2020 tables: Institutions - academic

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2018 Share 2019 Count 2019 Change in Adjusted Share 2018-2019*
1 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 412.45 455.82 1,375 6.9%
2 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 448.39 419.32 1,326 -9.5%
3 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 418.68 403.35 1,051 -6.8%
4 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 223.85 268.84 642 16.2%
5 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 233.27 221.28 889 -8.2%
6 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 202.60 216.73 865 3.5%
7 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 201.51 184.11 678 -11.6%
8 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 145.73 154.85 595 2.8%
9 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 158.66 151.43 609 -7.7%
10 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 141.88 150.74 666 2.8%
11 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 146.95 146.03 552 -3.9%
12 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 128.46 138.84 568 4.5%
13 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 132.16 136.44 659 -0.1%
14 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 143.17 134.57 492 -9.1%
15 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 136.24 124.28 642 -11.8%
16 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany 113.33 122.57 415 4.6%
17 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 94.56 115.64 345 18.3%
18 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 111.19 114.79 366 -0.1%
19 Sorbonne University, France 104.07 111.40 1,129 3.5%
20 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 131.89 109.32 321 -19.8%
21 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 105.14 108.96 326 0.2%
22 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 96.00 106.46 349 7.3%
23 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 85.39 105.20 344 19.2%
24 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 90.82 102.96 556 9.7%
25 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 101.46 102.31 383 -2.5%
26 University of Göttingen, Germany 100.82 101.31 358 -2.8%
27 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 89.09 97.09 390 5.4%
28 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 106.26 93.13 445 -15.2%
29 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 84.08 92.06 417 5.9%
30 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 84.82 91.95 425 4.9%
31 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 93.38 91.37 324 -5.4%
32 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 96.18 90.57 253 -8.9%
33 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 89.73 88.98 571 -4.1%
34 University of Vienna, Austria 70.01 86.40 293 19.4%
35 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 78.56 86.06 414 6.0%
36 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 90.88 85.04 309 -9.5%
37 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 85.21 85.03 266 -3.5%
38 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 93.74 84.51 365 -12.8%
39 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 89.21 83.98 298 -8.9%
40 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 77.87 83.10 416 3.2%
41 Leiden University, Netherlands 76.65 82.57 358 4.2%
42 Stockholm University, Sweden 86.67 82.46 489 -8.0%
43 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 96.83 80.84 221 -19.2%
44 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 66.74 79.91 173 15.8%
45 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 63.35 79.55 296 21.5%
46 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 70.70 77.55 362 6.1%
47 Lund University (LU), Sweden 81.14 77.27 342 -7.9%
48 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 98.98 75.96 347 -25.8%
49 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 87.86 75.80 411 -16.6%
50 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 84.39 75.76 321 -13.2%
51 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 68.40 74.16 485 4.9%
52 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 68.23 73.57 315 4.3%
53 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 58.53 73.22 402 21.0%
54 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 73.48 72.41 287 -4.7%
55 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 75.10 72.19 337 -7.0%
56 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 60.80 71.21 263 13.3%
57 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 76.88 71.21 249 -10.4%
