2020 tables: Institutions - academic

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2018 Share 2019 Count 2019 Change in Adjusted Share 2018-2019*
1 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 412.45 455.82 1,375 6.9%
2 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 448.39 419.32 1,326 -9.5%
3 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 233.27 221.28 889 -8.2%
4 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 202.60 216.73 865 3.5%
5 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 141.88 150.74 666 2.8%
6 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 146.95 146.03 552 -3.9%
7 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 143.17 134.57 492 -9.1%
8 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 78.56 86.06 414 6.0%
9 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 85.21 85.03 266 -3.5%
10 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 63.35 79.55 296 21.5%
11 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 98.98 75.96 347 -25.8%
12 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 87.86 75.80 411 -16.6%
13 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 68.23 73.57 315 4.3%
14 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 73.48 72.41 287 -4.7%
15 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 56.41 63.54 342 9.0%
16 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 56.55 62.19 370 6.4%
17 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 59.80 61.04 215 -1.3%
18 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 54.31 55.96 276 -0.3%
19 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 58.49 55.87 221 -7.6%
20 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 50.96 53.67 193 1.9%
21 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 57.25 52.77 185 -10.8%
22 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 40.36 49.24 208 18.0%
23 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 49.59 40.86 154 -20.3%
24 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 34.32 31.13 112 -12.3%
25 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 20.06 29.83 110 43.9%
26 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 24.14 27.69 193 11.0%
27 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 21.71 27.31 96 21.7%
28 Heriot-Watt University, United Kingdom (UK) 17.73 26.11 89 42.5%
29 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 30.24 25.30 91 -19.1%
30 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 21.78 24.58 97 9.2%
31 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 30.89 23.99 138 -24.9%
32 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 29.25 22.48 94 -25.6%
33 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 21.94 21.17 88 -6.7%
34 Swansea University, United Kingdom (UK) 18.47 18.16 62 -4.9%
35 University of Surrey, United Kingdom (UK) 11.34 13.46 61 14.8%
36 University of London - Royal Holloway (RHUL), United Kingdom (UK) 13.01 12.82 119 -4.7%
37 University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom (UK) 17.10 12.14 82 -31.3%
38 University of Plymouth, United Kingdom (UK) 12.60 10.93 42 -16.1%
39 The Institute of Cancer Research (ICR), United Kingdom (UK) 14.79 10.37 66 -32.1%
40 University of Hull, United Kingdom (UK) 7.98 9.74 40 18.0%
41 The Open University (OU), United Kingdom (UK) 7.80 9.42 40 16.8%
42 Loughborough University, United Kingdom (UK) 6.58 9.36 35 37.6%
43 Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM), United Kingdom (UK) 4.99 9.27 38 79.7%
44 University of Kent, United Kingdom (UK) 9.05 8.16 35 -12.8%
45 University of Essex, United Kingdom (UK) 3.51 7.29 28 100.8%
46 Birkbeck, University of London (BBK), United Kingdom (UK) 9.48 7.16 51 -26.9%
47 London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), United Kingdom (UK) 8.73 7.12 72 -21.1%
48 Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU), United Kingdom (UK) 2.42 6.84 48 173.6%
49 University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom (UK) 4.81 5.66 36 13.8%
50 Bangor University, United Kingdom (UK) 4.03 5.64 29 35.2%
51 Northumbria University, United Kingdom (UK) 4.50 4.96 22 6.8%
52 Nottingham Trent University, United Kingdom (UK) 4.21 4.77 17 9.4%
53 University of Huddersfield, United Kingdom (UK) 5.09 4.34 14 -17.6%
54 University of Lincoln, United Kingdom (UK) 3.34 4.25 23 22.9%
55 University of Hertfordshire (UH), United Kingdom (UK) 4.19 4.06 14 -6.3%
56 City, University of London (CUL), United Kingdom (UK) 3.68 4.00 11 5.1%
57 University of Brighton, United Kingdom (UK) 2.54 4.00 17 52.1%
58 Oxford Brookes University, United Kingdom (UK) 2.06 3.09 9 45.2%
59 Aberystwyth University, United Kingdom (UK) 2.01 2.99 21 43.7%
60 University of Bradford, United Kingdom (UK) 1.07 2.88 7 160.0%
61 Keele University, United Kingdom (UK) 6.03 2.83 20 -54.6%
