2020 tables: Institutions - academic

Table criteria

The 2020 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019.

2019 Institution Share 2018 Share 2019
1 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 879.74 923.94
2 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 628.15 647.66
3 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 572.10 561.57
4 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 351.04 456.35
5 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 412.45 455.82
6 Peking University (PKU), China 413.55 438.30
7 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 448.83 431.41
8 Tsinghua University, China 398.99 429.01
9 Nanjing University (NJU), China 393.00 426.56
10 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 448.39 419.32
11 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 326.94 408.57
12 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 418.68 403.35
13 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 396.08 390.15
14 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 344.48 343.84
15 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 334.48 342.62
16 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 348.27 339.38
17 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 339.13 339.11
18 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 289.83 330.20
19 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 286.31 320.19
20 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 331.93 317.97
21 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 327.92 314.15
22 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 318.49 304.14
23 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 293.43 303.96
24 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 307.78 301.04
25 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 236.58 287.39
26 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 293.93 286.98
27 Fudan University, China 260.10 271.65
28 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 223.85 268.84
29 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 288.02 261.02
30 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 196.35 260.16
31 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 254.12 253.73
32 Kyoto University, Japan 289.61 252.11
33 Nankai University (NKU), China 198.71 244.90
34 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 231.55 244.55
35 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 208.35 238.09
36 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 202.89 236.08
37 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 238.07 231.95
38 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 246.11 230.70
39 Soochow University, China 193.50 229.36
40 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 207.79 227.20
41 Sichuan University (SCU), China 181.77 223.78
42 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 277.09 222.32
43 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 233.27 221.28
44 Wuhan University (WHU), China 195.71 217.16
45 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 202.60 216.73
46 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 215.40 215.93
47 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 239.77 214.52
48 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 184.45 200.75
49 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 214.60 200.57
50 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 211.61 197.60
51 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 150.91 195.02
52 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 175.91 192.48
53 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 201.51 184.11
54 Xiamen University (XMU), China 150.49 182.90
55 Osaka University, Japan 171.56 182.59
56 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 193.75 170.48
57 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 181.20 168.66
58 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 166.13 168.34
59 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 178.97 164.45
60 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 175.06 163.40
61 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 148.33 162.63
62 Jilin University (JLU), China 114.56 161.88
63 McGill University, Canada 146.46 161.37
64 Tianjin University (TJU), China 114.58 157.12
65 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 152.12 157.10
66 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 145.73 154.85
67 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 180.07 153.37
68 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 162.36 151.84
69 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 158.66 151.43
70 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 141.88 150.74
71 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 126.80 149.51
72 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 141.12 149.30
73 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 151.18 146.61
74 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 146.95 146.03
75 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 136.35 145.73
76 Hunan University (HNU), China 119.08 144.25
77 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 132.64 144.05
78 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 159.52 142.81
79 Tohoku University, Japan 166.72 142.55
80 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 121.57 140.78
81 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 153.03 139.82
82 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 128.46 138.84
83 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 127.95 137.33
84 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 132.16 136.44
85 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 143.17 134.57
86 University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 122.10 133.32
87 Monash University, Australia 125.62 131.79
88 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 92.35 128.09
89 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 126.02 126.92
90 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 136.24 124.28
91 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 112.92 123.60
92 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 110.53 122.99
93 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany 113.33 122.57
94 Shandong University (SDU), China 113.59 122.11
95 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 108.75 120.74
96 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 107.29 120.55
97 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 100.89 119.42
98 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 106.87 117.86