58 University of Paris, France 72.49 70.77 761 -5.6%
59 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 71.41 69.86 691 -5.4%
60 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 62.31 68.37 390 6.1%
61 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 63.37 68.24 152 4.2%
62 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 57.38 65.56 455 10.5%
63 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 57.72 64.91 206 8.8%
64 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 56.41 63.54 342 9.0%
65 University of Helsinki, Finland 61.54 63.18 393 -0.7%
66 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 74.08 62.85 313 -17.9%
67 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 56.55 62.19 370 6.4%
68 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 59.80 61.04 215 -1.3%
69 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 67.18 59.37 513 -14.5%
70 University of Strasbourg, France 52.76 58.89 432 8.0%
71 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 56.75 58.63 192 -0.1%
72 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 45.68 57.49 152 21.7%
73 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 63.68 56.42 152 -14.3%
74 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 54.31 55.96 276 -0.3%
75 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 58.49 55.87 221 -7.6%
76 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 51.76 54.31 302 1.5%
77 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 50.96 53.67 193 1.9%
78 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 57.25 52.77 185 -10.8%
79 University of Konstanz, Germany 33.24 52.51 106 52.8%
80 University of Toulouse, France 49.62 52.14 419 1.6%
81 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 53.25 50.81 240 -7.7%
82 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 39.17 50.31 382 24.3%
83 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 40.36 49.24 208 18.0%
84 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 42.64 46.37 320 5.2%
85 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 49.11 46.19 196 -9.0%
86 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 43.84 46.00 546 1.5%
87 University of Lyon, France 44.04 45.72 421 0.4%
88 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 55.91 45.50 158 -21.3%
89 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 46.39 45.41 441 -5.3%
90 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 46.60 44.56 180 -7.5%
91 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 52.25 43.88 406 -18.8%
92 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 49.04 43.78 333 -13.6%
93 University of Montpellier, France 43.78 43.69 381 -3.5%
94 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 49.30 43.02 202 -15.6%
95 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 43.66 42.32 175 -6.2%
96 The University of Dublin, Ireland 32.51 41.97 151 24.9%
97 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 37.33 41.27 193 6.9%
98 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 46.06 41.02 226 -13.9%
99 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 49.59 40.86 154 -20.3%
100 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 39.56 40.77 145 -0.3%
101 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 37.03 39.92 105 4.3%
102 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 31.67 39.69 140 21.2%
103 Aalto University, Finland 43.69 39.47 244 -12.6%
104 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 40.90 39.30 161 -7.1%
105 Ulm University, Germany 38.87 37.67 151 -6.3%
106 University of Stuttgart, Germany 42.60 37.45 118 -14.9%
107 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 37.06 37.23 159 -2.8%
108 University of Bordeaux, France 43.15 36.94 259 -17.2%
109 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 37.57 36.52 161 -6.0%
110 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 31.19 35.26 307 9.4%
111 TU Dortmund University, Germany 31.72 35.12 177 7.1%
112 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 29.80 34.84 175 13.1%
113 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 25.57 34.74 219 31.4%
114 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 25.57 33.84 249 28.0%
115 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 31.05 33.59 113 4.7%
116 Leipzig University, Germany 39.74 33.22 140 -19.1%
117 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 33.51 33.12 311 -4.4%
118 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 37.26 33.10 124 -14.1%
119 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 38.34 32.39 201 -18.3%