62 London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), United Kingdom (UK) 2.76 2.74 12 -4.0%
63 University of Stirling, United Kingdom (UK) 3.38 2.63 17 -24.8%
64 University of Ulster (UU), United Kingdom (UK) 1.58 2.54 7 55.3%
65 Cranfield University, United Kingdom (UK) 4.54 2.48 16 -47.2%
66 Anglia Ruskin University, United Kingdom (UK) 1.61 2.40 47 43.9%
67 Aston University, United Kingdom (UK) 3.32 2.32 14 -32.5%
68 St George's, University of London (SGUL), United Kingdom (UK) 1.32 2.20 25 61.4%
69 Manchester Metropolitan University (MMU), United Kingdom (UK) 3.27 2.00 9 -40.7%
70 Royal Veterinary College, University of London (RVC), United Kingdom (UK) 3.80 1.78 18 -54.7%
71 Brunel University London, United Kingdom (UK) 2.50 1.55 86 -39.8%
72 University of Greenwich, United Kingdom (UK) 0.99 1.27 7 23.4%
73 Kingston University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.34 1.11 6 214.4%
74 University of Roehampton, United Kingdom (UK) 1.96 0.99 5 -51.1%
75 Scotland's Rural College (SRUC), United Kingdom (UK) 0.46 0.99 5 109.6%
76 University of the West of Scotland (UWS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.59 0.84 24 38.6%
77 London South Bank University (LSBU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.83 3 N/A
78 Coventry University, United Kingdom (UK) 2.53 0.81 6 -68.9%
79 University of the West of England (UWE), United Kingdom (UK) 0.08 0.80 9 868.9%
80 Bath Spa University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.70 2 N/A
81 Bournemouth University (BU), United Kingdom (UK) 1.00 0.68 9 -33.9%
82 University of Central Lancashire (UCLan), United Kingdom (UK) 1.07 0.60 5 -45.3%
83 University of Wolverhampton, United Kingdom (UK) 0.42 0.55 4 25.2%
84 Institute for Fiscal Studies, United Kingdom (UK) 0.13 0.53 2 306.3%
85 University of East London (UEL), United Kingdom (UK) 0.13 0.50 1 286.9%
86 University of Salford, United Kingdom (UK) 2.77 0.47 3 -83.4%
87 Sheffield Hallam University (SHU), United Kingdom (UK) 2.32 0.34 6 -85.7%
88 London Business School (LBS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.51 0.33 2 -36.3%
89 University of Westminster, United Kingdom (UK) 0.12 0.29 6 144.1%
90 University of Chester, United Kingdom (UK) 0.09 0.24 2 159.2%
91 Abertay University, United Kingdom (UK) 1.00 0.24 18 -76.7%
92 UK Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol Research Studies (UKCTAS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.22 3 2,945.8%
93 Cardiff Metropolitan University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.21 1 N/A
94 Solent University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.20 1 N/A
95 Winchester College, United Kingdom (UK) 0.17 1 N/A
96 School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London (SOAS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.16 4 2,323.2%
97 De Montfort University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.22 0.15 1 -31.0%
98 University of London - Goldsmiths, United Kingdom (UK) 0.97 0.13 3 -86.8%
99 The Royal Agricultural University (RAU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.13 2 N/A
100 University of South Wales, United Kingdom (UK) 1.00 0.12 2 -88.3%
101 Teesside University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.28 0.12 2 -59.4%
102 Glasgow Caledonian University (GCU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.11 1 N/A
103 University of Suffolk, United Kingdom (UK) 0.10 1 N/A
104 The Courtauld Institute of Art (CIA), United Kingdom (UK) 0.27 0.08 2 -70.5%
105 University of Gibraltar (UNIGIB), United Kingdom (UK) 0.06 2 N/A
106 Edge Hill University, United Kingdom (UK) 0.33 0.06 1 -83.9%
107 Middlesex University (MU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.13 0.05 3 -58.1%
108 School of Advanced Study, University of London (SAS), United Kingdom (UK) 0.09 0.05 2 -46.1%
109 Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, United Kingdom (UK) 0.05 1 N/A
110 University of Gloucestershire (UniGlos), United Kingdom (UK) 0.04 2 N/A
111 University of Bolton, United Kingdom (UK) 0.05 0.04 1 -30.9%
112 University of the Highlands and Islands (UHI), United Kingdom (UK) 0.45 0.03 1 -94.6%
113 University of Worcester, United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 2 N/A
114 South Atlantic Environmental Research Institute (SAERI), United Kingdom (UK) 0.02 0.01 1 -63.1%
115 Birmingham City University (BCU), United Kingdom (UK) 0.03 0.00 2 -84.6%
116 Royal Central School of Speech and Drama (RCSSD), United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.00 1 -99.4%
116 Royal Academy of Music (RAM), United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.00 1 -99.4%
116 Heythrop College, University of London (HEY), United Kingdom (UK) 0.01 0.00 1 -99.4%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.