2020 tables: Institutions - Nature & Science - academic

Table criteria

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

2019 Institution Share 2018 Share 2019
1 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 71.97 81.4
2 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 38.61 42.14
3 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 40.22 41.55
4 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 26.35 24.83
5 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 14.79 21.31
6 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 16 20.94
7 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 19.23 20.71
8 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 16.94 20.39
9 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 16.51 17.37
10 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 19.67 17.3
11 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 19.85 16.35
12 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 8.09 16.27
13 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 10.8 15.43
14 Tsinghua University, China 8.93 15.36
15 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 19.28 15.35
16 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 19.88 14.46
17 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 10.52 13.21
18 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 11.24 12.94
19 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 12.61 12.81
20 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 16.02 12.74
21 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 10.89 11.89
22 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 12.4 11.8
23 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 21.24 11.57
24 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 10.55 10.58
25 Peking University (PKU), China 7.76 8.83
26 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 9.45 8.6
27 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 8.33 8.45
28 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 9.78 8.34
29 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 5 8.33
30 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 10.3 7.46
31 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 2.1 7.38
32 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 6.24 7.28
33 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 11.15 7.2
34 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 7.67 7.17
35 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 9.09 6.85
36 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 7.51 6.84
37 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 10.06 6.57
38 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 6.52 6.39
39 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 4.96 5.98
40 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 5.57 5.86
41 McGill University, Canada 2.8 5.77
42 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 1.17 5.54
43 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 3.25 5.47
44 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 3.61 5.46
45 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 9.19 5.43
46 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 1.93 5.37
47 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 3.13 5.37
48 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 7.04 5.32
49 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 3.32 5.31
50 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 2.96 5.04
51 Kyoto University, Japan 2.92 4.99
52 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 6.71 4.95
53 Fudan University, China 3.51 4.84
54 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 1.93 4.69
55 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 3.13 4.67
56 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 4.93 4.56
57 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 4.88 4.3
58 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 5.8 4.07
59 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 6.42 3.9
60 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 2.62 3.89
61 University of Göttingen, Germany 1.84 3.69
62 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 4.5 3.57
63 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 2.67 3.57
64 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 3.15 3.51
65 Nanjing University (NJU), China 0.42 3.49
66 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 2.01 3.37
67 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 2.42 3.28
68 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 2.91 3.23
69 Monash University, Australia 3.77 3.22
70 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 1.18 3.05
71 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 6.28 3.03
72 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 1.89 2.99
73 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 1.71 2.99
74 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 1.73 2.94
75 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 0.71 2.92
76 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 2.1 2.88
77 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 2.81 2.87
78 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 0.79 2.84
79 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 1.6 2.84
80 Leiden University, Netherlands 2.87 2.83
81 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 1.07 2.78
82 Hokkaido University, Japan 0.06 2.71
83 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 0.69 2.7
84 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 9.88 2.68
85 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 2.56 2.66
86 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 2.34 2.64
87 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 1.76 2.61
88 Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (ISMMS), MSHS, United States of America (USA) 2.39 2.6
89 Nagoya University, Japan 4.67 2.53
90 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 1.21 2.51
91 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 0.51 2.49
92 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 0.51 2.46
93 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 5.05 2.45
94 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 5.3 2.41
95 Keio University, Japan 0.41 2.4
96 University of Helsinki, Finland 0.44 2.39
97 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 2.6 2.38
98 University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 1.07 2.37
99 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 0.16 2.36
100 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 1.19 2.32

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2019 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.