120 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 44.09 32.35 173 -29.0%
121 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 29.29 31.88 200 5.3%
122 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 34.32 31.13 112 -12.3%
123 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 28.67 31.07 100 4.8%
124 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 28.87 30.30 114 1.5%
125 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 38.88 30.18 135 -24.9%
126 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 20.06 29.83 110 43.9%
127 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 28.13 29.44 95 1.3%
128 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 26.57 28.96 326 5.4%
129 University of Potsdam, Germany 24.17 28.35 156 13.5%
130 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 32.19 28.17 194 -15.4%
131 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 28.47 27.95 80 -5.0%
132 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 36.44 27.78 82 -26.3%
133 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 24.14 27.69 193 11.0%
134 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 39.62 27.59 110 -32.7%
135 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 28.71 27.37 278 -7.8%
136 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 21.71 27.31 96 21.7%
137 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 32.93 27.28 133 -19.9%
138 Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU), Russia 23.40 27.26 115 12.7%
139 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 25.15 26.35 301 1.3%
140 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 30.00 26.21 250 -15.5%
141 Heriot-Watt University, United Kingdom (UK) 17.73 26.11 89 42.5%
142 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 30.24 25.30 91 -19.1%
143 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 34.25 24.94 188 -29.6%
144 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 21.78 24.58 97 9.2%
145 Medical University of Vienna (MUW), Austria 21.12 24.51 149 12.3%
146 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 23.49 24.15 114 -0.5%
147 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 30.89 23.99 138 -24.9%
148 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 22.21 23.22 103 1.1%
149 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 25.73 22.94 165 -13.8%
150 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 27.37 22.80 110 -19.4%
151 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 26.73 22.73 140 -17.7%
152 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 23.61 22.70 58 -7.0%
153 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 29.25 22.48 94 -25.6%
154 Graz University of Technology (TU Graz), Austria 24.76 22.11 82 -13.6%
155 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 29.07 22.02 215 -26.7%
156 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 33.48 21.92 246 -36.7%
157 Technical University Braunschweig (TU Braunschweig), Germany 19.78 21.87 70 6.9%
158 Free University of Brussels (VUB), Belgium 16.95 21.18 166 20.8%
159 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 21.94 21.17 88 -6.7%
160 University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Denmark 22.82 20.97 122 -11.1%
161 University of Siegen, Germany 20.44 20.83 87 -1.5%
162 University of Oviedo (UniOvi), Spain 17.89 20.53 158 11.0%
163 Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 15.32 20.41 83 28.9%
164 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden 23.76 20.38 94 -17.0%
165 University of Ljubljana, Slovenia 13.83 20.27 143 41.7%
166 University of Aveiro (UA), Portugal 13.02 20.22 74 50.2%
167 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 24.20 20.21 254 -19.2%
168 University of Turku (UTU), Finland 18.04 20.14 123 8.0%
169 Bielefeld University, Germany 22.30 20.06 57 -13.0%
170 University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague (UCT), Czech Republic 10.99 19.76 38 73.9%
171 University of Jyväskylä, Finland 21.46 19.30 178 -13.0%
172 Masaryk University (MU), Czech Republic 21.83 19.26 86 -14.7%
173 University of Rennes 1, France 17.32 18.84 167 5.3%
174 University of Tromsø - The Arctic University of Norway (UiT), Norway 10.03 18.56 72 79.1%
175 University of Wrocław (UWr), Poland 12.89 18.48 51 38.7%
176 Swansea University, United Kingdom (UK) 18.47 18.16 62 -4.9%
177 Tampere University, Finland 20.43 18.08 195 -14.4%
178 École Polytechnique, France 13.89 17.52 276 22.0%
179 Palacky University (PU), Czech Republic 15.11 17.28 112 10.6%
