2019 tables: Institutions - physical sciences

Table criteria

The 2019 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018.

2018 Institution FC 2017 FC 2018
1 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 72.11 69.6
2 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 39.41 51.93
3 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 47.23 43.85
4 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 41.69 40.47
5 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 39.61 32.89
6 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 13.41 17.66
7 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 17.15 13.65
8 Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), Iran 10.04 12.35
9 University of the Punjab, Pakistan 6.02 7
10 Research Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics of Maragha (RIAAM), Iran 1.08 6.58
11 Yerevan State University (YSU), Armenia 6.55 6.01
12 Bilkent University, Turkey 8.23 5.95
13 Shiraz University, Iran 3.33 5.92
14 University of Tehran (UT), Iran 4.12 4.72
15 Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Iran 0.67 4.2
16 Sharif University of Technology (SUT), Iran 3.26 3.79
17 Shahid Beheshti University (SBU), Iran 5.49 3.75
18 Isfahan University of Technology (IUT), Iran 1.93 3.18
19 Hadassah Academic College, Israel 3 3
19 Ruppin Academic Center, Israel 3 3
20 Bu-Ali Sina University, Iran 1 2.83
21 Koç University (KU), Turkey 2.2 2.76
22 Istanbul Technical University (ITU), Turkey 3.05 2.75
23 Middle East Technical University (METU), Turkey 1.08 2.59
24 Shahrood University of Technology, Iran 2.83 2.58
25 King Saud University (KSU), Saudi Arabia 0.93 2.55
26 COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT), Pakistan 6.95 2.48
27 University of Kurdistan, Iran 2.33
28 Islamia University of Bahawalpur Pakistan (IUB), Pakistan 3.58 2
28 Pamukkale University (PAU), Turkey 1 2
29 Doğuş University (DOU), Turkey 1.17 1.96
30 Ariel University (AU), Israel 2.48 1.8
31 COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI), Pakistan 1.79
32 University of Haifa (HU), Israel 0.82 1.75
33 Gebze Technical University (GYTE), Turkey 1.68
34 University of Mazandaran (UMZ), Iran 1.65
35 Arak University, Iran 1.63
36 Sabanci University (SU), Turkey 0.85 1.59
37 Sultan Qaboos University (SQU), Oman 0.24 1.54
38 King Abdulaziz University (KAU), Saudi Arabia 1.56 1.5
39 Kocaeli University, Turkey 1.67 1.42
40 King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST), Saudi Arabia 0.31 1.4
41 Boğaziçi University (BU), Turkey 1.49 1.4
42 Ilia State University, Georgia 0.26 1.37
43 Islamic Azad University (IAU), Iran 1.88 1.36
44 Lorestan University, Iran 0.15 1.33
45 Izmir Institute of Technology (IZTECH), Turkey 2.26 1.22
46 Istanbul University, Turkey 1.54 1.21
47 University of Education, Pakistan 1.67 1.2
48 Nazarbayev University (NU), Kazakhstan 1.93 1.12
49 Damghan University, Iran 2.92 1.08
50 Semnan University, Iran 0.08 1.07
51 Tarbiat Modares University (TMU), Iran 1.06
52 University of Management and Technology (UMT), Pakistan 1.33 1.05
53 Carnegie Mellon University in Qatar, Qatar 0.79 1.04
54 Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Iran 0 1
54 Başkent University, Turkey 0.33 1
54 Ege University, Turkey 0.76 1
54 Ferdowsi University of Mashhad (FUM), Iran 2.2 1
54 National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences (NUCES), Pakistan 4 1
54 Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Turkey 1
54 Sirnak University, Turkey 1
54 University of Peshawar, Pakistan 1
54 Lebanese University (LU), Lebanon 1
55 Quaid-i-Azam University (QAU), Pakistan 0.79 0.97
56 TOBB University of Economics and Technology, Turkey 0.02 0.95
57 University of Zanjan, Iran 0.4 0.92
58 Holon Institute of Technology (HIT), Israel 1.38 0.9
59 Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS), Iran 1.08 0.89
60 Hamad bin Khalifa University (HBKU), Qatar 0.25 0.88
61 National Centre for Physics (NCP), Pakistan 0.59 0.85
62 American University of Beirut (AUB), Lebanon 2.25 0.83
63 King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM), Saudi Arabia 0.75 0.76
64 Israel Atomic Energy Commission (IAEC), Israel 1.4 0.71
65 Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK), Turkey 0.28 0.71
