2019 tables: Institutions

Table criteria

The 2019 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018.

2018 Institution Share 2017 Share 2018
1 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China 1527.63 1726.7
2 Harvard University, United States of America (USA) 902.58 877.2
3 Max Planck Society, Germany 745.16 773.55
4 French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France 725.95 711.29
5 Stanford University, United States of America (USA) 614.09 628.02
6 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States of America (USA) 534.07 569.99
7 Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Germany 507.16 503.23
8 The University of Tokyo (UTokyo), Japan 470.5 447.76
9 University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (UK) 419.81 446.83
10 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), Switzerland 382.19 418.41
11 Peking University (PKU), China 393.38 413.39
12 University of Oxford, United Kingdom (UK) 405.45 411.25
13 Tsinghua University, China 353.04 399.03
14 University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), United States of America (USA) 406.84 395.99
15 National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America (USA) 376.43 393.07
16 Nanjing University (NJU), China 328.46 391.5
17 University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), China 304.79 351.08
18 Yale University, United States of America (USA) 302.69 347.58
19 University of Michigan (U-M), United States of America (USA) 334.61 343.6
20 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States of America (USA) 320.76 338.32
21 University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States of America (USA) 328 333.84
22 Northwestern University (NU), United States of America (USA) 295.68 331.9
23 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), China 259.66 326.73
24 University of Toronto (U of T), Canada 284.76 326.61
25 Columbia University in the City of New York (CU), United States of America (USA) 307.96 315.4
26 University of Pennsylvania (Penn), United States of America (USA) 278.78 307.61
27 California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States of America (USA) 307.01 293.51
28 University of Washington (UW), United States of America (USA) 268.74 292.81
29 Kyoto University, Japan 307.04 289.47
30 Zhejiang University (ZJU), China 242.33 288.8
31 Princeton University, United States of America (USA) 250.45 287.81
32 Cornell University, United States of America (USA) 260.68 285.41
33 The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin), United States of America (USA) 268.25 277.02
34 Fudan University, China 206.02 259.63
35 National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 229.88 253.72
36 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), United States of America (USA) 223.27 245.39
37 University of Minnesota (UMN), United States of America (USA) 201.28 239.49
38 Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore 241.82 238.01
39 Johns Hopkins University (JHU), United States of America (USA) 240.37 233.86
40 Imperial College London (ICL), United Kingdom (UK) 208.03 232.28
41 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), China 168.91 230.68
42 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland 207.43 222.8
43 University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), United States of America (USA) 185.54 215.52
44 The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), United States of America (USA) 198.82 213.33
45 Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), United States of America (USA) 209.03 211.34
46 The University of Chicago (UChicago), United States of America (USA) 223.11 207.92
47 Duke University, United States of America (USA) 179.41 207.61
48 University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), United States of America (USA) 256.62 202.88
49 University College London (UCL), United Kingdom (UK) 189.95 202.34
50 Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), Germany 181.12 201.49
51 Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Spain 200.34 201.24
52 Leibniz Association, Germany 186.23 199.08
53 Nankai University (NKU), China 155.64 198.63
54 Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Russia 175.45 196.77
55 Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), China 151.64 196.34
56 Wuhan University (WHU), China 159.81 194.98
57 University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder), United States of America (USA) 175.71 193.57
58 Soochow University, China 161.05 193.5
59 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), United States of America (USA) 185.77 190.73
60 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), United States of America (USA) 200.69 183.56
61 Sichuan University (SCU), China 126.88 181.72
62 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), United States of America (USA) 197.23 180.28
63 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 175.41 179.98
64 University of California, Davis (UC Davis), United States of America (USA) 150.35 177.86
