2019 tables: Institutions

Table criteria

The 2019 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018.

2018 Institution Share 2017 Share 2018
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 1,534.81 1,729.28
2 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 907.53 879.74
3 Max Planck Society, Germany 747.77 777.43
4 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 730.48 712.47
5 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 615.68 628.15
6 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 538.25 572.10
7 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 514.09 504.77
8 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 472.05 448.83
9 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 420.80 448.39
10 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 385.07 418.68
11 Peking University (PKU), China 394.87 413.55
12 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 408.03 412.45
13 Tsinghua University, China 354.88 398.99
14 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 380.31 397.35
15 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 409.64 396.08
16 Nanjing University (NJU), China 328.84 393.00
17 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 308.65 351.04
18 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 302.83 348.27
19 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 336.06 344.48
20 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 324.04 339.13
21 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 330.96 334.48
22 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 296.63 331.93
23 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 285.29 327.92
24 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 261.10 326.94
25 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 311.83 318.49
26 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 279.61 307.78
27 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 310.22 293.93
28 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 271.80 293.43
29 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 243.65 289.83
30 Kyoto University, Japan 307.24 289.61
31 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 250.98 288.02
32 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 260.96 286.31
33 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 268.60 277.09
34 Fudan University, China 206.21 260.10
35 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 230.46 254.12
36 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 224.88 246.11
37 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 203.01 239.77
38 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 242.08 238.07
39 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 243.70 236.58
40 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 209.48 233.27
41 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 170.93 231.55
42 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 208.06 223.85
43 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 185.64 215.40
44 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 200.17 214.60
45 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 209.17 211.61
46 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 224.81 208.35
47 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 182.07 207.79
48 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 257.24 202.89
49 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 200.90 202.82
50 UCL, United Kingdom (UK) 190.16 202.60
51 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 181.21 201.51
52 Leibniz Association, Germany 187.66 199.78
53 Nankai University (NKU), China 156.53 198.71
54 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 176.81 196.83
55 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 152.26 196.35
56 Wuhan University (WHU), China 161.32 195.71
57 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 177.86 193.75
58 Soochow University, China 161.36 193.50
59 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 186.06 190.98
60 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 200.74 184.45
61 Sichuan University (SCU), China 126.91 181.77
62 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 197.80 181.20
63 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 175.48 180.07
64 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 151.15 178.97
65 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 170.97 175.91
66 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 187.10 175.06
67 Osaka University, Japan 188.74 171.56
68 Tohoku University, Japan 142.81 166.72
69 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 164.43 166.13
70 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 152.95 162.36
71 RIKEN, Japan 153.05 160.44
72 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 166.14 159.52
73 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 140.82 158.66
74 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 148.92 153.03
75 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 135.60 152.12
76 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 171.62 151.18
77 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 115.78 150.91
78 Xiamen University (XMU), China 146.20 150.49
79 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 119.11 150.25
80 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 148.58 148.33
81 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 164.94 146.95
82 McGill University, Canada 148.03 146.46
83 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 132.36 145.73
84 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 154.01 143.17
85 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 156.18 141.88
86 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 121.60 141.12
87 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 148.17 140.59
88 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 149.82 136.35
89 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 131.25 136.24
90 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 119.02 136.00
91 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 122.83 132.64
92 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 129.89 132.16
93 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 112.55 131.89
94 Nagoya University, Japan 121.18 131.65
95 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 127.60 128.46
96 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 129.84 127.95
97 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 130.47 126.80
98 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 137.06 126.02
99 Monash University, Australia 112.11 125.62
100 University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 102.76 122.10
101 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 135.39 121.85
102 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 153.65 121.57
103 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 121.92 120.39
104 Hunan University (HNU), China 89.20 119.08
105 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 108.77 117.08
106 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 102.05 115.54
107 Tianjin University (TJU), China 79.07 114.58
108 Jilin University (JLU), China 101.49 114.56
109 Hokkaido University, Japan 116.17 114.17
110 Shandong University (SDU), China 90.07 113.59
111 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 119.48 112.92
112 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 107.99 112.77
113 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 116.94 111.97
114 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 85.33 111.70
115 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 111.41 111.19
116 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 97.39 110.53
117 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 121.74 110.44
118 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 110.48 108.75
119 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 87.66 107.29
120 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 100.37 107.00
121 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 82.41 106.87
122 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 104.19 106.32
123 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 97.53 106.26
124 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 111.62 106.05
125 Tongji University, China 75.99 105.69
