2019 tables: Institutions

The 2019 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2017 Share 2018 Count 2018 Change in Adjusted Share 2017-2018*
1 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 907.53 879.74 2,459 -8.5%
2 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 615.68 628.15 1,579 -3.7%
3 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 538.25 572.10 1,832 0.3%
4 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 380.31 397.35 970 -1.4%
5 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 409.64 396.08 1,264 -8.7%
6 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 302.83 348.27 925 8.5%
7 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 336.06 344.48 916 -3.3%
8 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 324.04 339.13 1,064 -1.2%
9 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 330.96 334.48 1,012 -4.6%
10 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 296.63 331.93 790 5.6%
11 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 311.83 318.49 987 -3.6%
12 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 279.61 307.78 793 3.9%
13 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 310.22 293.93 919 -10.6%
14 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 271.80 293.43 937 1.9%
15 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 250.98 288.02 780 8.3%
16 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 260.96 286.31 935 3.6%
17 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 268.60 277.09 680 -2.6%
18 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 224.88 246.11 641 3.3%
19 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 203.01 239.77 694 11.5%
20 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 243.70 236.58 853 -8.4%
21 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 185.64 215.40 596 9.5%
22 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 200.17 214.60 594 1.2%
23 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 209.17 211.61 507 -4.5%
24 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 224.81 208.35 684 -12.5%
25 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 182.07 207.79 670 7.7%
26 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 257.24 202.89 690 -25.6%
27 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 177.86 193.75 730 2.8%
28 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 186.06 190.98 872 -3.1%
29 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 200.74 184.45 596 -13.3%
30 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 197.80 181.20 486 -13.5%
31 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 151.15 178.97 598 11.8%
32 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 170.97 175.91 544 -2.9%
33 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 187.10 175.06 736 -11.7%
34 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 166.14 159.52 454 -9.4%
35 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 148.92 153.03 499 -3.0%
36 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 135.60 152.12 594 5.9%
37 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 171.62 151.18 498 -16.9%
38 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 148.58 148.33 463 -5.8%
39 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 121.60 141.12 344 9.5%
40 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 148.17 140.59 284 -10.4%
41 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 149.82 136.35 461 -14.1%
42 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 129.84 127.95 498 -7.0%
43 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 137.06 126.02 333 -13.2%
44 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 135.39 121.85 648 -15.1%
45 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 153.65 121.57 266 -25.3%
46 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 121.92 120.39 598 -6.8%
47 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 102.05 115.54 395 6.9%
48 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 119.48 112.92 536 -10.8%
49 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 121.74 110.44 429 -14.4%
50 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 100.37 107.00 312 0.6%
51 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 104.19 106.32 367 -3.7%
52 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 92.34 103.40 407 5.7%
53 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 102.77 100.61 337 -7.6%
54 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 117.67 98.11 358 -21.3%
55 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 116.06 97.51 413 -20.7%
56 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 113.69 96.36 327 -20.0%
57 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 89.25 93.99 426 -0.6%
58 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 78.19 93.51 322 12.9%
59 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 90.67 92.08 322 -4.1%
60 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 95.73 91.94 547 -9.3%
61 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 94.77 90.90 337 -9.5%
62 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 81.92 89.75 384 3.4%
63 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 101.15 89.73 254 -16.3%
64 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 100.66 85.54 314 -19.8%
65 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 68.65 85.13 315 17.0%
66 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 82.19 83.59 333 -4.0%
67 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 88.04 82.96 269 -11.1%
