2019 tables: Institutions

Table criteria

The 2019 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018.

2018 Institution FC 2017 FC 2018
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 1529.78 1678.64
2 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 906.36 845.54
3 Max Planck Society, Germany 745.16 743.33
4 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 723.81 678.94
5 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 613.94 604.05
6 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 530.36 552.57
7 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 502.42 470.72
8 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 417.57 431.75
9 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 470.39 426.71
10 Peking University (PKU), China 393.64 403.74
11 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 382.31 396.8
12 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 405.45 396.58
13 Tsinghua University, China 354.44 386.15
14 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 406.56 381.51
15 Nanjing University (NJU), China 328.18 381.32
16 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 376.63 378.82
17 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 304.73 338.94
18 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 302.67 335.28
19 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 334.6 326.98
20 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 295.68 325.74
21 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 320.77 324.3
22 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 328.09 320.7
23 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 284.98 316.22
24 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 256.89 315.01
25 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 307.65 302.26
26 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 278.75 293.12
27 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 243.08 281.56
28 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 268.7 280.76
29 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 250.45 279.85
30 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 260.68 278.27
31 Kyoto University, Japan 306.97 278.01
32 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 306.81 276.99
33 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 267.5 271.1
34 Fudan University, China 205.49 247.11
35 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 229.88 246.82
36 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 223.27 239.07
37 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 220.92 237.53
38 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 201.28 236.56
39 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 241.77 229.09
40 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 240.36 224.27
41 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 169.46 221.01
42 Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), India 217.39 220.6
43 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 207.4 214.76
44 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 185.29 209.73
45 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 203.31 207.04
46 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 198.53 206.07
47 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 209.02 202.09
48 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 223.11 200.7
49 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 256.61 197.6
50 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 181.12 196.82
51 Nankai University (NKU), China 155.64 196.36
52 Leibniz Association, Germany 185.41 193.52
53 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 179.42 193.3
54 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 200.65 190.98
55 Soochow University, China 161.11 187.76
56 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 151.65 185.99
57 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 175.45 185.9
58 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 185.77 182.86
59 Wuhan University (WHU), China 159.81 180.91
60 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 174.97 179.88
61 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 200.69 179.4
62 Sichuan University (SCU), China 126.88 178.96
63 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 197.25 175.07
64 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 150.34 170.24
65 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 175.41 169.56
66 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 169.73 168.25
67 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 186.92 167.79
68 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 164.35 164.1
69 Osaka University, Japan 188.53 162.12
70 Tohoku University, Japan 144.06 159.39
71 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 141.91 155.7
72 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 164.49 153.76
73 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 152.94 153.67
74 RIKEN, Japan 151.74 152.43
75 Xiamen University (XMU), China 146.15 149.34
76 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 148.55 149.26
77 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 134.17 148.1
78 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 114.29 147.16
79 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 117.92 146.27
80 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 171.18 144.64
81 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 149.19 144.6
82 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 164.5 142.95
83 McGill University, Canada 148.07 139.1
84 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 159.38 138.05
85 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 148.07 137.14
86 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 130.06 137.07
87 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 153.28 136.84
88 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 117.93 136.54
89 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 149.41 133.24
90 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 130.74 130.22
91 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 112.5 127.17
92 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 120.49 126.97
93 Nagoya University, Japan 120.41 126.3
94 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 129.6 124.24
95 University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 135.03 122.94
96 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 127.78 121.81
97 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 127.59 121.61
98 Monash University, Australia 111.88 120.11
99 Hunan University (HNU), China 88.6 117.73
100 University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia 103.06 117.58
101 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 126.67 117.06