99 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 111.97 117.61
100 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 110.44 117.25
101 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 100.19 116.93
102 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 150.25 116.36
103 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 117.08 115.86
104 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 94.56 115.64
105 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 111.19 114.79
106 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 97.51 113.33
107 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 106.32 113.20
108 Nagoya University, Japan 131.65 112.83
109 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 115.54 111.89
110 Sorbonne University, France 104.07 111.40
111 Hokkaido University, Japan 114.17 111.33
112 Tongji University, China 105.69 110.20
113 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 131.89 109.32
114 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 105.14 108.96
115 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 104.31 108.72
116 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 79.15 108.53
117 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 87.28 108.21
118 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 106.05 107.66
119 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 91.94 107.02
120 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 96.00 106.46
121 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 86.70 105.83
122 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 85.39 105.20
123 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 100.66 104.58
124 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 90.82 102.96
125 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 104.68 102.52
126 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 101.46 102.31
127 University of Göttingen, Germany 100.82 101.31
128 Kyushu University, Japan 87.70 100.61
129 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 111.70 98.17
130 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 100.61 97.55
131 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 89.09 97.09
132 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 99.69 96.40
133 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 77.02 95.46
134 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 107.00 93.61
135 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 85.54 93.60
136 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 106.26 93.13
137 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 103.40 93.00
138 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 84.08 92.06
139 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 84.82 91.95
140 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 93.38 91.37
141 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 91.32 90.90
142 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 96.18 90.57
143 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 64.07 90.26
144 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 75.69 90.21
145 Beihang University (BUAA), China 77.82 90.07
146 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 89.73 88.98
147 Yonsei University, South Korea 87.93 88.08
148 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 82.96 88.05
149 Central South University (CSU), China 59.34 87.64
150 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 73.38 87.23
151 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 79.78 86.95
152 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 81.14 86.95
153 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 74.39 86.91
154 University of Vienna, Austria 70.01 86.40
155 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 71.87 86.39
156 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 78.56 86.06
157 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 90.88 85.04
158 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 85.21 85.03
159 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 80.58 84.82
160 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 69.31 84.80
161 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 93.74 84.51
162 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 89.21 83.98
163 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 77.87 83.10
164 Leiden University, Netherlands 76.65 82.57
165 Stockholm University, Sweden 86.67 82.46
166 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 92.08 82.42
167 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 87.55 81.99
168 Southeast University (SEU), China 75.96 81.26
169 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 96.83 80.84
170 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 48.21 80.58
171 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 75.99 80.45
172 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 66.74 79.91
173 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 63.35 79.55
174 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 81.11 78.96
175 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 83.59 78.66
176 Southwest University (SWU), China 56.50 78.21
177 Shenzhen University (SZU), China 53.38 77.74
178 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 70.70 77.55
179 Lund University (LU), Sweden 81.14 77.27
180 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 98.98 75.96
181 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 87.86 75.80
182 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 84.39 75.76
183 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 77.24 75.24
184 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 93.51 74.45
185 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 68.40 74.16
186 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 80.20 73.63
187 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 68.23 73.57
188 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 58.53 73.22
189 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 85.13 72.67
190 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 75.12 72.51
191 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 73.48 72.41
192 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 75.10 72.19
193 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 89.75 71.44
194 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 60.80 71.21
195 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 76.88 71.21
196 University of Waterloo, Canada 66.36 70.86
197 University of Paris, France 72.49 70.77
198 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 71.41 69.86
