables: Institutions - physical sciences - academic

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2018 Share 2019 Count 2019 Change in Adjusted Share 2018-2019*
1 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 58.72 58.57 254 -1.7%
2 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany 60.29 57.40 237 -6.2%
3 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 66.58 50.47 249 -25.3%
4 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 44.71 48.88 254 7.7%
5 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 38.26 43.36 205 11.6%
6 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 40.55 41.53 161 0.9%
7 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 44.33 40.49 208 -10.0%
8 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 41.22 38.77 225 -7.3%
9 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 34.77 33.91 92 -3.9%
10 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 27.81 31.68 58 12.2%
11 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 28.89 30.01 107 2.3%
12 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 30.41 26.49 204 -14.2%
13 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 22.91 25.67 86 10.4%
14 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 25.62 25.44 134 -2.2%
15 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 26.46 22.22 139 -17.3%
16 University of Göttingen, Germany 16.33 20.88 117 25.9%
17 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 20.49 19.49 185 -6.3%
18 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 20.52 19.26 102 -7.6%
19 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 15.38 17.69 111 13.3%
20 University of Konstanz, Germany 12.66 17.63 34 37.2%
21 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 11.36 17.34 74 50.4%
22 University of Stuttgart, Germany 27.25 16.74 72 -39.5%
23 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 14.96 16.46 44 8.4%
24 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 15.42 15.54 63 -0.7%
25 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 17.20 13.77 74 -21.1%
26 TU Dortmund University, Germany 13.32 13.54 131 0.2%
27 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 10.86 12.95 33 17.5%
28 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 13.61 12.89 66 -6.7%
29 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 12.30 12.86 72 3.0%
30 Ulm University, Germany 15.47 12.72 55 -19.0%
31 University of Siegen, Germany 13.97 10.66 73 -24.8%
32 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 8.41 9.53 31 11.6%
33 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 10.75 9.44 25 -13.5%
34 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 4.42 7.94 27 76.9%
35 Leipzig University, Germany 10.58 7.41 16 -31.0%
36 University of Potsdam, Germany 5.81 7.27 35 23.4%
37 University of Augsburg, Germany 8.66 6.40 25 -27.2%
38 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 6.60 6.06 22 -9.6%
39 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 8.67 5.95 20 -32.4%
40 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 7.90 5.72 24 -28.6%
41 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 12.34 5.67 27 -54.7%
42 Chemnitz University of Technology (TU Chemnitz), Germany 4.87 5.50 27 11.4%
43 Bielefeld University, Germany 7.36 5.50 19 -26.4%
44 University of Rostock, Germany 6.52 5.47 57 -17.2%
45 University of Paderborn (UPB), Germany 8.16 5.10 10 -38.4%
46 University of Kassel, Germany 3.37 5.00 12 46.0%
47 University of Oldenburg, Germany 5.28 4.60 12 -14.2%
48 Technical University Braunschweig (TU Braunschweig), Germany 4.74 4.22 16 -12.2%
49 University of Kaiserslautern (TU Kaiserslautern), Germany 3.45 4.15 24 18.7%
50 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 5.55 4.12 103 -26.9%
51 University of Wuppertal, Germany 3.27 3.99 63 20.1%
52 Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg (OVGU), Germany 2.35 3.44 11 44.2%
53 University of Greifswald, Germany 3.75 2.43 6 -36.2%
54 Ilmenau University of Technology (TU Ilmenau), Germany 5.15 2.21 6 -57.7%
55 University of Osnabrück (Uni Osnabrück), Germany 2.60 1.65 7 -37.5%
56 Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg (TUBAF), Germany 1.61 1.29 5 -21.2%
57 University of Hohenheim, Germany 1.17 2 N/A
58 Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH), Germany 1.69 1.09 7 -36.5%
59 Hannover Medical School (MHH), Germany 0.53 0.75 5 38.3%
60 University of Lübeck, Germany 0.07 0.73 6 984.1%
61 Munich University of Applied Sciences, Germany 0.56 0.56 1 -1.5%
62 Koblenz University of Applied Sciences, Germany 0.50 1 N/A
63 Mittweida University of Applied Sciences (HSMW), Germany 0.42 1 N/A
64 Karlsruhe University of Applied Sciences, Germany 0.33 1 N/A
65 Hamburg University of Applied Sciences (HAW Hamburg), Germany 0.20 1 N/A
66 Leipzig University of Applied Sciences (HTWK Leipzig), Germany 0.17 1 N/A
67 Aalen University, Germany 0.14 1 N/A
67 Reutlingen University, Germany 0.14 1 N/A
68 Stuttgart Media University (HDM), Germany 0.14 1 N/A
69 Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus - Senftenberg (BTU), Germany 0.11 0.13 36 24.2%
70 Mannheim University of Applied Sciences, Germany 0.13 1 N/A
71 Bundeswehr University Munich (UniBwM), Germany 0.99 0.10 4 -89.9%
72 Beuth University of Applied Sciences, Germany 0.08 1 N/A
73 Bonn-Rhein-Sieg University of Applied Sciences, Germany 0.05 1 N/A
74 West Saxon University of Applied Sciences of Zwickau (WHZ), Germany 0.04 1 N/A
75 Witten/Herdecke University (UW/H), Germany 0.04 1 N/A
76 Technical University of Applied Sciences Wildau (TH Wildau), Germany 0.04 1 N/A
77 Hochschule Niederrhein University of Applied Science, Germany 0.03 1 N/A
78 Fulda University of Applied Sciences, Germany 0.03 0.03 2 -4.5%
79 University of Applied Sciences Worms, Germany 0.01 0.02 17 10.7%
80 Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences, Germany 0.01 1 N/A

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.