68 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 86.78 82.75 317 -10.0%
69 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 86.52 81.11 288 -11.5%
70 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 73.01 80.20 305 3.7%
71 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 78.71 79.78 374 -4.3%
72 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 67.78 79.06 199 10.1%
73 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 65.36 78.04 277 12.7%
74 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 71.68 77.24 409 1.7%
75 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 76.22 77.02 235 -4.6%
76 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 67.40 75.74 254 6.1%
77 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 59.47 75.32 283 19.5%
78 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 68.42 74.96 223 3.4%
79 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 84.43 74.39 305 -16.8%
80 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 62.11 70.58 270 7.3%
81 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 66.30 69.58 281 -1.0%
82 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 70.28 67.90 337 -8.8%
83 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 67.91 66.39 333 -7.7%
84 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 56.39 66.06 196 10.6%
85 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 72.51 66.05 197 -14.0%
86 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 71.46 64.87 192 -14.3%
87 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 79.88 64.24 295 -24.1%
88 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 53.05 62.95 194 12.0%
89 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 61.73 61.86 260 -5.4%
90 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 58.04 61.24 271 -0.4%
91 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 57.83 57.92 168 -5.5%
92 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 53.54 57.61 192 1.6%
93 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 49.99 56.87 173 7.4%
94 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 47.83 55.61 156 9.7%
95 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 48.81 53.96 196 4.3%
96 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 71.88 53.74 181 -29.4%
97 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 47.21 53.69 221 7.3%
98 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 47.45 53.18 159 5.8%
99 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 45.93 53.13 184 9.2%
100 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 60.22 53.02 350 -16.9%
101 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 51.92 52.68 265 -4.2%
102 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 45.81 50.94 277 5.0%
103 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 40.43 50.84 244 18.7%
104 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 47.75 50.08 266 -1.0%
105 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 41.70 49.89 308 12.9%
106 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 36.39 48.47 152 25.7%
107 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 53.49 47.92 161 -15.5%
108 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 46.80 47.59 149 -4.0%
109 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 57.10 47.55 162 -21.4%
110 Mayo Clinic, United States of America (USA) 42.67 46.89 192 3.7%
111 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 43.22 46.81 165 2.2%
112 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 40.05 46.49 138 9.6%
113 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 37.78 44.73 215 11.8%
114 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 41.19 44.12 112 1.1%
115 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 34.30 43.94 134 20.9%
116 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 43.84 42.78 135 -7.9%
117 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 35.90 42.71 103 12.3%
118 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 46.81 42.49 182 -14.3%
119 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 39.75 42.31 167 0.5%
120 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 39.66 41.86 134 -0.4%
121 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 29.90 41.71 149 31.7%
122 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 37.98 40.80 219 1.4%
123 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 47.71 40.65 112 -19.6%
124 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 45.28 40.12 157 -16.4%
125 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 37.48 38.23 84 -3.7%
126 HHMI Janelia Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 36.95 37.43 106 -4.4%
127 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 33.77 35.52 238 -0.7%
128 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 44.79 35.46 120 -25.3%
129 The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 30.30 35.29 151 9.9%
130 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 31.02 32.99 143 0.4%
131 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 35.35 32.95 126 -12.0%
132 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 26.67 31.94 110 13.0%
133 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 24.49 31.74 80 22.3%
134 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 29.50 31.35 65 0.3%
135 Wayne State University, United States of America (USA) 35.96 31.02 225 -18.6%
136 The University of Akron (UAkron), United States of America (USA) 36.73 30.43 48 -21.8%