65 University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), United States of America (USA) 186.92 174.2
66 New York University (NYU), United States of America (USA) 169.73 173.74
67 Osaka University, Japan 188.12 170.92
68 Tohoku University, Japan 142.74 166.52
69 Seoul National University (SNU), South Korea 164.35 165.98
70 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea 152.94 161.36
71 University of Copenhagen (UCPH), Denmark 141.9 161.03
72 RIKEN, Japan 151.81 160.44
73 University of California, Irvine (UCI), United States of America (USA) 164.51 159.49
74 Purdue University, United States of America (USA) 148.55 152.9
75 The Ohio State University (OSU), United States of America (USA) 134.17 152.09
76 Texas A&M University (TAMU), United States of America (USA) 171.18 151.61
77 Xiamen University (XMU), China 146.2 150.49
78 The University of Queensland (UQ), Australia 117.92 150.17
79 Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China 114.37 149.89
80 Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), United States of America (USA) 147.69 148.33
81 The University of Manchester (UoM), United Kingdom (UK) 164.5 146.81
82 McGill University, Canada 148.07 145.69
83 The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (UK) 159.38 145.44
84 Technical University of Munich (TUM), Germany 131.71 144.71
85 University of Bristol (UoB), United Kingdom (UK) 153.24 143.07
86 University of Southern California (USC), United States of America (USA) 117.86 140.85
87 Scripps Research, United States of America (USA) 148.14 140.12
88 Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands 130.74 136.11
89 National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy 117.18 135.89
90 University of Pittsburgh (Pitt), United States of America (USA) 149.42 135.43
91 The University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada 120.49 132.05
92 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland 127.78 131.37
93 University of Münster (WWU), Germany 112.5 130.98
94 Nagoya University, Japan 121.08 130.74
95 Heidelberg University (Uni Heidelberg), Germany 126.67 128.31
96 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (RU), United States of America (USA) 129.6 127.65
97 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan 127.59 126.66
98 Monash University, Australia 111.88 125.63
99 The University of Utah (Utah), United States of America (USA) 135.03 125.19
100 University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia 102.43 121.72
101 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), United States of America (USA) 130.84 121.25
102 The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UT Southwestern Medical Center), United States of America (USA) 153.56 119.48
103 Hunan University (HNU), China 88.46 119.08
104 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), United States of America (USA) 118.22 117.44
105 Lanzhou University (LZU), China 107.4 117.08
106 Jilin University (JLU), China 101.36 114.64
107 Indiana University (IU), United States of America (USA) 101.11 114.55
108 Tianjin University (TJU), China 78.59 114.35
109 Hokkaido University, Japan 116.1 113.72
110 Shandong University (SDU), China 89.48 113.36
111 University of Florida (UF), United States of America (USA) 118.46 112.88
112 Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Spain 107.93 112.77
113 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 116.85 111.97
114 University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland 110.85 110.75
115 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 84.81 110.45
116 South China University of Technology (SCUT), China 97.38 109.63
117 Vanderbilt University (VU), United States of America (USA) 121.48 109.17
118 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), China 109.42 108.59
119 Beijing Normal University (BNU), China 86.92 107.31
120 East China University of Science and Technology (ECUST), China 82.41 106.87
121 University of California, Riverside (UCR), United States of America (USA) 104.16 106.32
122 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 111.02 106.02
123 Uppsala University (UU), Sweden 97.37 105.81
124 Tongji University, China 75.28 105.61
125 Emory University, United States of America (USA) 100.62 105.33
126 Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium 120.27 105.08
127 The University of Melbourne (UniMelb), Australia 88.77 104.62
128 Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), China 89.05 104.31
129 Sorbonne University, France 107.45 103.86
130 The University of Arizona (Arizona), United States of America (USA) 89.93 103.47
131 National Research Council (CNR), Italy 112.82 103.38
132 The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France 99.41 101.63
133 RWTH Aachen University (RWTH Aachen), Germany 93.52 101.59
134 Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU), China 88.75 100.83
135 Australian National University (ANU), Australia 84.59 100.73
136 Arizona State University (ASU), United States of America (USA) 101.65 100.64
137 University of Göttingen, Germany 104.92 100.48
