2019 tables: Institutions - government

Table criteria

The 2019 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018.

2018 Institution Share 2017 Share 2018
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 1527.63 1726.7
2 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 725.95 711.29
3 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 376.43 393.07
4 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 200.34 201.24
5 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 185.77 190.73
6 RIKEN, Japan 151.81 160.44
7 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 117.18 135.89
8 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 130.84 121.25
9 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 118.22 117.44
10 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 112.82 103.38
11 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 99.41 101.63
12 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 117.5 97.99
13 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 88.43 93.99
14 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 116.54 92.52
15 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 94.77 90.9
16 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 100.98 89.73
17 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 87.6 89.5
18 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 71.54 88.05
19 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 88.06 86.62
20 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 86.43 82.57
21 Academia Sinica, Taiwan 70.45 75.63
22 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 73.52 73.18
23 People's Liberation Army (PLA), China 57.24 71.07
24 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan 62.28 70.14
25 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 79.83 70.08
26 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 55.28 69.5
27 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 67.75 66.39
28 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 69.21 64.75
29 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 79.59 64.14
30 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 62.63 54.67
31 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 55.99 53.53
32 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 49.45 53.26
33 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 44.74 51.86
34 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 40.26 50.84
35 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 51.7 46.91
36 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 38.15 42.23
37 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 36.95 40.42
38 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 45.25 40.12
39 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 39.39 39.45
40 China Academy of Engineering Physics (CAEP), China 24.5 36.85
41 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 38.14 36.19
42 National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), France 36.11 35.85
43 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea 39.69 34.99
44 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 33.75 34.89
45 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 33.28 34.8
46 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 34.28 34.56
47 National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS), Japan 28 34.1
48 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 34.69 32.62
49 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 24.14 30.92
50 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 30 30.04
51 NWO-I, the Institutes Organisation of NWO, Netherlands 31.33 29.58
52 China Meteorological Administration (CMA), China 23.14 29.29
53 U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), United States of America (USA) 26.06 29.25
54 National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (NRCKI), Russia 19.87 29.1
55 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 25.57 28.77
56 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States of America (USA) 23.88 27.78
57 Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA), Switzerland 22.01 25.59
58 Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Japan 21.06 25.53
59 National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), United States of America (USA) 25.17 25.16
60 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 28.93 24.71
61 Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), China 26.3 23.91
62 High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Japan 18.65 23.69
63 Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), Canada 23.84 23.15
64 European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), France 23.27 22.64
65 Institute of Health Carlos III (ISCIII), Spain 21.69 21.8
66 Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), United States of America (USA) 18.72 20.81
67 Korea Institute for Advanced Study (KIAS), South Korea 26.73 20.34
68 Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), India 14.73 19.02
69 China Earthquake Administration (CEA), China 15.56 18.2
70 National Research Council (NRC), Canada 19.95 17.98
71 Brazil Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovation and Communication (MCTIC), Brazil 17.61 17.17
72 Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Russia 15.98 16.71
73 National Institute of Biological Sciences, Beijing (NIBS), China 15.93 16.49
74 Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Italy 14.55 16.06
75 IMDEA Institutes, Spain 12.44 15.9
76 Research Organization of Information and Systems (ROIS), Japan 13 14.99
77 Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), Iran 10.12 14.63
78 Met Office, United Kingdom (UK) 10.3 14.36
79 Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR), China 6.42 14.08
80 The National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NASU), Ukraine 10.84 13.13
81 Harish-Chandra Research Institute (HRI), India 16.19 12.92
82 European Commission (EC), Belgium 7.71 12.7
83 European Southern Observatory (ESO), Germany 10.26 12.61
84 Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), Japan 8.38 11.86
85 NERC British Antarctic Survey (BAS), United Kingdom (UK) 17.33 11.78
86 Jozef Stefan Institute (IJS), Slovenia 13.82 11.77
87 National Science Foundation (NSF), United States of America (USA) 8.64 11.72
88 Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute (JASRI), Japan 13.9 11.35
89 NERC National Oceanography Centre (NOC), United Kingdom (UK) 11.53 11.29
90 Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO), Australia 14.06 10.72
91 French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea (Ifremer), France 3.7 10.42
92 New York State Department of Health (NYSDOH), United States of America (USA) 4.26 10.33
93 Natural History Museum, United Kingdom (UK) 10.08 9.99
94 India Department of Space (DOS), India 13.44 9.97
95 Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES), France 7.96 9.93
96 National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES), Japan 5.44 9.92
97 Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), Finland 3.85 9.77
98 National Physical Laboratory (NPL), United Kingdom (UK) 9.17 9.3
99 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), United States of America (USA) 9.16 9.08
100 Swedish Institute of Space Physics (IRF), Sweden 6.08 9

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2019 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.