2019 tables: Institutions - Earth & environmental sciences

Table criteria

The 2019 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018.

2018 Institution FC 2017 FC 2018
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 199.55 256.85
2 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 120.76 140.93
3 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 94.43 100.04
4 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 77.41 89.45
5 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 100.59 85.74
6 Nanjing University (NJU), China 58.6 76.85
7 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 64.18 66.7
8 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 77.7 64.64
9 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 53.51 61.7
10 Peking University (PKU), China 43.63 60.27
11 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 65.77 59.18
12 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 56.17 59.05
13 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 44.3 57.57
14 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 72.97 54.68
15 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 39.04 51.49
16 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 49.7 50.92
17 Tongji University, China 29.71 49.3
18 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 31.7 48.22
19 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 36.84 47.92
20 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 34.97 47.51
21 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 42.89 45.11
22 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 51.91 44.73
23 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 47.6 44.59
24 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 34.22 43.19
25 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 43.77 41.64
26 Tsinghua University, China 33.96 41.35
27 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 43.5 41.22
28 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 25.88 40.94
29 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 43.11 40.67
30 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 33.49 40.63
31 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 29.86 36.75
32 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 27.34 36.73
33 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 29.58 35.76
34 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 23.17 35.49
35 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 24.68 35.28
36 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 39.96 35.19
37 Max Planck Society, Germany 25.68 34.13
38 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 37.73 34.01
39 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 24.7 33.39
40 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 30.76 32.72
41 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 23.59 32.41
42 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 38.3 31.86
43 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 30.69 31.67
44 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 22.94 31.5
45 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 29 31.3
46 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 40.97 31.27
47 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 32.43 31.15
48 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 24.02 31.02
49 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 32.21 30.6
50 University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia 31.59 29.78
51 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 25.96 29.76
52 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 26.66 29.52
53 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 24.34 29.19
54 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 22.17 28.99
55 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 26.67 28.19
56 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 29.49 28.02
57 China Meteorological Administration (CMA), China 22.87 28
58 Leibniz Association, Germany 18.48 27.9
59 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States of America (USA) 22.43 27.74
60 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 28.01 27.73
61 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 17.87 27.64
62 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 27.49 27.44
63 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 15.17 26.99
64 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 15.66 25.81
65 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 24.52 25.25
66 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 21.25 24.37
67 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 28.92 24.16
68 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 37.68 23.93
69 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 24.35 23.71
70 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 18.16 23.67
71 Wuhan University (WHU), China 16.96 23.54
72 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 18.41 22.79
73 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 36.96 22.67
74 Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), Canada 21.99 22.32
75 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 19.11 22.23
76 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 19.17 21.99
77 Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Japan 17.47 21.45
78 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 27.79 21.44
79 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 15.28 21.15
80 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 17.44 20.96
81 McGill University, Canada 18.47 20.83
82 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 21.4 20.69
83 Curtin University, Australia 15.65 20.67
84 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 20.65 20.56
85 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 19.97 20.46
86 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 13.87 20.28
87 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 14.46 19.81
88 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 21.94 19.78
89 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 24.58 19.76
90 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 21.19 19.65
91 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 22.97 19.27
92 Tohoku University, Japan 19.19 19.25
93 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 15.96 18.94
94 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 12.86 18.82
95 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 9.01 18.79
96 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 23.67 18.73
97 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 17.93 18.71
98 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 22.63 18.6
99 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 19.98 18.57
100 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 14.34 18.37

The original version of this table (published 20 June 2019) used incorrect fractional counts, percentage changes and article counts to derive the rankings, which meant that some institutions were ranked incorrectly. The data and rankings were corrected on 12 August 2019.

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2018 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.