126 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 120.31 105.14
127 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 90.61 104.68
128 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 89.28 104.31
129 Sorbonne University, France 108.55 104.07
130 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 114.37 103.48
131 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 92.34 103.40
132 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 93.58 101.46
133 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 88.60 100.89
134 University of Göttingen, Germany 105.17 100.82
135 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 85.16 100.66
136 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 98.05 100.62
137 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 102.77 100.61
138 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 86.29 100.19
139 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 101.41 99.69
140 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 78.90 98.98
141 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 117.67 98.11
142 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 116.06 97.51
143 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 74.18 96.83
144 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 113.69 96.36
145 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 88.20 96.18
146 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 108.56 96.00
147 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 118.88 94.56
148 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 89.25 93.99
149 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 93.56 93.74
150 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 78.19 93.51
151 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 80.98 93.38
152 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 68.07 92.35
153 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 90.67 92.08
154 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 95.73 91.94
155 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 69.12 91.32
156 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 91.39 91.25
157 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 94.77 90.90
158 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 75.92 90.88
159 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 93.85 90.82
160 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 81.92 89.75
161 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 101.15 89.73
162 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 78.24 89.73
163 Goethe University Frankfurt (GU), Germany 67.98 89.21
164 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 112.12 89.09
165 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 71.57 88.05
166 Yonsei University, South Korea 74.24 87.93
167 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 80.21 87.86
168 Kyushu University, Japan 97.34 87.70
169 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 87.04 87.55
170 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 88.90 87.45
171 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 90.77 87.28
172 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 65.58 86.70
173 Stockholm University, Sweden 82.16 86.67
174 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 100.66 85.54
175 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 95.47 85.39
176 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 81.78 85.21
177 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 68.65 85.13
178 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 81.75 84.82
179 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 64.51 84.39
180 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 90.97 84.08
181 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 82.19 83.59
182 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 88.04 82.96
183 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 86.78 82.75
184 Lund University (LU), Sweden 83.96 81.14
185 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 76.42 81.14
186 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 86.52 81.11
187 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 84.53 80.58
188 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 73.01 80.20
189 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 78.71 79.78
190 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 50.75 79.15
191 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 67.78 79.06
192 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 77.05 78.56
193 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 65.36 78.04
194 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 76.44 77.87
195 Beihang University (BUAA), China 53.84 77.82
196 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 71.68 77.24
197 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 76.22 77.02
198 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 74.70 76.88
199 Leiden University, Netherlands 85.96 76.65
200 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 68.63 75.99
201 Southeast University (SEU), China 75.87 75.96
202 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 67.40 75.74
203 Academia Sinica, Taiwan 70.50 75.72
204 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 93.55 75.69
205 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 59.47 75.32
206 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 82.55 75.12
207 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 80.46 75.10
208 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 68.42 74.96
209 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 84.43 74.39
210 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 64.11 74.08
211 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 68.04 73.48
212 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 53.13 73.38
213 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 73.52 73.25
214 University of Paris, France 73.49 72.49
215 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 97.38 72.01
216 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 52.15 71.87
217 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 71.69 71.41
218 People's Liberation Army (PLA), China 59.19 71.18
219 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 67.96 70.70
220 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 62.11 70.58
221 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan 63.06 70.14
222 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 79.84 70.08
223 University of Vienna, Austria 67.04 70.01
224 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 66.30 69.58
225 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 55.89 69.50
226 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 77.62 69.31
227 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 77.50 68.40
228 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 76.64 68.23
229 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 70.28 67.90
230 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 52.39 67.43
231 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 69.50 67.18
232 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 62.91 66.74
233 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 67.91 66.39
234 University of Waterloo, Canada 68.53 66.36
235 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 56.39 66.06
236 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 72.51 66.05
237 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 71.46 64.87
238 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 79.88 64.24
239 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 42.97 64.07
240 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 67.17 63.68
241 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 66.96 63.37
242 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 66.08 63.35
243 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 53.05 62.95
244 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 71.19 62.31
245 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 61.73 61.86
246 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 62.36 61.79
247 University of Helsinki, Finland 60.82 61.54
248 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 63.75 61.48
249 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 58.04 61.24
250 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 54.57 60.80