102 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 153.56 114.95
103 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 118.22 113.82
104 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 107.93 112.79
105 Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISER), India 98.33 111.08
106 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 107.4 110.87
107 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 101.09 110.85
108 Tianjin University (TJU), China 78.59 110.25
109 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 117.35 109.94
110 Jilin University (JLU), China 101.36 108.88
111 Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 109.51 108.39
112 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 118.45 108.26
113 Shandong University (SDU), China 89.65 108.22
114 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 98.17 107.35
115 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 116.82 107.23
116 Hokkaido University, Japan 117.1 106.66
117 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 130.84 106.48
118 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 103.96 105.77
119 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 85.88 105.01
120 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 104.16 104.75
121 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 110.85 104.22
122 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 82.41 104.17
123 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 121.48 103.95
124 Tongji University, China 75.28 103.8
125 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 111.02 103.76
126 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 89.05 103.47
127 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 88.77 101.17
128 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 89.93 100.38
129 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 119.55 100.06
130 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 112.8 99.79
131 University of Göttingen, Germany 104.92 99.53
132 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 97.38 99.45
133 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 84.59 99.13
134 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 88.75 98.99
135 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 86.32 98.84
136 Pierre and Marie Curie University (UPMC) - Paris 6, France 107.23 98.37
137 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 101.65 97.9
138 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 86.92 96.9
139 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 110.13 96.58
140 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 72.68 94.9
141 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 99.4 94.87
142 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 116.05 94.65
143 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 117.5 94.37
144 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 93.19 93.77
145 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 80.05 92.05
146 University of Würzburg, Germany 118.86 92.02
147 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 88.08 91.82
148 Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission (CEA), France 92.79 91.16
149 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 89.26 90.92
150 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 76.82 90.71
151 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 116.54 90.62
152 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 93.06 89.8
153 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 88.43 89.58
154 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 111.17 89.19
155 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 69.14 89.17
156 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 94.77 88.94
157 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 89.62 87.66
158 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 67.65 87.66
159 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 88.57 87.22
160 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 80.35 87.22
161 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 95.45 87.02
162 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 81.61 86.95
163 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 100.37 86.79
164 Goethe University Frankfurt am Main (GU), Germany 68.35 85.79
165 Kyushu University, Japan 97.01 85.75
166 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 76.01 85.55
167 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 92.34 85.55
168 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 63.99 85.53
169 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 86.62 85.34
170 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 71.54 85.11
171 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 111.69 84.32
172 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 87.95 84.1
173 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 78.23 84.06
174 Stockholm University, Sweden 82.17 83.85
175 Yonsei University, South Korea 74.17 83.19
176 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 78.06 82.75
177 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 94.77 82.39
178 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 68.32 81.63
179 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 87.8 81.5
180 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 81.7 81.48
181 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 90.66 81.24
182 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 86.34 80.79
183 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 90.86 80.23
184 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 72.84 79.85
185 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 64.31 78.82
186 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 86.43 78.79
187 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 100.45 78.68
188 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 84.53 77.53
189 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 50.75 77.38
190 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 67.21 77.2
191 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 78.42 77.02
192 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 75.59 76.75
193 Southeast University (SEU), China 75.78 76.06
194 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 69.09 75.4
195 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 75.28 75.34
196 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 71.17 75.08
197 Leiden University, Netherlands 85.79 75.01
198 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 80.78 74.59
199 Beihang University (BUAA), China 53.73 74.14
200 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 58.13 74.13
201 Lund University (LU), Sweden 83.89 73.86
202 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 82.06 73.5
203 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 76.2 73.28