66 Çukurova University, Turkey 0.61 0.7
67 Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University (TSU), Georgia 0.89 0.7
68 University of Sistan and Baluchestan (USB), Iran 1.7 0.7
69 University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates 0.67
70 Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran 0.12 0.67
70 American University of Sharjah (AUS), United Arab Emirates 0.13 0.67
70 University of Kashan, Iran 0.33 0.67
71 Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan (UzAS), Uzbekistan 0.6
72 Khalifa University of Science and Technology, United Arab Emirates 1.53 0.51
73 Ondokuz Mayis University (OMU), Turkey 0.01 0.5
73 Atilim University, Turkey 0.06 0.5
73 University of Tabriz, Iran 3.5 0.5
73 Cumhuriyet University, Turkey 0.5
73 Imam Hossein University (IHU), Iran 0.5
73 Suleyman Demirel University, Turkey 0.5
73 Science Beam Institute, Iran 0.5
74 National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Pakistan 0.88 0.5
75 Al-Farabi Kazakh National University (KazNU), Kazakhstan 1.28 0.47
76 Hakim Sabzevari University, Iran 0.46
77 National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia (NAS), Armenia 0.63 0.46
78 University of Nizwa, Oman 2.08 0.45
79 Prince Mohammad bin Fahd University (PMU), Saudi Arabia 0.25 0.39
80 ORT Braude College (OBC), Israel 0.48 0.38
81 Shahrekord University, Iran 0.33
81 Mazandaran University of Science and Technology (MUST), Iran 0.33
82 Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University (SRTTU), Iran 0.38 0.28
83 Chaim Sheba Medical Center at Tel HaShomer, Israel 0.28
84 National Academy of Sciences the Republic of Kazakhstan (NAS), Kazakhstan 0.25 0.27
85 Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University, Turkey 0.51 0.26
86 Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Ltd., Israel 0.12 0.25
86 University of Turkish Aeronautical Association (UTAA), Turkey 0.2 0.25
86 Payame Noor University (PNU), Iran 0.25
86 University of Bonab, Iran 0.25
87 Ankara University, Turkey 0.39 0.24
88 Saudi Basic Industries Corporation (SABIC), Saudi Arabia 0.13 0.24
89 Anadolu University, Turkey 0.22
90 Istanbul Medeniyet University (IMU), Turkey 0.2
90 TED University, Turkey 0.2
90 American University of the Middle East (AUM), Kuwait 0.2
90 University of Hormozgan, Iran 0.2
91 Government College University (GCU), Pakistan 1.69 0.2
92 University of Guilan (GU), Iran 0.2 0.17
92 Saudi Aramco, Saudi Arabia 0.2 0.17
92 University of Isfahan (UI), Iran 0.25 0.17
92 Baku State University, Azerbaijan 1 0.17
92 L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University (ENU), Kazakhstan 2.3 0.17
92 Israel Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Israel 0.17
92 Sami Shamoon College of Engineering (SCE), Israel 0.17
92 Federal Urdu University of Arts, Sciences and Technology (FUUAST), Pakistan 0.17
92 Imam Khomeini International University (IKIU), Iran 0.17
92 Gulf University for Science and Technology (GUST), Kuwait 0.17
93 University of Tabuk (UT), Saudi Arabia 0.06 0.14
94 Uludag University, Turkey 0.01 0.14
94 Hazara University, Pakistan 0.14
95 Center for Theoretical Physics, Pakistan 0.08 0.13
95 National University of Uzbekistan, Uzbekistan 0.17 0.13
95 Gazi University, Turkey 0.45 0.13
95 Geological Survey and Mineral Exploration of Iran (GSI), Iran 0.13
95 Jerusalem College of Technology (JCT), Israel 0.13
95 Golestan University, Iran 0.13
96 Fesenkov Astrophysical Institute, Kazakhstan 0.01 0.12
97 Abdullah Gül University, Turkey 0.2 0.11
97 Qatar University, Qatar 0.4 0.11
97 Israel Institute for Biological Research (IIBR), Israel 0.11
98 Istanbul Bilgi University, Turkey 0.1 0.1
99 Amirkabir University of Technology (AUT), Iran 0.12 0.1
99 Young Researchers and Elite Club, Iran 0.17 0.1
99 Adama Makhteshim Ltd., Israel 0.1
100 United Arab Emirates Centre for Crystallography (UAECC), United Arab Emirates 0.09

The original version of this table (published 20 June 2019) used incorrect fractional counts, percentage changes and article counts to derive the rankings, which meant that some institutions were ranked incorrectly. The data and rankings were corrected on 12 August 2019.

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2018 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.