251 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 52.94 59.80
252 Central South University (CSU), China 45.86 59.34
253 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 56.14 58.53
254 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 58.15 58.49
255 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 57.83 57.92
256 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 55.34 57.72
257 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 53.54 57.61
258 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 54.75 57.50
259 Western University (UWO), Canada 47.27 57.50
260 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 54.97 57.38
261 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 60.74 57.25
262 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 43.85 57.04
263 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 49.99 56.87
264 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 56.11 56.75
265 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 53.66 56.55
266 Southwest University (SWU), China 62.75 56.50
267 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 53.88 56.41
268 Keio University, Japan 62.11 55.97
269 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 38.33 55.91
270 Chongqing University (CQU), China 38.38 55.82
271 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 62.19 55.64
272 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 47.83 55.61
273 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 34.57 55.19
274 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 53.39 55.13
275 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 38.92 54.93
276 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 63.01 54.70
277 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 44.42 54.31
278 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 48.81 53.96
279 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 71.88 53.74
280 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 47.21 53.69
281 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 56.26 53.53
282 Shenzhen University (SZU), China 33.50 53.38
283 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 49.53 53.26
284 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 54.73 53.25
285 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 47.45 53.18
286 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 45.93 53.13
287 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 60.22 53.02
288 Korea University, South Korea 56.42 52.82
289 University of Strasbourg, France 57.49 52.76
290 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 51.92 52.68
291 Northwest University (NWU), China 34.63 52.42
292 VU Amsterdam, Netherlands 41.57 52.25
293 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 45.05 51.87
294 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 44.92 51.76
295 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 61.45 51.09
296 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 56.92 51.02
297 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 39.34 50.96
298 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 45.81 50.94
299 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 40.43 50.84
300 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 47.75 50.08
301 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 41.70 49.89
302 University of Toulouse, France 50.42 49.62
303 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 42.70 49.59
304 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 34.58 49.30
305 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 54.04 49.11
306 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 48.19 49.04
307 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 47.15 48.70
308 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 36.39 48.47
309 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 25.79 48.21
310 Jinan University (JNU), China 30.81 48.15
311 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 53.49 47.92
312 Shaanxi Normal University (SNNU), China 31.25 47.78
313 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 46.80 47.59
314 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 57.10 47.55
315 China Agricultural University (CAU), China 31.35 47.10
316 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 51.70 46.91
317 Mayo Clinic, United States of America (USA) 42.67 46.89
318 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 43.22 46.81
319 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 51.88 46.60
320 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 41.38 46.57
321 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 40.05 46.49
322 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 47.66 46.39
323 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 64.82 46.21
324 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 34.35 46.06
325 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 46.06 45.68
326 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 47.24 44.82
327 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 37.78 44.73
328 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 41.19 44.12
329 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 38.63 44.09
330 University of Lyon, France 45.77 44.04
331 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 34.30 43.94
332 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 58.71 43.84
333 University of Montpellier, France 42.54 43.78
334 Aalto University, Finland 41.05 43.69
335 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 42.65 43.67
336 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 30.70 43.66
337 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 50.72 43.18
338 University of Bordeaux, France 38.11 43.15
339 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 43.84 42.78
340 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 35.90 42.71
341 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 40.87 42.64
342 University of Stuttgart, Germany 40.76 42.60
343 Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS), Italy 49.65 42.57
344 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 46.81 42.49
345 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 39.75 42.31
346 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 38.30 42.25
347 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 39.66 41.86
348 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 29.90 41.71
349 McMaster University, Canada 47.24 41.48
350 Wuhan University of Technology (WUT), China 31.99 41.34
351 Shanghai University (SHU), China 41.50 41.08
352 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 31.81 40.90
353 Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras), India 36.29 40.87
354 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 37.98 40.80
355 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 47.71 40.65
356 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 37.00 40.51
357 Nanjing Normal University (NNU), China 27.11 40.42
358 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 41.27 40.36
359 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 31.83 40.17
360 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 45.28 40.12
361 Leipzig University, Germany 49.93 39.74
362 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), China 25.44 39.72
363 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 32.90 39.62
364 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 24.51 39.56
365 University of Tsukuba, Japan 40.09 39.56
366 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 39.43 39.47
367 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 40.21 39.17
368 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 24.49 38.88
369 Ulm University, Germany 33.59 38.87
370 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 41.70 38.34
371 Pasteur Institute, France 38.34 38.25
372 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 37.48 38.23
373 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 40.12 38.22
374 China Pharmaceutical University (CPU), China 34.38 38.22
375 Curtin University, Australia 30.17 38.00
376 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 32.19 37.57
377 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 32.31 37.51
378 HHMI Janelia Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 36.95 37.43
379 Queen's University, Canada 25.13 37.40
