2019 tables: Institutions

Table criteria

The 2019 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018.

2018 Institution Share 2017 Share 2018
1 Max Planck Society, Germany 747.77 777.43
2 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 730.48 712.47
3 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 514.09 504.77
4 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 420.80 448.39
5 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 385.07 418.68
6 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 408.03 412.45
7 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 209.48 233.27
8 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 208.06 223.85
9 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 200.90 202.82
10 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 190.16 202.60
11 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 181.21 201.51
12 Leibniz Association, Germany 187.66 199.78
13 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 176.81 196.83
14 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 140.82 158.66
15 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 164.94 146.95
16 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 132.36 145.73
17 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 154.01 143.17
18 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 156.18 141.88
19 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 131.25 136.24
20 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 119.02 136.00
21 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 129.89 132.16
22 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 112.55 131.89
23 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 127.60 128.46
24 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 107.99 112.77
25 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 111.41 111.19
26 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 97.53 106.26
27 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 120.31 105.14
28 Sorbonne University, France 108.55 104.07
29 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 114.37 103.48
30 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 93.58 101.46
31 University of Göttingen, Germany 105.17 100.82
32 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 98.05 100.62
33 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 78.90 98.98
34 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 74.18 96.83
35 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 88.20 96.18
36 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 108.56 96.00
37 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 118.88 94.56
38 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 93.56 93.74
39 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 80.98 93.38
40 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 91.39 91.25
41 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 75.92 90.88
42 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 93.85 90.82
43 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 78.24 89.73
44 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 67.98 89.21
45 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 112.12 89.09
46 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 80.21 87.86
47 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 88.90 87.45
48 Stockholm University, Sweden 82.16 86.67
49 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 95.47 85.39
50 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 81.78 85.21
51 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 81.75 84.82
52 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 64.51 84.39
53 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 90.97 84.08
54 Lund University (LU), Sweden 83.96 81.14
55 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 77.05 78.56
56 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 76.44 77.87
57 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 74.70 76.88
58 Leiden University, Netherlands 85.96 76.65
59 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 80.46 75.10
60 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 64.11 74.08
61 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 68.04 73.48
62 University of Paris, France 73.49 72.49
63 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 71.69 71.41
64 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 67.96 70.70
65 University of Vienna, Austria 67.04 70.01
66 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 55.89 69.50
67 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 77.50 68.40