137 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 26.27 29.86 71 7.3%
138 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), United States of America (USA) 26.69 29.83 81 5.5%
139 U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), United States of America (USA) 26.69 29.79 155 5.4%
140 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 25.85 29.41 362 7.4%
141 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 42.90 29.23 122 -35.7%
142 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 35.51 28.91 69 -23.2%
143 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States of America (USA) 24.55 27.78 62 6.8%
144 Cleveland Clinic, United States of America (USA) 28.17 26.43 98 -11.4%
145 City of Hope, United States of America (USA) 19.65 25.20 68 21.1%
146 National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), United States of America (USA) 25.67 25.16 76 -7.5%
147 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 28.21 24.68 70 -17.4%
148 The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), United States of America (USA) 22.76 24.68 66 2.4%
149 Clemson University, United States of America (USA) 25.36 24.59 69 -8.5%
150 State University of New York at Albany (SUNY Albany), United States of America (USA) 20.42 23.94 137 10.7%
151 Georgia State University (GSU), United States of America (USA) 25.45 23.81 82 -11.7%
152 Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), United States of America (USA) 20.86 23.76 73 7.5%
153 Syracuse University, United States of America (USA) 16.23 23.64 116 37.5%
154 Tulane University, United States of America (USA) 15.79 23.47 79 40.3%
155 The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), United States of America (USA) 31.14 23.35 139 -29.2%
156 Texas Tech University (TTU), United States of America (USA) 19.43 22.60 181 9.8%
157 Alphabet Inc., United States of America (USA) 9.31 21.49 56 117.8%
158 Pfizer Inc., United States of America (USA) 23.31 21.26 67 -13.9%
159 Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), United States of America (USA) 18.93 20.81 162 3.8%
160 University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV), United States of America (USA) 15.03 20.36 68 27.8%
161 West Virginia University (WVU), United States of America (USA) 25.51 20.26 65 -25.1%
162 The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio (UT Health San Antonio), United States of America (USA) 14.75 18.86 65 20.7%
163 University of Vermont (UVM), United States of America (USA) 21.54 18.80 63 -17.6%
164 Montana State University, United States of America (USA) 19.12 18.63 81 -8.0%
165 Colorado School of Mines, United States of America (USA) 14.37 18.61 63 22.2%
166 Auburn University, United States of America (USA) 14.98 18.48 60 16.4%
167 The George Washington University (GW), United States of America (USA) 16.86 18.41 74 3.1%
168 Bristol-Myers Squibb (BMS), United States of America (USA) 15.34 18.37 46 13.0%
169 Wake Forest University (WFU), United States of America (USA) 8.93 18.30 66 93.3%
170 University of Wyoming, United States of America (USA) 19.49 18.16 67 -12.0%
171 Lehigh University, United States of America (USA) 18.02 17.76 48 -7.0%
172 Thomas Jefferson University (TJU), United States of America (USA) 19.66 17.70 63 -15.0%
173 Medical College of Wisconsin (MCW), United States of America (USA) 7.61 17.57 49 117.9%
174 Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), United States of America (USA) 23.52 17.52 46 -29.7%
175 Amgen Inc., United States of America (USA) 14.77 17.50 64 11.8%
176 University of North Texas (UNT), United States of America (USA) 16.25 17.46 40 1.4%
177 University of Louisville (UofL), United States of America (USA) 16.15 17.22 68 0.6%
178 Kansas State University (K-State), United States of America (USA) 10.63 16.87 146 49.9%
179 Kent State University, United States of America (USA) 15.04 16.76 43 5.2%
180 Van Andel Research Institute (VAI), United States of America (USA) 8.42 16.61 53 86.2%
181 University of Rhode Island (URI), United States of America (USA) 7.44 16.57 71 110.2%
182 Utah State University (USU), United States of America (USA) 15.05 16.19 68 1.5%
183 Florida International University (FIU), United States of America (USA) 10.13 15.83 165 47.5%
184 Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP), United States of America (USA) 24.14 15.75 72 -38.4%
185 Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP), United States of America (USA) 16.27 15.63 107 -9.3%
186 Marquette University, United States of America (USA) 11.39 15.51 37 28.6%
187 University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC), United States of America (USA) 19.51 15.08 37 -27.1%
188 Stowers Institute for Medical Research, United States of America (USA) 18.45 14.84 27 -24.1%
189 Gladstone Institutes, United States of America (USA) 8.50 14.72 59 63.6%
190 University of New Hampshire (UNH), United States of America (USA) 15.07 14.30 109 -10.5%
191 The University of Toledo (UT), United States of America (USA) 16.22 14.08 38 -18.1%
192 Baylor University, United States of America (USA) 10.02 14.01 144 31.9%
193 University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF), United States of America (USA) 10.75 13.97 80 22.6%
194 Augusta University, United States of America (USA) 15.19 13.96 45 -13.2%
195 Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), United States of America (USA) 16.17 13.93 90 -18.7%
196 California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences (QB3), United States of America (USA) 13.88 13.85 72 -5.9%