380 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 38.47 37.33
381 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 43.02 37.26
382 Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NUST), China 34.05 37.14
383 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 33.29 37.06
384 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 43.81 37.03
385 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 34.85 36.92
386 China Academy of Engineering Physics (CAEP), China 24.66 36.80
387 National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), France 36.55 36.68
388 ShanghaiTech University, China 23.40 36.63
389 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 24.91 36.44
390 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 45.65 36.40
391 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 38.23 36.22
392 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 32.72 36.13
393 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 38.09 35.81
394 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 29.43 35.80
395 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 33.77 35.52
396 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 44.79 35.46
397 The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 30.30 35.29
398 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea 40.39 34.99
399 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 37.36 34.94
400 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 33.28 34.74
401 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 34.48 34.59
402 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 32.82 34.32
403 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 33.25 34.25
404 National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS), Japan 28.00 34.24
405 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 45.58 33.90
406 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 33.08 33.71
407 Huazhong Agricultural University (HZAU), China 22.79 33.68
408 Kanazawa University (KU), Japan 27.42 33.55
409 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 28.31 33.51
410 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 33.64 33.51
411 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 25.31 33.48
412 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 33.07 33.26
413 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 34.86 33.26
414 University of Konstanz, Germany 41.20 33.24
415 Hefei University of Technology (HFUT), China 15.53 33.01
416 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 31.02 32.99
417 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 35.35 32.95
418 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 31.44 32.93
419 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal (IISER Bhopal), India 20.40 32.71
420 The University of Dublin, Ireland 47.78 32.51
421 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 23.72 32.19
422 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 26.67 31.94
423 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 18.43 31.87
424 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 24.49 31.74
425 TU Dortmund University, Germany 41.96 31.72
426 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 37.72 31.67
427 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 41.58 31.42
428 Laval University (UL), Canada 26.97 31.40
429 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 29.50 31.35
430 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 30.19 31.19
431 Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), Japan 21.17 31.09
432 Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany 30.54 31.05
433 Wayne State University, United States of America (USA) 35.96 31.02
434 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 24.41 30.92
435 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 36.17 30.89
436 Okayama University, Japan 28.97 30.71
437 The University of Akron (UAkron), United States of America (USA) 36.73 30.43
438 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 26.24 30.24
439 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 30.39 30.23
440 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 34.78 30.00
441 China Meteorological Administration (CMA), China 23.29 29.98
442 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 26.27 29.86
443 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), United States of America (USA) 26.69 29.83
444 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 25.97 29.80
445 U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), United States of America (USA) 26.69 29.79
446 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 28.91 29.73
447 NWO-I, the Institutes Organisation of NWO, Netherlands 31.37 29.58
448 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 25.85 29.41
449 South China Normal University (SCNU), China 23.59 29.40
450 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 26.22 29.29
451 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 35.50 29.25
452 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 42.90 29.23
453 National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (NRCKI), Russia 20.31 29.12
454 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 35.23 29.07
455 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 29.83 29.02
456 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 35.51 28.91
457 Technical University of Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt), Germany 30.45 28.87
458 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 29.36 28.71
459 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 23.96 28.67
460 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 17.39 28.47
461 Henan University (HENU), China 17.65 28.30
462 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 27.08 28.13
463 Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Australia 12.83 27.97
464 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States of America (USA) 24.55 27.78
465 Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT University), Australia 18.59 27.75
466 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 22.91 27.45
467 Chiba University, Japan 20.38 27.39
468 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 29.12 27.37
469 Anhui University (AHU), China 14.71 27.21
470 National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Taiwan 26.44 27.20
471 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 22.38 26.73
472 Shanxi University (SXU), China 27.00 26.57
473 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 26.23 26.57
474 Waseda University, Japan 32.47 26.56
475 Zhejiang University of Technology (ZJUT), China 20.60 26.51
476 University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 32.84 26.48
477 Cleveland Clinic, United States of America (USA) 28.17 26.43
478 Henan Normal University, China 18.51 26.30
479 Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IIT Kharagpur), India 24.85 26.28
480 The University of Auckland, New Zealand 27.49 25.82
481 University of Otago, New Zealand 31.54 25.79
482 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 23.04 25.73
483 National Chiao Tung University (NCTU), Taiwan 33.77 25.73
484 Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA), Switzerland 22.01 25.59
485 Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Japan 21.78 25.59
486 Ocean University of China (OUC), China 29.37 25.58
487 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 25.73 25.57
488 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 24.05 25.57
489 Nanchang University (NCU), China 17.22 25.22
490 City of Hope, United States of America (USA) 19.65 25.20
491 National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), United States of America (USA) 25.67 25.16
492 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 22.72 25.15
493 Northwestern Polytechnical University (NPU), China 20.24 24.82
494 Graz University of Technology (TU Graz), Austria 22.87 24.76
495 Donghua University (DHU), China 14.38 24.71
496 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 30.02 24.71
497 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 28.21 24.68
498 The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), United States of America (USA) 22.76 24.68
499 Hunan Normal University (HUNNU), China 12.35 24.66
500 Northeastern University (NEU), China 6.49 24.63

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.