2019 tables: Institutions - NPO/NGO

Table criteria

The 2019 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018.

2018 Institution FC 2017 FC 2018
1 Max Planck Society, Germany 745.16 757.32
2 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 502.42 483.23
3 Leibniz Association, Germany 185.41 196.92
4 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 175.45 188.81
5 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 148.07 139.82
6 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 107.93 113.18
7 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 49.58 45.28
8 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 46.42 44.04
9 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 39.47 41.72
10 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 50.72 40.9
11 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 29.58 39.3
12 Pasteur Institute, France 38.33 38.95
13 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 31.83 38.14
14 HHMI Janelia Farm Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 36.95 37.43
15 Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 31.52 35.69
16 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 30.56 32.5
17 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 24.49 31.74
18 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 22.65 26.75
19 Cancer Research UK (CRUK), United Kingdom (UK) 21.95 22.83
20 Fraunhofer Society, Germany 13.71 20.47
21 Vienna Biocenter (VBC), Austria 21.97 20.38
22 Cluster of Excellence - Precision Physics, Fundamental Interactions and Structure of Matter (PRISMA), JGU, Germany 19.31 19.72
23 Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA), Spain 19.8 19.53
24 Cluster of Excellence - Munich Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich (CiPS-M), LMU, Germany 18.61 19.29
25 Ames Laboratory, United States of America (USA) 17.7 18.43
26 John Innes Centre (JIC), United Kingdom (UK) 19.07 18.07
27 Netherlands Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM), Netherlands 22.09 18
28 Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research (WEHI), Australia 14.99 17.12
29 Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW), Netherlands 15.92 16.63
30 Van Andel Research Institute (VAI), United States of America (USA) 8.37 16.59
31 Curie Institute, France 13.9 15.77
32 Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP), United States of America (USA) 24.14 15.75
33 Gladstone Institutes, United States of America (USA) 8.5 15.06
34 Stowers Institute for Medical Research, United States of America (USA) 18.45 14.84
35 Institut Laue Langevin (ILL), France 10.36 14.26
36 California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences (QB3), United States of America (USA) 13.88 13.47
37 Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), United States of America (USA) 15.1 13.11
38 Rudjer Boskovic Institute (RBI), Croatia 14.07 12.71
39 Synchrotron SOLEIL, France 13.47 12.54
40 Center for High Pressure Science and Technology Advanced Research (HPSTAR), China 8.85 11.54
41 Champalimaud Foundation, Portugal 7.44 11.26
42 Allen Institute, United States of America (USA) 7.65 11.01
43 La Jolla Institute for Immunology (LJI), United States of America (USA) 9.88 10.97
44 The Jackson Laboratory, United States of America (USA) 6.12 10.7
45 Simons Foundation, United States of America (USA) 2.35 10.51
46 Ludwig Cancer Research, United States of America (USA) 10.59 10.41
47 Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre (IMEC), Belgium 11.99 10.27
48 The Wistar Institute, United States of America (USA) 10.33 9.97
49 International Solvay Institutes, Belgium 10 9.51
50 Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Australia 6.92 9.48
51 Collaborative Innovation Center of Functionalized Probes for Chemical Imaging in Universities of Shandong, SDNU, China 9.32
52 CIC nanoGUNE Consolider, Spain 15.63 9.02
53 Laboratory for the Synthesis and Characterisation of Organometallic Molecular Materials (CR LASCAMM), Italy 8.89 9
54 Oncode Institute, Netherlands 8.87
55 Elettra - Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Italy 8.92 8.81
56 National Institute of Chemistry, Slovenia, Slovenia 6.96 8.71
57 QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Australia 7.19 8.57
58 American Museum of Natural History (AMNH), United States of America (USA) 7.44 8.57
59 Cluster of Excellence - Werner Reichardt Centre for Integrative Neuroscience (CIN), Uni Tübingen, Germany 6.52 8.53
60 Gulbenkian Science Institute (IGC), Portugal 6.88 8.5
61 Cluster of Excellence - Center for Advancing Electronics Dresden (CFAED), TU Dresden, Germany 10.09 8.43
62 Institute of Molecular Biology gGmbH (IMB), Germany 5.85 8.35
63 Institute of Molecular Medicine (IMM), ULISBOA, Portugal 8.17
64 Clinical Research Institute of Montreal (IRCM), Canada 6.01 7.98
65 Babraham Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 9.04 7.64
66 Italian Foundation for Cancer Research (FIRC), Italy 7.46 7.21
67 Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), Netherlands 5.53 7.19
68 Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), United States of America (USA) 4.34 6.23
69 Institute of Microbial Chemistry (IMC), Japan 10.05 6.17
70 Chan Zuckerberg Biohub (CZ Biohub), United States of America (USA) 2.06 6.08
71 Center for Cooperative Research in Biosciences (CIC bioGUNE), Spain 6.24 5.95
72 National Health Research Institutes (NHRI), Taiwan 5.74 5.88
73 Santa Fe Institute (SFI), United States of America (USA) 6.67 5.74
74 New York Genome Center (NYGC), United States of America (USA) 5.45 5.61
75 Cluster of Excellence - Hamburg Center for Ultrafast Imaging (CUI), UHH, Germany 5.9 5.53
76 Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR), Canada 6.24 5.39
77 Wetsus Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Water Technology, Netherlands 4.23 5.33
78 Centre for Cooperative Research in Biomaterials (CIC biomaGUNE), Spain 5.62 5.07
79 National Center for Theoretical Sciences (NCTS), Taiwan 3.83 5.06
80 Canadian Light Source Inc., Canada 3.38 4.97
81 Planetary Science Institute (PSI), United States of America (USA) 5.97 4.87
82 Cluster of Excellence - Cologne Excellence Cluster on Cellular Stress Responses in Aging-Associated Diseases (CECAD), UoC, Germany 7.26 4.85
83 Bose Institute, India 2.49 4.74
84 Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Luxembourg 6.63 4.52
85 International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), Italy 4.24 4.51
86 Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI), South Korea 2.59 4.44
87 International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Austria 3.65 4.41
88 Institute for Systems Biology (ISB), United States of America (USA) 2.39 4.28
89 Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation (OMRF), United States of America (USA) 8.87 4.28
90 Ontario Institute for Cancer Research (OICR), Canada 3.16 4.27
91 Field Museum of Natural History, United States of America (USA) 2.28 4.26
92 Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine (inStem), India 2.3 4.25
93 Russian Quantum Center (RQC), Russia 3.06 4.11
94 Fondazione Piemontese per la Ricerca sul Cancro Onlus (FPRC), Italy 1.33 4.05
95 Benaroya Research Institute at Virginia Mason (BRI), United States of America (USA) 2.55 3.98
96 Ligue Contre Le Cancer, France 4.33 3.97
97 Cluster of Excellence - Nanosystems Initiative Munich (NIM), LMU, Germany 4.38 3.94
98 Raman Research Institute (RRI), India 5.54 3.92
99 European X-ray Free-Electron Laser Facility GmbH (XFEL), Germany 1.35 3.89
100 Biomedical Sciences Research Centre Alexander Fleming (BSRC Fleming), Greece 2.86 3.88

The original version of this table (published 20 June 2019) used incorrect fractional counts, percentage changes and article counts to derive the rankings, which meant that some institutions were ranked incorrectly. The data and rankings were corrected on 12 August 2019.

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2018 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.