68 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 76.64 68.23
69 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 69.50 67.18
70 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 62.91 66.74
71 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 67.17 63.68
72 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 66.96 63.37
73 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 66.08 63.35
74 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 71.19 62.31
75 University of Helsinki, Finland 60.82 61.54
76 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 54.57 60.80
77 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 52.94 59.80
78 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 56.14 58.53
79 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 58.15 58.49
80 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 55.34 57.72
81 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 54.75 57.50
82 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 54.97 57.38
83 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 60.74 57.25
84 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 56.11 56.75
85 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 53.66 56.55
86 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 53.88 56.41
87 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 38.33 55.91
88 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 62.19 55.64
89 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 63.01 54.70
90 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 44.42 54.31
91 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 56.26 53.53
92 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 54.73 53.25
93 University of Strasbourg, France 57.49 52.76
94 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 41.57 52.25
95 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 45.05 51.87
96 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 44.92 51.76
97 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 39.34 50.96
98 University of Toulouse, France 50.42 49.62
99 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 42.70 49.59
100 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 34.58 49.30
101 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 54.04 49.11
102 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 48.19 49.04
103 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 51.70 46.91
104 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 51.88 46.60
105 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 47.66 46.39
106 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 34.35 46.06
107 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 46.06 45.68
108 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 38.63 44.09
109 University of Lyon, France 45.77 44.04
110 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 58.71 43.84
111 University of Montpellier, France 42.54 43.78
112 Aalto University, Finland 41.05 43.69
113 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 30.70 43.66
114 University of Bordeaux, France 38.11 43.15
115 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 40.87 42.64
116 University of Stuttgart, Germany 40.76 42.60
117 Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS), Italy 49.65 42.57
118 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 31.81 40.90
119 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 37.00 40.51
120 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 41.27 40.36
121 Leipzig University, Germany 49.93 39.74
122 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 32.90 39.62
123 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 24.51 39.56
124 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 40.21 39.17
125 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 24.49 38.88
126 Ulm University, Germany 33.59 38.87
127 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 41.70 38.34
128 Pasteur Institute, France 38.34 38.25
129 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 32.19 37.57
130 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 32.31 37.51
131 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 38.47 37.33
132 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 43.02 37.26
133 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 33.29 37.06
134 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 43.81 37.03
135 National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), France 36.55 36.68
136 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 24.91 36.44
137 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 38.23 36.22
