2020 tables: Institutions - academic

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2018 Share 2019 Count 2019 Change in Adjusted Share 2018-2019*
1 University of Cape Town (UCT), South Africa 15.69 15.87 168 -2.1%
2 University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg (Wits University), South Africa 9.23 9.90 125 3.8%
3 Stellenbosch University (SU), South Africa 15.15 9.13 50 -41.7%
4 University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN), South Africa 7.69 6.99 45 -12.1%
5 University of Johannesburg (UJ), South Africa 6.51 5.37 89 -20.2%
6 University of the Free State (UFS), South Africa 2.06 3.40 17 59.9%
7 Durban University of Technology (DUT), South Africa 1.14 3.38 9 186.7%
8 Rhodes University (RU), South Africa 1.49 2.97 31 93.2%
9 University of Pretoria (UP), South Africa 3.72 2.77 38 -27.8%
10 North-West University (NWU), South Africa 1.67 2.20 14 27.4%
11 University of South Africa (UNISA), South Africa 1.03 2.03 15 90.5%
12 Ain Shams University, Egypt 2.16 1.88 22 -15.9%
13 Cadi Ayyad University (UCA), Morocco 1.73 1.77 62 -0.8%
14 Mansoura University, Egypt 0.65 1.77 16 165.2%
15 Addis Ababa University (AAU), Ethiopia 1.88 1.70 18 -12.4%
16 Cairo University (CU), Egypt 1.48 1.60 35 4.6%
17 University of the Western Cape (UWC), South Africa 1.16 1.54 19 28.6%
18 Beni-Suef University (BSU), Egypt 0.20 1.19 12 488.1%
19 University of Ghana, Ghana 1.11 10 N/A
20 University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Benin 0.54 1.10 7 97.1%
21 University of Nairobi, Kenya 0.03 1.04 9 3,200.5%
22 British University in Egypt (BUE), Egypt 0.71 1.03 33 40.1%
23 Assiut University, Egypt 0.16 0.81 8 384.8%
24 University of Buea (UB), Cameroon 0.01 0.80 8 14,342.9%
25 University of Yaounde I (UYI), Cameroon 0.89 0.77 7 -16.0%
26 Tunis El Manar University (UTM), Tunisia 0.48 0.71 9 41.1%
27 University of Malawi, Malawi 0.59 0.70 12 14.8%
28 Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU), Nigeria 0.70 2 N/A
29 University of La Réunion, Reunion 1.10 0.68 24 -40.7%
30 University of Carthage (UCAR), Tunisia 0.38 0.65 4 66.7%
31 Université Ibn Zohr, Morocco 0.17 0.64 5 268.6%
32 Makerere University, Uganda 0.54 0.59 10 6.0%
33 Suez University, Egypt 0.64 0.59 20 -11.0%
34 University Hassan II Casablanca (UHII), Morocco 0.11 0.56 57 405.8%
35 Nelson Mandela University (NMU), South Africa 2.46 0.55 6 -78.3%
36 University of Douala, Cameroon 0.06 0.52 3 767.3%
37 Jimma Institute of Technology (JIT), Ethiopia 0.50 0.50 1 -3.3%
37 Moi University, Kenya 0.50 2 N/A
38 Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Ghana 0.27 0.50 6 79.3%
39 Réseau Universitaire de Physique des Hautes Energies (RUPHE), Morocco 0.03 0.49 55 1,273.9%
40 Constantine 1 University, Algeria 0.01 0.49 34 4,199.5%
41 Alexandria University, Egypt 0.43 0.48 13 7.1%
42 Al-Azhar University, Egypt 0.10 0.47 7 329.7%
43 Mohammed V University, Morocco 0.39 0.44 56 7.8%
44 University of Science, Technique and Technologies of Bamako (USTTB), Mali 0.26 0.43 6 61.3%
45 Cheikh Anta Diop University (UCAD), Senegal 0.46 0.42 4 -11.8%
46 University of Kinshasa (UNIKIN), Congo 0.40 3 N/A
47 Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA), Tanzania 0.14 0.39 3 160.1%
48 Tanta University, Egypt 0.79 0.38 3 -53.3%
49 University of Sciences, Arts and Technology of Natitingou (USATN), Benin 0.38 1 N/A
50 University Ibn Tofaïl (UIT), Morocco 0.37 22 N/A
51 Maseno University, Kenya 0.35 2 N/A
52 University of Antananarivo, Madagascar 0.57 0.34 3 -42.1%
53 Université Catholique de Bukavu (UCB), Congo 0.08 0.34 2 295.7%
54 University of Venda (UNIVEN), South Africa 0.18 0.34 7 80.0%
55 University of Benghazi (UoB), Libya 0.33 1 N/A
56 Benha University, Egypt 0.11 0.33 3 197.8%
57 National University of Sciences, Technologies, Engineering and Mathematics (UNSTIM), Benin 0.32 2 N/A
58 University of Bamako, Mali 0.17 0.32 2 76.6%