197 North Dakota State University (NDSU), United States of America (USA) 12.10 13.76 29 7.3%
198 Microsoft Corporation, United States of America (USA) 11.62 13.74 70 11.6%
199 The College of William & Mary (W&M), United States of America (USA) 7.82 13.70 50 65.3%
200 The University of Texas at Arlington (UTA), United States of America (USA) 17.96 13.36 116 -29.8%
201 Cedars-Sinai Medical Center (Cedars-Sinai), United States of America (USA) 10.19 12.92 61 19.7%
202 State University of New York at Binghamton (SUNY Binghamton), United States of America (USA) 11.50 12.87 35 5.7%
203 University of Arkansas (UARK), United States of America (USA) 13.98 12.80 41 -13.6%
204 University of Montana (UMT), United States of America (USA) 11.27 12.68 44 6.2%
205 University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB), United States of America (USA) 13.11 12.67 40 -8.8%
206 Michigan Technological University (Michigan Tech), United States of America (USA) 12.37 12.65 33 -3.5%
207 Georgetown University, United States of America (USA) 16.71 12.58 50 -28.9%
208 Ohio University (Ohio), United States of America (USA) 12.08 12.26 49 -4.3%
209 National Science Foundation (NSF), United States of America (USA) 8.64 11.80 92 29.0%
210 Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc., United States of America (USA) 7.62 11.66 56 44.4%
211 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM), United States of America (USA) 14.09 11.62 67 -22.2%
212 University of Mississippi (Ole Miss), United States of America (USA) 8.91 11.46 170 21.3%
213 Southern Methodist University (SMU), United States of America (USA) 8.92 11.38 91 20.5%
214 Northern Arizona University (NAU), United States of America (USA) 8.07 11.26 46 31.7%
215 Allen Institute, United States of America (USA) 7.65 11.01 26 35.8%
216 George Mason University (GMU), United States of America (USA) 8.33 11.00 61 24.6%
217 La Jolla Institute for Immunology (LJI), United States of America (USA) 9.88 10.99 46 5.0%
218 Ludwig Cancer Research, United States of America (USA) 10.28 10.97 109 0.7%
219 University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC), United States of America (USA) 15.85 10.85 69 -35.4%
220 University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH), United States of America (USA) 11.55 10.71 43 -12.5%
221 University of California, Merced (UC Merced), United States of America (USA) 11.56 10.71 46 -12.6%
222 The Jackson Laboratory (JAX), United States of America (USA) 6.23 10.70 46 62.1%
223 Simons Foundation, United States of America (USA) 2.35 10.68 78 329.7%
224 The University of Alabama (UA), United States of America (USA) 16.12 10.51 161 -38.4%
225 Oklahoma State University, United States of America (USA) 9.51 10.48 95 4.0%
226 University of Denver, United States of America (USA) 7.02 10.43 38 40.3%
227 New York State Department of Health (NYSDOH), United States of America (USA) 4.26 10.33 43 128.9%
228 Dow Inc., United States of America (USA) 10.60 10.13 30 -9.8%
229 Florida Atlantic University (FAU), United States of America (USA) 9.86 9.93 29 -4.9%
230 Johnson & Johnson, United States of America (USA) 11.64 9.85 41 -20.1%
231 The Wistar Institute, United States of America (USA) 10.67 9.82 38 -13.1%
232 Johns Hopkins Health System Corporation (JHHS), United States of America (USA) 10.94 9.63 120 -16.9%
233 H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute, United States of America (USA) 7.09 9.55 55 27.2%
234 The University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP), United States of America (USA) 7.38 9.46 41 20.9%
235 University of Tennessee Health Science Center (UTHSC), United States of America (USA) 9.11 9.37 41 -3.0%
236 San Diego State University (SDSU), United States of America (USA) 10.62 9.33 43 -17.0%
237 Stanford Children's Health, United States of America (USA) 7.53 9.29 180 16.4%
238 Stanford Health Care, United States of America (USA) 7.55 9.24 180 15.5%
239 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), United States of America (USA) 9.22 9.08 29 -7.1%
240 Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT), United States of America (USA) 7.17 9.05 32 19.2%
241 Miami University, United States of America (USA) 8.73 8.94 19 -3.4%
242 University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC), United States of America (USA) 9.50 8.78 67 -12.8%
243 Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT), United States of America (USA) 9.53 8.76 31 -13.2%
244 Exxon Mobil Corporation (ExxonMobil), United States of America (USA) 7.82 8.60 28 3.8%
245 American Museum of Natural History (AMNH), United States of America (USA) 7.44 8.57 42 8.8%
246 U.S. Food and Drug Administration (USFDA), United States of America (USA) 8.37 8.39 25 -5.5%
247 Brigham Young University (BYU), United States of America (USA) 8.21 8.14 38 -6.4%
248 Houston Methodist, United States of America (USA) 12.43 8.11 45 -38.4%
249 Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 4.95 8.00 19 52.5%
250 Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (SSAI), United States of America (USA) 5.88 7.95 35 27.5%
251 New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT), United States of America (USA) 8.21 7.92 49 -8.9%
252 University of North Carolina at Charlotte (UNC Charlotte), United States of America (USA) 4.15 7.86 18 78.6%
253 University of Idaho, United States of America (USA) 10.31 7.67 38 -29.7%
254 University of Southern Mississippi (USM), United States of America (USA) 3.90 7.66 19 85.4%
