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2019 tables: Institutions - physical sciences

Table criteria

The 2019 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018.

2018 Institution Share 2017 Share 2018
1 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 72.11 73.41
2 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 39.41 54.67
3 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 47.23 44.35
4 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 41.69 42.5
5 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 39.64 34.02
6 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 13.41 17.66
7 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 17.15 15.13
8 Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), Iran 10.04 13.52
9 University of the Punjab, Pakistan 6.02 9.1
10 Yerevan State University (YSU), Armenia 6.55 6.93
11 Research Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics of Maragha (RIAAM), Iran 1.08 6.58
12 Bilkent University, Turkey 8.23 5.95
13 Shiraz University, Iran 3.33 5.92
14 Shahid Beheshti University (SBU), Iran 5.49 5.75
15 Sharif University of Technology (SUT), Iran 3.26 5.13
16 University of Tehran (UT), Iran 4.12 4.72
17 COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI), Pakistan 6.95 4.32
18 Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Iran 0.67 4.2
19 Istanbul Technical University (ITU), Turkey 3.05 3.84
20 Isfahan University of Technology (IUT), Iran 1.93 3.69
21 Ruppin Academic Center, Israel 3 3
21 Hadassah Academic College, Israel 3 3
22 Bu-Ali Sina University, Iran 1 2.83
23 Koç University (KU), Turkey 2.2 2.76
24 Middle East Technical University (METU), Turkey 1.11 2.75
25 Shahrood University of Technology, Iran 2.83 2.58
26 King Saud University (KSU), Saudi Arabia 0.93 2.55
27 University of Kurdistan, Iran 2.33
28 Islamia University of Bahawalpur Pakistan (IUB), Pakistan 3.58 2
28 Pamukkale University (PAU), Turkey 1 2
29 Doğuş University (DOU), Turkey 1.17 1.96
30 Islamic Azad University (IAU), Iran 1.88 1.86
31 Ariel University (AU), Israel 2.48 1.8
32 University of Haifa (HU), Israel 0.82 1.75
33 Gebze Technical University (GYTE), Turkey 1.68
34 University of Mazandaran (UMZ), Iran 1.65
35 Arak University, Iran 1.63
36 Sabanci University (SU), Turkey 0.85 1.59
37 King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST), Saudi Arabia 0.31 1.54
38 Sultan Qaboos University (SQU), Oman 0.24 1.54
39 King Abdulaziz University (KAU), Saudi Arabia 1.56 1.52
40 Boğaziçi University (BU), Turkey 1.49 1.5
41 Kocaeli University, Turkey 1.67 1.42
42 Ilia State University, Georgia 0.26 1.37
43 Lorestan University, Iran 0.15 1.33
43 Damghan University, Iran 2.92 1.33
44 Istanbul University, Turkey 1.54 1.23
45 Izmir Institute of Technology (IZTECH), Turkey 2.26 1.22
46 University of Education, Pakistan 1.67 1.2
47 Çukurova University, Turkey 0.61 1.12
48 Nazarbayev University (NU), Kazakhstan 1.93 1.12
49 Semnan University, Iran 0.08 1.07
50 Tarbiat Modares University (TMU), Iran 1.06
51 University of Management and Technology (UMT), Pakistan 1.33 1.05
52 Quaid-i-Azam University (QAU), Pakistan 0.79 1.05
53 Carnegie Mellon University in Qatar, Qatar 0.79 1.04
54 Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Iran 0 1
54 University of Peshawar, Pakistan 1
54 Sirnak University, Turkey 1
54 Lebanese University (LU), Lebanon 1
54 Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Turkey 1
54 Başkent University, Turkey 0.33 1
54 University of Ayatollah Ozma Borujerdi, Iran 0.5 1
54 Ferdowsi University of Mashhad (FUM), Iran 2.2 1
54 Ege University, Turkey 0.76 1
54 Sirjan University of Technology, Iran 1 1
54 National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences (NUCES), Pakistan 4 1
55 TOBB University of Economics and Technology, Turkey 0.02 0.95
56 National Centre for Physics (NCP), Pakistan 0.59 0.93
57 University of Zanjan, Iran 0.4 0.92
58 Holon Institute of Technology (HIT), Israel 1.38 0.9
59 Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS), Iran 1.08 0.89
60 Hamad bin Khalifa University (HBKU), Qatar 0.25 0.88
61 American University of Beirut (AUB), Lebanon 2.25 0.83
62 Prince Mohammad bin Fahd University (PMU), Saudi Arabia 0.25 0.81