138 East China Normal University (ECNU), China 86.32 100.09
139 University of Alberta (U of A), Canada 99.4 99.62
140 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States of America (USA) 117.5 97.99
141 University of Southampton (Soton), United Kingdom (UK) 79.06 97.76
142 Rice University, United States of America (USA) 116.05 97.52
143 University of Basel (UB), Switzerland 110.13 97.03
144 Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Netherlands 72.68 96.8
145 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), United States of America (USA) 111.17 96.53
146 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), Germany 93.09 95.72
147 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), Germany 88.08 95.1
148 University of Würzburg (JMU), Germany 118.86 94.18
149 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), United States of America (USA) 88.43 93.99
150 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States of America (USA) 77.3 93.51
151 Aarhus University (AU), Denmark 80.35 92.55
152 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India 116.54 92.52
153 Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), China 68.07 92.35
154 Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), United States of America (USA) 89.63 91.75
155 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), China 69.14 91.35
156 Boston University (BU), United States of America (USA) 95.49 91.26
157 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), United States of America (USA) 94.77 90.9
158 University of Tübingen (Uni Tübingen), Germany 75.74 90.86
159 Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin), Germany 93.52 90.51
160 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), United States of America (USA) 100.98 89.73
161 University of Amsterdam (UvA), Netherlands 78.16 89.63
162 National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), France 87.6 89.5
163 Michigan State University (MSU), United States of America (USA) 81.61 89.26
164 Goethe University Frankfurt am Main (GU), Germany 67.72 89.15
165 Institute for Basic Science (IBS), South Korea 71.54 88.05
166 Yonsei University, South Korea 74.17 87.94
167 University of Groningen (RUG), Netherlands 111.69 87.93
168 Kyushu University, Japan 97.01 87.7
169 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea 86.62 87.55
170 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 90.66 87.2
171 King's College London (KCL), United Kingdom (UK) 79.87 87.13
172 Stockholm University, Sweden 82.17 86.79
173 Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China 63.99 86.7
174 Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS), Czech Republic 88.06 86.62
175 Durham University, United Kingdom (UK) 80.78 85.13
176 University of Rochester (UR), United States of America (USA) 68.32 85.13
177 University of Freiburg (Uni Freiburg), Germany 94.77 85.11
178 University of Hamburg (UHH), Germany 81.71 84.78
179 Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), Germany 90.86 84.06
180 Ghent University (UGent), Belgium 64.31 83.52
181 North Carolina State University (NCSU), United States of America (USA) 87.78 82.94
182 State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNY Stony Brook), United States of America (USA) 82.06 82.87
183 The Rockefeller University, United States of America (USA) 100.45 82.83
184 U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), United States of America (USA) 86.43 82.57
185 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea 75.59 81.14
186 University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst), United States of America (USA) 86.34 81.11
187 Indian Institute of Science (IISc), India 84.53 80.58
188 Lund University (LU), Sweden 83.89 80.54
189 Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States of America (USA) 72.84 80.19
190 University of Virginia (UVA), United States of America (USA) 78.36 79.77
191 Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech), China 50.75 79.15
192 The University of Georgia (UGA), United States of America (USA) 67.21 79.06
193 Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark 73.71 78.57
194 University of Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK) 76.97 78.51
195 Beihang University (BUAA), China 53.73 77.82
196 The University of Iowa (UI), United States of America (USA) 71.31 77.25
197 Colorado State University, United States of America (USA) 76.02 77.02
198 Leiden University, Netherlands 85.79 76.45
199 Karolinska Institute (KI), Sweden 76.21 76.21
200 University of Montreal (UdeM), Canada 75.28 76.12
201 The University of Sydney (USYD), Australia 68.06 75.98
202 Southeast University (SEU), China 75.78 75.96
203 Iowa State University, United States of America (USA) 66.77 75.73
204 The University of Hong Kong (HKU), China 93.48 75.73
205 Academia Sinica, Taiwan 70.45 75.63
206 Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS), United States of America (USA) 64.94 75.48
207 National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan 82.43 75.11
208 University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical School), United States of America (USA) 58.13 75
