2019 tables: Institutions - physical sciences - academic

The 2019 tables are based on Nature Index data from 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018.

Table criteria

# Institution Share 2017 Share 2018 Count 2018 Change in Adjusted Share 2017-2018*
1 Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), Israel 72.15 73.50 228 -3.7%
2 Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (IIT), Israel 39.42 54.67 168 31.2%
3 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia 47.23 44.35 105 -11.2%
4 Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israel 41.72 42.57 162 -3.5%
5 Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI), Israel 39.64 34.02 74 -18.9%
6 Bar-Ilan University (BIU), Israel 13.41 17.66 36 24.5%
7 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), Israel 17.15 15.13 43 -16.6%
8 University of the Punjab, Pakistan 6.08 9.10 20 41.6%
9 Yerevan State University (YSU), Armenia 6.57 6.96 195 0.1%
10 Bilkent University, Turkey 8.23 5.95 13 -31.6%
11 Shiraz University, Iran 3.33 5.92 9 67.8%
12 Shahid Beheshti University (SBU), Iran 5.49 5.75 11 -1.0%
13 Sharif University of Technology (SUT), Iran 3.26 5.13 14 48.7%
14 University of Tehran (UT), Iran 4.12 4.72 9 8.5%
15 COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI), Pakistan 6.96 4.32 35 -41.3%
16 Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Iran 0.67 4.20 6 495.7%
17 Istanbul Technical University (ITU), Turkey 3.05 3.84 102 19.0%
18 Isfahan University of Technology (IUT), Iran 1.93 3.69 66 80.5%
19 Hadassah Academic College, Israel 3.00 3.00 6 -5.4%
19 Ruppin Academic Center, Israel 3.00 3.00 6 -5.4%
20 Bu-Ali Sina University, Iran 1.00 2.83 4 167.9%
21 Koç University (KU), Turkey 1.52 2.76 8 72.0%
22 Middle East Technical University (METU), Turkey 1.12 2.75 112 131.9%
23 Shahrood University of Technology, Iran 2.83 2.58 4 -13.8%
24 King Saud University (KSU), Saudi Arabia 0.93 2.55 12 159.8%
25 University of Kurdistan, Iran 2.33 4 N/A
26 Islamia University of Bahawalpur Pakistan (IUB), Pakistan 3.58 2.00 2 -47.2%
26 Pamukkale University (PAU), Turkey 1.00 2.00 2 89.1%
27 Quaid-i-Azam University (QAU), Pakistan 1.38 1.97 99 34.9%
28 Doğuş University (DOU), Turkey 1.17 1.96 5 58.6%
29 Islamic Azad University (IAU), Iran 1.88 1.86 64 -6.1%
30 Ariel University (AU), Israel 2.48 1.80 2 -31.5%
31 University of Haifa (HU), Israel 0.82 1.75 8 103.2%
32 Gebze Technical University (GYTE), Turkey 1.68 3 N/A
33 University of Mazandaran (UMZ), Iran 1.65 3 N/A
34 Arak University, Iran 1.63 3 N/A
35 Sabanci University (SU), Turkey 0.85 1.59 4 76.3%
36 Sultan Qaboos University (SQU), Oman 0.24 1.54 4 497.7%
37 King Abdulaziz University (KAU), Saudi Arabia 1.57 1.52 73 -8.5%
38 Boğaziçi University (BU), Turkey 1.49 1.50 159 -4.5%
39 Kocaeli University, Turkey 1.67 1.42 4 -19.6%
40 Ilia State University, Georgia 0.26 1.37 33 396.7%
41 University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates 0.13 1.33 13 909.6%
42 Lorestan University, Iran 0.15 1.33 2 761.1%
42 Damghan University, Iran 2.92 1.33 3 -56.8%
43 Istanbul University, Turkey 1.54 1.23 21 -24.6%
44 Izmir Institute of Technology (IZTECH), Turkey 2.26 1.22 63 -48.8%
45 University of Education, Pakistan 1.67 1.20 2 -31.9%
46 Çukurova University, Turkey 0.61 1.12 97 74.3%
47 Nazarbayev University (NU), Kazakhstan 1.93 1.12 6 -45.1%
48 Semnan University, Iran 0.08 1.07 2 1,110.3%
49 Tarbiat Modares University (TMU), Iran 1.06 2 N/A
50 University of Management and Technology (UMT), Pakistan 1.33 1.05 2 -25.5%
