2019 tables: Institutions - Earth & environmental sciences

The 2019 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2017 Share 2018 Count 2018 Change in Adjusted Share 2017-2018*
1 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 125.92 147.87 446 7.2%
2 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 97.64 107.11 757 0.1%
3 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 79.99 92.00 255 5.0%
4 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 25.95 42.07 154 48.0%
5 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 31.65 37.37 140 7.8%
6 Max Planck Society, Germany 25.88 35.61 157 25.6%
7 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 37.79 35.18 119 -15.0%
8 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 31.13 33.11 114 -2.9%
9 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 25.30 30.41 125 9.7%
10 Leibniz Association, Germany 19.43 29.34 133 37.8%
11 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 30.07 28.34 105 -14.0%
12 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 18.46 24.84 87 22.8%
13 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 30.01 24.46 56 -25.6%
14 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 21.52 24.40 78 3.5%
15 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 19.01 24.33 103 16.8%
16 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 17.48 21.58 83 12.7%
17 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 16.78 21.52 57 17.1%
18 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 21.66 21.46 335 -9.6%
19 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 29.09 21.36 62 -33.0%
20 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 22.63 20.99 81 -15.3%
21 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 20.18 20.73 56 -6.2%
22 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 14.97 19.97 78 21.8%
23 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 14.91 19.72 86 20.7%
24 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 16.05 18.70 69 6.3%
25 University of Paris, France 17.32 18.24 125 -3.9%
26 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 17.08 18.17 94 -2.9%
27 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 8.15 18.02 41 101.9%
28 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 13.12 17.86 80 24.3%
29 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 14.32 16.61 42 5.9%
30 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 13.81 15.80 56 4.4%
31 University of Helsinki, Finland 11.38 15.63 50 25.4%
32 Stockholm University, Sweden 14.77 14.81 67 -8.5%
33 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 15.19 14.75 36 -11.4%
34 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 15.20 14.52 54 -12.8%
35 Met Office, United Kingdom (UK) 10.30 14.27 58 26.5%
36 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 17.81 14.24 70 -27.0%
37 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 16.73 14.11 50 -23.0%
38 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 15.93 13.64 66 -21.9%
39 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 9.12 13.50 50 35.2%
40 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 11.07 13.12 66 8.2%
41 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden 8.96 12.75 40 29.9%
42 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 8.55 12.28 110 31.2%
43 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 9.31 12.28 41 20.4%
44 University of Potsdam, Germany 7.61 11.96 69 43.6%
45 Sorbonne University, France 11.40 11.68 167 -6.4%
46 National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), France 12.05 11.08 98 -16.1%
47 University of Vienna, Austria 7.15 10.89 37 39.1%
48 NERC British Antarctic Survey (BAS), United Kingdom (UK) 15.28 10.85 42 -35.2%
49 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 14.74 10.72 55 -33.6%
50 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 12.22 10.46 37 -21.9%
51 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 11.07 10.31 56 -15.0%
52 NERC National Oceanography Centre (NOC), United Kingdom (UK) 10.33 10.16 63 -10.2%
53 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 3.56 10.00 38 156.5%
54 Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), Finland 3.63 9.71 35 144.1%
55 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 11.32 9.43 41 -24.0%
56 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 7.47 9.30 51 13.7%
57 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 8.46 9.10 45 -1.8%
58 University of Toulouse, France 5.01 9.10 118 65.8%
59 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 11.34 8.95 46 -27.9%
60 French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea (Ifremer), France 2.83 8.54 56 175.1%
61 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 5.49 8.38 32 39.2%
62 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 4.68 8.16 35 59.0%
63 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 2.31 7.93 26 213.5%
64 France Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy, France 6.05 7.92 120 19.5%
65 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 9.74 7.87 44 -26.3%
66 Swedish Institute of Space Physics (IRF), Sweden 4.68 7.78 29 51.9%
67 Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES), France 5.80 7.76 127 22.1%
68 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 3.67 7.56 28 88.2%
69 European Commission (EC), Belgium 3.88 7.48 22 75.9%
70 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 7.54 7.35 39 -11.1%
71 University of Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (UVSQ), France 4.69 7.21 95 40.4%
72 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 8.12 7.14 27 -19.7%
73 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 9.52 7.14 21 -31.5%
74 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 5.62 7.05 29 14.4%
75 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 7.59 7.04 94 -15.3%
76 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 6.31 7.00 74 1.3%
77 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 5.48 6.86 27 14.2%
78 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 6.24 6.84 29 0.2%
79 University of Plymouth, United Kingdom (UK) 4.28 6.73 24 43.3%
80 University of Iceland, Iceland 4.67 6.69 19 30.7%
81 Lund University (LU), Sweden 7.27 6.68 38 -16.2%
82 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 9.65 6.54 29 -38.2%
83 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 2.06 6.47 17 186.1%
84 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 5.09 6.38 28 14.4%
85 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 5.81 6.21 20 -2.5%
86 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 5.93 6.21 28 -4.5%
87 University of Lyon, France 5.59 6.19 58 1.1%
88 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 6.30 6.04 10 -12.5%
89 British Geological Survey (BGS), United Kingdom (UK) 4.85 6.04 32 13.6%
90 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 4.41 6.00 32 24.3%
91 Natural History Museum, United Kingdom (UK) 6.05 5.95 30 -10.1%
92 The Open University (OU), United Kingdom (UK) 4.35 5.93 23 24.3%
93 NWO-I, the Institutes Organisation of NWO, Netherlands 4.80 5.93 37 12.7%
94 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 10.20 5.83 35 -47.8%
95 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 8.15 5.82 23 -34.8%
96 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 3.85 5.81 25 37.8%
97 University of Lorraine (UL), France 5.98 5.77 47 -12.0%
98 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 9.78 5.73 29 -46.5%
99 University of London - Royal Holloway (RHUL), United Kingdom (UK) 2.95 5.64 19 74.6%
100 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 4.35 5.59 29 17.2%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.