209 University of Bonn (Uni Bonn), Germany 80.26 74.96
210 Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), United States of America (USA) 68.38 74.94
211 University of Paris-Sud (UPSud), France 72.83 74.39
212 University of Bern (UniBE), Switzerland 63.99 73.96
213 University of Leeds, United Kingdom (UK) 67.3 73.86
214 Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT), China 53.13 73.38
215 Brown University, United States of America (USA) 83.21 73.27
216 National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan 73.52 73.18
217 University of Paris, France 72.78 72.04
218 Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), China 52.15 71.87
219 People's Liberation Army (PLA), China 57.24 71.07
220 University of Cincinnati (UC), United States of America (USA) 61.88 70.58
221 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan 62.28 70.14
222 Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 79.83 70.08
223 University of Oslo (UiO), Norway 66.48 69.77
224 University of Notre Dame (ND), United States of America (USA) 66.25 69.57
225 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland 55.28 69.5
226 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea 77.62 69.06
227 University of Vienna, Austria 66.69 68.88
228 The University of Warwick (Warwick), United Kingdom (UK) 76.47 68.23
229 Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), Netherlands 77.15 68.09
230 University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), United States of America (USA) 69.46 67.83
231 Shandong Normal University (SDNU), China 52.39 67.43
232 Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin), Germany 69.3 66.87
233 University of Regensburg (UR), Germany 62.83 66.73
234 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), United States of America (USA) 67.75 66.39
235 University of Waterloo, Canada 68.48 66.36
236 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus (CU Anschutz), United States of America (USA) 55.96 66.03
237 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), United States of America (USA) 71.39 65.05
238 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), United States of America (USA) 69.21 64.75
239 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States of America (USA) 79.59 64.14
240 Fuzhou University (FZU), China 42.97 64.07
241 Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany 67.17 63.68
242 Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), Netherlands 66.96 63.37
243 The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) 65.82 62.77
244 University of Houston (UH), United States of America (USA) 53.02 62.49
245 University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), United States of America (USA) 57.07 61.89
246 University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), United States of America (USA) 61.01 61.78
247 University of Ottawa (uOttawa), Canada 63.74 61.48
248 University of Helsinki, Finland 60.12 61.34
249 University of Barcelona (UB), Spain 69.37 61.21
250 University of Cologne (UoC), Germany 54.52 60.53
251 University of Exeter, United Kingdom (UK) 52.89 59.46
252 Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM), Spain 56.03 58.53
253 University of St Andrews, United Kingdom (UK) 57.21 58.49
254 Central South University (CSU), China 45.86 58.43
255 Dartmouth College, United States of America (USA) 57.84 57.92
256 University of Oregon (UO), United States of America (USA) 53.08 57.61
257 F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Switzerland 53.7 57.5
258 Western University (UWO), Canada 46.24 57.46
259 KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden 54.92 57.31
260 University of Lausanne (UNIL), Switzerland 54.93 57.25
261 University of Delaware (UD), United States of America (USA) 49.39 56.83
262 Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany 55.93 56.75
263 The University of Nottingham (UoN), United Kingdom (UK) 60.69 56.59
264 Southwest University (SWU), China 62.75 56.5
265 University of Birmingham (UB), United Kingdom (UK) 53.51 56.39
266 City University of Hong Kong (CityU), China 43.83 56.08
267 Keio University, Japan 62.11 55.97
268 Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), Sweden 38.33 55.87
269 Chongqing University (CQU), China 38.38 55.82
270 University of Liverpool, United Kingdom (UK) 51.29 55.74
271 The Francis Crick Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 62.16 55.64
272 Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), United States of America (USA) 47.1 55.51
273 National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico 33.85 55.19
274 China University of Geosciences (CUG), China 37.87 54.93
275 University of Calgary (U of C), Canada 53.12 54.84
276 Medical Research Council (MRC), United Kingdom (UK) 62.63 54.67
277 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), United Kingdom (UK) 44.24 54.31
278 The City University of New York (CUNY), United States of America (USA) 48.81 53.72
279 University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (SUNY UB), United States of America (USA) 46.16 53.53