138 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 33.28 34.74
139 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 34.48 34.59
140 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 32.82 34.32
141 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 33.25 34.25
142 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 28.31 33.51
143 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 25.31 33.48
144 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 34.86 33.26
145 University of Konstanz, Germany 41.20 33.24
146 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 31.44 32.93
147 The University of Dublin, Ireland 47.78 32.51
148 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 23.72 32.19
149 TU Dortmund University, Germany 41.96 31.72
150 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 37.72 31.67
151 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 41.58 31.42
152 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 30.19 31.19
153 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 30.54 31.05
154 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 24.41 30.92
155 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 36.17 30.89
156 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 26.24 30.24
157 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 30.39 30.23
158 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 34.78 30.00
159 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 25.97 29.80
160 NWO-I, the Institutes Organisation of NWO, Netherlands 31.37 29.58
161 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 26.22 29.29
162 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 35.50 29.25
163 National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (NRCKI), Russia 20.31 29.12
164 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 35.23 29.07
165 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 29.83 29.02
166 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 30.45 28.87
167 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 29.36 28.71
168 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 23.96 28.67
169 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 17.39 28.47
170 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 27.08 28.13
171 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 22.91 27.45
172 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 29.12 27.37
173 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 22.38 26.73
174 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 26.23 26.57
175 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 23.04 25.73
176 Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA), Switzerland 22.01 25.59
177 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 25.73 25.57
178 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 24.05 25.57
179 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 22.72 25.15
180 Graz University of Technology (TU Graz), Austria 22.87 24.76
181 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 30.02 24.71
182 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 12.34 24.20
183 University of Potsdam, Germany 21.94 24.17
184 Lancaster University, United Kingdom (UK) 26.21 24.14
185 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden 19.94 23.76
186 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 24.87 23.61
187 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 29.21 23.49
188 Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU), Russia 17.86 23.40
189 University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Denmark 21.86 22.82
190 European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), France 23.27 22.64
191 University of Oldenburg, Germany 14.50 22.53
192 Bielefeld University, Germany 18.90 22.30
193 University of Liège (ULg), Belgium 26.70 22.21
194 Vienna Biocenter (VBC), Austria 21.98 22.04
195 University of Leicester, United Kingdom (UK) 18.84 21.94
196 Institute of Health Carlos III (ISCIII), Spain 22.01 21.92
197 Masaryk University (MU), Czech Republic 22.15 21.83
198 University of East Anglia (UEA), United Kingdom (UK) 33.96 21.78
199 Queen's University Belfast (QUB), United Kingdom (UK) 25.35 21.71
200 University of Jyväskylä, Finland 19.65 21.46
201 Medical University of Vienna (MUW), Austria 17.33 21.12
202 Fraunhofer Society, Germany 13.95 21.04
203 University of Siegen, Germany 19.72 20.44
204 Tampere University, Finland 11.34 20.43
205 University of Reading, United Kingdom (UK) 20.45 20.06
206 Technical University Braunschweig (TU Braunschweig), Germany 28.64 19.78
