2020 tables: Institutions - physical sciences - academic

Table criteria

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

2019 Institution Share 2018 Share 2019
1 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 229.26 245.45
2 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 220.19 212.94
3 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 181.43 202.56
4 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 214.32 199.76
5 Tsinghua University, China 161.99 184.13
6 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 137.1 167.51
7 Peking University (PKU), China 147.49 150.68
8 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 168.05 150.59
9 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 141.86 145.36
10 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 118.13 130.43
11 Nanjing University (NJU), China 126.8 128.91
12 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 117.89 125.37
13 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 118.12 121.71
14 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 111.28 120.42
15 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 110.2 112.44
16 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 121.75 111.85
17 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 102.84 103.59
18 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 99.65 102.92
19 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 97.36 102.43
20 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 69.2 97
21 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 93.48 96.94
22 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 81.07 95.38
23 Fudan University, China 95.34 95.09
24 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 97.61 94.84
25 Soochow University, China 85.93 94.38
26 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 113.15 92
27 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 96.59 90.79
28 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 88.64 87.97
29 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 63.06 86.77
30 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 83.74 86.21
31 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 82.49 85.93
32 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 84.76 83.9
33 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 72.98 74.53
34 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 75.38 73.13
35 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 72.33 73.06
36 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 73.41 71.61
37 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 64.91 71.13
38 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 68.63 69.96
39 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 62.58 69.8
40 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 64.29 65.76
41 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 79.4 65.36
42 Kyoto University, Japan 83.01 65.3
43 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 62.36 65.03
44 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 45.39 64.27
45 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 67.26 62.99
46 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 62.32 61.9
47 Wuhan University (WHU), China 57.66 61.18
48 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 55.92 60.1
49 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 58.72 59.51
50 Tianjin University (TJU), China 42.02 57.71
51 Tohoku University, Japan 73.78 57.68
52 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany 60.29 57.4
53 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 62.91 57.08
54 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 57.64 55.64
55 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 37.41 54.76
56 Beihang University (BUAA), China 61.65 54.28
57 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 42.53 53.38
58 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 52.28 52.51
59 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 44.55 52.23
60 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 53.67 51.78
61 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 50.8 51.62
62 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 54.67 51.38
63 Sorbonne University, France 51.76 50.87
64 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 66.58 50.31
65 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 48.89 49.73
66 Jilin University (JLU), China 39.82 49.22
67 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 43.92 48.97
68 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 44.71 47.71
69 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 44.35 47.42
70 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 48.13 47.06
71 Nankai University (NKU), China 39.12 46.82
72 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 53.65 46.55
73 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 53.2 45.34
74 Yonsei University, South Korea 34.63 45.02
75 Osaka University, Japan 39.18 44.89
76 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 30.43 44.6
77 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 44.66 44.2
78 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 38.31 43.36
79 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 35.92 43.04
80 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 39.48 43.04
81 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 35.25 42.52
82 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 42.5 41.93
83 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 46.04 41.72
84 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 46.16 41.49
85 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 40.55 41.4
86 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 51.49 41.23
87 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 53.84 41.14
88 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 37.84 41.1
89 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 34.02 40.86
90 Sichuan University (SCU), China 30.42 40.45
91 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 36.04 39.46
92 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 39.94 39.38
93 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 34.96 39
94 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 41.25 38.8
95 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 38.85 38.79
96 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 27.15 37.76
97 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 40.04 37.74
98 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 37.29 37.58
99 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 46.2 37.58
100 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 30.39 37.17

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2019 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.