204 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 76.97 73.17
205 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 77.16 73.12
206 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 66.83 73.11
207 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 93.48 73.06
208 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 64.93 72.92
209 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 68.38 71.88
210 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 53.13 71.86
211 Academia Sinica, Taiwan 70.45 71.25
212 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 67.34 71.05
213 University of Bern, Switzerland 63.99 70.7
214 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 52.15 70.33
215 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 80.43 69.81
216 University of Paris Sud (UPSud), France 72.07 69.72
217 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 82.43 69.54
218 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 73.52 69.31
219 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 50.13 68.53
220 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 80.33 68.38
221 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 66.25 68.27
222 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 78.19 68.11
223 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 61.9 67.81
224 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 77.25 67.8
225 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 83.21 67.47
226 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 76.47 67.29
227 People's Liberation Army (PLA), China 57.25 67
228 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan 61.38 66.44
229 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 52.39 66.43
230 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 62.83 66.3
231 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 72.72 66.2
232 University of Vienna, Austria 66.68 66.07
233 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 77.15 65.77
234 University of Waterloo, Canada 68.48 65.22
235 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 69.46 64.96
236 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 66.42 64.49
237 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 71.39 63.68
238 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 67.88 63.23
239 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 68.63 62.83
240 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 66.96 62.72
241 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 42.97 62.62
242 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 67.14 61.8
243 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 53.02 61.45
244 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 57.02 60.9
245 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 61.01 60.71
246 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 65.78 60.32
247 University of Helsinki, Finland 60.12 59.28
248 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 55.96 59.01
249 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 52.89 58.41
250 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 69.59 57.88
251 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 63.74 57.76
252 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 54.7 57.56
253 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 55.28 57.56
254 Central South University (CSU), China 45.86 56.83
255 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 56.25 56.44
256 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 38.61 56.38
257 Southwest University (SWU), China 62.75 56.33
258 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 53.69 56.25
259 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 57.23 55.94
260 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 53.08 55.67
261 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 79.59 55.52
262 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 54.93 55.49
263 Chongqing University (CQU), China 38.38 54.81
264 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 55.93 54.45
265 Western University (UWO), Canada 46.24 54.41
266 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 47.1 54.19
267 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 60.68 54.09
268 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 57.92 53.99
269 Keio University, Japan 62.34 53.57
270 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 48.81 53.51
271 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 48.81 53.46
272 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 43.68 53.34
273 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 55.26 53.32
274 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 46.16 53.11
275 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 32.85 52.78
276 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 53.51 52.73
277 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 71.87 52.68
278 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 44.24 52.49
279 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 51.84 52.42
280 Northwest University (NWU), China 34.63 52.42
281 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 46.55 52.18
282 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 55.99 52.09
283 Shenzhen University (SZU), China 33.4 51.83
284 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 54.58 51.75
285 University of Strasbourg, France 57.42 51.7
286 Korea University (KU), South Korea 55.92 51.66
287 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 49.97 51.63
288 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 53.12 51.07
289 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 39.25 50.72
290 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 60.55 50.67
291 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 46.7 50.39
292 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 44.74 50.17
293 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 39.47 50.14
294 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 49.45 49.7
295 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 47.46 49.56
296 Paris Diderot University (Paris 7), France 55.19 49.07
297 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 54.03 48.86
298 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 41.61 48.86
299 VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands 41.05 48.8
300 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 42.78 48.73
301 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 61.45 48.63
302 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 56.86 48.48
303 Jinan University (JNU), China 30.89 48.32
304 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 52.35 48.19
305 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 45.59 47.73
306 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 34.56 47.69