180 University of Girona (UdG), Spain 10.99 16.73 44 47.3%
181 University of Lille Nord de France, France 14.85 16.58 142 8.0%
182 University of Lorraine (UL), France 15.23 16.31 117 3.6%
183 University of Rostock, Germany 17.78 16.19 91 -11.9%
184 National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (UOA), Greece 10.52 15.90 196 46.1%
185 University of Zaragoza (Unizar), Spain 18.21 15.88 101 -15.6%
186 University of Iceland, Iceland 15.03 15.84 102 1.9%
187 École Normale Supérieure de Lyon (ENS de Lyon), France 13.27 15.74 156 14.7%
188 Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology - State University (MIPT), Russia 18.18 15.51 199 -17.5%
189 ITMO National Research University (ITMO University), Russia 15.43 15.51 56 -2.8%
190 University of Trento (UNITN), Italy 14.91 15.45 163 0.3%
191 Grenoble Institute of Technology (Grenoble INP), France 16.01 15.43 271 -6.8%
192 University of Pavia (UNIPV), Italy 15.67 15.27 213 -5.7%
193 Hannover Medical School (MHH), Germany 15.59 14.76 82 -8.4%
194 University College Cork (UCC), Ireland 11.14 14.69 72 27.6%
195 University of Crete (UOC), Greece 13.13 14.68 62 8.2%
196 University of Graz (Uni Graz), Austria 18.94 14.63 58 -25.3%
197 Novosibirsk State University (NSU), Russia 10.80 14.48 230 29.7%
198 University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland 18.10 14.42 181 -22.9%
199 University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy 17.72 14.39 159 -21.4%
200 Polytechnic University of Valencia (UPV), Spain 13.54 14.32 70 2.3%
201 University of Seville (US), Spain 13.94 14.11 76 -2.1%
202 ESPCI ParisTech, France 13.91 13.95 150 -3.0%
203 Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology (Skoltech), Russia 10.10 13.73 63 31.5%
204 University of Surrey, United Kingdom (UK) 11.34 13.46 61 14.8%
205 University of Salerno (UNISA), Italy 11.92 13.41 80 8.8%
206 University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg 12.74 13.10 57 -0.5%
207 University of Porto (UP), Portugal 19.18 13.05 92 -34.2%
208 University of Tartu (UT), Estonia 10.20 12.96 85 22.9%
209 Collège de France, France 11.77 12.94 162 6.4%
210 University of London - Royal Holloway (RHUL), United Kingdom (UK) 13.01 12.82 119 -4.7%
211 Rovira i Virgili University (URV), Spain 9.14 12.62 53 33.5%
212 University of Kaiserslautern (TU Kaiserslautern), Germany 16.90 12.33 45 -29.4%
213 Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE), Hungary 9.17 12.30 131 29.8%
214 Maastricht University (UM), Netherlands 12.02 12.27 87 -1.3%
215 Pompeu Fabra University (UPF), Spain 15.76 12.15 111 -25.5%
216 University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom (UK) 17.10 12.14 82 -31.3%
217 University of La Laguna (ULL), Spain 12.54 12.10 99 -6.7%
218 Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC), Spain 12.86 11.92 88 -10.4%
219 University of Oldenburg, Germany 22.53 11.71 45 -49.7%
220 University of Greifswald, Germany 11.69 11.53 62 -4.5%
221 Institut Polytechnique de Bordeaux (Bordeaux INP), France 11.09 11.36 83 -0.9%
222 University of Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (UVSQ), France 13.45 11.33 158 -18.5%
223 Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań (AMU), Poland 11.93 11.23 40 -9.0%
224 University of Roma Tre, Italy 10.10 11.21 114 7.4%
225 University of Murcia (UMU), Spain 9.18 10.96 37 15.4%
226 University of Plymouth, United Kingdom (UK) 12.60 10.93 42 -16.1%
227 University of Mons (UMONS), Belgium 9.67 10.85 35 8.5%
228 University of Oulu, Finland 12.01 10.77 76 -13.3%
229 University of Alcalá (UAH), Spain 8.29 10.53 35 22.9%
230 Jaume I University (UJI), Spain 9.09 10.47 60 11.4%
231 University of Nantes, France 11.32 10.44 119 -10.7%
232 University of the Balearic Islands (UIB), Spain 9.37 10.40 42 7.3%
233 The Institute of Cancer Research (ICR), United Kingdom (UK) 14.79 10.37 66 -32.1%
234 University of Salamanca (USAL), Spain 9.52 10.27 39 4.4%
235 University of Limerick (UL), Ireland 12.63 10.11 24 -22.6%
236 University of Debrecen, Hungary 9.88 10.11 106 -1.0%
237 Ural Federal University (UrFU), Russia 6.40 10.09 43 52.5%
238 University of Coimbra (UC), Portugal 13.64 10.06 102 -28.6%
239 University of Kassel, Germany 6.59 9.95 21 46.1%
240 Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics (SIB), Switzerland 9.79 9.90 103 -2.1%
241 University of Cantabria (UC), Spain 8.28 9.81 120 14.6%
242 University of Hull, United Kingdom (UK) 7.98 9.74 40 18.0%
243 Technical University of Madrid (UPM), Spain 9.15 9.71 46 2.7%
