2019 tables: Institutions - corporate

Table criteria

The 2019 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018.

2018 Institution Share 2017 Share 2018
1 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 53.7 57.5
2 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 47.7 40.64
3 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 41.58 31.42
4 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 29.87 28.94
5 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 35.51 28.91
6 Alphabet Inc., United States of America (USA) 9.31 21.49
7 Pfizer Inc., United States of America (USA) 23.3 21.26
8 Bristol-Myers Squibb (BMS), United States of America (USA) 15.34 18.37
9 GlaxoSmithKline plc. (GSK), United Kingdom (UK) 16.16 17.69
10 Amgen Inc., United States of America (USA) 14.75 17.42
11 Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation (NTT), Japan 7.11 16.56
12 Samsung Group, South Korea 15.09 15.72
13 GNS Science, New Zealand 16.12 15.43
14 Microsoft Corporation, United States of America (USA) 11.62 13.74
15 China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC), China 7.91 12.63
16 DowDuPont Inc., United States of America (USA) 12.78 12.38
17 Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc., United States of America (USA) 7.62 11.66
18 FiberHome Technologies Group, China 7.28 10.4
19 Toyota Group, Japan 7.99 9.53
20 Johnson & Johnson, United States of America (USA) 11.63 9.43
21 BASF SE, Germany 8.08 8.75
22 Exxon Mobil Corporation (ExxonMobil), United States of America (USA) 7.81 8.59
23 Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 4.95 7.96
24 Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (SSAI), United States of America (USA) 5.88 7.95
25 Sanofi, France 4.61 7.21
26 AbbVie Inc., United States of America (USA) 8.45 7.06
27 BGI, China 5.63 6.83
28 China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC), China 4.2 6.69
29 Formosa Plastics Group, Taiwan 7.52 6.49
30 Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, Japan 5.69 6.46
31 Leidos Holdings, Inc., United States of America (USA) 4.21 6.29
32 Hitachi, Ltd., Japan 4.83 6.25
33 Jinchuan Group Co., Ltd., China 3.91 6.03
34 Eli Lilly and Company, United States of America (USA) 9.12 5.82
35 Bayer AG, Germany 3.76 5.71
36 Bruker Corporation, United States of America (USA) 6.68 5.56
37 C. H. Boehringer Sohn AG & Co. KG (Boehringer Ingelheim), Germany 6.34 5.44
38 UCB S.A., Belgium 4.16 5.32
39 Toshiba Corporation, Japan 7.91 5.28
40 China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), China 0.8 5.09
41 National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research Ltd. (NIWA), New Zealand 4 5.01
42 Thales S.A., France 4.11 4.36
43 Shanghai Jiahua Poly Battery Technology Co., Ltd., China 0.65 4.25
44 Ionis Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.45 4.08
45 HP Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.76 4.05
46 Merck KGaA, Germany 3.88 3.79
47 Norwegian Research Centre AS (NORCE), Norway 2.23 3.58
48 Intel Corporation, United States of America (USA) 2.56 3.43
49 Shimadzu Corporation, Japan 1.97 3.38
50 Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. (AER), United States of America (USA) 1.14 3.33
51 Novo Nordisk A/S, Denmark 5.86 3.33
52 Illumina, Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.2 3.22
53 Royal Dutch Shell plc (Shell), Netherlands 1.88 3.22
54 JEOL Ltd., Japan 2.42 3.13
55 Center for Nanotechnology GmbH (CeNTech GmbH), Germany 2.95 3.09
56 China Electronics Technology Group Corporation (CETC), China 1.97 3.06
57 Mitsubishi Group, Japan 3.69 3.04
58 Agilent Technologies, Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.24 3.03
59 China National Chemical Corporation (ChemChina), China 4.67 2.97
60 General Electric Company (GE), United States of America (USA) 0.85 2.84
61 Techint Group, Italy 2.11 2.8
62 Chengdu Institute of Organic Chemistry (CIOC), CAS, China 2.72 2.72
63 Total S.A., France 2.08 2.7
64 New England Biolabs, Inc. (NEB), United States of America (USA) 3.63 2.68
65 Synfuels China Technology Co., Ltd., China 1.23 2.57
66 Sociedad Europea de Análisis Diferencial de Movilidad SL (SEADM), Spain 2.56
67 D-Wave Systems, Inc., Canada 2.5
68 H3 Biomedicine Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.58 2.47
69 Saudi Basic Industries Corporation (SABIC), Saudi Arabia 1.76 2.46
70 Waters Corporation, United States of America (USA) 3.27 2.45
71 Johnson Matthey (JM), United Kingdom (UK) 2.12 2.45
72 Human Longevity, Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.67 2.44
73 Rigaku Corporation, Japan 2.48 2.37
74 Portuguese Oncology Institute (IPO), Portugal 0.99 2.36
75 Abbott Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 2.33
76 D. E. Shaw Research, United States of America (USA) 0.08 2.3
77 Gilead Sciences, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.64 2.29
78 HRL Laboratories LLC, United States of America (USA) 2.63 2.28
79 Xanadu Quantum Technologies Inc., Canada 0.25 2.25
80 Lockheed Martin Corporation, United States of America (USA) 2.87 2.23
81 Corning Incorporated, United States of America (USA) 0.26 2.21
82 Tata Group, India 0.2 2.17
83 Corteva Agriscience, United States of America (USA) 2.14
84 Austrian Centre of Industrial Biotechnology (ACIB), Austria 2.1 2.12
85 Jacobs, United States of America (USA) 2.25 2.11
86 Eisai Co., Ltd., Japan 2.27 2.06
87 South Australian Water Corporation (SA Water), Australia 2.23 2.06
88 Haldor Topsøe A/S, Denmark 2.14 2.03
89 GATS Inc., United States of America (USA) 4.58 2.02
90 Biogen Inc., United States of America (USA) 6.96 2
91 Novilytic, LLC, United States of America (USA) 2
91 Dropsens SL, Spain 1 2
91 Piramal Enterprises Limited, India 2
92 OSRAM Licht AG, Germany 0.54 1.94
93 Wellspring Biosciences, United States of America (USA) 1.9
94 Otsuka Holdings Co., Ltd., Japan 0.49 1.9
95 China National Tobacco Company (CNTC), China 3.29 1.88
96 GlobalFoundries Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.63 1.84
97 NorthWest Research Associates, Inc. (NWRA), United States of America (USA) 4.98 1.83
98 Sinopec Corporation, China 1.7 1.83
99 Peptide Institute, Inc., Japan 0.88 1.83
100 Pacific Biosciences of California, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.08 1.75

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2019 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.