307 University of Toulouse, France 50.16 47.64
308 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 36.37 47.45
309 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 44.86 47.44
310 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 47.6 47.06
311 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 47.15 46.65
312 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 25.22 46.57
313 China Agricultural University (CAU), China 31.43 46.32
314 Shaanxi Normal University (SNNU), China 31.25 45.94
315 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 43.19 45.6
316 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 40.04 45.48
317 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 41.38 45.48
318 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 47.88 45.39
319 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 46.04 44.96
320 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 40.26 44.96
321 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 56.51 44.8
322 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 51.72 44.55
323 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 49.58 44.53
324 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 51.68 44.14
325 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 60.67 43.69
326 Mayo Clinic, United States of America (USA) 41 43.56
327 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 34.29 43.21
328 University of Bordeaux, France 40.6 43.08
329 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 30.66 42.86
330 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 35.8 42.45
331 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 64.8 42.3
332 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 37.83 42.2
333 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 42.56 42.13
334 Aalto University, Finland 40.53 42.11
335 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 41.18 42.09
336 University of Stuttgart, Germany 40.75 41.74
337 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 43.83 41.64
338 University of Lyon, France 44.56 41.57
339 University of Montpellier, France 41.66 41.5
340 Wuhan University of Technology (WUT), China 31.99 41.34
341 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 39.47 41.03
342 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 45.74 40.96
343 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 38.15 40.77
344 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 39.45 40.71
345 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 50.72 40.65
346 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 46.42 40.4
347 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 31.76 40.17
348 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 47.7 40.16
349 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 40.83 40.1
350 Shanghai University (SHU), China 40.64 40.04
351 McMaster University, Canada 46.82 39.48
352 China Pharmaceutical University (CPU), China 34.38 39.22
353 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 29.58 39.13
354 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 36.95 39.1
355 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 38.35 38.95
356 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 39.95 38.77
357 Nanjing Normal University (NNU), China 27.03 38.57
358 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 37.59 38.16
359 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 31.83 38.14
360 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 39.39 38.14
361 Pasteur Institute, France 38.33 38.13
362 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), China 25.44 37.86
363 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 40.16 37.85
364 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 40.18 37.75
365 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 37.48 37.65
366 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 24.09 37.51
367 Ulm University, Germany 33.26 37.51
368 Leipzig University, Germany 49.93 37.49
369 Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico (IRCCS), Italy 48.97 37.42
370 University of Tsukuba, Japan 39.94 37.38
371 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 24.5 37.22
372 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 32.84 37.19
373 Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NUST), China 34.05 37.12
374 Queen's University, Canada 25.12 36.83
375 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 33.35 36.46
376 HHMI Janelia Farm Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 36.95 36.41
377 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 45.56 36.26
378 ShanghaiTech University, China 23.73 35.95
379 Curtin University, Australia 30.16 35.92
380 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 39.18 35.86
381 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 25.04 35.69
382 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 32.67 35.64
383 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 43.02 35.54
384 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 43.81 35.34
385 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 37.97 35.12
386 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 43.5 34.8
387 China Academy of Engineering Physics (CAEP), China 24.5 34.77
388 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 29.42 34.57
389 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 38.14 34.1
390 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 32.52 33.99
391 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea 39.69 33.87
392 National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS), Japan 28 33.81
393 University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 30.18 33.78
394 Huazhong Agricultural University (HZAU), China 22.78 33.68
395 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 37.33 33.48
396 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 33.28 33.38
397 Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 31.52 33.35
398 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 33.39 33.32
399 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 34.02 33.29
400 Kanazawa University (KU), Japan 27.62 33.21
401 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 33.75 33.05
402 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 33.38 32.99
403 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 45.46 32.89
404 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 32.92 32.83
405 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 41.64 32.82
406 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 31.79 32.67
407 Hefei University of Technology (HFUT), China 16.09 32.31
408 University of Konstanz, Germany 41.2 31.99
409 French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA), France 33.97 31.78
410 The University of Dublin, Ireland 48.69 31.69