51 Carnegie Mellon University in Qatar, Qatar 0.79 1.04 7 25.4%
52 Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Iran 0.00 1.00 1 427,109.7%
52 Başkent University, Turkey 0.33 1.00 1 183.7%
52 University of Ayatollah Ozma Borujerdi, Iran 0.50 1.00 1 89.1%
52 Ege University, Turkey 0.76 1.00 1 24.3%
52 Sirjan University of Technology, Iran 1.00 1.00 1 -5.4%
52 Ferdowsi University of Mashhad (FUM), Iran 2.20 1.00 1 -57.0%
52 National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences (NUCES), Pakistan 4.00 1.00 1 -76.4%
52 Burdur Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Turkey 1.00 1 N/A
52 Sirnak University, Turkey 1.00 1 N/A
52 University of Peshawar, Pakistan 1.00 1 N/A
52 Lebanese University (LU), Lebanon 1.00 1 N/A
53 TOBB University of Economics and Technology, Turkey 0.02 0.95 63 3,935.9%
54 University of Zanjan, Iran 0.40 0.92 2 116.7%
55 Holon Institute of Technology (HIT), Israel 1.38 0.90 4 -38.2%
56 Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS), Iran 1.08 0.89 7 -21.9%
57 Hamad Bin Khalifa University (HBKU), Qatar 0.25 0.88 5 227.0%
58 American University of Beirut (AUB), Lebanon 2.25 0.83 4 -65.0%
59 Prince Mohammad bin Fahd University (PMU), Saudi Arabia 0.25 0.81 5 204.7%
60 Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University (TSU), Georgia 0.90 0.76 160 -20.1%
61 King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM), Saudi Arabia 0.75 0.76 3 -4.5%
62 University of Sistan and Baluchestan (USB), Iran 1.70 0.70 2 -61.1%
63 Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran 0.12 0.67 3 440.3%
63 University of Kashan, Iran 0.33 0.67 1 89.1%
64 Khalifa University of Science and Technology, United Arab Emirates 1.53 0.51 4 -68.2%
65 Ondokuz Mayis University (OMU), Turkey 0.01 0.50 1 4,296.9%
65 Atilim University, Turkey 0.06 0.50 2 656.5%
65 University of Tabriz, Iran 3.50 0.50 1 -86.5%
65 Cumhuriyet University, Turkey 0.50 1 N/A
65 Imam Hossein University (IHU), Iran 0.50 1 N/A
65 Suleyman Demirel University, Turkey 0.50 1 N/A
66 National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Pakistan 0.88 0.50 3 -46.6%
67 Al-Farabi Kazakh National University (KazNU), Kazakhstan 1.28 0.47 2 -65.6%
68 Hakim Sabzevari University, Iran 0.46 1 N/A
69 University of Nizwa, Oman 2.08 0.45 2 -79.6%
70 ORT Braude College of Engineering (OBC), Israel 0.48 0.38 3 -24.0%
71 Shahrekord University, Iran 0.33 1 N/A
71 Mazandaran University of Science and Technology (MUST), Iran 0.33 2 N/A
72 Ankara University, Turkey 0.40 0.29 75 -32.3%
73 Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University (SRTTU), Iran 0.38 0.28 3 -29.7%
74 Chaim Sheba Medical Center at Tel HaShomer, Israel 0.28 1 N/A
75 Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University, Turkey 0.51 0.26 61 -51.1%
76 University of Turkish Aeronautical Association (UTAA), Turkey 0.20 0.25 1 18.2%
76 Payame Noor University (PNU), Iran 0.25 1 N/A
76 University of Bonab, Iran 0.25 1 N/A
77 University of Tabuk (UT), Saudi Arabia 0.12 0.23 13 81.2%
78 Anadolu University, Turkey 0.22 1 N/A
79 Istanbul Medeniyet University (IMU), Turkey 0.20 1 N/A
79 TED University, Turkey 0.20 1 N/A
79 American University of the Middle East (AUM), Kuwait 0.20 1 N/A
79 University of Hormozgan, Iran 0.20 1 N/A
80 Istanbul Bilgi University, Turkey 0.14 0.20 131 32.1%
81 Government College University (GCU), Pakistan 1.69 0.20 2 -89.0%
82 University of Guilan (GU), Iran 0.20 0.17 1 -21.2%
82 University of Isfahan (UI), Iran 0.25 0.17 1 -37.0%
82 Baku State University, Azerbaijan 1.00 0.17 1 -84.2%
