2019 tables: Institutions - life sciences

Table criteria

The 2019 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018.

2018 Institution FC 2017 FC 2018
1 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 626.27 621.64
2 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 346.47 348.12
3 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 275.79 300.65
4 Max Planck Society, Germany 275.34 292.64
5 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 209.46 252.84
6 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 200.19 208.54
7 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 169.39 200.65
8 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 178.51 192.08
9 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 156.43 187.76
10 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 170.58 186.31
11 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 172.54 180
12 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 173.67 172.93
13 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 174.9 170.3
14 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 167.55 170.1
15 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 153.14 159.57
16 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 147.53 158.19
17 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 138.75 157.79
18 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 149.13 152.76
19 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 122.82 152.28
20 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 131.81 148.61
21 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 156.36 146.74
22 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 120.17 138.49
23 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 104.44 135.45
24 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 126.8 131.55
25 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 124.02 120.49
26 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 101.83 116.41
27 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 141.46 114.19
28 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 106.43 109.19
29 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 102.34 96.56
30 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 73.27 94.3
31 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 93.98 94.27
32 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 73.2 94.21
33 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 103.1 91.85
34 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 84.72 90.96
35 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 100.04 88.3
36 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 99.76 87.91
37 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 82.49 87.32
38 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 69.13 87.26
39 Peking University (PKU), China 89.51 87.09
40 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 78.05 86.11
41 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 71.37 83.58
42 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 75.31 81.1
43 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 96.71 80.67
44 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 59.31 80.62
45 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 88.23 80.46
46 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 74.91 80.05
47 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 76.62 80
48 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 64.21 79.63
49 McGill University, Canada 74.94 75.48
50 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 63.48 74.19
51 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 85.02 73.62
52 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 55.52 72.52
53 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 53.3 72.36
54 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 73.18 71.8
55 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 65.14 70.19
56 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 59.56 69.92
57 Tsinghua University, China 57.65 69.01
58 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 69.33 67.85
59 Kyoto University, Japan 57.17 67.19
60 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 55.74 65.05
61 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 69.46 64.87
62 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 47.26 61.96
63 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 72.09 61.91
64 RIKEN, Japan 59.43 61.47
65 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 74.42 61.07
66 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 51.31 59.22
67 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 54.89 58.05
68 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 51.68 56.76
69 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 45.68 56.28
70 Fudan University, China 49.47 54.74
71 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 57.85 54.08
72 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 44.84 53.86
73 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 31.08 53.85
74 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 42.81 53.4
75 Leibniz Association, Germany 43.16 52.78
76 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 46.48 52.67
77 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 55.45 52.56
78 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 57.93 52.1
79 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 47.13 51.92
80 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 37.47 51.03
81 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 37.96 50.43
82 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 33.58 49.85
83 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 57.8 49.69
84 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 49.74 49.32
85 Osaka University, Japan 42.64 48.35
86 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 41.68 47.65
87 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 47.51 47.29
88 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 41.88 46.95
89 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 52.5 46.35
90 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 40.8 45.73
91 Monash University, Australia 38.5 45.72
92 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 43.65 45.14
93 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 43.19 44.83
94 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 37.48 44.73
95 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 36.42 44.2
96 Mayo Clinic, United States of America (USA) 38.25 44.03
97 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 51.42 42.92
98 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 38.64 42.52
99 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 48.11 42.46
100 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 37.53 42.46

The original version of this table (published 20 June 2019) used incorrect fractional counts, percentage changes and article counts to derive the rankings, which meant that some institutions were ranked incorrectly. The data and rankings were corrected on 12 August 2019.

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2018 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.