280 Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Poland 55.99 53.53
281 The University of New Mexico (UNM), United States of America (USA) 47.19 53.48
282 University of Connecticut (UConn), United States of America (USA) 71.87 53.45
283 Shenzhen University (SZU), China 33.4 53.38
284 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India 49.45 53.26
285 Florida State University (FSU), United States of America (USA) 60.55 53.25
286 University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Spain 54.58 53.25
287 University of Miami (UM), United States of America (USA) 46.67 53.11
288 University of Strasbourg, France 56.77 53.02
289 Korea University, South Korea 55.63 52.82
290 The University of Kansas (KU), United States of America (USA) 49.98 52.68
291 Northwest University (NWU), China 34.63 52.42
292 VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands 41.15 52
293 European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Germany 44.74 51.86
294 University of Valencia (UV), Spain 44.86 51.76
295 National Tsing Hua University (NTHU), Taiwan 61.45 51.1
296 Newcastle University, United Kingdom (UK) 39.25 50.96
297 University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil 56.82 50.94
298 University of Hawai'i at Manoa (UH Mānoa), United States of America (USA) 45.59 50.94
299 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), United States of America (USA) 40.26 50.84
300 The University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK), United States of America (USA) 41.61 49.89
301 University of York, United Kingdom (UK) 42.78 49.89
302 Tufts University, United States of America (USA) 47.46 49.71
303 University of Toulouse, France 50.16 49.39
304 University of Warsaw (UW), Poland 34.56 49.3
305 Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), Austria 54.04 49.11
306 Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), Russia 47.6 48.71
307 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 47.15 48.7
308 University of South Florida (USF), United States of America (USA) 36.38 48.33
309 Jinan University (JNU), China 30.81 48.15
310 Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein), United States of America (USA) 52.71 47.83
311 Shaanxi Normal University (SNNU), China 31.25 47.75
312 Oregon State University, United States of America (USA) 56.51 47.47
313 China Agricultural University (CAU), China 31.43 47.38
314 National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), United States of America (USA) 46.42 47.34
315 Zhengzhou University (ZZU), China 25.22 47.23
316 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland 51.7 46.91
317 Mayo Clinic, United States of America (USA) 41.07 46.89
318 Louisiana State University (LSU), United States of America (USA) 43.19 46.71
319 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), Netherlands 51.68 46.59
320 University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China 41.38 46.57
321 Washington State University (WSU), United States of America (USA) 40.04 46.49
322 Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), India 64.8 46.21
323 Aix-Marseille University (AMU), France 46.91 46.2
324 University of Lisbon (ULISBOA), Portugal 34.45 46.05
325 Philipps University of Marburg (Uni Marburg), Germany 46.04 45.56
326 Carnegie Institution for Science (CIS), United States of America (USA) 49.58 45.29
327 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India 47.24 44.82
328 Grenoble Alpes University (UGA), France 60.54 44.75
329 Northeastern University (NEU), United States of America (USA) 37.77 44.71
330 University of Lyon, France 46.17 44.63
331 University of South Carolina - Columbia (SC), United States of America (USA) 41.18 44.1
332 Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain 38.42 44.09
333 University of Missouri (Mizzou), United States of America (USA) 34.29 43.94
334 Aalto University, Finland 40.55 43.69
335 The University of Western Australia (UWA), Australia 42.56 43.64
336 University of Kiel (CAU), Germany 30.66 43.39
337 University of Montpellier, France 42.13 43.27
338 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (PI), Canada 50.72 43.18
339 University of Bordeaux, France 38.06 42.96
340 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (St. Jude), United States of America (USA) 35.8 42.95
341 Brandeis University, United States of America (USA) 43.83 42.78
342 University of Padova (UNIPD), Italy 40.83 42.64
343 University of Stuttgart, Germany 40.75 42.59
344 The University of Texas at Dallas (UT Dallas), United States of America (USA) 39.45 42.31
345 National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina 38.15 42.23
346 Salk Institute for Biological Studies (Salk), United States of America (USA) 39.47 41.72
347 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), United States of America (USA) 29.72 41.71
348 Wuhan University of Technology (WUT), China 31.99 41.34
349 McMaster University, Canada 46.82 41.23
350 Shanghai University (SHU), China 40.64 41.08
351 Nanjing Normal University (NNU), China 27.03 40.92