255 Saint Louis University (SLU), United States of America (USA) 8.62 7.50 44 -17.9%
256 Loyola University Chicago (LUC), United States of America (USA) 7.15 7.45 31 -1.7%
257 The University of Maine (UMaine), United States of America (USA) 9.03 7.44 46 -22.3%
258 Clarkson University, United States of America (USA) 6.87 7.32 13 0.6%
259 Roswell Park Cancer Institute (RPCI), United States of America (USA) 8.17 7.28 32 -16.0%
260 Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI), United States of America (USA) 6.25 7.24 47 9.3%
261 Stevens Institute of Technology, United States of America (USA) 6.12 7.20 17 11.2%
262 Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), United States of America (USA) 5.53 7.17 41 22.3%
263 Bowling Green State University (BGSU), United States of America (USA) 9.23 7.15 26 -26.9%
264 AbbVie Inc., United States of America (USA) 8.45 7.06 23 -21.2%
265 New Mexico State University (NMSU), United States of America (USA) 6.35 7.03 63 4.4%
266 California State University, Northridge (CSUN), United States of America (USA) 7.45 6.93 28 -12.2%
267 State University of New York Upstate Medical University (SUNY Upstate Medical University), United States of America (USA) 5.84 6.85 23 10.8%
268 University of North Dakota (UND), United States of America (USA) 6.68 6.82 38 -3.7%
269 Wright State University, United States of America (USA) 7.20 6.76 19 -11.4%
270 Northern Illinois University (NIU), United States of America (USA) 5.50 6.74 90 15.8%
271 Portland State University (PSU), United States of America (USA) 8.69 6.67 22 -27.6%
272 Seattle Children's Hospital, United States of America (USA) 3.76 6.67 54 67.2%
273 Southern Illinois University, Carbondale (SIU), United States of America (USA) 10.63 6.57 28 -41.7%
274 Boise State University, United States of America (USA) 4.99 6.56 23 24.0%
275 Missouri University of Science and Technology (MST), United States of America (USA) 13.02 6.54 20 -52.6%
276 Chan Zuckerberg Biohub (CZ Biohub), United States of America (USA) 2.06 6.42 79 193.9%
277 University of Massachusetts Lowell (UMass Lowell), United States of America (USA) 6.90 6.40 44 -12.5%
278 Leidos Holdings, Inc., United States of America (USA) 4.27 6.30 82 39.2%
279 Santa Fe Institute (SFI), United States of America (USA) 6.67 6.20 32 -12.2%
280 New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology (NMT), United States of America (USA) 6.95 6.07 49 -17.6%
281 Duquesne University, United States of America (USA) 2.16 5.97 21 160.3%
282 University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS), United States of America (USA) 8.57 5.94 19 -34.5%
283 Eli Lilly and Company, United States of America (USA) 9.38 5.93 32 -40.3%
284 University of Massachusetts Boston (UMass Boston), United States of America (USA) 6.96 5.90 26 -20.0%
285 University of South Dakota (USD), United States of America (USA) 2.93 5.78 21 86.2%
286 California State University, Long Beach (CSULB), United States of America (USA) 4.86 5.77 17 12.2%
287 Joint Genome Institute (JGI), United States of America (USA) 8.80 5.76 39 -38.2%
288 New York Genome Center (NYGC), United States of America (USA) 5.50 5.75 43 -1.3%
289 The University of Memphis (U of M), United States of America (USA) 4.99 5.66 11 7.1%
290 Bruker Corporation, United States of America (USA) 6.68 5.60 35 -20.9%
291 Planetary Science Institute (PSI), United States of America (USA) 6.40 5.56 33 -18.0%
292 Rady Children's Hospital-San Diego, United States of America (USA) 5.30 5.55 59 -1.2%
293 San Francisco State University (SF State), United States of America (USA) 7.44 5.41 38 -31.4%
294 New York-Presbyterian Hospital, United States of America (USA) 5.21 5.13 50 -7.1%
295 University of North Carolina at Greensboro, United States of America (USA) 2.26 5.05 12 110.9%
296 Florida Institute of Technology (Florida Tech), United States of America (USA) 2.47 5.03 130 92.3%
297 U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), United States of America (USA) 4.10 4.72 38 8.5%
298 Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, United States of America (USA) 2.18 4.53 13 96.4%
299 Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center (TTUHSC), United States of America (USA) 7.70 4.50 16 -44.9%
300 Institute for Systems Biology (ISB), United States of America (USA) 2.40 4.50 32 77.1%
301 State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry (SUNY-ESF), United States of America (USA) 3.03 4.44 13 38.5%
302 Old Dominion University (ODU), United States of America (USA) 7.79 4.37 35 -47.0%
303 Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation (OMRF), United States of America (USA) 8.94 4.28 10 -54.8%
304 Wesleyan University, United States of America (USA) 7.97 4.27 14 -49.4%
305 Field Museum of Natural History, United States of America (USA) 2.29 4.26 31 75.6%
306 University of Puerto Rico (UPR), United States of America (USA) 14.56 4.24 129 -72.5%
307 Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI), United States of America (USA) 4.02 4.24 11 -0.5%
308 SUNY Downstate Health Sciences University (SUNY Downstate), United States of America (USA) 1.85 4.13 18 110.5%
309 Trinity University, United States of America (USA) 0.01 4.08 13 35,524.2%
310 Ionis Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.45 4.08 21 11.4%
311 Illinois State University, United States of America (USA) 1.90 4.05 9 101.1%
312 HP Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.76 4.05 10 1.4%
