2019 tables: Institutions - Nature & Science

The 2019 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2017 Share 2018 Count 2018 Change in Adjusted Share 2017-2018*
1 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 78.53 71.85 213 -14.7%
2 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 50.18 40.22 102 -25.3%
3 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 32.00 38.61 136 12.5%
4 Max Planck Society, Germany 36.07 33.15 142 -14.3%
5 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 16.78 26.37 87 46.5%
6 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 11.03 21.26 72 79.6%
7 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 10.84 19.88 78 70.9%
8 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 13.76 19.85 59 34.5%
9 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 19.55 19.67 65 -6.2%
10 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 16.47 19.28 87 9.1%
11 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 14.18 19.23 55 26.4%
12 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 15.76 18.98 95 12.3%
13 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 18.73 16.94 59 -15.7%
14 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 12.92 16.51 52 19.0%
15 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 11.29 16.02 59 32.2%
16 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 18.12 16.00 58 -17.7%
17 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 12.07 14.78 73 14.1%
18 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 12.28 13.96 52 6.0%
19 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 15.14 13.28 83 -18.2%
20 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 12.47 12.61 49 -5.8%
21 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 8.71 12.40 45 32.7%
22 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 12.46 12.38 147 -7.4%
23 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 11.78 11.24 21 -11.1%
24 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 13.55 11.18 31 -23.1%
25 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 12.55 10.89 59 -19.1%
26 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 14.73 10.69 43 -32.3%
27 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 9.84 10.55 41 -0.1%
28 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 10.77 10.52 39 -8.9%
29 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 3.93 10.30 39 144.0%
30 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 8.82 10.07 33 6.5%
31 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 3.81 9.88 40 141.5%
32 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 12.05 9.78 25 -24.4%
33 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 3.46 9.45 45 154.3%
34 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 7.48 9.19 32 14.5%
35 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 5.76 9.15 32 48.2%
36 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 10.82 8.97 24 -22.7%
37 Tsinghua University, China 9.88 8.93 31 -15.7%
38 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 6.34 8.33 25 22.4%
39 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 14.74 8.09 35 -48.9%
40 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 6.49 7.95 45 14.3%
41 Peking University (PKU), China 5.19 7.76 30 39.3%
42 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 4.16 7.69 41 72.1%
43 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 5.35 7.51 37 30.8%
44 RIKEN, Japan 6.71 7.50 28 4.2%
45 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 10.87 7.35 36 -37.0%
46 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 4.91 7.30 34 38.4%
47 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 7.43 6.78 27 -14.9%
48 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 2.80 6.52 29 117.2%
49 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 11.62 6.47 15 -48.1%
50 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 2.59 6.42 33 131.4%
51 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 3.92 6.37 20 51.4%
52 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 3.55 6.28 34 65.0%
53 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 6.11 6.21 22 -5.2%
54 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 6.94 6.19 37 -16.8%
55 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 3.83 5.98 22 45.6%
56 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 1.42 5.80 28 279.6%
57 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 5.55 5.59 25 -6.3%
58 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 3.98 5.54 18 29.9%
59 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 3.88 5.50 22 32.0%
60 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 3.79 5.30 19 30.3%
61 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 3.62 5.30 18 36.3%
62 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 5.57 5.05 26 -15.6%
63 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 2.46 5.04 24 91.2%
64 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 11.51 5.02 21 -59.4%
65 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 2.24 5.01 13 109.1%
66 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 3.13 4.96 24 48.0%
67 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 2.71 4.93 21 69.5%
68 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 5.29 4.91 21 -13.5%
69 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 7.38 4.88 26 -38.3%
70 Alphabet Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.20 4.88 9 106.4%
71 Nagoya University, Japan 2.78 4.67 13 56.9%
72 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 3.28 4.60 14 30.9%
73 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 2.06 4.52 21 105.0%
74 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 0.76 4.50 15 452.6%
75 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.67 4.43 8 12.6%
76 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 1.79 4.26 18 121.5%
77 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 1.27 4.24 19 211.7%
78 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 3.02 4.16 10 28.5%
79 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 5.59 4.13 14 -31.2%
80 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 6.64 4.11 37 -42.3%
81 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 5.71 4.07 33 -33.6%
82 Leibniz Association, Germany 4.12 3.92 36 -11.3%
83 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 2.97 3.92 11 22.8%
84 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 2.11 3.89 22 72.2%
85 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 2.21 3.88 19 63.8%
86 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 1.05 3.88 18 243.9%
87 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 3.87 3.80 28 -8.5%
88 Monash University, Australia 1.28 3.77 22 174.2%
89 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 2.52 3.76 23 39.1%
90 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 4.10 3.76 16 -14.6%
91 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 0.63 3.74 22 453.5%
92 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 0.41 3.68 9 728.8%
93 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 4.56 3.67 26 -24.9%
94 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 2.00 3.61 16 68.1%
95 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 0.54 3.60 8 516.1%
96 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 0.17 3.57 10 1,870.6%
97 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 2.38 3.55 12 39.4%
98 Fudan University, China 0.46 3.51 24 617.6%
99 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 0.73 3.49 16 346.3%
100 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 3.49 3.38 13 -9.8%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.