2020 tables: Institutions - academic

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2018 Share 2019 Count 2019 Change in Adjusted Share 2018-2019*
1 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 39.17 50.31 382 24.3%
2 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 42.64 46.37 320 5.2%
3 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 25.57 34.74 219 31.4%
4 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 33.51 33.12 311 -4.4%
5 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 28.13 29.44 95 1.3%
6 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 25.15 26.35 301 1.3%
7 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 34.25 24.94 188 -29.6%
8 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 29.07 22.02 215 -26.7%
9 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 33.48 21.92 246 -36.7%
10 Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 15.32 20.41 83 28.9%
11 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 24.20 20.21 254 -19.2%
12 University of Trento (UNITN), Italy 14.91 15.45 163 0.3%
13 University of Pavia (UNIPV), Italy 15.67 15.27 213 -5.7%
14 University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy 17.72 14.39 159 -21.4%
15 University of Salerno (UNISA), Italy 11.92 13.41 80 8.8%
16 University of Roma Tre, Italy 10.10 11.21 114 7.4%
17 University of Trieste (UNITS), Italy 9.78 9.59 152 -5.2%
18 University of Bari Aldo Moro (UniBA), Italy 6.19 9.42 159 47.3%
19 University of Parma (UNIPR), Italy 8.95 9.16 47 -1.0%
20 Scuola Normale Superiore (SNS), Italy 7.57 9.12 150 16.6%
21 University of Genova, Italy 13.30 8.52 217 -38.0%
22 University of Calabria (UNICAL), Italy 6.25 8.11 85 25.5%
23 University of Cagliari (UNICA), Italy 7.60 7.95 68 1.1%
24 University of Verona (UNIVR), Italy 2.90 7.93 37 164.5%
25 Polytechnic University of Turin, Italy 8.26 7.72 53 -9.6%
26 University of Perugia, Italy 10.86 6.18 161 -44.9%
27 University of Siena (UNISI), Italy 4.77 5.62 83 14.0%
28 University of Catania, Italy 9.47 5.47 120 -44.2%
29 University of Eastern Piedmont "Amedeo Avogadro" (UNIPMN), Italy 4.54 5.10 142 8.7%
30 University of Salento, Italy 4.24 4.76 78 8.5%
31 University of Insubria, Italy 2.45 4.65 27 83.3%
32 University of Chieti (Ud'A), Italy 2.25 4.44 24 90.6%
33 University of Modena and Reggio Emilia (UNIMORE), Italy 5.52 4.29 49 -24.9%
34 Catholic University of the Sacred Heart (UCSC), Italy 3.01 3.92 29 26.1%
35 University of Brescia (UNIBS), Italy 5.40 3.78 45 -32.3%
36 University of Ferrara (UNIFE), Italy 5.47 3.74 83 -33.9%
37 University of L'Aquila (UNIVAQ), Italy 3.16 3.22 29 -1.5%
38 University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Italy 6.06 3.15 27 -49.8%
39 University of Messina (UNIME), Italy 5.23 2.71 37 -49.9%
40 Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies of Pisa (SSSA), Italy 1.03 2.47 18 131.4%
41 University of Udine (UNIUD), Italy 3.26 2.47 77 -26.8%
42 University of Palermo (UNIPA), Italy 5.10 2.46 38 -53.4%
43 Marche Polytechnic University (UNIVPM), Italy 1.28 2.23 19 68.7%
44 Ca' Foscari University of Venice (UNIVE), Italy 1.74 2.13 19 18.5%
45 University of Urbino, Italy 1.01 2.08 37 99.0%
46 Vita-Salute San Raffaele University (UniSR), Italy 2.97 2.01 26 -34.4%
47 Polytechnic University of Bari, Italy 2.12 1.98 115 -9.8%
48 Parthenope University of Naples, Italy 0.01 1.97 35 22,907.1%
49 University of Camerino (UNICAM), Italy 1.95 1.95 25 -3.4%
50 Bocconi University, Italy 0.69 1.79 4 152.6%
51 IMT School for Advanced Studies Lucca, Italy 0.33 1.59 5 359.3%
52 Humanitas University, Italy 0.97 1.53 8 52.0%
53 Gran Sasso Science Institute (GSSI), Italy 1.41 1.30 37 -11.2%
54 Free University of Bozen-Bolzano (UniBz), Italy 0.35 1.19 5 228.6%
55 University of Sassari (UniSS), Italy 1.78 1.05 14 -42.7%
56 University of Basilicata, Italy 0.85 0.71 90 -19.3%
57 University of Magna Graecia (UMG), Italy 0.54 0.56 9 -0.3%
58 University of Bergamo, Italy 0.10 0.51 4 410.7%
59 National Interuniversity Consortium for the Physical Sciences of Matter (CNISM), Italy 0.35 0.47 6 29.6%
60 University of Sannio, Italy 0.49 0.43 11 -16.4%
61 European University Institute (EUI), Italy 0.17 0.33 1 93.5%
62 Guglielmo Marconi University (GMU), Italy 0.22 0.22 66 -3.5%
63 University of Tuscia (UNITUS), Italy 0.04 0.21 8 368.8%
64 Campus Bio-Medico University, Italy 1.31 0.15 2 -88.9%
65 University of Foggia (UNIFG), Italy 0.11 0.13 20 11.0%
66 European School of Molecular Medicine (SEMM), Italy 0.13 4 N/A
67 Foro Italico University of Rome, Italy 0.12 4 N/A
68 San Luigi University Hospital, Italy 0.03 0.12 1 286.9%
69 University of Molise (UNIMOL), Italy 0.62 0.12 6 -81.8%
70 University of Cassino and Southern Lazio (UNICAS), Italy 0.33 0.09 8 -74.3%
71 University of Teramo (UniTE), Italy 0.78 0.02 4 -97.5%
72 Mediterranea University of Reggio Calabria (UNIRC), Italy 0.46 0.01 4 -97.9%
73 Institute for Advanced Study (IUSS Pavia), Italy 0.10 0.01 3 -95.1%
74 Università Iuav di Venezia (IUAV), Italy 0.00 0.00 4 710.5%
75 University of Macerata (UNIMC), Italy 0.08 0.00 2 -97.0%
75 University for Foreigners Perugia (UNISTRAPG), Italy 0.00 2 N/A
75 Orientale University of Naples, Italy 0.00 2 N/A

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.