313 Catholic University of America (CUA), United States of America (USA) 2.35 3.87 128 55.7%
314 Universities Space Research Association (USRA), United States of America (USA) 5.75 3.85 84 -36.9%
315 Lewis & Clark College (L&C), United States of America (USA) 1.56 3.83 5 132.6%
316 Wichita State University, United States of America (USA) 1.14 3.71 7 205.5%
317 South Dakota School of Mines and Technology (SDSMT), United States of America (USA) 1.12 3.70 35 211.6%
318 California State University, Fullerton (CSUF), United States of America (USA) 0.80 3.66 16 331.3%
319 Northwell Health, United States of America (USA) 2.68 3.61 22 27.2%
320 Shriners Hospitals for Children, United States of America (USA) 3.34 3.56 19 0.6%
321 Central Michigan University, United States of America (USA) 2.96 3.52 30 12.0%
322 The Aerospace Corporation, United States of America (USA) 2.00 3.51 15 65.5%
323 Oakland University, United States of America (USA) 4.19 3.50 19 -21.1%
324 Nevada System of Higher Education (NSHE), United States of America (USA) 6.31 3.48 32 -47.9%
325 J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI), United States of America (USA) 4.75 3.46 23 -31.3%
326 Intel Corporation, United States of America (USA) 2.56 3.43 21 26.6%
327 Idaho State University (ISU), United States of America (USA) 2.98 3.43 10 8.8%
328 Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University (FAMU), United States of America (USA) 3.39 3.43 25 -4.7%
329 Albany Medical Center, United States of America (USA) 2.27 3.39 10 41.0%
330 National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), United States of America (USA) 1.81 3.38 9 75.7%
331 Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences, United States of America (USA) 4.23 3.37 22 -24.8%
332 Rush University, United States of America (USA) 5.99 3.36 26 -47.1%
333 Center for Infectious Disease Research (CIDR), United States of America (USA) 2.88 3.35 14 9.7%
334 Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. (AER), United States of America (USA) 1.14 3.33 9 174.9%
335 Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, United States of America (USA) 3.46 3.31 10 -9.7%
336 Texas Christian University (TCU), United States of America (USA) 1.79 3.28 9 72.5%
337 Monell Chemical Senses Center (Monell Center), United States of America (USA) 2.06 3.26 8 49.5%
338 Williams College, United States of America (USA) 3.32 3.25 6 -7.6%
339 Texas State University - San Marcos, United States of America (USA) 2.78 3.25 26 10.2%
340 Illumina, Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.21 3.22 17 -5.2%
341 Research Triangle Institute International (RTI International), United States of America (USA) 1.85 3.19 12 62.7%
342 South Dakota State University, United States of America (USA) 0.30 3.19 7 898.4%
343 Agilent Technologies, Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.24 3.14 16 -8.5%
344 Buck Institute for Research on Aging, United States of America (USA) 6.37 3.14 20 -53.4%
345 National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), United States of America (USA) 3.45 3.07 15 -16.0%
346 Southern Nevada Water Authority (SNWA), United States of America (USA) 0.64 3.05 5 351.4%
347 Abbott Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 0.10 3.04 6 2,735.7%
348 Benaroya Research Institute at Virginia Mason (BRI), United States of America (USA) 2.55 2.98 11 10.5%
349 University of Texas Rio Grande Valley (UTRGV), United States of America (USA) 3.42 2.96 21 -18.4%
350 Western Michigan University (WMU), United States of America (USA) 3.70 2.91 13 -25.6%
351 Grand Valley State University (GVSU), United States of America (USA) 0.52 2.91 10 429.9%
352 State University of New York College at Buffalo (SUNY Buffalo State), United States of America (USA) 2.50 2.89 61 9.1%
353 Kaiser Permanente, United States of America (USA) 3.50 2.88 46 -22.3%
354 General Electric Company (GE), United States of America (USA) 0.85 2.84 11 214.7%
355 SRI International, United States of America (USA) 3.54 2.82 28 -24.8%
356 The Nature Conservancy, United States of America (USA) 2.49 2.81 20 6.6%
357 Baylor Scott & White Health, United States of America (USA) 3.37 2.81 13 -21.3%
358 Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE), United States of America (USA) 1.51 2.73 13 70.6%
359 Children's Healthcare of Atlanta (CHOA) Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.75 2.72 20 46.9%
360 San Jose State University (SJSU), United States of America (USA) 4.72 2.71 45 -45.7%
361 University of Dayton, United States of America (USA) 3.07 2.69 10 -17.4%
362 New England Biolabs, Inc. (NEB), United States of America (USA) 3.63 2.68 7 -30.3%
363 Geisinger Health System (GHS), United States of America (USA) 1.04 2.66 14 140.4%
364 New York Medical College (NYMC), United States of America (USA) 3.09 2.65 8 -18.8%
365 Western Washington University (WWU), United States of America (USA) 4.81 2.64 13 -48.2%
366 Smith College, United States of America (USA) 2.16 2.60 6 13.5%
367 Texas Medical Center (TMC), United States of America (USA) 2.76 2.58 10 -11.9%
368 East Carolina University (ECU), United States of America (USA) 3.83 2.55 13 -37.1%
369 Union College, United States of America (USA) 0.78 2.51 5 202.4%
370 State University of New York College of Optometry (SUNY College of Optometry), United States of America (USA) 2.25 2.50 4 4.9%
371 H3 Biomedicine Inc., United States of America (USA) 2.58 2.47 7 -9.9%
372 Hampton University, United States of America (USA) 2.70 2.46 31 -13.9%
