2019 tables: Institutions - NPO/NGO

Table criteria

The 2019 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018.

2018 Institution FC 2017 FC 2018
1 Max Planck Society, Germany 745.16 743.33
2 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 502.42 470.72
3 Leibniz Association, Germany 185.41 193.52
4 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 175.45 185.9
5 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 148.07 137.14
6 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 107.93 112.79
7 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 49.58 44.53
8 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 39.47 41.03
9 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 50.72 40.65
10 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 46.42 40.4
11 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 29.58 39.13
12 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 31.83 38.14
13 Pasteur Institute, France 38.33 38.13
14 HHMI Janelia Farm Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 36.95 36.41
15 Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 31.52 33.35
16 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 24.49 31.24
17 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 30.56 30.99
18 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 22.65 25.87
19 Cancer Research UK (CRUK), United Kingdom (UK) 21.95 20.85
20 Fraunhofer Society, Germany 13.71 20.43
21 Vienna Biocenter (VBC), Austria 21.97 19.98
22 Cluster of Excellence - Precision Physics, Fundamental Interactions and Structure of Matter (PRISMA), JGU, Germany 19.31 19.72
23 Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA), Spain 19.8 19.44
24 Cluster of Excellence - Munich Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich (CiPS-M), LMU, Germany 18.61 19.28
25 Ames Laboratory, United States of America (USA) 17.7 18.43
26 John Innes Centre (JIC), United Kingdom (UK) 19.07 17.91
27 Netherlands Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM), Netherlands 22.09 17.6
28 Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW), Netherlands 15.92 16.63
29 Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research (WEHI), Australia 14.99 16.43
30 Curie Institute, France 13.9 15.57
31 Gladstone Institutes, United States of America (USA) 8.5 15.06
32 Stowers Institute for Medical Research, United States of America (USA) 18.45 14.84
33 Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP), United States of America (USA) 24.14 14.63
34 Institut Laue Langevin (ILL), France 10.36 14.26
35 Van Andel Research Institute (VAI), United States of America (USA) 8.37 13.54
36 California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences (QB3), United States of America (USA) 13.88 12.98
37 Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), United States of America (USA) 15.1 12.98
38 Rudjer Boskovic Institute (RBI), Croatia 14.07 12.71
39 Synchrotron SOLEIL, France 13.47 12.15
40 Center for High Pressure Science and Technology Advanced Research (HPSTAR), China 8.85 11.16
41 Champalimaud Foundation, Portugal 7.44 11.05
42 Allen Institute, United States of America (USA) 7.65 11.01
43 La Jolla Institute for Immunology (LJI), United States of America (USA) 9.88 10.97
44 Simons Foundation, United States of America (USA) 2.35 10.41
45 The Jackson Laboratory, United States of America (USA) 6.12 10.39
46 Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre (IMEC), Belgium 11.99 10.27
47 Ludwig Cancer Research, United States of America (USA) 10.59 10.2
48 International Solvay Institutes, Belgium 10 9.51
49 Collaborative Innovation Center of Functionalized Probes for Chemical Imaging in Universities of Shandong, SDNU, China 9.32
50 Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Australia 6.92 9.04
51 Laboratory for the Synthesis and Characterisation of Organometallic Molecular Materials (CR LASCAMM), Italy 8.89 8.9
52 CIC nanoGUNE Consolider, Spain 15.63 8.79
53 Oncode Institute, Netherlands 8.76
54 National Institute of Chemistry, Slovenia, Slovenia 6.96 8.71
55 Gulbenkian Science Institute (IGC), Portugal 6.88 8.5
56 Cluster of Excellence - Center for Advancing Electronics Dresden (CFAED), TU Dresden, Germany 10.09 8.43
57 Cluster of Excellence - Werner Reichardt Centre for Integrative Neuroscience (CIN), Uni Tübingen, Germany 6.52 8.42
58 Elettra - Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Italy 8.92 8.41
59 QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Australia 7.19 8.4
60 Institute of Molecular Biology gGmbH (IMB), Germany 5.85 8.35
61 American Museum of Natural History (AMNH), United States of America (USA) 7.44 8.23
62 The Wistar Institute, United States of America (USA) 10.33 7.99
63 Clinical Research Institute of Montreal (IRCM), Canada 6.01 7.67
64 Babraham Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 9.04 7.62
65 Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), Netherlands 5.53 7.15
66 Italian Foundation for Cancer Research (FIRC), Italy 7.46 7.09
67 Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), United States of America (USA) 4.34 6.23
68 Institute of Microbial Chemistry (IMC), Japan 10.05 6.17
69 Center for Cooperative Research in Biosciences (CIC bioGUNE), Spain 6.24 5.95
70 Chan Zuckerberg Biohub (CZ Biohub), United States of America (USA) 2.06 5.91
71 National Health Research Institutes (NHRI), Taiwan 5.74 5.85
72 Santa Fe Institute (SFI), United States of America (USA) 6.67 5.74
73 New York Genome Center (NYGC), United States of America (USA) 5.45 5.58
74 Cluster of Excellence - Hamburg Center for Ultrafast Imaging (CUI), UHH, Germany 5.9 5.39
75 Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR), Canada 6.24 5.35
76 Wetsus Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Water Technology, Netherlands 4.23 5.33
77 Centre for Cooperative Research in Biomaterials (CIC biomaGUNE), Spain 5.62 5.07
78 National Center for Theoretical Sciences (NCTS), Taiwan 3.83 5.06
79 Cluster of Excellence - Cologne Excellence Cluster on Cellular Stress Responses in Aging-Associated Diseases (CECAD), UoC, Germany 7.26 4.85
80 Planetary Science Institute (PSI), United States of America (USA) 5.97 4.82
81 Bose Institute, India 2.49 4.74
82 Canadian Light Source Inc., Canada 3.38 4.69
83 International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), Italy 4.24 4.5
84 International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Austria 3.65 4.41
85 Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI), South Korea 2.59 4.4
86 Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Luxembourg 6.63 4.32
87 Institute for Systems Biology (ISB), United States of America (USA) 2.39 4.28
88 Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation (OMRF), United States of America (USA) 8.87 4.28
89 Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine (inStem), India 2.3 4.25
90 Russian Quantum Center (RQC), Russia 3.06 4.11
91 Ontario Institute for Cancer Research (OICR), Canada 3.16 4.04
92 Field Museum of Natural History, United States of America (USA) 2.28 4.01
93 Benaroya Research Institute at Virginia Mason (BRI), United States of America (USA) 2.55 3.98
94 Cluster of Excellence - Nanosystems Initiative Munich (NIM), LMU, Germany 4.38 3.94
95 European X-ray Free-Electron Laser Facility GmbH (XFEL), Germany 1.35 3.86
96 Ligue Contre Le Cancer, France 4.33 3.8
97 Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 3.1 3.79
98 Center for Scientific Studies (CECs), Chile 4.16 3.73
99 Cluster of Excellence - Center for Regenerative Therapies Dresden (CRTD), TU Dresden, Germany 4.19 3.72
100 Korea Institute of Energy Research (KIER), South Korea 0.87 3.65

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The annual tables for 2019 represent a set of data frozen on 13 May 2019. The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2018 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.

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