59 Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University (USMBA), Morocco 0.31 1 N/A
60 Helwan University (HU), Egypt 0.71 0.31 15 -57.8%
61 American University in Cairo (AUC), Egypt 0.47 0.31 5 -36.1%
62 University of Sfax, Tunisia 0.30 0.29 3 -6.6%
63 University of Lagos (Unilag), Nigeria 0.13 0.29 6 113.9%
64 University of Zambia, Zambia 0.28 3 N/A
65 University for Development Studies (UDS), Ghana 0.26 2 N/A
66 Université Moulay-Ismaïl (UMI), Morocco 0.48 0.25 1 -49.2%
66 Centre de Développement des Energies Renouvelables (CDER), Algeria 0.25 1 N/A
67 Wollega University (WU), Ethiopia 0.24 3 N/A
68 Fayoum University (FU), Egypt 0.00 0.23 9 5,070.7%
69 University of Lubumbashi, Congo 0.21 1 N/A
70 Abdelmalek Essaâdi University (UAE), Morocco 0.31 0.20 3 -35.5%
71 University of Ziguinchor (UASZ), Senegal 0.22 0.20 1 -12.9%
71 University of Mauritius (UOM), Mauritius 0.20 1 N/A
72 University of Namibia (UNAM), Namibia 0.20 0.19 5 -8.6%
73 University of Rwanda, Rwanda 0.15 0.19 2 22.4%
73 Minia University, Egypt 0.22 0.19 3 -18.9%
74 Menoufia University, Egypt 0.13 0.18 2 30.4%
75 University of Oran, Algeria 0.17 2 N/A
76 Misr University for Science and Technology (MUST), Egypt 0.06 0.16 2 145.0%
77 Kafrelsheikh University, Egypt 0.09 0.16 2 70.8%
78 University of Science and Technology Houari Boumedienne (USTHB), Algeria 0.14 1 N/A
78 Misr International University (MIU), Egypt 0.14 1 N/A
79 University of Limpopo, South Africa 0.18 0.14 5 -24.3%
80 University of Ibadan (UI), Nigeria 0.23 0.14 6 -42.6%
81 South Valley University (SVU), Egypt 0.08 0.14 2 57.5%
82 Arba Minch University (AMU), Ethiopia 0.13 2 N/A
83 Damietta University, Egypt 0.25 0.13 2 -51.2%
84 Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT), Kenya 0.07 0.13 5 87.6%
85 Zagazig University, Egypt 0.19 0.13 2 -36.0%
85 Université de Man (U-MAN), Ivory Coast 0.13 1 N/A
85 Université Nationale d’Agriculture (UNA), Benin 0.13 1 N/A
85 Meru University of Science and Technology (MUST), Kenya 0.13 1 N/A
85 Mkwawa University College of Education (MUCE), Tanzania 0.13 1 N/A
86 Sohag University, Egypt 0.05 0.12 2 135.6%
87 University of Zimbabwe (UZ), Zimbabwe 0.13 0.12 1 -10.7%
87 University of Tiaret, Algeria 0.12 1 N/A
88 Mekelle University, Ethiopia 0.11 2 N/A
89 The University of Dodoma, Tanzania 0.02 0.11 1 372.9%
90 Faculty of Sciences of Tunis (FST), Tunisia 0.10 1 N/A
91 Mohammed VI Polytechnic University, Morocco 0.10 0.10 2 -6.2%
92 Université de Parakou, Benin 0.09 2 N/A
93 Université Mohammed Premier (UMP), Morocco 0.69 0.09 54 -87.4%
94 Kenya Methodist University (KeMU), Kenya 0.08 1 N/A
95 University of Fort Hare (UFH), South Africa 0.05 0.08 4 61.7%
96 Lagos State University (LASU), Nigeria 0.12 0.08 3 -35.1%
97 University of Mostaganem, Algeria 0.08 1 N/A
98 Akwa Ibom State University (AKSU), Nigeria 0.07 1 N/A
98 University of Malemba Nkulu, Congo 0.07 1 N/A
98 Adama Science and Technology University (ASTU), Ethiopia 0.07 1 N/A
99 Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS), Tanzania 0.05 0.07 3 35.3%
100 University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania 0.30 0.07 3 -78.1%
101 Abdou Moumouni University (UAM), Niger 0.06 1 N/A
102 University of Cape Coast (UCC), Ghana 0.06 2 N/A
103 University of Khartoum, Sudan 0.07 0.06 1 -23.2%
103 University of Botswana (UB), Botswana 0.54 0.06 1 -89.4%
103 Université Omar Bongo, Gabon 0.06 1 N/A
103 St. Joseph University In Tanzania (SJUIT), Tanzania 0.06 1 N/A
104 University of Nigeria (UNN), Nigeria 0.20 0.06 4 -72.0%
105 University of Monastir (UM), Tunisia 0.70 0.06 1 -92.3%
105 Université Ziane Achour de Djelfa, Algeria 0.06 1 N/A
106 Redeemer's University Nigeria (RUN), Nigeria 0.05 1 N/A
107 State University of Zanzibar (SUZA), Tanzania 0.05 1 N/A
107 Nasarawa State University (NSUK), Nigeria 0.05 1 N/A