373 Waters Corporation, United States of America (USA) 3.27 2.45 9 -29.3%
374 Human Longevity, Inc., United States of America (USA) 3.74 2.44 8 -38.4%
375 Oberlin College, United States of America (USA) 0.08 2.43 5 2,707.0%
376 Children's National Health System, United States of America (USA) 4.94 2.42 17 -53.8%
377 Clark University, United States of America (USA) 1.99 2.36 10 11.9%
378 Howard University, United States of America (USA) 1.41 2.36 58 57.6%
379 Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science (RFUMS), United States of America (USA) 5.58 2.36 6 -60.1%
380 Middle Tennessee State University (MTSU), United States of America (USA) 1.39 2.36 7 59.4%
381 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University (ERAU), United States of America (USA) 3.54 2.33 26 -37.8%
382 D. E. Shaw Research, United States of America (USA) 0.08 2.30 5 2,500.6%
383 Gilead Sciences, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.64 2.29 10 32.3%
384 HRL Laboratories LLC, United States of America (USA) 2.63 2.28 6 -18.0%
385 California State University, Fresno (Fresno State), United States of America (USA) 0.39 2.27 42 442.2%
386 Lockheed Martin Corporation, United States of America (USA) 2.87 2.26 19 -25.5%
387 Georgia Southern University, United States of America (USA) 0.88 2.24 9 139.9%
388 Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence Institute (SETI Institute), United States of America (USA) 0.87 2.23 21 140.7%
389 MedStar Health, United States of America (USA) 2.62 2.22 27 -20.0%
390 Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), United States of America (USA) 1.21 2.22 21 72.7%
391 Corning Incorporated, United States of America (USA) 0.26 2.21 6 712.6%
392 Children's Health, United States of America (USA) 3.44 2.21 18 -39.4%
393 Reed College, United States of America (USA) 3.20 2.20 9 -35.1%
394 Haverford College, United States of America (USA) 0.04 2.19 9 5,065.2%
395 Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI), United States of America (USA) 7.01 2.18 16 -70.6%
396 Bryn Mawr College, United States of America (USA) 0.13 2.18 12 1,529.1%
397 HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology, United States of America (USA) 1.78 2.14 25 13.7%
398 Corteva Agriscience, United States of America (USA) 2.14 3 N/A
399 Blood Center of Wisconsin (BCW), United States of America (USA) 1.79 2.12 9 11.9%
400 Jacobs, United States of America (USA) 2.26 2.11 23 -11.7%
401 University of Colorado at Colorado Springs (UCCS), United States of America (USA) 2.08 2.10 6 -4.6%
402 Florida Gulf Coast University (FGCU), United States of America (USA) 1.88 2.09 6 5.3%
403 Emory Healthcare, United States of America (USA) 2.99 2.09 17 -34.2%
404 Chapman University, United States of America (USA) 3.89 2.07 7 -49.7%
405 Arkansas State University, United States of America (USA) 0.41 2.06 4 379.5%
406 Mississippi State University, United States of America (USA) 5.38 2.06 33 -63.9%
407 Cleveland State University, United States of America (USA) 2.46 2.03 9 -22.0%
408 GATS Inc., United States of America (USA) 4.58 2.02 10 -58.5%
409 Ball State University (BSU), United States of America (USA) 1.20 2.01 4 57.9%
410 Northeast Ohio Medical University (NEOMED), United States of America (USA) 1.70 2.00 5 10.9%
411 Biogen Inc., United States of America (USA) 6.96 2.00 15 -72.9%
412 Bard College, United States of America (USA) 0.33 2.00 3 466.3%
412 Union University (UU), United States of America (USA) 2.00 2 N/A
412 Novilytic, LLC, United States of America (USA) 2.00 2 N/A
413 E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company (DuPont), United States of America (USA) 2.18 2.00 14 -13.4%
414 California Polytechnic State University (Cal Poly), United States of America (USA) 1.70 1.96 26 9.0%
415 National Solar Observatory (NSO), United States of America (USA) 0.50 1.95 5 268.1%
416 Rowan University, United States of America (USA) 3.14 1.95 12 -41.4%
417 Providence Health & Services, United States of America (USA) 0.41 1.94 5 348.6%
418 Seton Hall University, United States of America (USA) 1.39 1.92 5 30.4%
419 Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), United States of America (USA) 0.01 1.91 8 12,365.4%
420 Environmental Defense Fund (EDF), United States of America (USA) 1.67 1.91 9 7.6%
421 Wellspring Biosciences, United States of America (USA) 1.90 2 N/A
422 The University of Tulsa, United States of America (USA) 2.03 1.89 6 -12.1%
423 The World Bank, United States of America (USA) 1.06 1.89 7 67.8%
424 California Environmental Protection Agency, United States of America (USA) 2.34 1.88 3 -24.2%
425 Morehouse School of Medicine (MSM), United States of America (USA) 1.33 1.86 13 31.9%
426 Pomona College, United States of America (USA) 0.96 1.84 8 80.8%
427 GlobalFoundries Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.63 1.84 4 175.0%
428 NorthWest Research Associates, Inc. (NWRA), United States of America (USA) 4.98 1.83 21 -65.2%
429 Barnard College, United States of America (USA) 0.45 1.82 10 281.7%
430 Space Science Institute (SSI), United States of America (USA) 1.51 1.80 16 12.6%
431 Colorado College (CC), United States of America (USA) 0.84 1.80 9 101.2%
432 Western University of Health Sciences (WesternU), United States of America (USA) 1.41 1.78 2 19.1%
433 Pacific Biosciences of California, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.08 1.75 12 53.5%
434 Procter & Gamble (P&G), United States of America (USA) 0.58 1.74 7 185.8%
435 Aerodyne Research, Inc. (ARI), United States of America (USA) 2.03 1.73 12 -19.8%