244 University of Belgrade, Serbia 10.99 9.71 167 -14.5%
245 Silesian University in Opava (SLU), Czech Republic 5.58 9.66 16 67.4%
246 Jacobs University Bremen, Germany 6.37 9.66 25 46.7%
247 University of Trieste (UNITS), Italy 9.78 9.59 152 -5.2%
248 University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (BOKU), Austria 6.61 9.50 29 39.0%
249 The Open University (OU), United Kingdom (UK) 7.80 9.42 40 16.8%
250 University of Bari Aldo Moro (UniBA), Italy 6.19 9.42 159 47.3%
251 Loughborough University, United Kingdom (UK) 6.58 9.36 35 37.6%
252 Università della Svizzera Italiana (USI), Switzerland 7.98 9.35 31 13.2%
253 Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM), United Kingdom (UK) 4.99 9.27 38 79.7%
254 University of Parma (UNIPR), Italy 8.95 9.16 47 -1.0%
255 Scuola Normale Superiore (SNS), Italy 7.57 9.12 150 16.6%
256 University Clermont Auvergne, France 10.13 9.11 171 -13.0%
257 University of Silesia (US), Poland 8.39 9.07 20 4.5%
258 National University of Ireland Galway (NUI Galway), Ireland 10.37 8.88 46 -17.2%
259 University of Savoy (USMB), France 7.50 8.79 217 13.5%
260 École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes (ENSCR), France 7.28 8.65 76 14.9%
261 Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg (OVGU), Germany 10.96 8.65 46 -23.7%
262 University of Augsburg, Germany 11.84 8.63 38 -29.5%
263 Vilnius University (VU), Lithuania 7.26 8.56 104 14.0%
264 University of Genova, Italy 13.30 8.52 217 -38.0%
265 University of Navarra (UNAV), Spain 6.13 8.42 26 32.9%
266 Czech Technical University in Prague (CTU), Czech Republic 2.99 8.36 104 170.2%
267 University of Orléans, France 7.60 8.25 62 5.1%
268 New University of Lisbon (UNL), Portugal 13.09 8.18 52 -39.6%
269 University of Kent, United Kingdom (UK) 9.05 8.16 35 -12.8%
270 University of Calabria (UNICAL), Italy 6.25 8.11 85 25.5%
271 University of Cagliari (UNICA), Italy 7.60 7.95 68 1.1%
272 University of Verona (UNIVR), Italy 2.90 7.93 37 164.5%
273 University of Aalborg (AAU), Denmark 9.78 7.92 50 -21.7%
274 Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), Norway 7.95 7.87 36 -4.2%
275 Polytechnic University of Turin, Italy 8.26 7.72 53 -9.6%
276 University of Málaga (UMA), Spain 6.47 7.72 42 15.4%
277 Chimie ParisTech (ENSCP), France 4.45 7.65 84 66.3%
278 Chemnitz University of Technology (TU Chemnitz), Germany 9.52 7.61 34 -22.7%
279 Institut Mines-Télécom (IMT), France 4.99 7.45 129 44.4%
280 Tallinn University of Technology (TUT), Estonia 2.38 7.41 15 201.0%
281 University of Essex, United Kingdom (UK) 3.51 7.29 28 100.8%
282 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI), Ireland 5.72 7.23 47 22.3%
283 University of Lübeck, Germany 7.48 7.19 87 -7.1%
284 Birkbeck, University of London (BBK), United Kingdom (UK) 9.48 7.16 51 -26.9%
285 London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), United Kingdom (UK) 8.73 7.12 72 -21.1%
286 University of Eastern Finland (UEF), Finland 6.88 7.11 65 -0.1%
287 École Pratique des Hautes Études (EPHE), France 5.19 7.10 160 32.3%
288 Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTH), Greece 3.47 7.06 83 96.9%
289 University of Neuchâtel (UniNE), Switzerland 8.71 7.06 22 -21.6%
290 University of Minho (UM), Portugal 7.42 7.05 87 -8.0%
291 Miguel Hernández University of Elche (UMH), Spain 5.74 7.05 28 18.8%
292 University of Paderborn (UPB), Germany 12.12 7.00 19 -44.1%
293 University of Wuppertal, Germany 6.91 6.90 73 -3.4%
294 National University of Science and Technology (MISIS), Russia 9.01 6.85 86 -26.5%
295 Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU), United Kingdom (UK) 2.42 6.84 48 173.6%
296 AGH University of Science and Technology (AGH UST), Poland 5.72 6.77 129 14.6%
297 Kazan Federal University (KFU), Russia 9.09 6.59 40 -29.9%
298 University of Alicante (UA), Spain 6.08 6.49 47 3.2%
299 University of Stavanger (UiS), Norway 5.22 6.40 18 18.5%
300 École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Montpellier (ENSCM), France 6.33 6.21 75 -5.0%
301 Medical University of Innsbruck (MUI), Austria 7.41 6.19 30 -19.1%
302 University of Perugia, Italy 10.86 6.18 161 -44.9%
303 University of A Coruña (UDC), Spain 6.34 6.17 21 -5.9%
304 Budapest University of Technology and Economics (BME), Hungary 8.83 6.14 31 -32.7%
305 CY Cergy Paris University, France 2.82 6.11 49 109.6%
306 Tomsk State University (TSU), Russia 7.44 6.09 102 -20.8%
307 AgroParisTech, France 6.37 6.03 76 -8.4%
308 Gustave Eiffel University, France 5.89 5.86 83 -3.8%
309 University of Osnabrück (Uni Osnabrück), Germany 9.86 5.84 22 -42.7%
