2020 tables: Institutions - life sciences - academic

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2018 Share 2019 Count 2019 Change in Adjusted Share 2018-2019*
1 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 172.03 212.23 663 22.7%
2 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 194.73 168.84 593 -13.8%
3 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 121.54 126.16 464 3.2%
4 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 87.31 87.95 306 0.2%
5 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 80.69 80.54 352 -0.8%
6 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 77.71 80.23 306 2.6%
7 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 78.23 76.40 307 -2.9%
8 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 69.94 74.92 373 6.5%
9 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 61.98 73.17 299 17.4%
10 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 83.84 69.58 316 -17.5%
11 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 47.47 51.79 168 8.5%
12 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 43.54 50.67 154 15.7%
13 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 41.82 47.91 198 13.9%
14 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 43.43 47.89 165 9.6%
15 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 49.87 47.31 241 -5.7%
16 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 45.16 44.94 246 -1.1%
17 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 44.77 44.75 127 -0.6%
18 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 37.39 42.61 178 13.3%
19 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 49.17 42.49 229 -14.1%
20 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 39.65 41.09 165 3.0%
21 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 35.88 40.81 150 13.1%
22 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 31.56 37.72 158 18.8%
23 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 49.95 36.41 167 -27.5%
24 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 31.90 34.80 151 8.4%
25 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 29.43 34.44 163 16.3%
26 University of Helsinki, Finland 30.20 34.01 196 12.0%
27 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 26.94 33.71 293 24.4%
28 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 30.58 33.55 187 9.1%
29 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 29.19 33.37 176 13.7%
30 Sorbonne University, France 28.46 33.28 364 16.3%
31 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 32.48 32.23 213 -1.4%
32 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 25.94 32.17 139 23.3%
33 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 30.74 31.89 122 3.1%
34 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 27.49 31.25 93 13.0%
35 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 31.15 31.21 227 -0.4%
36 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 36.49 30.55 198 -16.8%
37 Leiden University, Netherlands 23.84 30.52 182 27.3%
38 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 28.37 30.48 113 6.8%
39 University of Göttingen, Germany 38.87 29.58 151 -24.3%
40 University of Paris, France 29.41 28.59 327 -3.4%
41 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 27.56 28.03 127 1.1%
42 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 22.08 27.76 151 25.0%
43 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 20.85 27.69 115 32.0%
44 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 34.84 27.53 153 -21.5%
45 Lund University (LU), Sweden 29.25 26.51 135 -9.9%
46 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 29.36 26.47 276 -10.4%
47 Stockholm University, Sweden 30.24 26.34 172 -13.4%
48 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 27.29 24.41 111 -11.1%
49 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 21.40 23.75 98 10.3%
50 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 26.51 23.59 97 -11.6%
51 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 18.15 23.48 158 28.6%
52 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 23.80 23.33 132 -2.5%
53 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 20.57 23.00 175 11.2%
54 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 24.70 22.77 158 -8.4%
55 University of Montpellier, France 22.99 22.20 230 -4.0%
56 University of Vienna, Austria 17.09 21.53 112 25.2%
57 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 20.01 20.41 87 1.4%
58 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 26.32 20.17 64 -23.8%
59 Medical University of Vienna (MUW), Austria 16.78 20.03 132 18.7%
60 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 23.74 19.95 69 -16.4%
61 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 19.54 19.90 103 1.3%
62 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 16.06 19.55 99 21.0%
63 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 23.74 18.36 140 -23.1%
64 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 15.41 18.34 161 18.3%
65 University of Toulouse, France 14.97 17.94 143 19.2%
66 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 22.32 17.63 99 -21.5%
67 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 25.30 17.54 92 -31.1%
68 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 13.34 16.66 214 24.2%
69 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 15.31 16.34 84 6.1%
70 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 20.68 16.19 90 -22.2%
71 University of Strasbourg, France 12.42 15.87 112 27.1%
72 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 14.24 15.80 101 10.3%
73 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 16.57 15.35 59 -7.9%
74 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 13.55 14.46 75 6.1%
75 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 14.18 14.40 75 0.9%
76 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 16.50 14.35 39 -13.6%
77 University of Lyon, France 14.50 13.90 125 -4.7%
78 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 19.35 13.78 80 -29.2%
79 University of Bordeaux, France 14.93 13.77 106 -8.3%
80 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 13.69 13.21 93 -4.0%
81 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 11.25 13.08 60 15.6%
82 Hannover Medical School (MHH), Germany 14.60 13.07 72 -11.0%
83 Ulm University, Germany 14.02 12.72 62 -9.8%
84 University of Turku (UTU), Finland 10.04 12.49 70 23.7%
85 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 8.72 11.85 52 35.2%
86 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 13.17 11.84 53 -10.6%
87 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 11.05 11.84 81 6.6%
88 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 9.45 11.84 67 24.5%
89 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 13.56 11.76 44 -13.8%
90 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 8.52 11.46 64 33.8%
91 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden 11.01 11.45 69 3.4%
92 Pompeu Fabra University (UPF), Spain 14.65 11.38 105 -22.8%
93 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 15.79 11.37 59 -28.4%
94 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 8.84 11.26 36 26.6%
95 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 7.59 11.23 40 47.2%
96 University of Konstanz, Germany 8.45 11.15 36 31.2%
97 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 15.97 11.10 48 -30.9%
98 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 7.78 10.87 77 39.0%
99 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 14.91 10.75 78 -28.3%
100 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 13.03 10.69 83 -18.5%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.