63 Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University (TSU), Georgia 0.89 0.76
64 King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM), Saudi Arabia 0.75 0.76
65 Israel Atomic Energy Commission (IAEC), Israel 1.4 0.72
66 Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan (UzAS), Uzbekistan 0.55 0.71
67 Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK), Turkey 0.28 0.71
68 University of Sistan and Baluchestan (USB), Iran 1.7 0.7
69 University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates 0.67
70 American University of Sharjah (AUS), United Arab Emirates 0.13 0.67
70 University of Kashan, Iran 0.33 0.67
70 Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran 0.12 0.67
71 Khalifa University of Science and Technology, United Arab Emirates 1.53 0.51
72 Atilim University, Turkey 0.06 0.5
72 Imam Hossein University (IHU), Iran 0.5
72 Cumhuriyet University, Turkey 0.5
72 Science Beam Institute, Iran 0.5
72 Suleyman Demirel University, Turkey 0.5
72 Ondokuz Mayis University (OMU), Turkey 0.01 0.5
72 University of Tabriz, Iran 3.5 0.5
73 National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Pakistan 0.88 0.5
74 Al-Farabi Kazakh National University (KazNU), Kazakhstan 1.28 0.47
75 National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia (NAS), Armenia 0.63 0.46
76 Hakim Sabzevari University, Iran 0.46
77 University of Nizwa, Oman 2.08 0.45
78 ORT Braude College of Engineering (OBC), Israel 0.48 0.38
79 National Academy of Sciences the Republic of Kazakhstan (NAS), Kazakhstan 0.25 0.38
80 Shahrekord University, Iran 0.33
80 Mazandaran University of Science and Technology (MUST), Iran 0.33
81 Ankara University, Turkey 0.39 0.29
82 Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University (SRTTU), Iran 0.38 0.28
83 Chaim Sheba Medical Center at Tel HaShomer, Israel 0.28
84 Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University, Turkey 0.51 0.26
85 Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Ltd., Israel 0.12 0.25
85 University of Turkish Aeronautical Association (UTAA), Turkey 0.2 0.25
85 University of Bonab, Iran 0.25
85 Payame Noor University (PNU), Iran 0.25
86 Saudi Basic Industries Corporation (SABIC), Saudi Arabia 0.13 0.24
87 University of Tabuk (UT), Saudi Arabia 0.06 0.23
88 Anadolu University, Turkey 0.22
89 Istanbul Medeniyet University (IMU), Turkey 0.2
89 American University of the Middle East (AUM), Kuwait 0.2
89 TED University, Turkey 0.2
89 University of Hormozgan, Iran 0.2
90 Istanbul Bilgi University, Turkey 0.1 0.2
91 Government College University (GCU), Pakistan 1.69 0.2
92 Baku State University, Azerbaijan 1 0.17
92 Israel Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Israel 0.17
92 Sami Shamoon College of Engineering (SCE), Israel 0.17
92 Federal Urdu University of Arts, Sciences and Technology (FUUAST), Pakistan 0.17
92 Gulf University for Science and Technology (GUST), Kuwait 0.17
92 Imam Khomeini International University (IKIU), Iran 0.17
92 University of Guilan (GU), Iran 0.2 0.17
92 Saudi Aramco, Saudi Arabia 0.2 0.17
92 University of Isfahan (UI), Iran 0.25 0.17
92 L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University (ENU), Kazakhstan 2.3 0.17
93 Uludag University, Turkey 0.01 0.17
94 Hazara University, Pakistan 0.14
95 Center for Theoretical Physics, Pakistan 0.08 0.13
95 National University of Uzbekistan, Uzbekistan 0.17 0.13
95 Geological Survey and Mineral Exploration of Iran (GSI), Iran 0.13
95 Golestan University, Iran 0.13
95 Jerusalem College of Technology (JCT), Israel 0.13
95 Gazi University, Turkey 0.45 0.13
96 Fesenkov Astrophysical Institute, Kazakhstan 0.01 0.12
97 Israel Institute for Biological Research (IIBR), Israel 0.11
97 Abdullah Gül University, Turkey 0.2 0.11
97 Qatar University, Qatar 0.4 0.11
98 Adama Makhteshim Ltd., Israel 0.1
98 Amirkabir University of Technology (AUT), Iran 0.12 0.1
98 Young Researchers and Elite Club, Iran 0.17 0.1
99 United Arab Emirates Centre for Crystallography (UAECC), United Arab Emirates 0.09
100 Abant İzzet Baysal University, Turkey 0.09

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2019 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.