310 University of Vigo (UVIGO), Spain 5.73 5.79 29 -2.2%
311 National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE), Russia 6.36 5.72 77 -13.0%
312 University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom (UK) 4.81 5.66 36 13.8%
313 University of Poitiers, France 2.24 5.64 32 143.7%
314 University of Burgundy, France 4.10 5.64 55 33.0%
315 Bangor University, United Kingdom (UK) 4.03 5.64 29 35.2%
316 Paris Observatory, France 4.96 5.62 155 9.6%
317 University of Siena (UNISI), Italy 4.77 5.62 83 14.0%
318 University Institute of France (IUF), France 5.15 5.59 59 5.1%
319 Åbo Akademi University, Finland 5.55 5.51 30 -3.9%
320 Warsaw University of Technology (WUT), Poland 3.07 5.49 83 73.2%
321 University of Catania, Italy 9.47 5.47 120 -44.2%
322 University of Ioannina (UOI), Greece 7.48 5.41 98 -30.0%
323 Medical University of Graz (Med Uni Graz), Austria 4.46 5.39 42 17.0%
324 National Technical University of Athens (NTUA), Greece 7.64 5.38 138 -31.9%
325 Wrocław University of Science and Technology (WRUT), Poland 6.71 5.33 16 -23.1%
326 University of Castilla-La Mancha (UCLM), Spain 12.84 5.33 46 -59.8%
327 University of Valladolid (UVa), Spain 7.02 5.31 16 -26.7%
328 National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute), Russia 7.75 5.25 199 -34.5%
329 Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski, Bulgaria 4.35 5.20 85 15.6%
330 University of Zagreb, Croatia 9.69 5.20 54 -48.2%
331 University of Namur (UNamur), Belgium 4.90 5.19 19 2.4%
332 Hasselt University (UHasselt), Belgium 3.39 5.11 31 45.7%
333 University of Eastern Piedmont "Amedeo Avogadro" (UNIPMN), Italy 4.54 5.10 142 8.7%
334 University of Szeged (SZTE), Hungary 6.66 5.08 29 -26.2%
335 Northumbria University, United Kingdom (UK) 4.50 4.96 22 6.8%
336 Pablo de Olavide University (UPO), Spain 4.69 4.88 31 0.7%
337 Semmelweis University (SE), Hungary 2.91 4.87 32 62.1%
338 Le Mans University, France 3.00 4.84 20 56.3%
339 Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU), Russia 5.95 4.84 123 -21.3%
340 Lappeenranta University of Technology (LUT), Finland 3.49 4.83 125 33.9%
341 King Juan Carlos University (URJC), Spain 2.49 4.81 21 86.9%
342 Nottingham Trent University, United Kingdom (UK) 4.21 4.77 17 9.4%
343 University of Salento, Italy 4.24 4.76 78 8.5%
344 Institut d'Optique Graduate School (IOGS), France 4.02 4.69 44 12.8%
345 Caen University (UNICAEN), France 4.86 4.67 55 -7.2%
346 University of Insubria, Italy 2.45 4.65 27 83.3%
347 Roskilde University (RUC), Denmark 3.79 4.62 24 18.0%
348 University of Angers, France 2.35 4.49 44 84.6%
349 University of Chieti (Ud'A), Italy 2.25 4.44 24 90.6%
350 University of Hohenheim, Germany 2.60 4.41 16 64.3%
351 University of South Bohemia, Czech Republic 4.76 4.37 22 -11.1%
352 University of Salzburg, Austria 6.82 4.37 16 -38.1%
353 University of Huddersfield, United Kingdom (UK) 5.09 4.34 14 -17.6%
354 Gdańsk University of Technology (GUT), Poland 3.68 4.32 9 13.5%
355 University of Modena and Reggio Emilia (UNIMORE), Italy 5.52 4.29 49 -24.9%
356 University of Lincoln, United Kingdom (UK) 3.34 4.25 23 22.9%
357 Comenius University in Bratislava (UK), Slovakia 2.33 4.25 93 76.0%
358 Johannes Kepler University of Linz (JKU), Austria 11.48 4.25 22 -64.2%
359 École Normale Supérieure Paris-Saclay (ENS Paris-Saclay), France 4.84 4.16 45 -16.8%
360 University of Hertfordshire (UH), United Kingdom (UK) 4.19 4.06 14 -6.3%
361 Babeș-Bolyai University (UBB), Romania 3.44 4.03 20 13.5%
362 West University of Timișoara (UVT), Romania 3.02 4.03 56 28.9%
363 City, University of London (CUL), United Kingdom (UK) 3.68 4.00 11 5.1%
364 University of Brighton, United Kingdom (UK) 2.54 4.00 17 52.1%
365 Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine 2.28 4.00 25 69.7%
366 Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies (DIAS), Ireland 6.84 3.93 22 -44.5%
367 Catholic University of the Sacred Heart (UCSC), Italy 3.01 3.92 29 26.1%
368 University of Rouen, France 4.18 3.86 34 -10.7%
369 Paris-Est Créteil University (UPEC), France 3.74 3.84 54 -0.6%
370 Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava (STU), Slovakia 0.98 3.84 17 279.0%
371 Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg (TUBAF), Germany 5.34 3.82 17 -30.7%
372 Czech University of Life Sciences Prague (CULS), Czech Republic 3.98 3.79 16 -7.8%
373 University of Brescia (UNIBS), Italy 5.40 3.78 45 -32.3%
374 University of Ferrara (UNIFE), Italy 5.47 3.74 83 -33.9%
375 University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna (VUM), Austria 3.69 3.73 23 -2.3%
