2019 tables: Institutions - Earth & environmental sciences

Table criteria

The 2019 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018.

2018 Institution Share 2017 Share 2018
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 200.11 262.08
2 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 121.76 147.82
3 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 94.95 106.91
4 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 77.41 92
5 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 100.59 90.89
6 Nanjing University (NJU), China 58.6 79.73
7 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 64.18 69.63
8 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 77.7 68.45
9 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 53.51 63.55
10 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 56.17 61.37
11 Peking University (PKU), China 43.63 60.64
12 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 66.34 60.49
13 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 44.58 60.08
14 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 72.97 57.21
15 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 50.45 52.47
16 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 31.77 49.35
17 Tongji University, China 29.71 49.31
18 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 37.42 49.14
19 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 34.97 49.06
20 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 43.89 46.7
21 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 51.91 46.38
22 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 47.6 46.28
23 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 43.84 46.13
24 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 43.77 44.94
25 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 34.5 44.44
26 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 43.11 43.24
27 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 25.88 42.15
28 Tsinghua University, China 33.96 41.89
29 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 33.49 41.17
30 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 27.48 39.14
31 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 31.09 38.53
32 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 24.68 38.17
33 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 29.86 38.15
34 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 39.96 37.32
35 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 29.58 36.71
36 Max Planck Society, Germany 25.68 35.58
37 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 23.17 35.49
38 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 37.73 35.17
39 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 38.3 34.65
40 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 24.7 33.74
41 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 29.98 32.94
42 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 30.76 32.75
43 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 23.59 32.41
44 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 30.69 32.26
45 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 32.21 32.15
46 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 32.43 32.01
47 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 40.97 31.67
48 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 22.94 31.59
49 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 24.02 31.35
50 University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 31.59 30.66
51 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 26.82 30.5
52 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 24.3 30.42
53 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 26.66 29.65
54 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 21.47 29.37
55 Leibniz Association, Germany 18.75 29.31
56 Wuhan University (WHU), China 16.96 29.27
57 China Meteorological Administration (CMA), China 22.87 29.22
58 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 17.87 29.21
59 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 26.67 28.99
60 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 27.49 28.44
61 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 29.45 28.42
62 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 28.01 28.11
63 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States of America (USA) 22.43 27.74
64 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 15.66 27.56
65 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 15.17 27.43
66 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 24.52 26.5
67 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 24.35 25.4
68 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 18.41 24.84
69 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 28.92 24.46
70 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 21.25 24.4
71 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 36.96 24.2
72 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 18.3 23.96
73 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 37.68 23.93
74 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 18.94 23.08
75 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 19.97 22.84
76 Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), Canada 21.99 22.78
77 Curtin University, Australia 15.65 22.56
78 Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Japan 17.47 22.45
79 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 19.17 22.08
80 Tohoku University, Japan 19.19 21.72
81 McGill University, Canada 18.47 21.56
82 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 15.28 21.56
83 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 26.05 21.47
84 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 17.44 21.44
85 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 21.36 21.35
86 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 21.19 20.98
87 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 21.94 20.83
88 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 20.65 20.73
89 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 19.98 20.73
90 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 17.93 20.6
91 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 13.87 20.59
92 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 9.01 20.29
93 Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology (NUIST), China 15.62 19.97
94 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 14.46 19.97
95 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 24.58 19.82
96 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 12.86 19.82
97 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 14.94 19.8
98 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 22.97 19.27
99 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 22.63 18.8
100 Monash University, Australia 14.23 18.78

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2019 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.