436 University of North Carolina at Wilmington (UNCW), United States of America (USA) 2.40 1.72 10 -32.3%
437 Mount Holyoke College (MHC), United States of America (USA) 1.68 1.71 10 -3.7%
438 The Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen), United States of America (USA) 2.65 1.71 18 -39.1%
439 Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station (CAES), United States of America (USA) 0.55 1.70 7 191.8%
440 California State University, Los Angeles (CSULA), United States of America (USA) 2.40 1.70 15 -33.4%
441 Colby College, United States of America (USA) 1.42 1.69 5 12.2%
442 University of Massachusetts Dartmouth (UMass Dartmouth), United States of America (USA) 2.03 1.68 8 -22.1%
443 Harvey Mudd College (HMC), United States of America (USA) 1.89 1.66 5 -17.1%
444 Chevron Corporation, United States of America (USA) 4.66 1.66 13 -66.3%
445 University of Maryland Medical System (UMMS), United States of America (USA) 2.12 1.65 12 -26.5%
446 Agios Pharmaceuticals, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.58 1.64 6 164.2%
447 The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, United States of America (USA) 1.39 1.62 7 10.1%
448 SUNY Polytechnic Institute (SUNY Poly), United States of America (USA) 3.49 1.59 6 -57.0%
449 PATH, United States of America (USA) 0.64 1.57 10 132.6%
450 Carilion Clinic, United States of America (USA) 1.18 1.57 7 25.9%
451 University of San Diego, United States of America (USA) 0.50 1.57 6 196.6%
452 General Motors (GM), United States of America (USA) 0.72 1.57 7 105.3%
453 Eastern Michigan University (EMU), United States of America (USA) 0.77 1.57 7 91.5%
454 Integral Molecular, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.11 1.56 5 1,271.7%
455 Occidental College, United States of America (USA) 0.37 1.53 4 292.1%
456 Berkeley Geochronology Center (BGC), United States of America (USA) 3.42 1.51 11 -58.2%
457 Lincoln Park Zoo, United States of America (USA) 1.50 5 N/A
458 University of Northern Colorado, United States of America (USA) 1.23 1.46 33 12.4%
459 Indiana State University, United States of America (USA) 1.46 4 N/A
460 University of Northern Iowa (UNI), United States of America (USA) 0.33 1.46 4 312.9%
460 ICF International, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.57 1.46 3 140.9%
461 Thorlabs, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.30 1.46 4 358.4%
462 Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI), United States of America (USA) 3.08 1.45 4 -55.6%
463 Trussell Technologies, Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.90 1.44 2 51.5%
463 Alaska Department of Natural Resources (DNR), United States of America (USA) 0.55 1.44 9 149.3%
464 Hauptman-Woodward Medical Research Institute (HWI), United States of America (USA) 0.34 1.44 16 294.3%
465 Metabolon Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.60 1.44 6 127.0%
466 Northrop Grumman Corporation, United States of America (USA) 2.19 1.43 18 -38.4%
467 Creighton University, United States of America (USA) 1.75 1.42 26 -23.4%
468 Xerox Corporation, United States of America (USA) 0.87 1.42 6 53.8%
469 University of St. Thomas, United States of America (USA) 0.37 1.42 4 265.3%
470 Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, United States of America (USA) 1.06 1.42 11 26.5%
471 Macalester College, United States of America (USA) 1.42 1.41 5 -5.8%
472 Colgate University, United States of America (USA) 0.65 1.37 7 99.8%
473 Idaho National Laboratory (INL), United States of America (USA) 3.44 1.37 5 -62.3%
474 Youngstown State University (YSU), United States of America (USA) 1.32 1.37 5 -1.7%
475 National Park Service (NPS), United States of America (USA) 3.21 1.37 14 -59.6%
476 23andMe, Inc., United States of America (USA) 1.55 1.36 18 -17.3%
477 Marshall University, United States of America (USA) 0.64 1.36 6 99.5%
478 Phillips 66, United States of America (USA) 0.20 1.36 3 540.5%
479 Nathan S. Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research (NKI), United States of America (USA) 2.72 1.34 11 -53.4%
480 The Chemours Company, United States of America (USA) 1.33 3 N/A
480 Salus University, United States of America (USA) 1.33 3 N/A
481 University of South Alabama, United States of America (USA) 0.95 1.32 23 30.9%
482 St. John's University, United States of America (USA) 3.93 1.32 4 -68.4%
483 Institute for Disease Modeling (IDM), United States of America (USA) 1.12 1.31 5 10.6%
484 University of Wisconsin Oshkosh (UW Oshkosh), United States of America (USA) 0.33 1.30 5 276.6%
485 National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO), United States of America (USA) 1.10 1.28 16 9.9%
486 Manhattan College (MC), United States of America (USA) 0.01 1.27 32 22,112.4%
487 American University, United States of America (USA) 2.48 1.27 12 -51.7%
488 Schlumberger Limited, United States of America (USA) 3.58 1.27 4 -66.5%
489 Georgia Gwinnett College (GGC), United States of America (USA) 1.27 4 N/A
490 GeneDx Inc., United States of America (USA) 0.96 1.26 23 23.1%
491 Genesis Biotechnology Group, United States of America (USA) 1.25 2 N/A
492 Gustavus Adolphus College, United States of America (USA) 0.25 1.25 4 370.6%
493 Center for Open Science (COS), United States of America (USA) 1.23 3 N/A
494 Atrium Health, United States of America (USA) 0.15 1.22 6 684.1%
495 North Carolina Central University (NCCU), United States of America (USA) 1.86 1.21 17 -38.5%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.