199 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 62.31 68.37
200 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 63.37 68.24
201 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 57.04 67.21
202 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 67.43 66.98
203 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 74.96 66.10
204 Jinan University (JNU), China 48.15 66.02
205 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 57.38 65.56
206 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 54.93 65.43
207 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 61.24 65.41
208 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 66.05 65.36
209 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 70.58 65.33
210 Korea University, South Korea 52.82 65.29
211 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 57.72 64.91
212 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 75.74 64.25
213 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 67.90 64.18
214 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 46.57 63.92
215 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 75.32 63.57
216 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 57.61 63.55
217 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 56.41 63.54
218 University of Helsinki, Finland 61.54 63.18
219 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 53.02 63.15
220 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 74.08 62.85
221 Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (ISMMS), MSHS, United States of America (USA) 77.63 62.24
222 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 56.55 62.19
223 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 55.13 61.63
224 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 59.80 61.04
225 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 48.70 60.92
226 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 53.74 60.51
227 Shanghai University (SHU), China 41.08 60.39
228 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 67.18 59.37
229 Chongqing University (CQU), China 55.82 59.18
230 University of Strasbourg, France 52.76 58.89
231 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 56.75 58.63
232 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 33.90 58.03
233 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 62.95 57.90
234 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 61.48 57.70
235 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 45.68 57.49
236 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 61.79 57.11
237 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 46.21 56.83
238 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 63.68 56.42
239 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 54.31 55.96
240 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 58.49 55.87
241 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 53.18 55.54
242 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 66.06 55.45
243 Nanjing Normal University (NNU), China 40.42 55.08
244 Northwest University (NWU), China 52.42 54.93
245 University of Tsukuba, Japan 39.56 54.92
246 Shaanxi Normal University (SNNU), China 47.78 54.46
247 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 51.76 54.31
248 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 57.92 53.86
249 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 50.96 53.67
250 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 36.13 53.51
251 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 36.40 53.23
252 Western University (UWO), Canada 57.50 53.02
253 ShanghaiTech University, China 36.63 53.00
254 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 57.25 52.77
255 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 69.58 52.69
256 University of Konstanz, Germany 33.24 52.51
257 University of Toulouse, France 49.62 52.14
258 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 55.61 51.98
259 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 56.87 51.87
260 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 53.96 51.76
261 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 43.67 51.50
262 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 51.02 51.25
263 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 44.12 51.00
264 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 53.25 50.81
265 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 44.82 50.41
266 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 39.17 50.31
267 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 47.55 50.01
268 South China Normal University (SCNU), China 29.40 49.82
269 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 44.73 49.76
270 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 51.09 49.71
271 Zhejiang University of Technology (ZJUT), China 26.51 49.36
272 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 53.13 49.33
273 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 40.36 49.24
274 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 38.22 48.85
275 Henan Normal University, China 26.30 48.80
276 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 50.94 48.53
277 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 49.89 48.08
278 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 61.86 47.29
279 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 55.19 47.24
280 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 42.64 46.37
281 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 49.11 46.19
282 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 43.84 46.00
283 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), China 39.72 45.96
284 Henan University (HENU), China 28.30 45.77
285 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 46.81 45.74
286 University of Lyon, France 44.04 45.72
287 China Pharmaceutical University (CPU), China 38.22 45.65
288 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 55.91 45.50
289 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 46.39 45.41
290 University of Jinan (UJN), China 23.19 44.96
291 McMaster University, Canada 41.48 44.57
292 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 46.60 44.56
293 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 79.06 44.04
294 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 40.80 43.92
295 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 52.25 43.88
296 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 50.08 43.80
297 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 49.04 43.78
298 University of Montpellier, France 43.78 43.69
299 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 29.23 43.65
