2019 tables: Institutions - corporate

Table criteria

The 2019 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018.

2018 Institution FC 2017 FC 2018
1 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 53.69 57.6
2 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 47.7 40.63
3 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 41.55 31.52
4 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 35.1 28.89
5 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 29.87 28.31
6 Alphabet Inc., United States of America (USA) 9.31 21.49
7 Pfizer Inc., United States of America (USA) 23.3 21.25
8 GlaxoSmithKline plc. (GSK), United Kingdom (UK) 16.66 17.72
9 Amgen Inc., United States of America (USA) 14.75 17.28
10 Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation (NTT), Japan 7.11 16.56
11 Bristol-Myers Squibb (BMS), United States of America (USA) 14.54 16.06
12 Samsung Group, South Korea 15.09 15.72
13 Microsoft Corporation, United States of America (USA) 11.62 13.74
14 GNS Science, New Zealand 16.12 13.25
15 China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC), China 7.91 12.4
16 DowDuPont Inc., United States of America (USA) 12.78 12.07
17 Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc., United States of America (USA) 7.62 11.66
18 FiberHome Technologies Group, China 7.28 10.25
19 Johnson & Johnson, United States of America (USA) 11.63 9
20 BASF SE, Germany 8.08 8.75
21 Toyota Group, Japan 7.99 8.53
22 Exxon Mobil Corporation (ExxonMobil), United States of America (USA) 7.81 8.3
23 Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 4.95 7.96
24 Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (SSAI), United States of America (USA) 5.88 7.95
25 Sanofi, France 4.61 7.2
26 AbbVie Inc., United States of America (USA) 8.51 7.06
27 BGI, China 5.63 6.83
28 China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC), China 4.2 6.64
29 Formosa Plastics Group, Taiwan 7.52 6.48
30 Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, Japan 5.52 6.43
31 Leidos Holdings, Inc., United States of America (USA) 4.21 6.13
32 Jinchuan Group Co., Ltd., China 3.91 6.03
33 Eli Lilly and Company, United States of America (USA) 9.12 5.82
34 Bruker Corporation, United States of America (USA) 6.68 5.56
35 Hitachi, Ltd., Japan 4.83 5.5
36 C. H. Boehringer Sohn AG & Co. KG (Boehringer Ingelheim), Germany 6.34 5.44
37 Toshiba Corporation, Japan 7.91 5.28
38 UCB S.A., Belgium 3.87 5.24
39 National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research Ltd. (NIWA), New Zealand 4 4.99
40 China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), China 0.8 4.96
41 Bayer AG, Germany 3.76 4.82
42 Thales S.A., France 4.11 4.36
43 Ionis Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.45 4.08
44 HP Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.76 4.05
45 Shanghai Jiahua Poly Battery Technology Co., Ltd., China 0.65 4.03
46 Merck KGaA, Germany 3.88 3.79
47 Intel Corporation, United States of America (USA) 2.56 3.43
48 Shimadzu Corporation, Japan 1.97 3.38
49 Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. (AER), United States of America (USA) 1.14 3.33
50 Novo Nordisk A/S, Denmark 5.86 3.33
51 Illumina, Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.2 3.22
52 Royal Dutch Shell plc (Shell), Netherlands 1.88 3.22
53 Joel Ltd., Japan 2.42 3.13
54 Center for Nanotechnology GmbH (CeNTech GmbH), Germany 2.95 3.09
55 China Electronics Technology Group Corporation (CETC), China 1.97 3.06
56 Mitsubishi Group, Japan 3.69 3.04
57 Agilent Technologies, Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.3 3.03
58 China National Chemical Corporation (ChemChina), China 4.67 2.97
59 Uni Research Ltd., Norway 2.23 2.92
60 General Electric Company (GE), United States of America (USA) 0.85 2.84
61 Techint Group, Italy 2.17 2.8
62 Chengdu Institute of Organic Chemistry (CIOC), CAS, China 2.72 2.72
63 Total S.A., France 2.08 2.7
64 New England Biolabs, Inc. (NEB), United States of America (USA) 3.63 2.68
65 Lockheed Martin Corporation, United States of America (USA) 2.87 2.58
66 Synfuels China Technology Co., Ltd., China 1.23 2.57
67 Sociedad Europea de Análisis Diferencial de Movilidad SL (SEADM), Spain 2.56
68 D-Wave Systems, Inc., Canada 2.5
69 H3 Biomedicine Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.58 2.47
70 Saudi Basic Industries Corporation (SABIC), Saudi Arabia 1.76 2.46
71 Waters Corporation, United States of America (USA) 3.27 2.45
72 Johnson Matthey (JM), United Kingdom (UK) 2.12 2.45
73 Human Longevity, Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.67 2.44
74 Abbott Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 2.33
75 Portuguese Oncology Institute (IPO), Portugal 0.99 2.31
76 Celgene Corporation, United States of America (USA) 0.8 2.3
77 D. E. Shaw Research, United States of America (USA) 0.08 2.3
78 Gilead Sciences, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.64 2.29
79 HRL Laboratories LLC, United States of America (USA) 2.63 2.28
80 Rigaku Corporation, Japan 2.48 2.27
81 Xanadu Quantum Technologies Inc., Canada 0.25 2.25
82 Corning Incorporated, United States of America (USA) 0.26 2.21
83 Tata Group, India 0.2 2.17
84 Corteva Agriscience, United States of America (USA) 2.14
85 Jacobs, United States of America (USA) 2.25 2.09
86 Eisai Co., Ltd., Japan 2.27 2.06
87 South Australian Water Corporation (SA Water), Australia 2.23 2.06
88 Haldor Topsøe A/S, Denmark 2.14 2.03
89 Biogen Inc., United States of America (USA) 6.96 2
90 Dropsens SL, Spain 1 2
90 Novilytic, LLC, United States of America (USA) 2
90 Piramal Enterprises Limited, India 2
91 Austrian Centre of Industrial Biotechnology (ACIB), Austria 2.1 1.97
92 OSRAM Licht AG, Germany 0.54 1.94
93 Wellspring Biosciences, United States of America (USA) 1.9
94 Otsuka Holdings Co., Ltd., Japan 0.49 1.9
95 China National Tobacco Company (CNTC), China 3.29 1.88
96 GlobalFoundries Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.63 1.84
97 Peptide Institute, Inc., Japan 0.88 1.83
98 GATS Inc., United States of America (USA) 4.58 1.77
99 Pacific Biosciences of California, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.08 1.75
100 ToolGen, Inc., South Korea 0.62 1.74

The original version of this table (published 20 June 2019) used incorrect fractional counts, percentage changes and article counts to derive the rankings, which meant that some institutions were ranked incorrectly. The data and rankings were corrected on 12 August 2019.

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2018 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.