2019 tables: Institutions

Table criteria

The 2019 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018.

2018 Institution FC 2017 FC 2018
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 1529.78 1698.14
2 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 906.36 874.68
3 Max Planck Society, Germany 745.16 757.32
4 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 723.81 689.86
5 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 613.94 622.01
6 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 530.36 560.28
7 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 502.42 483.23
8 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 417.57 437.83
9 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 470.39 430.86
10 Peking University (PKU), China 393.64 411.85
11 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 382.31 406.52
12 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 405.45 403.77
13 Tsinghua University, China 354.44 392.96
14 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 376.63 391.71
15 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 406.56 387.04
16 Nanjing University (NJU), China 328.18 386.91
17 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 302.67 344.22
18 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 304.73 343.45
19 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 334.6 337.66
20 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 320.77 330.32
21 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 295.68 328.94
22 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 328.09 328.5
23 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 284.98 324.64
24 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 256.89 318.77
25 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 307.65 311.53
26 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 278.75 303.29
27 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 268.7 287.64
28 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 306.81 285.74
29 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 243.08 285.68
30 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 250.45 282.39
31 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 260.68 281.81
32 Kyoto University, Japan 306.97 278.59
33 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 267.5 275.31
34 Fudan University, China 205.49 254.84
35 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 229.88 250.93
36 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 223.27 242.69
37 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 220.92 240.27
38 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 201.28 237.38
39 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 241.77 232.51
40 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 240.36 229.57
41 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 169.46 225.65
42 Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), India 217.39 221.64
43 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 207.4 219.92
44 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 185.29 215.19
45 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 203.31 211.57
46 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 198.53 210.27
47 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 209.02 209.61
48 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 223.11 205.33
49 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 179.42 203.32
50 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 256.61 201.46
51 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 181.12 198.31
52 Nankai University (NKU), China 155.64 197.11
53 Leibniz Association, Germany 185.41 196.92
54 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 151.65 194.25
55 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 200.65 192.79
56 Soochow University, China 161.11 190.17
57 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 174.97 189.61
58 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 175.45 188.81
59 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 185.77 186.96
60 Wuhan University (WHU), China 159.81 185.31
61 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 200.69 180.38
62 Sichuan University (SCU), China 126.88 179.46
63 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 197.25 178.3
64 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 150.34 174.37
65 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 175.41 173.17
66 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 186.92 172.15
67 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 169.73 171.98
68 Osaka University, Japan 188.53 167.47
69 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 164.35 165.84
70 Tohoku University, Japan 144.06 161.95
71 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 141.91 157
72 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 164.49 155.75
73 RIKEN, Japan 151.74 155.21
74 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 152.94 155.09
75 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 134.17 151.17
76 Xiamen University (XMU), China 146.15 150.66
77 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 148.55 150.48
78 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 114.29 148.58
79 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 117.92 148.31
80 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 171.18 147.79
81 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 149.19 145.82
82 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 164.5 143.29
83 McGill University, Canada 148.07 142.4
84 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 159.38 141.47
85 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 153.28 140.54
86 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 130.06 140.34
87 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 148.07 139.82
88 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 117.93 138.87
89 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 149.41 135.59
90 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 130.74 133.23
91 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 120.49 128.12
92 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 112.5 128.06
93 Nagoya University, Japan 120.41 127.91
94 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 127.78 126.79
95 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 129.6 126.43
96 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 135.03 123.96
97 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 127.59 123.86
98 Monash University, Australia 111.88 122.91
99 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 153.56 120.06
100 University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia 103.06 119.84
101 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 126.67 119.31
102 Hunan University (HNU), China 88.6 118.75
103 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 130.84 115.28
104 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 118.22 114.5
105 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 107.4 114.2
106 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 107.93 113.18
107 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 101.09 113.12
108 Tianjin University (TJU), China 78.59 112.08
109 Jilin University (JLU), China 101.36 111.78
110 Shandong University (SDU), China 89.65 111.38
111 Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISER), India 98.33 111.08
112 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 116.82 110.78
113 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 117.35 110.25
114 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 118.45 108.58
115 Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 109.51 108.39
116 Hokkaido University, Japan 117.1 108.35
117 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 121.48 107.71
118 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 110.85 107.58
119 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 98.17 107.47
120 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 85.88 106.95
121 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 103.96 106.89
122 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 104.16 105.67
123 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 82.41 105.03
124 Tongji University, China 75.28 104.84
125 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 111.02 104.77
126 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 89.05 103.54