300 Keio University, Japan 55.97 43.65
301 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 35.46 43.62
302 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 49.30 43.02
303 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 47.92 42.91
304 China Agricultural University (CAU), China 47.10 42.88
305 Qingdao University of Science and Technology (QUST), China 19.86 42.74
306 Donghua University (DHU), China 24.71 42.70
307 Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras), India 40.87 42.62
308 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 43.66 42.32
309 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 31.35 42.07
310 The University of Dublin, Ireland 32.51 41.97
311 University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 26.48 41.85
312 Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NUST), China 37.14 41.84
313 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 34.94 41.77
314 Wuhan University of Technology (WUT), China 41.34 41.52
315 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 37.33 41.27
316 Okayama University, Japan 30.71 41.25
317 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 46.06 41.02
318 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 48.47 40.91
319 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 49.59 40.86
320 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 39.56 40.77
321 Nanchang University (NCU), China 25.22 40.74
322 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 37.03 39.92
323 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 35.81 39.90
324 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 31.67 39.69
325 Aalto University, Finland 43.69 39.47
326 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 40.90 39.30
327 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 42.31 39.24
328 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 35.80 38.66
329 Nanjing Agricultural University (NAU), China 23.66 38.15
330 Ulm University, Germany 38.87 37.67
331 Yangzhou University (YZU), China 21.70 37.60
332 University of Stuttgart, Germany 42.60 37.45
333 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 42.78 37.24
334 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 37.06 37.23
335 University of Bordeaux, France 43.15 36.94
336 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 37.57 36.52
337 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 52.68 36.29
338 Jiangnan University, China 23.32 36.18
339 Curtin University, Australia 38.00 35.93
340 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata (IISER Kolkata), India 20.54 35.88
341 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 46.49 35.78
342 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 31.19 35.26
343 TU Dortmund University, Germany 31.72 35.12
344 The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 35.29 34.97
345 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 29.80 34.84
346 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 25.57 34.74
347 Hefei University of Technology (HFUT), China 33.01 34.69
348 Changzhou University (CZU), China 23.46 34.60
349 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 29.73 34.52
350 Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IIT Guwahati), India 21.00 34.48
351 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 25.57 33.84
352 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 31.05 33.59
353 Laval University (UL), Canada 31.40 33.57
354 Leipzig University, Germany 39.74 33.22
355 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 33.51 33.12
356 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 37.26 33.10
357 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 31.94 33.07
358 University of Otago, New Zealand 25.79 32.88
359 Beijing University of Technology (BJUT), China 23.68 32.83
360 Kanazawa University (KU), Japan 33.55 32.75
361 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 38.34 32.39
362 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 44.09 32.35
363 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 43.94 32.03
364 Northwestern Polytechnical University (NPU), China 24.82 32.00
365 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 29.29 31.88
366 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 53.69 31.39
367 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 34.32 31.13
368 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 28.67 31.07
369 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 33.26 30.44
370 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 29.86 30.36
371 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 28.87 30.30
372 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 38.88 30.18
373 Qingdao University (QU), China 16.91 30.16
374 National Chiao Tung University (NCTU), Taiwan 25.73 30.02
375 China University of Geosciences, Beijing (CUGB), China 18.41 29.87
376 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 20.06 29.83
377 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 28.13 29.44
378 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), United States of America (USA) 23.35 29.22
379 The University of Auckland, New Zealand 25.82 29.12
380 Macquarie University, Australia 17.00 29.09
381 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 26.57 28.96
382 Ocean University of China (OUC), China 25.58 28.90
383 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 32.95 28.86
384 Shanxi University (SXU), China 26.57 28.72
385 University of Potsdam, Germany 24.17 28.35
386 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 32.19 28.17
387 Dalhousie University, Canada 23.32 28.10
388 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 28.47 27.95
389 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 31.87 27.81
390 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 36.44 27.78
391 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 24.14 27.69
392 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 39.62 27.59
393 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 28.71 27.37
394 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 21.71 27.31
395 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 32.93 27.28
396 Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU), Russia 23.40 27.26
397 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 23.96 27.15
398 Huazhong Agricultural University (HZAU), China 33.68 27.14
399 Anhui University (AHU), China 27.21 27.04
400 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 33.51 26.99
401 Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology (NUIST), China 21.50 26.73
