2019 tables: Institutions - physical sciences

The 2019 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2017 Share 2018 Count 2018 Change in Adjusted Share 2017-2018*
1 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 116.90 133.53 693 8.0%
2 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 57.20 51.45 270 -14.9%
3 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 28.35 30.25 124 0.9%
4 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 20.66 25.02 87 14.5%
5 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 21.14 24.89 82 11.3%
6 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 21.60 20.68 323 -9.5%
7 Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Italy 13.73 15.18 147 4.6%
8 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 12.83 13.82 218 1.8%
9 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 12.75 13.31 152 -1.3%
10 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 15.18 10.27 189 -36.1%
11 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 13.25 10.03 134 -28.4%
12 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 6.44 9.77 241 43.6%
13 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 6.62 9.09 260 29.8%
14 Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 10.08 8.42 39 -20.9%
15 University of Genova, Italy 5.74 8.13 234 34.0%
16 University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy 6.19 7.87 144 20.3%
17 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 6.69 7.16 172 1.2%
18 Elettra - Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Italy 5.80 6.91 26 12.6%
19 University of Trento (UNITN), Italy 5.23 6.17 133 11.6%
20 Polytechnic University of Turin, Italy 5.59 6.14 36 3.9%
21 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 4.12 6.00 218 37.7%
22 Scuola Normale Superiore (SNS), Italy 7.20 5.40 176 -29.1%
23 University of Roma Tre, Italy 5.05 5.22 95 -2.3%
24 University of Perugia, Italy 5.03 4.53 138 -14.9%
25 University of Calabria (UNICAL), Italy 3.78 3.92 80 -2.1%
26 University of Trieste (UNITS), Italy 4.16 3.89 144 -11.6%
27 University of Salerno (UNISA), Italy 5.63 3.61 39 -39.3%
28 University of Pavia (UNIPV), Italy 3.74 2.95 184 -25.4%
29 University of Cagliari (UNICA), Italy 3.17 2.83 57 -15.5%
30 University of Parma (UNIPR), Italy 4.16 2.77 13 -37.0%
31 Bruno Kessler Foundation (FBK), Italy 1.21 2.75 88 114.5%
32 University of Modena and Reggio Emilia (UNIMORE), Italy 1.47 2.65 40 70.0%
33 University of Catania, Italy 2.06 2.62 126 20.2%
34 University of Eastern Piedmont "Amedeo Avogadro" (UNIPMN), Italy 1.92 2.55 137 25.7%
35 Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica (INRIM), Italy 1.95 2.31 11 12.0%
36 University of Salento, Italy 4.44 2.18 74 -53.6%
37 University of Insubria, Italy 1.33 1.98 16 40.9%
38 National Interuniversity Consortium of Materials Science and Technology (INSTM), Italy 1.17 1.88 16 52.5%
39 Institute for Scientific Interchange (ISI), Italy 1.01 1.87 7 75.1%
40 University of Ferrara (UNIFE), Italy 2.30 1.81 55 -25.4%
41 University of Brescia (UNIBS), Italy 0.52 1.81 24 228.3%
42 University of Bari Aldo Moro (UniBA), Italy 1.27 1.78 155 32.8%
43 Catholic University of the Sacred Heart (UCSC), Italy 1.45 1.70 8 10.6%
44 University of Palermo (UNIPA), Italy 2.12 1.69 7 -24.7%
45 Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS), Italy 2.46 1.62 10 -37.7%
46 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 0.57 1.58 8 164.3%
47 Polytechnic University of Bari, Italy 1.62 1.51 126 -11.9%
48 Gran Sasso Science Institute (GSSI), Italy 4.15 1.36 38 -69.0%
49 University of Messina (UNIME), Italy 0.36 1.32 8 244.9%
50 University of L'Aquila (UNIVAQ), Italy 1.93 1.30 14 -36.4%