127 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 88.77 102.49
128 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 86.92 102.42
129 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 89.93 101.93
130 Pierre and Marie Curie University (UPMC) - Paris 6, France 107.23 101.24
131 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 119.55 101.2
132 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 97.38 100.57
133 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 112.8 100.32
134 University of Göttingen, Germany 104.92 100.06
135 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 86.32 99.97
136 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 88.75 99.96
137 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 84.59 99.52
138 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 101.65 99.21
139 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 110.13 97.1
140 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 99.4 96.05
141 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 117.5 96.04
142 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 76.82 95.96
143 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 116.05 95.77
144 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 111.17 95.43
145 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 93.19 95.4
146 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 72.68 95.04
147 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 88.08 94.18
148 University of Würzburg, Germany 118.86 93.22
149 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 80.05 93.05
150 Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission (CEA), France 92.79 92.37
151 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 89.26 92.21
152 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 89.62 91.66
153 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 116.54 91.62
154 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 88.57 91.03
155 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 94.77 90.7
156 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 93.06 90.49
157 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 69.14 90.26
158 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 88.43 89.87
159 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 92.34 89.42
160 Goethe University Frankfurt am Main (GU), Germany 68.35 89.29
161 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 76.01 89.28
162 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 67.65 89.22
163 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 80.35 88.78
164 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 81.61 88.21
165 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 100.37 88.06
166 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 95.45 87.45
167 Kyushu University, Japan 97.01 87.11
168 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 63.99 86.7
169 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 71.54 86.32
170 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 86.62 85.85
171 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 111.69 85.58
172 Stockholm University, Sweden 82.17 85.34
173 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 87.95 85.2
174 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 90.66 85.14
175 Yonsei University, South Korea 74.17 84.92
176 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 78.06 84.84
177 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 68.32 84.02
178 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 94.77 83.46
179 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 81.7 83.38
180 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 100.45 83.36
181 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 87.8 82.43
182 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 64.31 82.16
183 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 90.86 82
184 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 86.43 81.24
185 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 86.34 80.79
186 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 72.84 79.85
187 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 78.42 78.94
188 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 67.21 78.48
189 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 75.59 77.93
190 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 84.53 77.78
191 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 50.75 77.43
192 Lund University (LU), Sweden 83.89 77.33
193 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 78.23 77.24
194 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 80.78 76.65
195 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 77.16 76.14
196 Southeast University (SEU), China 75.78 76.12
197 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 64.93 75.9
198 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 75.28 75.86
199 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 76.2 75.78
200 Leiden University, Netherlands 85.79 75.75
201 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 71.17 75.69
202 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 82.06 75.67
203 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 69.09 75.64
204 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 68.38 74.74
205 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 76.97 74.67
206 Beihang University (BUAA), China 53.73 74.56
207 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 58.13 74.46
208 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 93.48 74.39
209 Academia Sinica, Taiwan 70.45 73.92
210 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 66.83 73.36
211 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 53.13 72.69
212 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 67.34 72.6
213 University of Bern, Switzerland 63.99 71.5
214 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 80.43 71.29
215 University of Paris Sud (UPSud), France 72.07 71.08
216 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 77.25 70.94
217 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 82.43 70.61
218 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 52.15 70.54
219 People's Liberation Army (PLA), China 57.25 70.08
220 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 80.33 70.07
221 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 73.52 70.05
222 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 50.13 69.42
223 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 61.9 69.14
224 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 78.19 68.88
225 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 66.25 68.28
226 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 83.21 68.22
227 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 62.83 67.87
228 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 77.15 67.51
229 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 76.47 67.47
230 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 66.42 67.2
231 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan 61.38 66.86
232 University of Vienna, Austria 66.68 66.59
233 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 52.39 66.43
234 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 55.96 65.86
235 University of Waterloo, Canada 68.48 65.34
236 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 69.46 65.29
237 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 72.72 64.74
238 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 67.88 64.27
239 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 71.39 64.01
240 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 68.63 63.43
241 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 66.96 62.82
242 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 42.97 62.75
243 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 67.14 61.92
244 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 79.59 61.61
245 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 53.02 61.54
246 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 65.78 61.32
247 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 57.02 61.1
248 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 61.01 60.83
249 University of Helsinki, Finland 60.12 60.68
250 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 69.59 59.14
251 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 63.74 59.01