207 Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA), Spain 19.80 19.64
208 University of Porto (UP), Portugal 17.57 19.18
209 University of Graz (Uni Graz), Austria 20.26 18.94
210 Swansea University, United Kingdom (UK) 21.20 18.47
211 University of Zaragoza (Unizar), Spain 15.96 18.21
212 Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology - State University (MIPT), Russia 11.39 18.18
213 University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland 20.77 18.10
214 University of Turku (UTU), Finland 13.04 18.04
215 University of Oviedo (UniOvi), Spain 22.63 17.89
216 GlaxoSmithKline plc. (GSK), United Kingdom (UK) 16.17 17.84
217 University of Rostock, Germany 12.91 17.78
218 Heriot-Watt University, United Kingdom (UK) 16.05 17.73
219 University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy 13.05 17.72
220 University of Rennes 1, France 17.22 17.32
221 University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom (UK) 16.38 17.10
222 John Innes Centre (JIC), United Kingdom (UK) 19.07 17.07
223 Free University of Brussels (VUB), Belgium 15.25 16.95
224 University of Kaiserslautern (TU Kaiserslautern), Germany 13.39 16.90
225 Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Russia 16.24 16.70
226 Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW), Netherlands 16.13 16.65
227 Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Italy 14.55 16.06
228 Grenoble Institute of Technology (Grenoble INP), France 18.74 16.01
229 IMDEA Institutes, Spain 12.44 15.90
230 Netherlands Cancer Institute (NKI), Netherlands 19.45 15.81
231 Pompeu Fabra University (UPF), Spain 15.14 15.76
232 University of Pavia (UNIPV), Italy 13.74 15.67
233 Hannover Medical School (MHH), Germany 17.55 15.59
234 Curie Institute, France 14.05 15.55
235 ITMO National Research University (ITMO University), Russia 14.93 15.43
236 Polytechnic University of Milan, Italy 19.58 15.32
237 University of Lorraine (UL), France 14.45 15.23
238 Palacky University (PU), Czech Republic 13.54 15.11
239 University of Iceland, Iceland 13.79 15.03
240 University of Trento (UNITN), Italy 19.20 14.91
241 University of Lille Nord de France, France 13.48 14.85
242 The Institute of Cancer Research (ICR), United Kingdom (UK) 14.38 14.79
243 Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), France 17.63 14.37
244 Met Office, United Kingdom (UK) 10.30 14.36
245 Institut Laue Langevin (ILL), France 10.36 14.28
246 European Southern Observatory (ESO), Germany 10.26 14.04
247 University of Seville (US), Spain 10.89 13.94
248 ESPCI ParisTech, France 12.28 13.91
249 École Polytechnique, France 14.03 13.89
250 University of Ljubljana, Slovenia 15.15 13.83
251 University of Coimbra (UC), Portugal 7.81 13.64
252 Polytechnic University of Valencia (UPV), Spain 10.29 13.54
253 University of Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (UVSQ), France 9.33 13.45
254 Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO), Spain 11.28 13.35
255 University of Genova, Italy 11.29 13.30
256 Cancer Research UK (CRUK), United Kingdom (UK) 11.23 13.30
257 Rudjer Boskovic Institute (RBI), Croatia 14.74 13.29
258 École Normale Supérieure de Lyon (ENS de Lyon), France 16.34 13.27
259 The National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NASU), Ukraine 10.87 13.13
260 University of Crete (UOC), Greece 10.39 13.13
261 New University of Lisbon (UNL), Portugal 8.01 13.09
262 University of Aveiro (UA), Portugal 19.99 13.02
263 University of London - Royal Holloway (RHUL), United Kingdom (UK) 12.94 13.01
264 University of Wrocław (UWr), Poland 15.56 12.89
265 Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC), Spain 12.05 12.86
266 University of Castilla-La Mancha (UCLM), Spain 4.66 12.84
267 University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg 9.61 12.74
268 European Commission (EC), Belgium 7.71 12.70
269 University of Limerick (UL), Ireland 9.80 12.63
270 University of Plymouth, United Kingdom (UK) 11.49 12.60
271 University of La Laguna (ULL), Spain 8.20 12.54
272 University of Paderborn (UPB), Germany 8.43 12.12
273 Maastricht University (UM), Netherlands 11.19 12.02
274 University of Oulu, Finland 9.16 12.01
275 Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań (AMU), Poland 14.94 11.93
276 University of Salerno (UNISA), Italy 12.96 11.92
277 University of Augsburg, Germany 9.22 11.84
278 NERC British Antarctic Survey (BAS), United Kingdom (UK) 17.50 11.78
279 Jozef Stefan Institute (IJS), Slovenia 14.02 11.77
280 Collège de France, France 14.61 11.77
281 International Solvay Institutes, Belgium 10.00 11.76
282 University of Greifswald, Germany 9.62 11.69