51 Italian Space Agency (ASI), Italy 1.11 1.19 20 1.8%
52 University of Camerino (UNICAM), Italy 1.44 1.02 10 -33.3%
53 Italy Ministry of Education, Universities and Research (MIUR), Italy 2.00 1.00 1 -52.7%
54 University of Siena (UNISI), Italy 0.39 0.91 77 118.9%
55 University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Italy 0.17 0.90 5 413.0%
56 Ca' Foscari University of Venice (UNIVE), Italy 0.20 0.62 5 191.3%
57 Bocconi University, Italy 0.07 0.60 2 688.0%
58 Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development (ENEA), Italy 0.60 0.48 9 -24.0%
59 University of Basilicata, Italy 0.06 0.46 125 598.6%
60 Mediterranea University of Reggio Calabria (UNIRC), Italy 0.01 0.46 2 3,189.7%
61 Il Museo della Fisica e il Centro Studi e Ricerche Enrico Fermi (Centro Fermi), Italy 0.62 0.45 24 -30.6%
62 Italy Ministry of Health, Italy 0.44 0.43 79 -8.4%
63 University of Magna Graecia (UMG), Italy 0.25 0.36 1 35.1%
64 Italian Foundation for Cancer Research (FIRC), Italy 0.81 0.35 5 -58.6%
65 EcamRicert S.r.l., Italy 0.33 1 N/A
66 National Interuniversity Consortium for the Physical Sciences of Matter (CNISM), Italy 1.80 0.33 5 -82.8%
67 BeDimensional Srl, Italy 0.29 3 N/A
68 Santa Marinella Research Institute (SMRI), Italy 0.25 1 N/A
69 Rome International Center for Materials Science of Superstripes (RICMASS), Italy 0.03 0.24 1 800.5%
70 Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies of Pisa (SSSA), Italy 0.08 0.23 2 165.7%
71 Guglielmo Marconi University (GMU), Italy 0.54 0.22 96 -60.9%
72 Campus Bio-Medico University, Italy 0.16 0.22 1 30.7%
73 University of Verona (UNIVR), Italy 0.07 0.21 2 175.8%
74 University of Udine (UNIUD), Italy 0.24 0.18 69 -29.1%
75 University of Sannio, Italy 0.43 0.18 6 -60.0%
76 IMT School for Advanced Studies Lucca, Italy 1.38 0.15 1 -89.8%
77 Techint Group, Italy 0.15 1 N/A
78 European Gravitational Observatory (EGO), Italy 0.34 0.14 5 -60.4%
79 ST Microelectronics, Italy 0.14 1 N/A
80 University of Urbino, Italy 0.15 0.14 35 -11.6%
81 Compagnia di San Paolo, Italy 0.13 2 N/A
82 Istituto Nazionale di Alta Matematica "Francesco Severi" (INdAM), Italy 0.61 0.11 1 -82.8%
83 University of Molise (UNIMOL), Italy 0.11 2 N/A
84 Institute for Advanced Study (IUSS Pavia), Italy 0.27 0.10 3 -63.8%
85 San Raffaele University of Rome (UniSanRaffaele), Italy 0.10 2 N/A
86 School of Advanced International Studies for Applied Theoretical and Non Linear Methodologies of Physics (SAISTMP), Italy 0.10 1 N/A
86 Institute for Scientific Methodology (ISEM), Italy 0.10 1 N/A
87 Galliera Hospital, Italy 0.09 1 N/A
88 Marche Polytechnic University (UNIVPM), Italy 0.40 0.08 1 -80.2%
88 Istituto Lombardo Accademia di Scienze e Lettere, Italy 0.08 1 N/A
88 University of Macerata (UNIMC), Italy 0.08 1 N/A
89 Novystem S.r.l., Italy 0.07 1 N/A
90 Kore University of Enna, Italy 0.04 0.06 3 69.4%
91 Central European Research Infrastructure Consortium (CERIC-ERIC), Italy 0.06 1 N/A
92 Ansaldo Energia S.p.A., Italy 0.05 1 N/A
93 University of Sassari (UniSS), Italy 0.05 3 N/A
94 University of Chieti (Ud'A), Italy 0.06 0.05 1 -31.2%
94 G. Monasterio Foundation (FTGM), Italy 0.05 1 N/A
94 E.P. Elettronica Progetti s.r.l., Italy 0.05 1 N/A
95 Fondazione Città della Speranza, Italy 0.04 1 N/A
96 National Institute of Oceanography and Experimental Geophysics (OGS), Italy 0.20 0.03 2 -84.0%
97 Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn Napoli (SZN), Italy 0.39 0.03 1 -93.6%
98 Mediteknology Srl, Italy 0.02 1 N/A
99 University of Cassino and Southern Lazio (UNICAS), Italy 0.03 0.02 2 -51.7%
100 Ansaldo Ricerche S.p.A., Italy 0.00 0.01 1 703.7%
100 ABB S.p.A., Italy 0.00 0.01 1 703.7%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.