352 Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras), India 36.22 40.87
353 University of Gothenburg (GU), Sweden 31.76 40.86
354 IBM Corporation, United States of America (USA) 47.7 40.64
355 Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS), Italy 47.86 40.58
356 The University of Oklahoma (OU), United States of America (USA) 37.59 40.47
357 Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Italy 36.95 40.42
358 Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India 31.83 40.17
359 Sandia National Laboratories, United States of America (USA) 45.25 40.12
360 Cardiff University, United Kingdom (UK) 40.23 40.05
361 Leipzig University, Germany 49.93 39.76
362 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), China 25.44 39.72
363 University of Bremen (Uni Bremen), Germany 32.84 39.62
364 University of Tsukuba, Japan 39.94 39.56
365 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway 24.5 39.46
366 The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia 39.39 39.45
367 Sapienza University of Rome, Italy 40.16 39.17
368 Northeast Normal University (NENU), China 39.95 38.93
369 Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf (HHU), Germany 24.28 38.88
370 Ulm University, Germany 33.29 38.87
371 Pasteur Institute, France 38.3 38.67
372 Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium 41.64 38.26
373 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), United States of America (USA) 37.48 38.23
374 China Pharmaceutical University (CPU), China 34.38 38.22
375 Curtin University, Australia 30.16 38
376 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Spain 31.79 37.57
377 Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), Germany 38.6 37.44
378 HHMI Janelia Farm Research Campus, United States of America (USA) 36.95 37.43
379 Queen's University, Canada 25.12 37.4
380 Wellcome Sanger Institute, United Kingdom (UK) 31.52 37.34
381 University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), Germany 43.02 37.26
382 Nanjing University of Science and Technology (NUST), China 34.05 37.14
383 University of Bayreuth (UBT), Germany 43.81 37.03
384 University of Twente (UTwente), Netherlands 25.04 37.01
385 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune (IISER Pune), India 34.85 36.92
386 China Academy of Engineering Physics (CAEP), China 24.5 36.85
387 University of Innsbruck (LFU), Austria 33.29 36.77
388 ShanghaiTech University, China 23.73 36.57
389 Hanyang University (HYU), South Korea 45.56 36.4
390 Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Austria 38.14 36.19
391 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS & PUMC), China 32.65 36.08
392 National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), France 36.11 35.85
393 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 29.42 35.8
394 The University of Adelaide (Adelaide Uni), Australia 37.94 35.68
395 The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), United States of America (USA) 30.19 35.01
396 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea 39.69 34.99
397 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), China 37.33 34.98
398 Smithsonian Institution, United States of America (USA) 33.75 34.89
399 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom (UK) 33.28 34.8
400 Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS), Hungary 34.28 34.56
401 Temple University, United States of America (USA) 43.5 34.45
402 University of Florence (UNIFI), Italy 33.39 34.35
403 National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS), Japan 28 34.1
404 Central China Normal University (CCNU), China 45.46 33.9
405 University of Victoria (UVic), Canada 33 33.71
406 Huazhong Agricultural University (HZAU), China 22.79 33.68
407 University of Bologna (UNIBO), Italy 28.25 33.51
408 Simon Fraser University (SFU), Canada 33.38 33.51
409 University of Turin (UNITO), Italy 24.9 33.42
410 Kanazawa University (KU), Japan 27.42 33.41
411 University of Bath, United Kingdom (UK) 32.52 33.32
412 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), India 33.07 33.26
413 The University of Dublin, Ireland 48.68 33.16
414 University of Konstanz, Germany 41.2 33.06
415 Hefei University of Technology (HFUT), China 15.53 33.01
416 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC), United States of America (USA) 30.49 32.99
417 Jagiellonian University (UJ), Poland 31.4 32.9
418 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal (IISER Bhopal), India 20.4 32.71
419 National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), Italy 34.69 32.62
420 Giessen University (JLU), Germany 23.45 32.07
421 Drexel University, United States of America (USA) 26.67 31.95
422 Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea 17.6 31.87
423 University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), United States of America (USA) 35.23 31.83
424 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), United States of America (USA) 24.49 31.74
425 TU Dortmund University, Germany 41.81 31.72
426 Novartis International AG, Switzerland 41.58 31.42
427 Laval University (UL), Canada 26.96 31.37