376 University of Cyprus, Cyprus 5.16 3.69 90 -30.8%
377 Linnaeus University (LNU), Sweden 2.51 3.67 14 41.2%
378 University of Patras, Greece 5.98 3.66 18 -40.7%
379 Maria Curie-Skłodowska University (UMCS), Poland 4.94 3.53 8 -30.8%
380 University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne (URCA), France 0.65 3.53 14 422.1%
381 Southern Federal University (SFedU), Russia 2.46 3.48 12 37.0%
382 University of Western Brittany (UBO), France 4.82 3.47 62 -30.3%
383 University of Cádiz (UCA), Spain 3.11 3.32 18 3.2%
384 University of Lodz (UL), Poland 2.52 3.24 16 24.6%
385 University of L'Aquila (UNIVAQ), Italy 3.16 3.22 29 -1.5%
386 University of Franche-Comté (UFC), France 2.61 3.17 29 17.7%
387 University of La Rioja (UR), Spain 6.85 3.15 14 -55.6%
388 University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Italy 6.06 3.15 27 -49.8%
389 University of Pardubice, Czech Republic 0.79 3.12 9 284.6%
390 University of Technology of Belfort-Montbéliard (UTBM), France 2.21 3.11 30 35.9%
391 Oxford Brookes University, United Kingdom (UK) 2.06 3.09 9 45.2%
392 University of Paris Nord (Paris 13), France 3.11 3.06 36 -4.7%
393 Örebro University, Sweden 0.52 3.06 22 471.2%
394 University of Gdańsk (UG), Poland 3.22 3.04 14 -8.9%
395 Zurich University of Applied Sciences (ZHAW), Switzerland 3.65 3.03 10 -19.8%
396 Aberystwyth University, United Kingdom (UK) 2.01 2.99 21 43.7%
397 Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod (UNN), Russia 5.28 2.97 12 -45.7%
398 Lodz University of Technology (TUL), Poland 2.75 2.95 15 3.9%
399 Tomsk State University of Control Systems and Radioelectronics (TUSUR), Russia 0.25 2.89 8 1,016.7%
400 Belarusian State University (BSU), Belarus 2.80 2.88 132 -0.3%
401 Charles III University of Madrid (UC3M), Spain 4.64 2.88 20 -39.9%
402 University of Bradford, United Kingdom (UK) 1.07 2.88 7 160.0%
403 Brno University of Technology (BUT), Czech Republic 2.05 2.86 52 34.7%
404 National University of Ireland Maynooth (NUI Maynooth), Ireland 3.61 2.85 23 -23.5%
405 University of Tours (UFR), France 2.90 2.84 27 -5.1%
406 University of the French West Indies (UAG), France 3.06 2.84 48 -10.3%
407 Keele University, United Kingdom (UK) 6.03 2.83 20 -54.6%
408 University of Haute-Alsace (UHA), France 6.17 2.81 67 -56.0%
409 Ilmenau University of Technology (TU Ilmenau), Germany 5.90 2.80 8 -54.1%
410 Eastern Mediterranean University (EMU), Cyprus 2.23 2.78 8 20.9%
411 Samara National Research University, Russia 0.65 2.75 11 306.2%
412 Montpellier SupAgro, France 3.30 2.75 48 -19.5%
413 London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), United Kingdom (UK) 2.76 2.74 12 -4.0%
414 University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland (FHNW), Switzerland 1.39 2.74 10 90.1%
415 University of South Brittany (UBS), France 2.14 2.72 53 23.0%
416 University of Messina (UNIME), Italy 5.23 2.71 37 -49.9%
417 University of Stirling, United Kingdom (UK) 3.38 2.63 17 -24.8%
418 Central European University (CEU), Hungary 1.91 2.61 9 32.2%
419 Latvian Institute of Organic Synthesis (IOS), Latvia 2.59 6 N/A
420 University of Bucharest (UB), Romania 1.82 2.58 11 37.5%
421 University of Ulster (UU), United Kingdom (UK) 1.58 2.54 7 55.3%
422 Technological University Dublin (TU Dublin), Ireland 2.54 7 N/A
423 University of Toulon (UTLN), France 4.42 2.48 47 -45.6%
424 Cranfield University, United Kingdom (UK) 4.54 2.48 16 -47.2%
425 Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies of Pisa (SSSA), Italy 1.03 2.47 18 131.4%
426 University of Udine (UNIUD), Italy 3.26 2.47 77 -26.8%
427 University of Palermo (UNIPA), Italy 5.10 2.46 38 -53.4%
428 University of Burgos (UBU), Spain 5.22 2.45 6 -54.7%
429 University of Lleida (UDL), Spain 1.48 2.41 18 57.8%
430 Anglia Ruskin University, United Kingdom (UK) 1.61 2.40 47 43.9%
431 Tomsk State Pedagogical University (TSPU), Russia 2.01 2.40 14 15.6%
432 École des Ponts ParisTech (ENPC), France 2.76 2.33 48 -18.3%
433 Aston University, United Kingdom (UK) 3.32 2.32 14 -32.5%
434 Technical University of Cartagena (UPCT), Spain 2.04 2.32 6 9.8%
435 Dublin City University (DCU), Ireland 4.59 2.27 16 -52.2%
436 Silesian University of Technology (SUT), Poland 0.60 2.24 6 262.3%
437 Marche Polytechnic University (UNIVPM), Italy 1.28 2.23 19 68.7%
438 École Supérieure de Chimie Physique Électronique de Lyon or (CPE Lyon), France 2.61 2.22 29 -17.9%
439 St George's, University of London (SGUL), United Kingdom (UK) 1.32 2.20 25 61.4%