411 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 23.45 31.62
412 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 24.49 31.24
413 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 17.6 31
414 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 30.56 30.99
415 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 28.25 30.88
416 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 36.19 30.81
417 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 31.4 30.76
418 Laval University (UL), Canada 26.96 30.66
419 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 26.67 30.63
420 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 24.14 30.27
421 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 29.5 30.25
422 University of Hannover (LUH), Germany 30.6 30.11
423 The University of Akron (UAkron), United States of America (USA) 36.43 30.07
424 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 37.08 30.03
425 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 25.53 29.61
426 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 24.56 29.51
427 TU Dortmund University, Germany 41.81 29.41
428 Henan University (HENU), China 17.65 29.3
429 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 34.54 29.22
430 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 41.55 29.16
431 Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), Japan 21.17 29.08
432 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 29.75 29.03
433 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 30.03 28.92
434 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 26.27 28.81
435 Wayne State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 35.31 28.76
436 Okayama University, Japan 28.95 28.59
437 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 26.18 28.49
438 U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), United States of America (USA) 26.06 28.49
439 University of Sussex (US), United Kingdom (UK) 36.5 28.38
440 Catholic University of Louvain (UCL), Belgium 25.65 28.38
441 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 29.36 28.32
442 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 28.91 28.27
443 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 35.1 28.11
444 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 17.39 28.03
445 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 34.69 27.91
446 Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Australia 12.8 27.85
447 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 23.95 27.63
448 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States of America (USA) 23.88 27.62
449 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), United States of America (USA) 26.62 27.62
450 South China Normal University (SCNU), China 23.59 27.52
451 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 35.5 27.51
452 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 35.03 27.13
453 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 24.94 27.06
454 Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT University), Australia 18.64 26.56
455 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 22.02 26.54
456 Shanxi University (SXU), China 26.99 26.5
457 Henan Normal University (HTU), China 18.45 26.19
458 Waseda University, Japan 32.46 26.14
459 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 28.73 26.14
460 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 29.87 26.07
461 Donghua University (DHU), China 14.38 25.99
462 Chiba University, Japan 19.78 25.96
463 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 22.65 25.87
464 National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Taiwan 26.42 25.86
465 The University of Auckland, New Zealand 27.49 25.73
466 The University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 32.84 25.71
467 Zhejiang University of Technology (ZJUT), China 20.63 25.7
468 University of Otago, New Zealand 30.77 25.6
469 Darmstadt University of Technology (TU Darmstadt), Germany 30.45 25.58
470 Anhui University (AHU), China 14.71 25.38
471 International School for Advanced Studies (ISAS), Italy 27.08 25.28
472 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 42.88 25.27
473 City of Hope, United States of America (USA) 19.59 25.21
474 National Chiao Tung University (NCTU), Taiwan 33.77 25.08
475 National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), United States of America (USA) 25.29 24.82
476 Cleveland Clinic, United States of America (USA) 27.97 24.8
477 The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), United States of America (USA) 22.64 24.57
478 Nanchang University (NCU), China 17.22 24.56
479 Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA), Switzerland 22.01 24.53
480 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 28.93 24.4
481 Northwestern Polytechnical University (NPU), China 20.24 24.29
482 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 28.07 24.24
483 Graz University of Technology (TU Graz), Austria 22.87 24.17
484 Kyung Hee University (KHU), South Korea 25.02 23.96
485 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 25.66 23.94
486 Northeastern University (NEU), China 6.49 23.93
487 Ocean University of China (OUC), China 28.25 23.91
488 Ewha Womans University (Ewha), South Korea 29.65 23.8
489 China Meteorological Administration (CMA), China 23.14 23.79
490 Georgia State University (GSU), United States of America (USA) 25.45 23.68
491 Huaqiao University (HQU), China 13.41 23.67
492 University of Pisa (UNIPI), Italy 12.27 23.61
493 Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria), Austria 24.87 23.57
494 Jiangsu Normal University (JSNU), China 18.17 23.54
495 Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), China 26.29 23.51
496 Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Germany 29.19 23.28
497 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), India 25.53 23.26
498 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 23.1 23.23
499 Nanjing Medical University (NJMU), China 16.88 23.2
500 University of Saskatchewan (U of S), Canada 25.06 23.14

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. It is important for users to understand that the data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, that they cover the natural sciences only and that outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output). We encourage users to combine the free-to-access Nature Index data with information from other sources.

The annual tables for 2019 represent a set of data frozen on 13 May 2019. The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted FC accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. FC values have been adjusted to 2018 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.

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