283 Johannes Kepler University of Linz (JKU), Austria 16.92 11.48
284 University of Surrey, United Kingdom (UK) 15.46 11.34
285 University of Nantes, France 9.67 11.32
286 NERC National Oceanography Centre (NOC), United Kingdom (UK) 11.53 11.29
287 Champalimaud Foundation, Portugal 7.50 11.26
288 Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre (IMEC), Belgium 11.99 11.20
289 University College Cork (UCC), Ireland 12.62 11.14
290 Institut Polytechnique de Bordeaux (Bordeaux INP), France 12.71 11.09
291 University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague (UCT), Czech Republic 8.94 10.99
292 University of Girona (UdG), Spain 14.31 10.99
293 University of Belgrade, Serbia 6.99 10.99
294 Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg (OVGU), Germany 11.46 10.96
295 University of Perugia, Italy 13.57 10.86
296 Novosibirsk State University (NSU), Russia 10.80 10.80
297 National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (UOA), Greece 12.48 10.52
298 French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea (Ifremer), France 3.70 10.42
299 National University of Ireland Galway (NUI Galway), Ireland 9.09 10.37
300 Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES), France 8.01 10.34
301 University of Tartu (UT), Estonia 15.86 10.20
302 University Clermont Auvergne, France 10.15 10.13
303 University of Roma Tre, Italy 9.09 10.10
304 Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology (Skoltech), Russia 5.46 10.10
305 University of Tromsø - The Arctic University of Norway (UiT), Norway 16.99 10.03
306 Natural History Museum, United Kingdom (UK) 10.08 9.99
307 University of Debrecen, Hungary 5.79 9.88
308 University of Osnabrück (Uni Osnabrück), Germany 10.37 9.86
309 Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics (SIB), Switzerland 9.94 9.79
310 University of Aalborg (AAU), Denmark 6.89 9.78
311 University of Trieste (UNITS), Italy 11.24 9.78
312 Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), Finland 3.85 9.77
313 University of Zagreb, Croatia 7.37 9.69
314 University of Mons (UMONS), Belgium 7.87 9.67
315 Chemnitz University of Technology (TU Chemnitz), Germany 6.73 9.52
316 University of Salamanca (USAL), Spain 7.28 9.52
317 Birkbeck, University of London (BBK), United Kingdom (UK) 8.99 9.48
318 University of Catania, Italy 7.11 9.47
319 University of the Balearic Islands (UIB), Spain 5.79 9.37
320 Swedish Institute of Space Physics (IRF), Sweden 6.08 9.33
321 National Physical Laboratory (NPL), United Kingdom (UK) 9.17 9.30
322 University of Murcia (UMU), Spain 10.01 9.18
323 Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE), Hungary 9.23 9.17
324 Technical University of Madrid (UPM), Spain 6.69 9.15
325 Rovira i Virgili University (URV), Spain 11.76 9.14
326 Kazan Federal University (KFU), Russia 5.53 9.09
327 Jaume I University (UJI), Spain 11.00 9.09
328 University of Kent, United Kingdom (UK) 9.83 9.05
329 CIC nanoGUNE Consolider, Spain 15.63 9.02
330 National University of Science and Technology (MISIS), Russia 4.83 9.01
331 University of Parma (UNIPR), Italy 9.48 8.95
332 Elettra - Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Italy 8.92 8.92
333 National Interuniversity Consortium of Materials Science and Technology (INSTM), Italy 8.89 8.90
334 Oncode Institute, Netherlands 8.88
335 Budapest University of Technology and Economics (BME), Hungary 5.76 8.83
336 France Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy, France 7.12 8.78
337 BASF SE, Germany 8.08 8.75
338 Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (BAS), Bulgaria 3.98 8.74
339 London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), United Kingdom (UK) 3.40 8.73
340 National Institute of Chemistry, Slovenia, Slovenia 6.96 8.71
341 University of Neuchâtel (UniNE), Switzerland 5.54 8.71
342 Gulbenkian Science Institute (IGC), Portugal 6.88 8.50
343 National Museum of Natural History (MNHN), France 11.96 8.48
344 University of Silesia (US), Poland 5.83 8.39
345 Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas (FORTH), Greece 11.05 8.39
346 Institute of Molecular Biology gGmbH (IMB), Germany 5.85 8.35
347 Institute of Molecular Medicine (IMM), Portugal 5.02 8.33
348 University of Alcalá (UAH), Spain 8.28 8.29
349 University of Cantabria (UC), Spain 6.84 8.28
350 Polytechnic University of Turin, Italy 8.29 8.26
351 National Centre for Nuclear Research (NCBJ), Poland 4.71 8.10
352 Catalan Health Institute (ICS), Spain 5.60 8.08
353 Università della Svizzera Italiana (USI), Switzerland 8.25 7.98
354 University of Hull, United Kingdom (UK) 10.17 7.98