108 Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny (UFHB), Ivory Coast 0.10 0.05 2 -53.4%
109 Suez Canal University (SCU), Egypt 0.34 0.05 2 -85.9%
110 University of Port Harcourt (UNIPORT), Nigeria 0.05 1 N/A
110 Université des Sciences de la Santé, Gabon 0.05 1 N/A
111 University of Sierra Leone (USL), Sierra Leone 0.02 0.05 2 161.9%
112 African Institute for Mathematical Sciences (AIMS), South Africa 0.11 0.04 5 -62.0%
113 University of Global Health Equity (UGHE), Rwanda 0.04 1 N/A
113 Bayero University Kano (BUK), Nigeria 0.04 1 N/A
114 Njala University, Sierra Leone 0.04 1 N/A
115 Technical University of Kenya (TUK), Kenya 0.04 1 N/A
116 Botswana International University of Science and Technology (BIUST), Botswana 0.04 2 N/A
117 Université Alassane Ouattara, Ivory Coast 0.03 1 N/A
118 Arish University, Egypt 0.03 1 N/A
119 University of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso 0.01 0.03 1 111.6%
119 University of Maiduguri (UNIMAID), Nigeria 0.03 1 N/A
120 Ambrose Alli University (AAU), Nigeria 0.03 1 N/A
121 Jaramogi Oginga Odinga University of Science and Technology (JOOUST), Kenya 0.03 1 N/A
122 Akademia, South Africa 0.03 1 N/A
123 University of Health and Allied Science (UHAS), Ghana 0.02 0.03 2 72.8%
124 Egerton University, Kenya 0.03 1 N/A
125 College of African Wildlife Management (CAWM), Tanzania 0.01 0.02 2 302.5%
126 University of Kisangani (UNIKIS), Congo 0.26 0.02 1 -92.0%
127 University of Gondar (UOG), Ethiopia 0.05 0.01 2 -73.8%
128 University of Eldoret, Kenya 0.01 1 N/A
129 École Inter-Etats des Sciences et Médecine Vétérinaires de Dakar (EISMV), Senegal 0.01 1 N/A
130 Ahmadu Bello University (ABU), Nigeria 0.01 3 N/A
131 University of N'Djamena (UNDT), Chad 0.01 1 N/A
131 Mount Kenya University (MKU), Kenya 0.01 1 N/A
132 Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia 0.01 1 N/A
133 Université Nangui Abrogoua (UNA), Ivory Coast 0.14 0.01 1 -95.1%
134 University of the Gambia (UTG), Gambia 0.01 1 N/A
135 Cape Peninsula University of Technology (CPUT), South Africa 0.01 2 N/A
136 Mizan Tepi University (MTU), Ethiopia 0.01 2 N/A
137 Hawassa University (HU), Ethiopia 0.04 0.00 2 -88.9%
137 Jimma University, Ethiopia 0.05 0.00 2 -89.9%
137 University of Embu, Kenya 0.00 2 N/A
137 Botho University, Botswana 0.00 2 N/A
137 Debre Berhan University (DBU), Ethiopia 0.00 2 N/A
138 Nile University (NU), Egypt 0.00 2 N/A
139 University of Tripoli (UT), Libya 0.02 0.00 1 -82.1%
139 University of Algiers - Benyoucef Benkhedda, Algeria 0.00 1 N/A
140 Institut National Polytechnique Félix Houphouët-Boigny (INP-HB), Ivory Coast 0.00 1 N/A
141 Aksum University (AKU), Ethiopia 0.00 1 N/A
142 Wolkite University (WKU), Ethiopia 0.00 1 N/A
142 Jigjiga University (JJU), Ethiopia 0.00 1 N/A
143 University of Benin (UNIBEN), Nigeria 0.00 2 N/A
144 Université d'Agriculture de Kétou (UNA), Benin 0.01 0.00 1 -59.3%
144 Mbarara University of Science and Technology (MUST), Uganda 0.00 1 N/A
145 Babcock University (BU), Nigeria 0.13 0.00 1 -98.4%
146 University of Jos, Nigeria 0.00 0.00 1 -62.1%
146 Aswan University, Egypt 0.00 1 N/A
146 Wollo University, Ethiopia 0.00 1 N/A
146 Madda Walabu University (MWU), Ethiopia 0.00 1 N/A
147 Haramaya University, Ethiopia 0.00 1 N/A
147 Debre Markos University (DMU), Ethiopia 0.00 1 N/A
148 Dilla University, Ethiopia 0.00 1 N/A
148 University of Energy and Natural Resources (UENR), Ghana 0.00 1 N/A
148 Gulu University, Uganda 0.00 1 N/A
148 Dr. Tewelde Legesse Health Science College, Ethiopia 0.00 1 N/A
149 Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University (SMU), South Africa 0.00 1 N/A
149 Higher Institute of Nursing Professions and Technical Health, Morocco 0.00 1 N/A
149 Eduardo Mondlane University (UEM), Mozambique 0.00 1 N/A
149 Usmanu Danfodiyo University (UDUSOK), Nigeria 0.00 1 N/A

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.