252 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 52.89 58.78
253 Central South University (CSU), China 45.86 58.43
254 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 54.7 58.01
255 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 55.28 57.97
256 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 57.23 57.68
257 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 53.69 57.6
258 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 53.08 57.27
259 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 56.25 57.26
260 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 57.92 57.08
261 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 54.93 56.87
262 Southwest University (SWU), China 62.75 56.42
263 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 38.61 56.3
264 Western University (UWO), Canada 46.24 55.72
265 Chongqing University (CQU), China 38.38 55.68
266 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 53.51 55.62
267 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 47.1 55.48
268 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 55.26 55.3
269 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 60.68 54.76
270 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 48.81 54.63
271 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 55.93 54.61
272 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 46.55 54.07
273 Keio University, Japan 62.34 53.88
274 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 48.81 53.65
275 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 43.68 53.6
276 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 46.16 53.37
277 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 71.87 53.26
278 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 32.85 52.83
279 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 44.24 52.64
280 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 51.84 52.59
281 Shenzhen University (SZU), China 33.4 52.48
282 Northwest University (NWU), China 34.63 52.42
283 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 55.99 52.39
284 Korea University (KU), South Korea 55.92 52.12
285 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 49.97 51.99
286 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 54.58 51.95
287 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 46.7 51.94
288 University of Strasbourg, France 57.42 51.87
289 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 44.74 51.75
290 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 39.25 51.31
291 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 60.55 51.2
292 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 53.12 51.06
293 Paris Diderot University (Paris 7), France 55.19 50.46
294 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 56.86 50.09
295 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 49.45 49.95
296 VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands 41.05 49.72
297 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 42.78 49.58
298 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 47.46 49.58
299 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 41.61 49.52
300 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 52.35 49.42
301 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 61.45 49.07
302 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 54.03 48.88
303 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 45.59 48.85
304 Jinan University (JNU), China 30.89 48.65
305 University of Toulouse, France 50.16 48.61
306 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 36.37 48.03
307 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 34.56 47.77
308 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 44.86 47.46
309 China Agricultural University (CAU), China 31.43 47.38
310 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 47.6 47.08
311 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 25.22 47.07
312 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 47.15 46.94
313 Mayo Clinic, United States of America (USA) 41 46.84
314 Shaanxi Normal University (SNNU), China 31.25 46.49
315 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 40.26 46.38
316 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 41.38 46.16
317 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 47.88 46
318 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 40.04 45.97
319 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 43.19 45.68
320 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 56.51 45.57
321 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 46.04 45.54
322 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 51.72 45.41
323 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 49.58 45.28
324 University of Bordeaux, France 40.6 44.88
325 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 51.68 44.42
326 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 60.67 44.24
327 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 46.42 44.04
328 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 34.29 43.6
329 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 37.83 43.44
330 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 39.47 43.2
331 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 41.18 43.18
332 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 30.66 42.95
333 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 35.8 42.88
334 University of Lyon, France 44.56 42.81
335 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 43.83 42.71
336 Aalto University, Finland 40.53 42.56
337 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 64.8 42.31
338 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 42.56 42.3
339 University of Stuttgart, Germany 40.75 42.19
340 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 38.15 42.15
341 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 39.45 41.9
342 University of Montpellier, France 41.66 41.78
343 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 39.47 41.72
344 Wuhan University of Technology (WUT), China 31.99 41.34
345 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 50.72 40.9
346 Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico (IRCCS), Italy 48.97 40.87
347 McMaster University, Canada 46.82 40.85
348 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 47.7 40.63
349 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 40.83 40.42
350 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 31.76 40.39
351 Shanghai University (SHU), China 40.64 40.04
352 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 38.35 40.01
353 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 45.74 39.75
354 Nanjing Normal University (NNU), China 27.03 39.73
355 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 29.58 39.3
356 China Pharmaceutical University (CPU), China 34.38 39.22
357 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 36.95 39.21
358 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 37.59 39.06
359 Pasteur Institute, France 38.33 38.95
360 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 39.95 38.77
361 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 39.39 38.76
362 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), China 25.44 38.68
363 Ulm University, Germany 33.26 38.67
364 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 40.18 38.64
365 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 24.09 38.53
366 University of Tsukuba, Japan 39.94 38.44
367 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 31.83 38.14
368 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 40.16 38.01
369 Leipzig University, Germany 49.93 37.69
370 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 37.48 37.65
371 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 32.84 37.58
372 HHMI Janelia Farm Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 36.95 37.43
373 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 24.5 37.42
374 Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NUST), China 34.05 37.12
375 Queen's University, Canada 25.12 36.88
376 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 45.56 36.78
377 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 39.18 36.78
378 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 33.35 36.47
379 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 43.02 36.43
380 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 43.81 36.39
381 ShanghaiTech University, China 23.73 36.34
