2019 tables: Institutions - government

Table criteria

The 2019 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018.

2018 Institution FC 2017 FC 2018
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 1529.78 1698.14
2 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 723.81 689.86
3 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 376.63 391.71
4 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 200.65 192.79
5 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 185.77 186.96
6 RIKEN, Japan 151.74 155.21
7 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 130.84 115.28
8 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 118.22 114.5
9 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 117.35 110.25
10 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 112.8 100.32
11 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 117.5 96.04
12 Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission (CEA), France 92.79 92.37
13 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 116.54 91.62
14 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 88.57 91.03
15 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 94.77 90.7
16 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 88.43 89.87
17 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 100.37 88.06
18 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 71.54 86.32
19 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 87.95 85.2
20 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 86.43 81.24
21 Academia Sinica, Taiwan 70.45 73.92
22 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 77.25 70.94
23 People's Liberation Army (PLA), China 57.25 70.08
24 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 80.33 70.07
25 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 73.52 70.05
26 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan 61.38 66.86
27 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 67.88 64.27
28 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 68.63 63.43
29 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 79.59 61.61
30 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 55.28 57.97
31 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 55.99 52.39
32 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 44.74 51.75
33 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 49.45 49.95
34 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 40.26 46.38
35 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 51.72 45.41
36 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 38.15 42.15
37 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 45.74 39.75
38 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 36.95 39.21
39 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 39.39 38.76
40 China Academy of Engineering Physics (CAEP), China 24.5 35.26
41 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea 39.69 34.82
42 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 33.75 34.66
43 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 38.14 34.47
44 National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS), Japan 28 34.1
45 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 33.28 33.41
46 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 34.02 33.35
47 French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA), France 33.97 31.9
48 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 24.14 30.89
49 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 30.03 29.41
50 U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), United States of America (USA) 26.06 28.8
51 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 34.69 28.5
52 China Meteorological Administration (CMA), China 23.14 28.07
53 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 24.94 27.92
54 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States of America (USA) 23.88 27.78
55 Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA), Switzerland 22.01 25.24
56 National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), United States of America (USA) 25.29 24.82
57 Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Japan 21.06 24.53
58 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 28.93 24.4
59 Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), China 26.29 24.05
60 National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (NRCKI), Russia 19.87 23.23
61 Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), Canada 23.84 22.69
62 European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), France 23.27 21.97
63 Institute of Health Carlos III (ISCIII), Spain 21.68 21.56
64 High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Japan 18.65 20
65 National Research Council (NRC), Canada 19.95 17.98
66 China Earthquake Administration (CEA), China 15.56 17.88
67 Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), India 14.73 17.2
68 Brazil Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovation and Communication (MCTIC), Brazil 17.61 16.69
69 National Institute of Biological Sciences, Beijing (NIBS), China 15.93 16.68
70 Madrid Institute of Advanced Studies (IMDEA), Spain 12.4 16.29
71 Korea Institute for Advanced Study (KIAS), South Korea 26.73 16.22
72 Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), United States of America (USA) 18.72 15.85
73 Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Italy 14.55 15.13
74 Research Organization of Information and Systems (ROIS), Japan 13 14.56
75 Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Russia 16.48 13.55
76 Met Office, United Kingdom (UK) 10.3 13.47
77 Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), Iran 10.12 13.45
78 European Commission (EC), Belgium 7.71 12.53
79 The National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NASU), Ukraine 10.84 12.33
80 European Southern Observatory (ESO), Germany 10.26 12.27
81 Harish-Chandra Research Institute (HRI), India 16.19 12
82 National Science Foundation (NSF), United States of America (USA) 9.38 11.57
83 Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), Japan 8.38 11.43
84 NERC British Antarctic Survey (BAS), United Kingdom (UK) 18.33 11.35
85 State Oceanic Administration (SOA), China 6.32 11.11
86 Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute (JASRI), Japan 13.9 11.05
87 Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO), Australia 14.06 10.61
88 NERC National Oceanography Centre (NOC), United Kingdom (UK) 11.53 10.6
89 Jozef Stefan Institute (IJS), Slovenia 13.82 10.53
90 New York State Department of Health (NYSDOH), United States of America (USA) 4.26 10.33
91 Natural History Museum, United Kingdom (UK) 10.08 9.94
92 National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES), Japan 5.44 9.83
93 Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), Finland 3.85 9.67
94 French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea (Ifremer), France 3.23 9.5
95 National Physical Laboratory (NPL), United Kingdom (UK) 9.17 9.3
96 India Department of Space (DOS), India 13.44 9.1
97 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), United States of America (USA) 9.16 9.07
98 Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES), France 7.25 9.03
99 National Council of Science and Technology (CONACYT), Mexico 7.63 8.66
100 Korea Basic Science Institute (KBSI), South Korea 6.38 8.43

The original version of this table (published 20 June 2019) used incorrect fractional counts, percentage changes and article counts to derive the rankings, which meant that some institutions were ranked incorrectly. The data and rankings were corrected on 12 August 2019.

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2018 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.