355 Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), Norway 9.29 7.95
356 Spanish National Center for Cardiovascular Research (CNIC), Spain 9.75 7.90
357 The Open University (OU), United Kingdom (UK) 5.39 7.80
358 National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute), Russia 5.41 7.75
359 National Centre for Scientific Research 'Demokritos' (NCSR), Greece 8.37 7.66
360 Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), Netherlands 5.53 7.65
361 Babraham Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 9.27 7.64
362 National Technical University of Athens (NTUA), Greece 6.51 7.64
363 University of Cagliari (UNICA), Italy 6.64 7.60
364 University of Orléans, France 4.57 7.60
365 Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust (OUH), United Kingdom (UK) 6.34 7.59
366 Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM), Germany 5.77 7.58
367 Scuola Normale Superiore (SNS), Italy 10.34 7.57
368 University of Savoy (USMB), France 11.74 7.50
369 University of Lübeck, Germany 5.79 7.48
370 University of Ioannina (UOI), Greece 4.92 7.48
371 Tomsk State University (TSU), Russia 6.29 7.44
372 Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), Germany 7.74 7.43
373 University of Minho (UM), Portugal 7.01 7.42
374 Medical University of Innsbruck (MUI), Austria 8.19 7.41
375 École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes (ENSCR), France 7.27 7.28
376 Vilnius University (VU), Lithuania 7.57 7.26
377 Italian Foundation for Cancer Research (FIRC), Italy 7.46 7.22
378 Sanofi, France 5.17 7.21
379 British Geological Survey (BGS), United Kingdom (UK) 5.31 7.06
380 University of Valladolid (UVa), Spain 6.17 7.02
381 University of Wuppertal, Germany 12.18 6.91
382 University of Eastern Finland (UEF), Finland 12.64 6.88
383 University of La Rioja (UR), Spain 5.22 6.85
384 Clausthal University of Technology (TU Clausthal), Germany 1.42 6.85
385 Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies (DIAS), Ireland 2.57 6.84
386 University of Salzburg, Austria 5.27 6.82
387 Wrocław University of Science and Technology (WRUT), Poland 9.01 6.71
388 University of Szeged (SZTE), Hungary 6.51 6.66
389 University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (BOKU), Austria 9.30 6.61
390 University of Kassel, Germany 5.63 6.59
391 Loughborough University, United Kingdom (UK) 14.60 6.58
392 University of Málaga (UMA), Spain 6.15 6.47
393 Ural Federal University (UrFU), Russia 5.09 6.40
394 Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research (WSL), Switzerland 6.71 6.39
395 AgroParisTech, France 6.33 6.37
396 Jacobs University Bremen, Germany 8.79 6.37
397 National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE), Russia 2.74 6.36
398 University of A Coruña (UDC), Spain 4.85 6.34
399 École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Montpellier (ENSCM), France 6.19 6.33
400 University of Calabria (UNICAL), Italy 8.32 6.25
401 University of Bari Aldo Moro (UniBA), Italy 7.31 6.19
402 University of Haute-Alsace (UHA), France 4.14 6.17
403 NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (CEH), United Kingdom (UK) 3.63 6.15
404 University of Navarra (UNAV), Spain 4.95 6.13
405 Center for Cooperative Research in Biosciences (CIC bioGUNE), Spain 6.61 6.12
406 University of Alicante (UA), Spain 5.76 6.08
407 University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Italy 0.60 6.06
408 Keele University, United Kingdom (UK) 2.69 6.03
409 University of Patras, Greece 5.13 5.98
410 Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU), Russia 4.47 5.95
411 Ilmenau University of Technology (TU Ilmenau), Germany 5.58 5.90
412 Gustave Eiffel University, France 8.87 5.89
413 Institute Gustave-Roussy (IGR), France 4.07 5.76
414 Miguel Hernández University of Elche (UMH), Spain 4.78 5.74
415 University of Vigo (UVIGO), Spain 7.80 5.73
416 AGH University of Science and Technology (AGH UST), Poland 3.57 5.72
417 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI), Ireland 8.94 5.72
418 NHS Lothian, United Kingdom (UK) 6.60 5.63
419 Silesian University in Opava (SLU), Czech Republic 5.24 5.58
420 Åbo Akademi University, Finland 5.99 5.55
421 University of Modena and Reggio Emilia (UNIMORE), Italy 4.11 5.52
422 Bayer AG, Germany 3.61 5.51
423 C. H. Boehringer Sohn AG & Co. KG (Boehringer Ingelheim), Germany 6.37 5.49
424 University of Ferrara (UNIFE), Italy 5.83 5.47
425 University of Brescia (UNIBS), Italy 2.90 5.40
426 National Institute for Research in Computer Science and Control (INRIA), France 5.82 5.38
427 Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg (TUBAF), Germany 3.70 5.34