382 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 32.67 36.09
383 Curtin University, Australia 30.16 36.09
384 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 25.04 35.9
385 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 29.42 35.79
386 Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 31.52 35.69
387 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 37.97 35.68
388 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 41.64 35.42
389 China Academy of Engineering Physics (CAEP), China 24.5 35.26
390 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 43.5 35.04
391 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea 39.69 34.82
392 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 33.75 34.66
393 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 37.33 34.63
394 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 38.14 34.47
395 National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS), Japan 28 34.1
396 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 32.52 33.99
397 University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 30.18 33.96
398 Huazhong Agricultural University (HZAU), China 22.78 33.68
399 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 31.79 33.68
400 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 33.39 33.47
401 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 33.28 33.41
402 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 32.92 33.39
403 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 34.02 33.35
404 Kanazawa University (KU), Japan 27.62 33.25
405 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 33.38 33.17
406 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 45.46 32.89
407 University of Konstanz, Germany 41.2 32.81
408 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 30.56 32.5
409 Hefei University of Technology (HFUT), China 16.09 32.38
410 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 28.25 32.2
411 French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA), France 33.97 31.9
412 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 23.45 31.87
413 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 36.19 31.81
414 The University of Dublin, Ireland 48.69 31.8
415 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 24.49 31.74
416 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 41.55 31.52
417 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 24.56 31.21
418 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 17.6 31
419 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 24.14 30.89
420 Laval University (UL), Canada 26.96 30.88
421 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 31.4 30.79
422 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 26.67 30.63
423 The University of Akron (UAkron), United States of America (USA) 36.43 30.43
424 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 29.5 30.35
425 University of Hannover (LUH), Germany 30.6 30.29
426 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 25.53 30.2
427 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 34.54 30.09
428 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 37.08 30.08
429 TU Dortmund University, Germany 41.81 30.08
430 Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), Japan 21.17 29.76
431 Wayne State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 35.31 29.65
432 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 30.03 29.41
433 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 29.75 29.35
434 Henan University (HENU), China 17.65 29.3
435 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 26.18 29.03
436 University of Sussex (US), United Kingdom (UK) 36.5 29.02
437 Catholic University of Louvain (UCL), Belgium 25.65 28.9
438 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 35.1 28.89
439 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 26.27 28.81
440 U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), United States of America (USA) 26.06 28.8
441 Okayama University, Japan 28.95 28.75
442 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 28.91 28.63
443 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), United States of America (USA) 26.62 28.58
444 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 35.5 28.51
445 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 34.69 28.5
446 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 29.36 28.32
447 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 29.87 28.31
448 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 17.39 28.2
449 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 35.03 28.15
450 China Meteorological Administration (CMA), China 23.14 28.07
451 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 42.88 28.03
452 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 24.94 27.92
453 Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Australia 12.8 27.85
454 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States of America (USA) 23.88 27.78
455 Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT University), Australia 18.64 27.7
456 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 23.95 27.63
457 South China Normal University (SCNU), China 23.59 27.57
458 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 22.02 27.41
459 Chiba University, Japan 19.78 27.23
460 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 22.65 26.75
461 Shanxi University (SXU), China 26.99 26.5
462 The University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 32.84 26.48
463 Cleveland Clinic, United States of America (USA) 27.97 26.4
464 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 28.73 26.33
465 Waseda University, Japan 32.46 26.24
466 Henan Normal University (HTU), China 18.45 26.19
467 Darmstadt University of Technology (TU Darmstadt), Germany 30.45 26.18
468 National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Taiwan 26.42 26.1
469 Donghua University (DHU), China 14.38 25.99
470 The University of Auckland, New Zealand 27.49 25.76
471 Zhejiang University of Technology (ZJUT), China 20.63 25.7
472 International School for Advanced Studies (ISAS), Italy 27.08 25.61
473 University of Otago, New Zealand 30.77 25.61
474 Anhui University (AHU), China 14.71 25.41
475 Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA), Switzerland 22.01 25.24
476 City of Hope, United States of America (USA) 19.59 25.23
477 National Chiao Tung University (NCTU), Taiwan 33.77 25.08
478 Nanchang University (NCU), China 17.22 24.91
479 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 25.66 24.91
480 National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), United States of America (USA) 25.29 24.82
481 The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), United States of America (USA) 22.64 24.57
482 Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Japan 21.06 24.53
483 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 28.07 24.41
484 Northwestern Polytechnical University (NPU), China 20.24 24.4
485 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 28.93 24.4
486 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 23.1 24.37
487 Graz University of Technology (TU Graz), Austria 22.87 24.35
488 Ocean University of China (OUC), China 28.25 24.19
489 University of Technology, Sydney (UTS), Australia 14.18 24.07
490 Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), China 26.29 24.05
491 Kyung Hee University (KHU), South Korea 25.02 23.96
492 Northeastern University (NEU), China 6.49 23.93
493 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 12.27 23.81
494 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 29.65 23.8
495 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden 19.84 23.76
496 Georgia State University (GSU), United States of America (USA) 25.45 23.68
497 Beijing University of Technology (BJUT), China 26.56 23.68
498 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 22.75 23.68
499 Huaqiao University (HQU), China 13.41 23.67
500 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 24.87 23.61

The original version of this table (published 20 June 2019) used incorrect fractional counts, percentage changes and article counts to derive the rankings, which meant that some institutions were ranked incorrectly. The data and rankings were corrected on 12 August 2019.

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2018 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.