82 L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University (ENU), Kazakhstan 2.30 0.17 1 -93.1%
82 Sami Shamoon College of Engineering (SCE), Israel 0.17 1 N/A
82 Federal Urdu University of Arts, Sciences and Technology (FUUAST), Pakistan 0.17 1 N/A
82 Imam Khomeini International University (IKIU), Iran 0.17 1 N/A
82 Gulf University for Science and Technology (GUST), Kuwait 0.17 1 N/A
83 Uludag University, Turkey 0.03 0.17 11 509.6%
84 Hazara University, Pakistan 0.14 1 N/A
85 National University of Uzbekistan, Uzbekistan 0.17 0.13 1 -29.1%
85 Gazi University, Turkey 0.45 0.13 1 -73.7%
85 Jerusalem College of Technology (JCT), Israel 0.13 1 N/A
85 Golestan University, Iran 0.13 1 N/A
86 Abdullah Gül University, Turkey 0.20 0.11 1 -47.5%
86 Qatar University, Qatar 0.40 0.11 1 -74.0%
87 Amirkabir University of Technology (AUT), Iran 0.12 0.10 1 -19.0%
88 Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal University (BAIBU), Turkey 0.09 2 N/A
89 University of Duhok (UoD), Iraq 0.07 0.08 1 10.3%
89 University of Technology (UOT), Iraq 0.08 1 N/A
89 Taif University, Saudi Arabia 0.08 1 N/A
89 Niğde Ömer Halisdemir University, Turkey 0.08 1 N/A
89 University of Okara, Pakistan 0.08 1 N/A
90 Najran University, Saudi Arabia 0.08 1 N/A
91 Al-Anbar University, Iraq 0.07 0.07 1 -5.4%
92 Dokuz Eylül University, Turkey 0.03 0.07 2 109.6%
93 Firat University, Turkey 0.07 1 N/A
94 Mustansiriyah University, Iraq 0.06 1 N/A
95 University of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia 0.03 0.06 1 89.1%
96 Özyeğin University, Turkey 0.01 0.05 20 643.3%
97 Aksaray University, Turkey 0.02 0.05 2 115.5%
98 Istanbul Aydin University (IAU), Turkey 0.05 0.05 121 6.3%
99 Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University (IAU), Saudi Arabia 0.35 0.05 1 -86.4%
99 British University in Dubai (BUID), United Arab Emirates 0.05 1 N/A
100 University of Gaziantep (GAUN), Turkey 0.05 0.04 61 -12.2%

Footnote

Each year, the Nature Index publishes tables based on counts of high-quality research outputs in the previous calendar year. Users please note:

  1. The data behind the tables are based on a relatively small proportion of total research papers, they cover the natural sciences only and outputs are non-normalized (that is, they don’t reflect the size of the country or institution, or its overall research output).
  2. The Nature Index is one indicator of institutional research performance. The metrics of Count and Share used to order Nature Index listings are based on an institution’s or country’s publication output in 82 natural-science journals, selected on reputation by an independent panel of leading scientists in their fields.
  3. Nature Index recognizes that many other factors must be taken into account when considering research quality and institutional performance; Nature Index metrics alone should not be used to assess institutions or individuals.
  4. Nature Index data and methods are transparent and available under a creative commons licence at natureindex.com.

The Nature Index database undergoes regular updating, corrections, adjustment of institutional hierarchies, and removal of retracted papers and thus the live website can differ from the frozen annual tables.

*The change in adjusted Share accounts for the small annual variation in the total number of articles in Nature Index journals. Share values have been adjusted to 2020 levels to calculate the percentage change. For more information on the adjustment, please see the Adjusted metric explainer.