428 Boston College (BC), United States of America (USA) 29.5 31.35
429 Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain 34.75 31.31
430 Charles University (CU), Czech Republic 29.75 31.17
431 Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), Japan 21.17 31.09
432 Linköping University (LiU), Sweden 37.71 31.03
433 Wayne State University, United States of America (USA) 35.31 31.02
434 University of Sussex, United Kingdom (UK) 36.5 30.98
435 Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Switzerland 24.14 30.92
436 University of Hannover (LUH), Germany 30.64 30.73
437 The University of Akron (UAkron), United States of America (USA) 36.48 30.43
438 University of Dundee, United Kingdom (UK) 25.53 30.24
439 Institute of Research for Development (IRD), France 30 30.04
440 University of Central Florida (UCF), United States of America (USA) 26.27 29.86
441 Okayama University, Japan 28.95 29.82
442 Hiroshima University (HU), Japan 28.91 29.63
443 Catholic University of Louvain (UCLouvain), Belgium 25.65 29.6
444 NWO-I, the Institutes Organisation of NWO, Netherlands 31.33 29.58
445 South China Normal University (SCNU), China 23.59 29.4
446 University of Antwerp (UA), Belgium 26.19 29.29
447 China Meteorological Administration (CMA), China 23.14 29.29
448 U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), United States of America (USA) 26.06 29.25
449 University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom (UK) 35.5 29.25
450 University of Kentucky (UK), United States of America (USA) 42.89 29.21
451 National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (NRCKI), Russia 19.87 29.1
452 University of Milan (UNIMI), Italy 35.03 29.1
453 AstraZeneca plc, United Kingdom (UK) 29.87 28.94
454 Merck & Co., Inc., United States of America (USA) 35.51 28.91
455 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), United States of America (USA) 26.62 28.89
456 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, United States of America (USA) 25.57 28.77
457 University of Fribourg (UNIFR), Switzerland 23.95 28.67
458 Darmstadt University of Technology (TU Darmstadt), Germany 30.45 28.64
459 National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France 29.36 28.49
460 Henan University (HENU), China 17.65 28.3
461 Saarland University (Saar-Uni), Germany 17.39 28.23
462 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA), Italy 27.08 28.13
463 Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Australia 12.8 27.93
464 University of Granada (UGR), Spain 22.02 27.81
465 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States of America (USA) 23.88 27.78
466 Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT University), Australia 18.61 27.75
467 Chiba University, Japan 19.78 27.38
468 Anhui University (AHU), China 14.71 27.21
469 National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Taiwan 26.42 27.2
470 Umeå University (UMU), Sweden 28.73 27.05
471 Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Belgium 22.86 27.01
472 Shanxi University (SXU), China 26.99 26.57
473 École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), France 25.93 26.51
474 Zhejiang University of Technology (ZJUT), China 20.53 26.48
475 University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia 32.84 26.48
476 Cleveland Clinic, United States of America (USA) 27.97 26.43
477 Waseda University, Japan 32.46 26.38
478 Henan Normal University, China 18.45 26.3
479 Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IIT Kharagpur), India 24.85 26.28
480 The University of Auckland, New Zealand 27.49 25.82
481 University of Otago, New Zealand 30.77 25.79
482 National Chiao Tung University (NCTU), Taiwan 33.77 25.73
483 Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA), Switzerland 22.01 25.59
484 University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy 25.72 25.57
485 Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Japan 21.06 25.53
486 Ocean University of China (OUC), China 28.25 25.35
487 Nanchang University (NCU), China 17.22 25.22
488 University of Bergen (UIB), Norway 23.1 25.2
489 City of Hope, United States of America (USA) 19.59 25.2
490 National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), United States of America (USA) 25.17 25.16
491 University of Naples Federico II (UNINA), Italy 22.4 25.15
492 Graz University of Technology (TU Graz), Austria 22.87 24.78
493 Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Netherlands 22.77 24.73
494 Donghua University (DHU), China 14.38 24.71
495 National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy 28.93 24.71
496 University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), United States of America (USA) 28.07 24.68
497 The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), United States of America (USA) 22.64 24.68
498 Hunan Normal University (HUNNU), China 12.35 24.66
499 Northeastern University (NEU), China 6.49 24.63
500 Northwestern Polytechnical University (NPU), China 20.24 24.63

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2019 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.