2019 tables: Institutions - Nature & Science

Table criteria

The 2019 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018.

2018 Institution FC 2017 FC 2018
1 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 79.38 70.67
2 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 50.11 39.85
3 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 31.66 37.69
4 Max Planck Society, Germany 36.24 32.35
5 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 16.59 24.3
6 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 11.03 21.11
7 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 13.74 19.75
8 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 19.55 19.67
9 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 10.72 19.56
10 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 14.18 19.23
11 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 16.44 18.98
12 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 15.77 18.47
13 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 18.72 16.76
14 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 12.92 16.35
15 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 11.19 15.49
16 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 17.92 15.44
17 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 12.08 14.79
18 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 12.28 13.91
19 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 15.13 13.34
20 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 12.47 12.91
21 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 8.71 12.4
22 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 12.22 11.82
23 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 11.78 11.24
24 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 13.72 11.15
25 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 14.73 10.8
26 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 12.54 10.75
27 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 9.84 10.55
28 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 10.84 10.52
29 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 4.02 10.23
30 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 8.82 10.06
31 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 4.64 9.9
32 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 5.02 9.83
33 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 12.05 9.78
34 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 12 9.25
35 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 7.48 9.11
36 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 5.63 9.1
37 Tsinghua University, China 9.86 8.78
38 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 14.68 8.09
39 Peking University (PKU), China 5.19 7.88
40 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 4.12 7.67
41 RIKEN, Japan 6.7 7.5
42 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 6.45 7.43
43 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 5.35 7.42
44 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 6.34 7.32
45 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 7.31 6.67
46 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 2.8 6.52
47 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 10.86 6.41
48 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 2.59 6.35
49 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 6.13 6.24
50 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 3.55 6.18
51 Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 4.72 6.13
52 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 7.43 6.1
53 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 3.92 6.09
54 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 11.59 6.07
55 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 3.83 5.97
56 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 1.41 5.76
57 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 5.52 5.58
58 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 3.98 5.54
59 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 3.88 5.35
60 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 3.79 5.3
61 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 3.62 5.3
62 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 2.46 5.04
63 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 11.51 5
64 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 5.57 4.93
65 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 2.24 4.9
66 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 5.29 4.89
67 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 7.38 4.88
68 Alphabet Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.2 4.88
69 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 2.71 4.76
70 Nagoya University, Japan 2.78 4.67
71 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 3.28 4.6
72 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 2.04 4.51
73 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 0.76 4.46
74 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.67 4.43
75 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 3.13 4.37
76 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 3.02 4.16
77 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 5.74 4.15
78 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 5.79 4.03
79 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 1.27 4.02
80 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 2.97 3.92
81 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 2.21 3.9
82 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 2.09 3.89
83 Leibniz Association, Germany 4.01 3.88
84 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 1.05 3.88
85 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 1.79 3.86
86 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 6.64 3.84
87 Monash University, Australia 1.28 3.77
88 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 4.1 3.76
89 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 2.52 3.73
90 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 4.56 3.67
91 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 0.41 3.62
92 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 2 3.61
93 Fudan University, China 0.46 3.61
94 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 0.63 3.57
95 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 0.54 3.57
96 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 2.38 3.55
97 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 0.73 3.47
98 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 3.49 3.33
99 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 2.99 3.32
100 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 2.1 3.26

The original version of this table (published 20 June 2019) used incorrect fractional counts, percentage changes and article counts to derive the rankings, which meant that some institutions were ranked incorrectly. The data and rankings were corrected on 12 August 2019.

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2018 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.