440 Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU), Russia 3.71 2.19 73 -43.0%
441 University of Latvia (LU), Latvia 1.29 2.17 13 62.7%
442 Paris Dauphine University, France 1.16 2.15 59 79.2%
443 University of Szczecin (USZ), Poland 1.10 2.14 6 88.7%
444 Ca' Foscari University of Venice (UNIVE), Italy 1.74 2.13 19 18.5%
445 University of Urbino, Italy 1.01 2.08 37 99.0%
446 Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (NCU), Poland 4.89 2.07 16 -59.1%
447 University of Malta, Malta 3.13 2.02 9 -37.6%
448 Vita-Salute San Raffaele University (UniSR), Italy 2.97 2.01 26 -34.4%
449 Manchester Metropolitan University (MMU), United Kingdom (UK) 3.27 2.00 9 -40.7%
450 University of Évry-Val d'Essonne (UEVE), France 2.85 1.99 70 -32.5%
451 University of Koblenz and Landau, Germany 2.12 1.98 5 -9.3%
452 Polytechnic University of Bari, Italy 2.12 1.98 115 -9.8%
453 Parthenope University of Naples, Italy 0.01 1.97 35 22,907.1%
454 University of Extremadura (UEx), Spain 3.92 1.96 11 -51.6%
455 University of Huelva (UHU), Spain 2.63 1.95 11 -28.3%
456 University of Camerino (UNICAM), Italy 1.95 1.95 25 -3.4%
457 University of Almeria (UAL), Spain 1.09 1.94 17 72.5%
458 Kaunas University of Technology (KTU), Lithuania 2.17 1.87 5 -16.4%
459 École Centrale de Lille, France 1.00 1.86 18 80.2%
459 Artois University, France 1.04 1.86 18 72.4%
460 University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland (HES-SO), Switzerland 1.37 1.85 8 30.9%
461 Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Ukraine 0.38 1.83 3 372.9%
462 University of Limoges (ULIM), France 0.59 1.80 8 193.5%
463 Hochschule Niederrhein University of Applied Science, Germany 1.09 1.80 5 60.4%
464 Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice (UPJŠ), Slovakia 0.66 1.79 24 164.6%
465 V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Ukraine 2.25 1.79 11 -22.8%
466 Bocconi University, Italy 0.69 1.79 4 152.6%
467 University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius in Trnava (UCM), Slovakia 1.91 1.79 5 -9.2%
468 Royal Veterinary College, University of London (RVC), United Kingdom (UK) 3.80 1.78 18 -54.7%
469 Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic 2.71 1.77 47 -37.0%
470 University of Pau and Pays de l'Adour (UPPA), France 5.12 1.76 27 -66.7%
471 Moscow Technological University (MIREA), Russia 2.25 1.72 10 -26.1%
472 The University of Perpignan Via Domitia (UPVD), France 1.66 1.70 25 -1.0%
473 Leuphana University of Lueneburg, Germany 2.66 1.67 4 -39.1%
474 Superior National School of Advanced Techniques (ENSTA ParisTech), France 3.34 1.67 32 -51.5%
475 Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University (IKBFU), Russia 1.18 1.62 6 32.8%
476 University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno (VFU), Czech Republic 1.52 1.62 47 2.9%
477 University of Jaén (UJU), Spain 1.12 1.61 6 39.1%
478 IMT School for Advanced Studies Lucca, Italy 0.33 1.59 5 359.3%
479 University of Rijeka (UNIRI), Croatia 2.45 1.59 8 -37.4%
480 University of La Rochelle, France 0.82 1.58 13 85.8%
481 Institut d'Enseignement Supérieur et de Recherche en Alimentation, Santé Animale, Sciences Agronomiques et de l'Environnement (VetAgro Sup), France 1.08 1.57 22 40.5%
482 National School of Fine Arts at the Villa Arson, France 1.63 1.56 156 -7.9%
483 Brunel University London, United Kingdom (UK) 2.50 1.55 86 -39.8%
484 Saratov State University (SGU), Russia 3.22 1.54 5 -53.7%
485 Humanitas University, Italy 0.97 1.53 8 52.0%
486 Public University of Navarre (UPNA), Spain 1.23 1.51 19 19.0%
487 National School for Water and Environmental Engineering of Strasbourg (ENGEES), France 0.97 1.50 13 50.6%
488 École Supérieure de Danse de Cannes Rosella Hightower, France 1.63 1.50 155 -11.1%
488 Sustainable Design School (SDS), France 1.63 1.50 155 -11.1%
488 École Supérieure de Réalisation Audiovisuelle (ESRA), France 1.63 1.50 155 -11.1%
488 EDHEC Business School, France 1.63 1.50 155 -11.1%
488 SKEMA Business School, France 1.63 1.50 155 -11.1%
489 SIGMA Clermont, France 2.93 1.50 17 -50.6%
490 University of Cordoba (UCO), Spain 3.58 1.49 11 -59.8%
491 University of Picardie Jules Verne (UPJV), France 1.33 1.46 23 6.5%
492 Bashkir State Pedagogical University (BSPU), Russia 0.75 1.46 2 88.1%
493 Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw, Poland 0.75 1.45 10 86.1%
494 Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU), Russia 4.20 1.44 10 -66.8%
495 Pantheon-Sorbonne University (Paris 1), France 0.56 1.44 11 147.0%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.