402 Auburn University, United States of America (USA) 18.48 26.49
403 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 25.15 26.35
404 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 30.00 26.21
405 Heriot-Watt University, United Kingdom (UK) 17.73 26.11
406 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 33.71 25.92
407 Capital Normal University (CNU), China 14.57 25.80
408 Jiangsu Normal University (JSNU), China 24.47 25.70
409 Northeastern University (NEU), China 24.63 25.67
410 Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), Japan 31.09 25.66
411 Waseda University, Japan 26.56 25.63
412 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 36.92 25.53
413 Hunan Normal University (HUNNU), China 24.66 25.40
414 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 30.24 25.30
415 Qufu Normal University (QFNU), China 19.56 25.21
416 Hangzhou Normal University (HZNU), China 12.68 25.20
417 Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Australia 27.97 25.10
418 Huaqiao University (HQU), China 23.67 25.08
419 Guangdong University of Technology (GDUT), China 10.82 25.03
420 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 34.25 24.94
421 Wayne State University, United States of America (USA) 31.02 24.76
422 State University of New York at Albany (SUNY Albany), United States of America (USA) 23.94 24.71
423 University of Wyoming, United States of America (USA) 18.16 24.59
424 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 21.78 24.58
425 Medical University of Vienna (MUW), Austria 21.12 24.51
426 Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT University), Australia 27.75 24.49
427 Northwest A&F University (NWAFU), China 18.89 24.40
428 Tokyo University of Science (TUS), Japan 23.11 24.32
429 Yunnan University (YNU), China 15.63 24.19
430 Kyung Hee University (KHU), South Korea 23.96 24.17
431 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 23.49 24.15
432 Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA) 23.76 24.14
433 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 30.89 23.99
434 Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), United States of America (USA) 17.52 23.94
435 Queen's University, Canada 37.40 23.77
436 Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IIT Kharagpur), India 26.28 23.76
437 Griffith University, Australia 20.76 23.70
438 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 38.23 23.30
439 Clemson University, United States of America (USA) 24.59 23.24
440 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 22.21 23.22
441 Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), India 20.51 23.08
442 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 24.68 23.00
443 The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), United States of America (USA) 24.68 22.95
444 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 25.73 22.94
445 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal (IISER Bhopal), India 32.71 22.85
446 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 27.37 22.80
447 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 26.73 22.73
448 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 23.61 22.70
449 West Virginia University (WVU), United States of America (USA) 20.26 22.64
450 The University of Akron (UAkron), United States of America (USA) 30.43 22.52
451 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 29.25 22.48
452 Graz University of Technology (TU Graz), Austria 24.76 22.11
453 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 29.07 22.02
454 Nanjing Medical University (NJMU), China 23.44 21.99
455 University of Technology Sydney (UTS), Australia 24.08 21.93
456 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 33.48 21.92
457 Renmin University of China (RUC), China 16.26 21.89
458 Technical University Braunschweig (TU Braunschweig), Germany 19.78 21.87
459 University of Vermont (UVM), United States of America (USA) 18.80 21.74
460 Pusan National University (PNU), South Korea 22.42 21.74
461 University of Sherbrooke (USherbrooke), Canada 23.10 21.71
462 Southern Medical University (SMU), China 9.98 21.66
463 Army Medical University, China 29.17 21.64
464 Kobe University, Japan 24.31 21.63
465 Georgetown University, United States of America (USA) 12.58 21.41
466 Tulane University, United States of America (USA) 23.47 21.34
467 Chiba University, Japan 27.39 21.27
468 Free University of Brussels (VUB), Belgium 16.95 21.18
469 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 21.94 21.17
470 Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications (NUPT), China 21.94 21.15
471 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 23.42 21.14
472 Xiangtan University (XTU), China 19.12 21.07
473 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), United States of America (USA) 29.83 21.00
474 University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Denmark 22.82 20.97
475 Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU), China 21.00 20.94
476 Chung-Ang University (CAU), South Korea 19.37 20.88
477 Tianjin University of Technology (TJUT), China 20.95 20.87
478 University of Siegen, Germany 20.44 20.83
479 University of Oviedo (UniOvi), Spain 17.89 20.53
480 Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 15.32 20.41
481 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden 23.76 20.38
482 University of Ljubljana, Slovenia 13.83 20.27
483 University of Aveiro (UA), Portugal 13.02 20.22
484 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 24.20 20.21
485 University of Turku (UTU), Finland 18.04 20.14
486 University of Saskatchewan (U of S), Canada 23.19 20.13
487 Shaanxi University of Science and Technology (SUST), China 4.30 20.12
488 Florida International University (FIU), United States of America (USA) 15.83 20.10
489 Bielefeld University, Germany 22.30 20.06
490 University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague (UCT), Czech Republic 10.99 19.76
491 Kansas State University (K-State), United States of America (USA) 16.87 19.74
492 National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Taiwan 27.20 19.45
493 University of Jyväskylä, Finland 21.46 19.30
494 Masaryk University (MU), Czech Republic 21.83 19.26
495 Jiangsu University (JSU), China 14.68 19.25
496 Kent State University, United States of America (USA) 16.76 19.22
497 Guangxi Normal University (GXNU), China 15.49 19.13
498 North China Electric Power University (NCEPU), China 15.68 19.12
499 University of Rennes 1, France 17.32 18.84
500 Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (TUAT), Japan 18.83 18.71

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.