2020 tables: Institutions - Earth & environmental sciences - academic

Table criteria

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

2019 Institution Share 2018 Share 2019
1 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 92 90.13
2 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 36.71 42.52
3 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 42.15 36.89
4 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 35.17 36.67
5 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 30.42 32.86
6 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 32.94 32.24
7 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 28.42 27.19
8 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 20.98 26.44
9 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 14.52 24.72
10 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 14.65 23.26
11 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 19.8 20.54
12 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 13.12 20.01
13 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 14.03 19.92
14 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 21.44 19.16
15 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 20.73 18.83
16 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 18.17 18.72
17 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 21.56 17.88
18 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 10.8 17.54
19 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 12.7 17.27
20 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 15.8 17.2
21 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 19.97 16.84
22 Stockholm University, Sweden 14.81 16.73
23 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 14.75 16.52
24 University of Paris, France 18.24 16.48
25 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 21.47 14.97
26 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 13.65 14.68
27 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 24.84 14.3
28 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 18.02 14.12
29 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 18.7 14.02
30 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 16.61 13.39
31 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 7.15 13.16
32 University of Potsdam, Germany 11.96 12.5
33 University of Helsinki, Finland 15.58 12.18
34 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 9.43 12.11
35 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden 12.75 11.54
36 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany 13.38 11.28
37 Sorbonne University, France 11.68 11.15
38 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 10.39 10.92
39 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 6.21 10.87
40 University of Vienna, Austria 10.68 10.78
41 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 9.1 10.72
42 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 12.28 10.7
43 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 7.56 10.48
44 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 7.81 10.27
45 Goethe University Frankfurt am Main (GU), Germany 6 10.23
46 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 9.3 9.72
47 University of Toulouse, France 8.94 9.17
48 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 7.14 8.98
49 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 8.37 8.92
50 The Open University (OU), United Kingdom (UK) 5.93 8.2
51 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 9.75 8.19
52 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 7 8.07
53 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 5.59 7.82
54 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 2.95 7.75
55 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 7.04 7.67
56 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 5.48 7.66
57 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 4.12 7.6
58 University of Plymouth, United Kingdom (UK) 6.73 7.26
59 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 7.05 7.22
60 VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands 5.73 7.21
61 University of Lyon, France 6.35 6.79
62 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 4.32 6.71
63 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 2.52 6.65
64 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 7.93 6.49
65 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 2.23 6.46
66 Lund University (LU), Sweden 6.68 6.43
67 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 6.39 6.41
68 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 4.57 6.38
69 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 4.57 6.36
70 University of Tromsø - The Arctic University of Norway (UiT), Norway 3.3 6.21
71 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 4.35 5.83
72 University of Roma Tre, Italy 3 5.73
73 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 7.1 5.7
74 University of Iceland, Iceland 6.69 5.54
75 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 2.22 5.53
76 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 6.86 5.47
77 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 3.87 5.42
78 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 4.33 5.36
79 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 5.82 5.33
80 University of Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (UVSQ), France 7.21 5.2
81 University of Lorraine (UL), France 5.4 5.16
82 University of Montpellier, France 3.85 5.1
83 University of Strasbourg, France 4.86 5.08
84 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 5.81 5.05
85 University of Savoy (USMB), France 3.93 4.87
86 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 2.37 4.53
87 University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Denmark 1.52 4.42
88 University of Hull, United Kingdom (UK) 2.01 4.34
89 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 7.83 4.32
90 École Normale Supérieure de Lyon (ENS de Lyon), France 2.77 4.3
91 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 4.97 4.29
92 Institut Mines-Télécom (IMT), France 1.93 4.24
93 University of Göttingen, Germany 4.2 4.22
94 University of Hannover (LUH), Germany 4.04 4.18
95 University of Rennes 1, France 2.69 4.14
96 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 6.17 4.14
97 University of Cantabria (UC), Spain 1.86 4.09
98 Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), Norway 1.53 4.08
99 University of Aveiro (UA), Portugal 3.89 4.07
100 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 6.84 4.06

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2019 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.