428 Wetsus Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Water Technology, Netherlands 4.23 5.33
429 UCB S.A., Belgium 4.16 5.32
430 International Iberian Nanotechnology Laboratory (INL), Portugal 2.72 5.32
431 Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod (UNN), Russia 3.05 5.28
432 Centre for Cooperative Research in Biomaterials (CIC biomaGUNE), Spain 5.62 5.25
433 University of Messina (UNIME), Italy 1.61 5.23
434 Swedish Museum of Natural History, Sweden 7.84 5.23
435 University of Stavanger (UiS), Norway 5.38 5.22
436 University of Burgos (UBU), Spain 5.01 5.22
437 École Pratique des Hautes Études (EPHE), France 6.61 5.19
438 University of Cyprus, Cyprus 4.52 5.16
439 University Institute of France (IUF), France 7.14 5.15
440 German Federal Institute of Hydrology (BfG), Germany 2.90 5.14
441 University of Pau and Pays de l'Adour (UPPA), France 2.10 5.12
442 University of Palermo (UNIPA), Italy 6.83 5.10
443 University of Huddersfield, United Kingdom (UK) 2.68 5.09
444 Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM), United Kingdom (UK) 4.18 4.99
445 Institut Mines-Télécom (IMT), France 6.36 4.99
446 National Office for Aerospace Studies and Research (ONERA), France 3.38 4.97
447 Paris Observatory, France 4.91 4.96
448 Maria Curie-Skłodowska University (UMCS), Poland 1.59 4.94
449 University of Namur (UNamur), Belgium 5.97 4.90
450 Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (NCU), Poland 1.93 4.89
451 Caen University (UNICAEN), France 6.67 4.86
452 École Normale Supérieure Paris-Saclay (ENS Paris-Saclay), France 3.57 4.84
453 University of Western Brittany (UBO), France 2.93 4.82
454 University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom (UK) 7.31 4.81
455 European Space Agency (ESA), France 5.32 4.78
456 University of Siena (UNISI), Italy 3.60 4.77
457 University of South Bohemia, Czech Republic 3.41 4.76
458 Pablo de Olavide University (UPO), Spain 3.79 4.69
459 Charles III University of Madrid (UC3M), Spain 5.55 4.64
460 Academy of Athens, Greece 5.40 4.60
461 Dublin City University (DCU), Ireland 2.84 4.59
462 NERC National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS), United Kingdom (UK) 3.80 4.57
463 Agroscope, Switzerland 1.88 4.56
464 Rigshospitalet, Denmark 4.00 4.54
465 University of Eastern Piedmont "Amedeo Avogadro" (UNIPMN), Italy 5.22 4.54
466 Cranfield University, United Kingdom (UK) 2.25 4.54
467 Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Luxembourg 6.63 4.52
468 International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), Italy 4.24 4.51
469 Northumbria University, United Kingdom (UK) 5.73 4.50
470 Medical University of Graz (Med Uni Graz), Austria 5.25 4.46
471 Chimie ParisTech (ENSCP), France 6.68 4.45
472 University of Toulon (UTLN), France 3.64 4.42
473 International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Austria 3.65 4.41
474 Thales S.A., France 4.11 4.36
475 Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski, Bulgaria 2.70 4.35
476 University of Salento, Italy 5.27 4.24
477 Nottingham Trent University, United Kingdom (UK) 3.72 4.21
478 ALBA Synchrotron, Spain 3.33 4.21
479 Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU), Russia 1.61 4.20
480 University of Hertfordshire (UH), United Kingdom (UK) 2.60 4.19
481 University of Rouen, France 4.94 4.18
482 Bureau de Recherches Geologiques et Minieres (BRGM), France 3.08 4.13
483 Russian Quantum Center (RQC), Russia 3.06 4.11
484 University of Burgundy, France 5.13 4.10
485 Fondazione Piemontese per la Ricerca sul Cancro Onlus (FPRC), Italy 1.33 4.05
486 Lyon University Hospital (HCL), France 1.96 4.04
487 Bangor University, United Kingdom (UK) 4.29 4.03
488 Institut d'Optique Graduate School (IOGS), France 3.05 4.02
489 Czech University of Life Sciences Prague (CULS), Czech Republic 0.47 3.98
490 Ligue Contre Le Cancer, France 4.33 3.96
491 University of Extremadura (UEx), Spain 2.07 3.92
492 European X-ray Free-Electron Laser Facility GmbH (XFEL), Germany 1.35 3.91
493 Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center (NERSC), Norway 2.46 3.90
494 Biomedical Sciences Research Centre Alexander Fleming (BSRC Fleming), Greece 2.86 3.88
495 University Children's Hospital Basel (UKBB), Switzerland 5.27 3.86
496 Merck KGaA, Germany 3.92 3.84
497 Royal Veterinary College, University of London (RVC), United Kingdom (UK) 2.32 3.80
498 Roskilde University (RUC), Denmark 1.89 3.79
499 Norway Ministry of Trade, Industry and Fisheries, Norway 4.42 3.77
500 Paris-Est Créteil University (UPEC), France 5.04 3.74

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.